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Revision 2838 - (download) (annotate)
Tue Nov 25 03:40:24 2014 UTC (4 years, 8 months ago) by cchiw
File size: 46012 byte(s)
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(* low-to-tree-fn.sml
 *
 * COPYRIGHT (c) 2011 The Diderot Project (http://diderot-language.cs.uchicago.edu)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This module translates the LowIL representation of a program (i.e., a pure CFG) to
 * a block-structured AST with nested expressions.
 *
 * NOTE: this translation is pretty dumb about variable coalescing (i.e., it doesn't do any).
 *)

functor LowToTreeFn (Target : sig

    val supportsPrinting : unit -> bool (* does the target support the Print op? *)

  (* tests for whether various expression forms can appear inline *)
    val inlineCons : int -> bool        (* can n'th-order tensor construction appear inline *)
    val inlineMatrixExp : bool          (* can matrix-valued expressions appear inline? *)
    val isHwVec :  int -> bool
    val isVecTy :  int -> bool
 val getPieces :   int -> int list
 val getVecTy :   int -> bool * int *int list
 
  end) : sig

    val translate : LowIL.program -> TreeIL.program

  end = struct

 
    structure Src = LowIL
    structure SrcOp = LowOps
    structure SrcV = LowIL.Var
    structure SrcSV = LowIL.StateVar
    structure VA = VarAnalysis
    structure Ty = LowILTypes
    structure Nd = LowIL.Node
    structure CFG = LowIL.CFG
    structure LowOpToTreeOp  = LowOpToTreeOp
    structure Dst = TreeIL
    structure DstOp = TreeOps
    structure DstSV = Dst.StateVar
 structure SrcTy = LowILTypes
 structure DstTy = TreeILTypes

       structure DstV = Dst.Var
    structure TreeToOpr=TreeToOpr
    structure Fnc=TreeFunc
    structure TySet= Fnc.TySet
    structure OprSet= Fnc.OprSet

  (* create new tree IL variables *)
    local
      val newVar = Dst.Var.new
      val cnt = ref 0
      fun genName prefix = let
            val n = !cnt
            in
              cnt := n+1;
              String.concat[prefix, "_", Int.toString n]
            end
    in
    val testing=1
    fun testp str=(case testing
        of 1=> (print(String.concat str);1)
        | _ =>1
    (*end case*))
 


    fun newGlobal x = newVar (genName("G_" ^ SrcV.name x), Dst.VK_Global, SrcV.ty x)
    fun newParam x = newVar (genName("p_" ^ SrcV.name x), Dst.VK_Local, SrcV.ty x)
    fun newLocal x = newVar (genName("l_" ^ SrcV.name x), Dst.VK_Local, SrcV.ty x)
    fun newIter x = newVar (genName("i_" ^ SrcV.name x), Dst.VK_Local, SrcV.ty x)
    fun newTmp (x,n) = newVar (genName("l_" ^ SrcV.name x^Int.toString n), Dst.VK_Local, SrcV.ty x)
 
    fun newLocalPtrTy (name,ty)= newVar(genName("l_rp_"^name), Dst.VK_Local,ty)
 
    fun newLocalWithTy (name,n)= newVar(genName("l_"^name^Int.toString(n)), Dst.VK_Local,Ty.TensorTy [n])
    fun newGlobalWithTy (name,n)= newVar(genName("G_"^name^Int.toString(n)), Dst.VK_Global,Ty.TensorTy [n])
 
    end

  (* associate Tree IL state variables with Low IL variables using properties *)
    local
      fun mkStateVar x = Dst.SV{
              name = SrcSV.name x,
              id = Stamp.new(),
              ty = SrcSV.ty x,
              varying = VA.isVarying x,
              output = SrcSV.isOutput x
            }
    in
    val {getFn = getStateVar, ...} = SrcSV.newProp mkStateVar
    end

    fun mkBlock stms = Dst.Block{locals=[], body=stms}
    fun mkIf (x, stms, []) = Dst.S_IfThen(x, mkBlock stms)
      | mkIf (x, stms1, stms2) = Dst.S_IfThenElse(x, mkBlock stms1, mkBlock stms2)

  (* an environment that tracks bindings of variables to target expressions and the list
   * of locals that have been defined.
   *)
    local
      structure VT = SrcV.Tbl
      fun decCount ( Src.V{useCnt, ...}) = let
            val n = !useCnt - 1
            in
              useCnt := n;  (n <= 0)
            end
      datatype target_binding
        = GLOB of Dst.var         (* variable is global *)
        | TREE of Dst.exp         (* variable bound to target expression tree *)
        | DEF of Dst.exp          (* either a target variable or constant for a defined variable *)
                  
                  
    fun insert (key, value) d =fn s =>
        if s = key then SOME value
        else d s
                  
    fun lookup k d = d k

                  
    structure ListSetOfInts = ListSetFn (struct
        type ord_key = int
        val compare = Int.compare
        end)
    
                  
      datatype env = E of {
          tbl : target_binding VT.hash_table,
          types:  TySet.set,
	  functs : OprSet.set,
          locals : Dst.var list
        }
                  
                  
    in
(* DEBUG *)
                  
 
      fun peelEnv(E{tbl, types, functs ,locals})=(types,functs)
      fun peelEnvLoc(E{tbl, types, functs ,locals})=locals
      fun setEnv(E{tbl, types,functs,locals},types1,functs1)= E{tbl=tbl, types=types1, functs= functs1 ,locals=locals}                  
     
                  
fun bindToString binding = (case binding
       of GLOB y => "GLOB " ^ Dst.Var.name y
        | TREE e => "TREE"
        | DEF(Dst.E_Var y) => "DEFVar " ^ Dst.Var.name y
        | DEF e => "DEF"^Dst.toString  e 
      (* end case *))
fun dumpEnv (E{tbl, ...}) = let
      fun prEntry (x, binding) =
            testp["  ", Src.Var.toString x, " --> ", bindToString binding, "\n"]
      in
       (* print "\n *** dump environment\n";
        VT.appi prEntry tbl;
        print "***\n"*) print ""
      end
(* DEBUG *)

    fun newEnv () = E{tbl = VT.mkTable (512, Fail "tbl"),  types=TySet.empty, functs=OprSet.empty, locals=[]}

