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[smlnj] Annotation of /sml/trunk/HISTORY
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Annotation of /sml/trunk/HISTORY

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1 : dbm 570 This is the HISTORY file for the Yale SML/NJ CVS repository.
2 :    
3 :     An entry should be made for _every_ commit to the repository.
4 :     The entries in this file will be used when creating the README
5 :     for new versions, so keep that in mind when writing the
6 :     description.
7 :    
8 :     The form of an entry should be:
9 :    
10 :     Name:
11 : george 1003 Date: yyyy/mm/dd
12 : dbm 570 Tag: <post-commit CVS tag>
13 :     Description:
14 : leunga 1142
15 : george 1136 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
16 : george 1222 Name: Lal George
17 :     Date: 2002/05/23 12:21:40 EDT
18 :     Tag: george-20020523-visual-labels
19 :     Description:
20 :    
21 :     Labels are now displayed in the graphical output to make
22 :     the fall-through and target blocks obvious.
23 :    
24 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
25 : blume 1204 Name: Matthias Blume
26 : blume 1220 Date: 2002/05/22 11:03:00 EDT
27 :     Tag: blume-20020522-shrink
28 :     Description:
29 :    
30 :     John tweaked yesterday's fix for 1131 to handle an out-of-memory
31 :     situation that comes up when allocating huge arrays.
32 :    
33 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
34 :     Name: Matthias Blume
35 : blume 1215 Date: 2002/05/21 16:00:00 EDT
36 :     Tag: Release_110_40
37 :     Description:
38 :    
39 :     New working release (110.40). New bootfiles.
40 :    
41 :     [Also: John Reppy fixed GC bug 1131.]
42 :    
43 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
44 :     Name: Matthias Blume
45 : blume 1212 Date: 2002/05/21 12:35:00 EDT
46 :     Tag: blume-20020521-cmdoc
47 :     Description:
48 :    
49 :     CM documentation update.
50 :    
51 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
52 :     Name: Matthias Blume
53 : blume 1211 Date: 2002/05/21 10:55:00 EDT
54 :     Tag: blume-20020521-misc
55 :     Description:
56 :    
57 :     - John tweaked runtime to be silent on heap export (except when
58 :     GC messages are on).
59 :     - I added a few more things (cross-compiling versions of CMB) to
60 :     config/preloads (as suggestions).
61 :    
62 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
63 :     Name: Matthias Blume
64 : blume 1208 Date: 2002/05/20 22:25:00 EDT
65 :     Tag: blume-20020520-controls
66 :     Description:
67 :    
68 :     - Added ControlUtil structure to control-lib.cm.
69 :     - Use it throughout.
70 :     - Used Controls facility to define MLRISC controls (as opposed to
71 :     registering MLRISC control ref cells with Controls after the fact)
72 :     - Fixed messed-up controls priorities.
73 :    
74 :     * Removed again all the stuff from config/preloads that one wouldn't
75 :     be able to preload at the time the initial heap image is built.
76 :     (Many libraries, e.g., CML, do not exist yet at this time. The
77 :     only libraries that can be preloaded via config/preloads are those
78 :     that come bundled with the bootfiles.)
79 :    
80 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
81 :     Name: Matthias Blume
82 : blume 1204 Date: 2002/05/20 10:59:00 EDT
83 :     Tag: blume-20020520-preloads
84 :     Description:
85 :    
86 :     Added a lot of commented-out suggestions for things to be included
87 :     in config/preloads.
88 :    
89 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
90 : leunga 1203 Name: Allen Leung
91 :     Date: 2002/05/18 14:20:00 EDT
92 :     Tag: leunga-20020518-mdl
93 :     Description:
94 :    
95 :     o Made the mdl tool stuff compile and run again.
96 :     o I've disabled all the stuff that depends on RTL specifications; they
97 :     are all badly broken anyway.
98 :    
99 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
100 : blume 1201 Name: Matthias Blume
101 :     Date: 2002/05/17 16:49:00 EDT
102 :     Tag: blume-20020517-controls
103 :     Description:
104 :    
105 :     0. John Reppy made several modifications to the SML/NJ library.
106 :     In particular, there is a shiny new controls-lib.cm.
107 :    
108 :     1. Pushed new controls interface through compiler so that everything
109 :     compiles again.
110 :    
111 :     2. Added FormatComb and FORMAT_COMB to the CML version of the
112 :     SML/NJ library (so that CML compiles again).
113 :    
114 :     3. Modified init scripts because XXX_DEFAULT environment variables
115 :     are no longer with us. (Boot-time initialization is now done
116 :     using the same environment variables that are also used for
117 :     startup-time initialization of controls.)