  (* use a variable.  If it is a pending expression, we remove it from the table *)
        fun peek (env as E{tbl, ...}) x =  (case (VT.find tbl x)
                of NONE=>"none"
                | SOME e=> bindToString e
            (*end case *))
                  
  fun useVar (env as E{tbl, ...}) x = (case VT.find tbl x
                  of SOME(GLOB x') => ( (*print ("\n usevar found Glob "^SrcV.name x^"\n") ;*)Dst.E_Var x')
            | SOME(TREE e) => (
(*print(concat["useVar ", SrcV.toString x, " ==> TREE\n"]);*)
                ignore(VT.remove tbl x);
                e)
            | SOME(DEF e) => (
(*print(concat["useVar ", SrcV.toString x, " ==> ", bindToString(DEF e), "; use count = ", Int.toString(SrcV.useCount x), "\n"]);*)
              (* if this is the last use of x, then remove it from the table *)
                (*if (decCount x) then ignore(VT.remove tbl x) else ();*)
                  (*print ("\n found Def "^SrcV.name x^"\n");*)
                e)
            | NONE => (
dumpEnv env;
raise Fail(concat ["useVar(", SrcV.toString x, ")"])
)
          (* end case *))

  (* record a local variable *)
                  
    fun getLocal(E{tbl, types,functs,locals})=let
        val n=List.length locals
                  val _ =testp["No. of locals:" ,Int.toString n ]
        in 
                  List.map (fn e=>testp["\n\t VAr-",DstV.name e]) locals
                  
        end 
    fun addLocal (E{tbl, types,functs,locals}, x) = E{tbl=tbl,types=types, functs=functs,locals=x::locals}
    fun addLocals (E{tbl, types,functs,locals}, x) =let
                  val n=List.length locals
                  val n2=List.length x 
                   val _ =testp ["No. of locals:" ,Int.toString n," newbies " ,Int.toString n2]
                  val env= E{tbl=tbl,types=types, functs=functs,locals=x@locals}
                  (*val _ = getLocal env*)
                  in 
                    env 
                end
                  
  
    fun global (E{tbl, ...}, x, x') =( testp[("\n using global function "^SrcV.name x^":\n")];
                    VT.insert tbl (x, GLOB x'))

  (* insert a pending expression into the table.  Note that x should only be used once! *)
    fun insert (env as E{tbl, ...}, x, exp) = (
          VT.insert tbl (x, TREE exp);
          env)

    fun rename (env as E{tbl, ...}, x, x') = (
          VT.insert tbl (x, DEF(Dst.E_Var x'));
          env)
                  
    fun renameGlob (env as E{tbl, ...}, x, x') = (
        VT.insert tbl (x, GLOB( x'));
        env)

    fun renameExp (env as E{tbl, ...}, x, x') = (
                  VT.insert tbl (x, DEF( x'));
                  env)
                  
                  
    fun peekGlobal (E{tbl, ...}, x) = (case VT.find tbl x
        of SOME(GLOB x') => SOME x'
        | SOME e         => NONE
        | NONE           => NONE
    (* end case *))


                  
    fun bindLocal (env, lhs, rhs) =let
        val n=SrcV.useCount lhs
        fun getFNCExp(env,exp)=let
            val t1=peelEnv env 
            val (ty2,opr2)= TreeToOpr.expToOpr (t1,exp)
            in
                setEnv(env, ty2,opr2)
            end
                  
        (*val _=testp(["\n In BindLocal:  \n \t LHS: ",SrcV.name lhs, " Count \t",Int.toString n," rhs:", Dst.toString rhs ,"\n"])*)
                  
        in (case (n,rhs)
            of (0,_) => (env,[])
            | (1,_)  =>   (insert( getFNCExp(env,rhs), lhs, rhs), [])
            | (_,Dst.E_Mux(A,isFill, nOrig,Tys as Ty.vectorLength tys,exps))=> let
                val name=SrcV.name lhs
                val vs=List.map (fn n=>  newLocalWithTy(name,n) ) tys
                val rhs=Dst.E_Mux(A, isFill,nOrig,Tys,List.map (fn v=>Dst.E_Var v) vs)
                val stmts=ListPair.map  (fn(x,e)=>Dst.S_Assign([x],e)) (vs,exps)
                  in
                    (renameExp(addLocals(env,vs),lhs,rhs),stmts)
                  end
            |(_,_)=> let
                val t = newLocal lhs
                in
                  (rename(addLocal(env, t), lhs, t), [Dst.S_Assign([t], rhs)])
                end
            (*end case*))
        end 
           
                  
    fun bind (env, lhs, rhs) =(case peekGlobal (env, lhs)
                  of SOME x =>((env, [Dst.S_Assign([x], rhs)]))
                  | NONE =>  (bindLocal (env, lhs, rhs))
    (* end case *))

  (* set the definition of a variable, where the RHS is either a literal constant or a variable *)
    fun bindSimple (env as E{tbl, ...}, lhs, rhs) =(case peekGlobal (env, lhs)
        of SOME x => (env, [Dst.S_Assign([x], rhs)])
        | NONE => (VT.insert tbl (lhs, DEF rhs); (env, []))
    (* end case *))


  (* at the end of a block, we need to assign any pending expressions to locals.  The
   * blkStms list and the resulting statement list are in reverse order.
   *)
    fun flushPending (E{tbl,types, functs,locals}, blkStms) = let
          fun doVar (x, TREE e, (locals, stms)) = let
                val t = newLocal x
                in
                  VT.insert tbl (x, DEF(Dst.E_Var t));
                  (t::locals, Dst.S_Assign([t], e)::stms)
                end
            | doVar (_, _, acc) = acc
          val (locals, stms) = VT.foldi doVar (locals, blkStms) tbl
          in
            (E{tbl=tbl, types=types,functs=functs,locals=locals}, stms)
          end

    fun doPhi ((lhs, rhs), (env, predBlks : Dst.stm list list)) = let
        (* t will be the variable in the continuation of the JOIN *)
          val t = newLocal lhs
          val predBlks = ListPair.map
                (fn (x, stms) => Dst.S_Assign([t], useVar env x)::stms)
                  (rhs, predBlks)
          in
            (rename (addLocal(env, t), lhs, t), predBlks)
          end
(*
    fun endScope (E{locals, ...}, stms) = Dst.Block{
            locals = List.rev locals,
            body = stms
          }
                  
*)
            fun getFNC(env,stms)=let
                val t1=peelEnv(env)
                val (ty2,opr2)= List.foldr (fn(e1,e2) => TreeToOpr.stmtToOpr (e2,e1)) t1 stms
                  in
                  setEnv(env, ty2,opr2)
                  end
                  
        fun endScope (env, stms) = let
                           val env'=getFNC(env,  stms)
                val (types,opr)=peelEnv(env')
                  in    Dst.Pink{
               
                  
                  locals= List.rev(peelEnvLoc env),
                  types= types,
                  opr=opr,
                  body = stms
                  }
            end 
    end

  (* Certain IL operators cannot be compiled to inline expressions.  Return
   * false for those and true for all others.
   *)
                
    (*Move operator so it's it's on variable: y=sumOP+9
                  x=sumOp..y=x+9, =>
                    
    *)
    fun isInlineOp rator = let
          fun chkTensorTy (Ty.TensorTy[]) = true
            | chkTensorTy (Ty.TensorTy[_]) = true
            | chkTensorTy (Ty.TensorTy[_, _]) = Target.inlineMatrixExp
            | chkTensorTy _ = false
        
          in
           case rator
             of  SrcOp.LoadVoxels(_, 1) => true
              |  SrcOp.LoadVoxels _ => false
              |  SrcOp.EigenVecs2x2 => false
              |  SrcOp.EigenVecs3x3 => false
              |  SrcOp.EigenVals2x2 => false
              |  SrcOp.EigenVals3x3 => false
              (* | SrcOp.Zero _ => Target.inlineMatrixExp*)
                  
             (*Added here *)
             | SrcOp.imgAddr _      => false
             | _ => true (*when true calls binding *)
            (* end case *)
          end

    (*HERE- since we are using arrays, nothing can be inline
    Fix later if it needs to be fixed*)
  (* is a CONS inline? *)
    fun isInlineCons ty = (*(case ty
           of Ty.SeqTy(Ty.IntTy, _) => true
            | Ty.TensorTy dd => Target.inlineCons(List.length dd)
            | Ty.SeqTy _ => false
   (*CCCC-? DO we have this type*)
           (* | Ty.DynSeqTy ty => false*)
            | _ => raise Fail(concat["invalid CONS<", Ty.toString ty, ">"])
          (* end case *))*) false

  (* translate a LowIL assignment to a list of zero or more target statements in reverse
   * order.
   *)
                


    fun doAssign (env, (lhs, rhs)) = let
     
          fun doLHS () = (case peekGlobal(env, lhs)
            of SOME lhs' => (env, lhs')
            | NONE => let
                val t = newLocal lhs
                in
                    (rename (addLocal(env, t), lhs, t), t)
                end
            (* end case *))
     
        (* for expressions that are going to be compiled to a call statement *)
          fun assignExp (env, exp) = let
              (* operations that return matrices may not be supported inline *)
                val (env, t) = doLHS()
                in
                  (env, [Dst.S_Assign([t], exp)])
                end
                

        (* force an argument to be stored in something that will be mapped to an l-value *)
          fun bindVar (env, x) = (case useVar env x
                of x' as Dst.E_State _  =>(env, x', [])
                | x' as Dst.E_Var _     => (env, x', [])
                | e                     => let
                      val x' = newLocal x
                      in
                        (addLocal(env, x'), Dst.E_Var x', [Dst.S_Assign([x'], e)])
                      end
                (* end case *))
                
        val _=toS.ASSIGNtoString(lhs,rhs)
                
        fun opToString (rator,arg)=   let
                val r=SrcOp.toString rator
                val a= String.concatWith " , " (List.map (fn e=> Dst.toString e) arg)
                in 
                
                    (*print(String.concat[ "\n ***** New Op****  \n ",r,"\n Args(",a,")"] )*) 1
                
                end
      
          in
            case rhs
                of Src.STATE x  =>let
                        (*Fix me, just does on piece. need to hand off to LowOpToTreeOp()*)
                      val (env, vt) = doLHS()
                        val t=Dst.E_State(getStateVar x)
                       
                        val exp=(case (DstV.kind vt, DstV.ty vt)
                        of (Dst.VK_Local,DstTy.TensorTy [oSize])=>let
                                val (isFill,nSize,Pieces)=Target.getVecTy oSize
                            
                                val op1= Dst.E_LoadArr(false ,nSize,oSize, t , Dst.E_Lit(Literal.Int 0))
                                  val splitTy=DstTy.vectorLength Pieces
                                in    Dst.E_Mux(false,isFill,oSize,splitTy,[op1])
                                end
                        | _ => t
                        (*end case *))
                        in  bindSimple (env, lhs,exp)
                        end 
                | Src.VAR x     => bindSimple (env, lhs, useVar env x)
                | Src.LIT lit   => bindSimple (env, lhs, Dst.E_Lit lit)

                (*| Src.OP( SrcOp.Prepend ty, [item, seq]) => let
                  val (env, t) = doLHS()
                  val (env, item', stms) = bindVar (env, item)
                  val exp = Dst.E_Op( DstOp.Prepend ty, [item', useVar env seq])
                  in
                    (env, Dst.S_Assign([t], exp) :: stms)
                  end
                | Src.OP( SrcOpp.Append ty, [seq, item]) => let
                  val (env, t) = doLHS()
                  val (env, item', stms) = bindVar (env, item)
                  val exp = Dst.E_Op( DstOp.Append ty, [useVar env seq, item'])
                  in
                    (env, Dst.S_Assign([t], exp) :: stms)
                  end*)
                
                | Src.OP(SrcOp.Kernel _,_)         => (env, [])
                | Src.OP(SrcOp.LoadImage info,[a]) => let
                        val dim = ImageInfo.dim info
                        val (env, t) = doLHS()
                        in
                        (env,[Dst.S_LoadImage(t, dim,  (useVar env a))])
                        end
    
                | Src.OP(SrcOp.Inside (info,s),args) =>    let
                    (*makes position not an inline operator*)
                    val [a,b]=List.map (useVar env) args
                    val size=(case (ImageInfo.dim info)
                    of 1=> raise Fail"Inside of 1-D dimension"
                    | 2=> 2
                    | 3=> 4 )                
                    val k=newLocalWithTy ("position_"^SrcV.name lhs ,size)
                    val s1= Dst.S_Assign([k],a)
                    val rhs=Dst.E_Op(DstOp.Inside(info,s),[Dst.E_Var k,b])
                    val (env,s)=bind(addLocal(env,k),lhs,rhs)
                    in
                        (env,[s1]@s)
                    end
                | Src.OP(SrcOp.Translate v, [a])=> let
                    val dim = ImageInfo.dim v
                    val splitTy=DstTy.vectorLength [dim]
                    val op1= Dst.E_Op(DstOp.Translate v,[(useVar env a)])
                    val exp= (case dim
                        of 1=> op1
                        | 2 => Dst.E_Mux(true,false,dim,splitTy,[op1])
                        | 3=>   Dst.E_Mux(false,false,dim,splitTy,[op1])
                        (*end case*))
                    in bind(env,lhs,exp)
                        end
                | Src.OP(SrcOp.Transform v,args) => let
                    val (env2, t) = doLHS()
                    val V=Dst.E_Var t
                    val dim = ImageInfo.dim v
                    val ty=DstTy.TensorTy [dim,dim]
                    val args'=List.map (useVar env) args
                    val a=List.tabulate(dim,(fn n=> Dst.E_Op(DstOp.Transform(v,n),args')))
                    val (env2,stmt)= (case dim
                        of 1=>   bind(env2,lhs,Dst.E_Op(DstOp.Transform (v,1),args'))
                        | 2 =>(env2,[Dst.S_StoreVec(V,0,true,false,dim,ty,DstTy.vectorLength [2,2],a)])
                        | 3 =>(env2,[Dst.S_StoreVec(V,0,false,true,dim,ty,DstTy.vectorLength [4,4,4] ,a)])
                        (*end case*))
                    in
                        (env2,stmt)
                    end
                | Src.OP(SrcOp.imgLoad(info,dim,oSize),[a])=>let
                    (*create ptr variable vp*)
                    val vp=  newLocalPtrTy(SrcV.name lhs,DstTy.AddrTy info)
                    val stmt=Dst.S_Assign([vp], useVar env a)
                    (*stride not sure how to use*)
                    val stride = ImageInfo.stride info
                
                    (*index vp*)
                    val IndexArgs= List.tabulate(oSize, fn n=> Dst.E_Op(DstOp.IndexTensor(false,Ty.indexTy [n*stride],Ty.TensorTy [oSize]),[Dst.E_Var vp]))

                    (*create cons expressions*)
                    val (isFill,nSize,Pieces)=Target.getVecTy oSize
                    val exp=LowOpToTreeOp.consVecToTree(nSize,oSize,Pieces,IndexArgs,isFill)
                
                    (*increase use count so it is easier to read c-file*)
                    fun incUse (Src.V{useCnt, ...}) = (useCnt := !useCnt + 1)
                        val _ = incUse lhs
                        val (env2,stmt2)=bind (addLocal(env, vp), lhs,exp)
                    in
                        (env2, List.rev stmt2@[stmt])
                    end
                
                | Src.OP(rator,args) =>let
                
                    val _ =testp[ ("\n ***** New Op \n \t"^SrcOp.toString rator)]
                    val args'=List.map (useVar env) args
                    val _ =List.map (fn e=> testp[Dst.toString e]) args'
                
                    (*DstOP rator, original size of vector operation, args that are scalar and vectors*)
                    fun foundVec(origrator,rator,oSize,argsS,argsV)= let
                        val (isFill,nSize,Pieces)=Target.getVecTy oSize
                        val (env, t) = doLHS()
                        val stmt = LowOpToTreeOp.vecToTree(t,origrator,rator,nSize,oSize,Pieces,argsS,argsV,isFill)
                        val _ =testp(["\n Stmt Result: \n ", Dst.toStringS stmt,"\n******\n"])
                        val (envv,stmts)=(case stmt
                            of Dst.S_Assign(_,exp)=> bind (env, lhs, exp)
                            | stmt=> (env,[stmt])
                            (*end case*))
                        val _ = List.map (fn e=>testp[("\n \n\t"^Dst.toStringS e)]) stmts
                        in
                            (envv,stmts)
                        end
                in (case (rator,args')                
                     of (SrcOp.addVec n,_)                      =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.addVec,n,[],args')
                     | (SrcOp.subVec n,_)                       =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.subVec,n,[],args')
                     | (SrcOp.prodScaV n,e1::es)                =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.prodScaV ,n, [e1], es)
                     | (SrcOp.prodVec n,_)                      =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.prodVec,n,[],args')
                     | (SrcOp.sumVec n ,_)                      =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.addVec ,n,[],args')
                     | (SrcOp.Floor n ,_)                       =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.Floor ,n,[],args')
                     | (SrcOp.ProjectTensor(_,n,_,_),_)         =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.addVec ,n,[],args')
                     | (SrcOp.Clamp (Ty.TensorTy[n]) ,_)        =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.clampVec ,n,[],args')
                     | (SrcOp.Lerp (Ty.TensorTy[n]) ,[a,b,c])   =>  foundVec(rator,DstOp.lerpVec ,n,[c],[a,b])
                     |  (SrcOp.Normalize n,_)=>
                        foundVec(rator,DstOp.Normalize ,n,[],args')
        
                    | (SrcOp.IndexTensor(_ ,Ty.indexTy [i],_),[Dst.E_Mux(_,_,_,DstTy.vectorLength pieces,ops)])=> let
                        fun findLocal(c,i,indexAt,v::vs,a1::args)=let
                            val newsize=c+v
                            in if(newsize>i) then Dst.E_Op(DstOp.IndexTensor(true,Ty.indexTy [indexAt],Ty.TensorTy [v]), [a1])
                                else findLocal(newsize,i,indexAt-v,vs,args)
                            end
                        val exp =findLocal(0,i,i,pieces,ops)
                        in
                            bind (env, lhs, exp)
                        end
                
                    | (SrcOp.IndexTensor( _ , indTy,argTy),arg as [a1]) => let
                        val varkind=(case a1
                            of Dst.E_Var v=> (case (DstV.kind v)
                                of TreeIL.VK_Local=>true
                                | _ =>false
                                (*end case*))
                            |_=>true (*hmm, what to do if it as statevar*)
                        (*end case*))
                
                        val exp= Dst.E_Op(DstOp.IndexTensor(varkind ,indTy,argTy),arg)
                        in
                            bind(env,lhs,exp)
                        end
                    | (SrcOp.addSca ,[a,Dst.E_Lit (Literal.Int 0)]) => assignExp (env,a)
                    | (SrcOp.addSca ,[Dst.E_Lit (Literal.Int 0),a]) => assignExp (env,a)
                    | (SrcOp.subSca ,[a,Dst.E_Lit (Literal.Int 0)]) => assignExp  (env,a)
                     | _                          => let
                        val Trator = LowOpToTreeOp.expandOp rator
                        val exp = Dst.E_Op(Trator, args')
                        in
                            if isInlineOp rator then (bind (env, lhs, exp))
                            else (assignExp (env, exp))
                        end
                    (*end case*))
                 end                
              | Src.APPLY(f, args) =>
                  bind (env, lhs, Dst.E_Apply(f, List.map (useVar env) args))
                
              | Src.CONS(ty as Ty.TensorTy[oSize], args) => let
                val args'=List.map (useVar env) args
                val (env2, t) = doLHS()
                val _ =testp["\n ****** here **\n  ",toS.rhsToString  (Src.CONS(ty , args)),
                "\n\t* lhs " ,SrcV.name lhs,"type",Ty.toString(SrcV.ty lhs),
                "\nt",DstV.name t,"-kind:",Dst.kindToString (DstV.kind t),"\n"]
                (*Local var then create a con expression
                  *otherwise create a statement*)
                
                
                val (env3,rst) =(case DstV.kind t
                    of TreeIL.VK_Local=> let
                        val (isFill,nSize,Pieces)=Target.getVecTy oSize
                        val exp = LowOpToTreeOp.consVecToTree(nSize,oSize,Pieces,args',isFill)
                        val _ =testp["\nExp\n",Dst.toString exp]
                        in
                            bind (env2, lhs, exp)
                        end
                    | _ =>(env2,[Dst.S_Cons(t,oSize,args')])
                (*end case*))
                val _ =testp[Dst.toStringSs rst,"\n END CONS \n *********************"]
                in
              
                    (env3,rst)
                end
                
                | Src.CONS(ty as Ty.TensorTy [_,j], args) =>let
                    val args' =  List.map (useVar env) args
                    val _ =testp["******************************\n CONS_Matrix  \n ", Dst.toStrings args']
                
                    val (env2, t) = doLHS()
                    val (isFill,nSize,Pieces)=Target.getVecTy j
                    val splitTy=LowILTypes.vectorLength  Pieces
                    val n=length Pieces
                    fun f ([], _ ) = []
                    | f ((e1 as Dst.E_Var v)::es,count)=(case (DstV.kind v)
                       of TreeIL.VK_Global => [Dst.S_Copy(Dst.E_Var t, e1, count,j)]@ f(es,count+j)
                        | _ =>
                            [Dst.S_StoreVec(Dst.E_Var t,count,LowOpToTreeOp.isAligned(isFill,n),isFill,j,ty,splitTy, [e1])]
                            @ f(es,count+j)
                        (*end case*))
                    | f ((e1 as Dst.E_State v)::es,count)= [Dst.S_Copy(Dst.E_Var t, e1, count,j)]@ f(es,count+j)
                    | f (e1::es,count) = [Dst.S_StoreVec(Dst.E_Var t,count,LowOpToTreeOp.isAligned(isFill,n),isFill,j,ty,splitTy, [e1])]
                            @ f(es,count+j)
                    val stmts=f (args',0)
                    val _ =testp["\n returning statements \n"^Dst.toStringSs stmts,"\n  end ******************************\n"]
                    in
                        (env2, List.rev stmts)
                    end
                | Src.CONS(ty as Ty.TensorTy [_,i,j], args) =>let
                    val args' =  List.map (useVar env) args
                    val _ =testp["******************************\n CONS_Matrix  \n ", Dst.toStrings args']
                    val (env2, t) = doLHS()
                    val shift=j*i
       
                    fun f ([], _ ) = []
                        | f (e1::es,count)= [Dst.S_Copy(Dst.E_Var t, e1, count,shift)]@ f(es,count+shift)
                    val stmts=f (args',0)
                    val _ =testp["\n returning statements \n"^Dst.toStringSs stmts,"\n  end ******************************\n"]
                    in
                        (env2, List.rev stmts)
                    end
                
             | Src.EINAPP _=> raise Fail "EINAPP in Low-IL to Tree-IL"
            (* end case *)
          end

  (* In order to reconstruct the block-structure from the CFG, we keep a stack of open ifs.
   * the items on this stack distinguish between when we are processing the then and else
   * branches of the if.
   *)
    datatype open_if
    (* working on the "then" branch.  The fields are statments that preceed the if, the condition,
     * and the else-branch node.
     *)
      = THEN_BR of Dst.stm list * Dst.exp * Src.node
    (* working on the "else" branch.  The fields are statments that preceed the if, the condition,
     * the "then" branch statements, and the node that terminated the "then" branch (will be
     * a JOIN, DIE, or STABILIZE).
     *)
      | ELSE_BR of Dst.stm list * Dst.exp * Dst.stm list * Src.node_kind


    fun mkBlockOrig(Dst.Pink{ locals ,types,opr,body})= Dst.Block{locals=locals ,body=body}
                
    fun peelBlockOrig(env,Dst.Pink{ locals ,types,opr,body})=let
        val env= setEnv(env,types,opr)
        in
            (env,Dst.Block{locals=locals ,body=body})
        end
                
                
                                
    fun trCFG (env, prefix, finish, cfg) = let
        (*look at stmts and collect oprSet and tySet*)
        fun getFNC(env,stms)=let
            val t1=peelEnv(env)
            val (ty2,opr2)= List.foldr (fn(e1,e2) => TreeToOpr.stmtToOpr (e2,e1)) t1 stms
            in
                setEnv(env, ty2,opr2)
            end
                
                
          fun join (env, [], _, Src.JOIN _) = raise Fail "JOIN with no open if"
                | join (env, [], stms, _) = let
                    val env'=getFNC(env,  stms)
                    in endScope (env', prefix @ List.rev stms) end
            | join (env, THEN_BR(stms1, cond, elseBr)::stk, thenBlk, k) = let
              
                val (env, thenBlk) = flushPending (env, thenBlk)
                val env'=getFNC(env,  stms1)
                in
                  doNode (env', ELSE_BR(stms1, cond, thenBlk, k)::stk, [], elseBr)
                end
            | join (env, ELSE_BR(stms, cond, thenBlk, k1)::stk, elseBlk, k2) = let

                val (env, elseBlk) = flushPending (env, elseBlk)
                in
                  case (k1, k2)
                   of ( Src.JOIN{phis, succ, ...}, Src.JOIN _) => let
                        val (env, [thenBlk, elseBlk]) =
                              List.foldl doPhi (env, [thenBlk, elseBlk]) (!phis)
                        val stm = mkIf(cond, List.rev thenBlk, List.rev elseBlk)
        
                        val env'=getFNC(env,  stm::stms)
                        in
                          doNode (env', stk, stm::stms, !succ)
                        end
                    | ( Src.JOIN{phis, succ, ...}, _) => let
                        val (env, [thenBlk]) = List.foldl doPhi (env, [thenBlk]) (!phis)
                        val stm = mkIf(cond, List.rev thenBlk, List.rev elseBlk)
                                                 in
                          doNode (getFNC(env, [stm]), stk, stm::stms, !succ)
                        end
                    | (_, Src.JOIN{phis, succ, ...}) => let
                        val (env, [elseBlk]) = List.foldl doPhi (env, [elseBlk]) (!phis)
                        val stm = mkIf(cond, List.rev thenBlk, List.rev elseBlk)
           
         
                        in
                          doNode (getFNC(env, [stm]), stk, stm::stms, !succ)
                        end
                    | (_, _) => raise Fail "no path to exit unimplemented" (* FIXME *)
                  (* end case *)
                end
                and doNode (env, ifStk : open_if list, stms, nd) =
               (* testp ["******************* \n doNode\n ",toS.printNode (Nd.kind nd),"\n"]*)
                (case Nd.kind nd
                 of Src.NULL => raise Fail "unexpected NULL"
                  | Src.ENTRY{succ} => doNode (env, ifStk, stms, !succ)
                  | k as Src.JOIN{phis, succ, ...} =>  (join (env, ifStk, stms, k))
                  | Src.COND{cond, trueBranch, falseBranch, ...} => let
                      val cond = useVar env cond
                      val (env, stms) = flushPending (env, stms)
                      in
                        doNode (env, THEN_BR(stms, cond, !falseBranch)::ifStk, [], !trueBranch)
                      end
                  | Src.COM {text, succ, ...} =>
                      doNode (env, ifStk, Dst.S_Comment text :: stms, !succ)
                  | Src.ASSIGN{stm, succ, ...} => let
                
                      val (env, stms') = doAssign (env, stm)
                        
                      in
                            doNode (getFNC(env, stms')  , ifStk, stms' @ stms, !succ)
                      end
                  | Src.MASSIGN{stm=(ys, rator, xs), succ, ...} => let
                    
                      fun doit () = let
                            fun doLHSVar (y, (env, ys)) = (case peekGlobal(env, y)
                                of SOME y' => ((env, y'::ys))
                                | NONE => let
                                        val t = newLocal y
                                       
                                        in
                                          (rename (addLocal(env, t), y, t), t::ys)
                                        end
                                  (* end case *))
                            val (env, ys) = List.foldr doLHSVar (env, []) ys
                             val Trator =  LowOpToTreeOp.expandOp rator
                            val exp = Dst.E_Op(Trator, List.map (useVar env) xs)
                            val stm = Dst.S_Assign(ys, exp)
                            in
                              doNode (env, ifStk, stm :: stms, !succ)
                            end
                      in
                        case rator
                         of SrcOp.Print _ => if Target.supportsPrinting()
                              then doit ()
                              else doNode (env, ifStk, stms, !succ)
                          | _ => doit()
                        (* end case *)
                      end
                  | Src.NEW{strand, args, succ, ...} => raise Fail "NEW unimplemented"
                  | Src.SAVE{lhs, rhs, succ, ...} => let                
                        fun cat c = peek env c
                        val n1=SrcV.useCount rhs
                        fun decCount ( Src.V{useCnt, ...}) = let
                            val n = !useCnt - 1
                            in
                                useCnt := n;  (0 >= n)
                                end
                        val x=getStateVar lhs

                        val rhs2=useVar env rhs
                        val _ =testp["\n *********** \n FOUND SAVE \n\t  StateVar: ",Dst.stateVarToString x,
                            ":  Rest rhs: ",Dst.toString  rhs2,"--end "]
                    fun size n=foldl (fn (a,b) => b*a) 1 n
                
                        (*use copy for variables *)
                        val stm=(case  rhs2
                            of Dst.E_Mux(A,isFill, oSize,splitTy,args) =>
                                (decCount rhs ;Dst.S_StoreVec( Dst.E_State x,0, A,isFill, oSize,Ty.TensorTy [oSize],splitTy,args))
                            |  Dst.E_Var rhs3              => (case (DstV.kind rhs3,DstV.rTy rhs3,DstV.mTy rhs3)
                                of ( _ ,Ty.TensorTy [],_)            => Dst.S_Save([x], rhs2)
                                | (Dst.VK_Local,Ty.TensorTy [oSize],_)   =>let
                                    val (isFill,nSize,Pieces)=Target.getVecTy oSize
                                    in  Dst.S_StoreVec( Dst.E_State x,0, false,isFill, oSize,Ty.TensorTy [oSize],Ty.vectorLength Pieces,[rhs2])
                                    end
                                | ( _,Ty.TensorTy [0] ,_)               => Dst.S_Save([x], rhs2)
                                | (_,Ty.TensorTy xs, _)               => Dst.S_Copy( Dst.E_State x, rhs2,0,size xs)
                                | _                                => Dst.S_Save([x], rhs2)
                                (*end case*))
                          |  Dst.E_State rhs3                   => (case (DstSV.ty rhs3)
                            of  (Ty.TensorTy([]))               => Dst.S_Save([x], rhs2)
                            | ( Ty.TensorTy([0]))               => Dst.S_Save([x], rhs2)
                            | Ty.TensorTy xs                 => Dst.S_Copy( Dst.E_State x, rhs2,0,size xs)
                            | _                                 => Dst.S_Save([x], rhs2)
                            (*end case*))
                
                            |  _ => Dst.S_Save([x], rhs2)
                        (*end case*))
                        val _ = testp ([" \nSrc.Save: ",toS.SAVEtoString(lhs,rhs),"\n New stmt --",Dst.toStringS stm,"\nend save **************\n"])
                        val stmts=stm::stms
                      in
                        doNode (getFNC(env, stmts), ifStk, stmts, !succ)
                      end
                  | k as Src.EXIT{kind, live, ...} => (case kind
                       of ExitKind.FRAGMENT =>
                            endScope (env, prefix @ List.revAppend(stms, finish env))
                        | ExitKind.SINIT => let
(* FIXME: we should probably call flushPending here! *)
                            val suffix = finish env @ [Dst.S_Exit[]]
                            in
                              endScope (env, prefix @ List.revAppend(stms, suffix))
                            end
                        | ExitKind.RETURN => let
(* FIXME: we should probably call flushPending here! *)
                            val suffix = finish env @ [Dst.S_Exit(List.map (useVar env) live)]
                            in
                              endScope (env, prefix @ List.revAppend(stms, suffix))
                            end
                        | ExitKind.ACTIVE => let
(* FIXME: we should probably call flushPending here! *)
                            val suffix = finish env @ [Dst.S_Active]
                            in
                              endScope (env, prefix @ List.revAppend(stms, suffix))
                            end
                        | ExitKind.STABILIZE => let
(* FIXME: we should probably call flushPending here! *)
                            val stms = Dst.S_Stabilize :: stms
                            in
(* FIXME: we should probably call flushPending here! *)
                              (join (env, ifStk, stms, k))
                            end
                        | ExitKind.DIE => (join (env, ifStk, Dst.S_Die :: stms, k))
                      (* end case *))
                (* end case *))

          val Y=doNode (env, [], [], CFG.entry cfg)
          in Y
          end

    fun trInitially (env, Src.Initially{isArray, rangeInit, iters, create=(createInit, strand, args)}) =
          let
          val (env2,iterPrefix) = peelBlockOrig(env,trCFG (env, [], fn _ => [], rangeInit))
         (*val (iterPrefix) = mkBlockOrig(trCFG (env, [], fn _ => [], rangeInit))*)
                
          fun cvtIter ((param, lo, hi), (env, iters)) = let
                val param' = newIter param
                val env = rename (env, param, param')
                in
                  (env, (param', useVar env lo, useVar env hi)::iters)
                end
          val (env, iters) = List.foldr cvtIter (env, []) iters
          val (env,createPrefix) = peelBlockOrig(env,trCFG (env, [], fn _ => [], createInit))
          in (env,{
            isArray = isArray,
            iterPrefix = iterPrefix,
            iters = iters,
            createPrefix = createPrefix,
            strand = strand,
            args = List.map (useVar env) args
          }) end

            fun trMethod (env ,Src.Method{name, body}) =  let
               
                val (env,blk)=peelBlockOrig(env,trCFG (env, [], fn _ => [], body))
                 (*val (blk)=mkBlockOrig(trCFG (env, [], fn _ => [], body))*)
            in
                  (env,  Dst.Method{
                        name = name,
                        body = blk})
            end
      
                
        fun trStrand(globalEnv, [],rest)=(globalEnv,rest)
          | trStrand(globalEnv ,( Src.Strand{name, params, state, stateInit, methods})::es,rest) = let
                val params' = List.map newParam params
                val env = ListPair.foldlEq (fn (x, x', env) => rename(env, x, x')) globalEnv (params, params')
                
             
                val (env',sInit) = peelBlockOrig(env,trCFG (env, [], fn _ => [], stateInit))

                
                fun callmethod(env,[],M)=(env,M)
                | callmethod(env,b::es,Ms)=let
                    val (env2,M1)=trMethod(env,b)
                    in callmethod(env2,es,[M1]@Ms) end
                val (env',Methods)=callmethod(env',methods,[])
                val strand'=Dst.Strand{
                    name = name,
                    params = params',
                    state = List.map getStateVar state,
                    stateInit =sInit,
                    methods = (*List.map (trMethod env) methods*) Methods
                    }
                in trStrand(env', es, rest@[strand'])
                end
                
                

  (* split the globalInit into the part that specifies the inputs and the rest of
   * the global initialization.
   *)
    fun splitGlobalInit globalInit = let
(* FIXME: can split as soon as we see a non-Input statement! *)
                
           
          fun walk (nd, lastInput, live) = (case Nd.kind nd
                 of Src.ENTRY{succ} => walk (!succ, lastInput, live)
                  | Src.COM{succ, ...} => walk (!succ, lastInput, live)
                  | Src.ASSIGN{stm=(lhs, rhs), succ, ...} => (case rhs
                       of Src.OP(SrcOp.Input _, _) => walk (!succ, nd, lhs::live)
                        | _ => walk (!succ, lastInput, live)
                      (* end case *))
                  | _ => if Nd.isNULL lastInput
                      then let (* no inputs *)
                        val entry = Nd.mkENTRY()
                        val exit = Nd.mkEXIT(ExitKind.RETURN, [])
                        in
                          Nd.addEdge (entry, exit);
                          {inputInit = Src.CFG{entry=entry, exit=exit}, globalInit = globalInit}
                        end
                      else let (* split at lastInput *)
                        val inputExit = Nd.mkEXIT(ExitKind.RETURN, live)
                        val globalEntry = Nd.mkENTRY()
                        val [gFirst] = Nd.succs lastInput
                        in
                          Nd.replaceInEdge {src = lastInput, oldDst = gFirst, dst = inputExit};
                          Nd.replaceOutEdge {oldSrc = lastInput, src = globalEntry, dst = gFirst};
                          {
                            inputInit = Src.CFG{entry = Src.CFG.entry globalInit, exit = inputExit},
                            globalInit = Src.CFG{entry = globalEntry, exit = Src.CFG.exit globalInit}
                          }
                        end
                (* end case *))
                
          in
            walk ( Src.CFG.entry globalInit, Nd.dummy, [])
          end
    fun getInfo(env,Init)=let
        val inputInit' = trCFG (env, [], fn _ => [], Init)
        in
            peelBlockOrig(env,inputInit')
        end
                
    fun translate prog = let
        (* first we do a variable analysis pass on the Low IL *)
          val prog as Src.Program{props, globalInit, initially, strands} = VA.optimize prog
(* FIXME: here we should do a contraction pass to eliminate unused variables that VA may have created *)
          val _ = (* DEBUG *)
                LowPP.output (Log.logFile(), "LowIL after variable analysis", prog)
          val envOrig = newEnv()
          val globals = List.map
                (fn x => let val x' = newGlobal x in global(envOrig, x, x'); x' end)
                  ( Src.CFG.liveAtExit globalInit)
          val {inputInit, globalInit} = splitGlobalInit globalInit
                
          val (env,inputInit)=getInfo(envOrig,inputInit)
          val (env,globalInit)=getInfo(env, globalInit)
          val (env,strands) = trStrand (env, strands,[])
          val (env, initially) = trInitially (env, initially)
                
          val (typs,opr)= peelEnv(env)
          val typsList=TySet.listItems(typs);
          val oprList=OprSet.listItems(opr);
          val _=testp[(Fnc.setListToString(typsList,oprList,"--FinalPostStrands--"))]
    
          in  Dst.Program{
		  props = props,
                  types=typsList,
                  oprations = oprList,
		  globals = globals,
		  inputInit = inputInit,
		  globalInit = globalInit,
		  strands = strands,
		  initially = initially
		}
          end

  end

root@smlnj-gforge.cs.uchicago.edu
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