118 :    
119 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
120 : george 1192 Name: Lal George
121 :     Date: 2002/05/15 09:20:10 EDT
122 :     Tag: george-20020515-pseudo-op-decls
123 :     Description:
124 :    
125 :     All pseudo-ops emitted before the first segment declaration
126 :     such as TEXT, DATA, and BSS directives are assumed to be global
127 :     declarations and are emitted first in the assembly file. This is
128 :     useful in a number of situations where one has pseudo-ops that are not
129 :     specific to any segment, and also works around the constraint that one
130 :     cannot have client pseudo-ops in the TEXT segment.
131 :    
132 :     Because no segment is associated with these declarations it is
133 :     an error to allocate any space or objects before the first segment
134 :     directive and an exception will be raised. However, we cannot make
135 :     this check for client pseudo-ops.
136 :    
137 :     These top level declarations are a field in the CFG graph_info.
138 :     In theory you can continue to add to this field after the CFG has been
139 :     built -- provided you know what you are doing;-)
140 :    
141 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
142 : blume 1175 Name: Matthias Blume
143 : blume 1190 Date: 2002/05/13 16:40:00 EDT
144 :     Tag: blume-20020513-pp-etc
145 :     Description:
146 :    
147 :     A few minor bugfixes:
148 :    
149 :     - Stopgap measure for bug recently reported by Elsa Gunter (ppDec).
150 :     (Bogus printouts for redefined bindings still occur. Compiler
151 :     bug should no longer occur now. We need to redo the prettyprinter
152 :     from scratch.)
153 :    
154 :     - CM pathname printer now also adds escape sequences for ( and )
155 :    
156 :     - commend and docu fixes for ml-nlffi
157 :    
158 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
159 :     Name: Matthias Blume
160 : blume 1189 Date: 2002/05/10 16:40:00 EDT
161 :     Tag: blume-20020510-erg-textio
162 :     Description:
163 :    
164 :     Applied the following bugfix provided by Emden Gansner:
165 :    
166 :     Output is corrupted when outputSubstr is used rather than output.
167 :    
168 :     The problem occurs when a substring
169 :    
170 :     ss = (s, dataStart, dataLen)
171 :    
172 :     where dataStart > 0, fills a stream buffer with avail bytes left.
173 :     avail bytes of s, starting at index dataStart, are copied into the
174 :     buffer, the buffer is flushed, and then the remaining dataLen-avail
175 :     bytes of ss are copied into the beginning of the buffer. Instead of
176 :     starting this copy at index dataStart+avail in s, the current code
177 :     starts the copy at index avail.
178 :    
179 :     Fix:
180 :     In text-io-fn.sml, change line 695 from
181 :     val needsFlush = copyVec(v, avail, dataLen-avail, buf, 0)
182 :     to
183 :     val needsFlush = copyVec(v, dataStart+avail, dataLen-avail, buf, 0)
184 :    
185 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
186 :     Name: Matthias Blume
187 : blume 1186 Date: 2002/04/12 13:55:00 EDT
188 :     Tag: blume-20020412-assyntax
189 :     Description:
190 :    
191 :     1. Grabbed newer assyntax.h from the XFree86 project.
192 :     2. Fiddled with how to compile X86.prim.asm without warnings.
193 :     3. (Very) Minor cleanup in CM.
194 :    
195 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
196 :     Name: Matthias Blume
197 : blume 1185 Date: 2002/04/01 (no joke!) 17:07:00 EST
198 :     Tag: blume-20020401-x86div
199 :     Description:
200 :    
201 :     Added full support for div/mod/rem/quot on the x86, using the machine
202 :     instruction's two results (without clumsily recomputing the remainder)
203 :     directly where appropriate.
204 :    
205 :     Some more extensive power-of-two support was added to the x86 instruction
206 :     selector (avoiding expensive divs, mods, and muls where they can be
207 :     replaced with cheaper shifts and masks). However, this sort of thing
208 :     ought to be done earlier, e.g., within the CPS optimizer so that
209 :     all architectures benefit from it.
210 :    
211 :     The compiler compiles to a fixed point, but changes might be somewhat
212 :     fragile nevertheless. Please, report any strange things that you might
213 :     see wrt. div/mod/quot/rem...
214 :    
215 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
216 :     Name: Matthias Blume
217 : blume 1184 Date: 2002/03/29 17:22:00
218 :     Tag: blume-20020329-div
219 :     Description:
220 :    
221 :     Fixed my broken div/mod logic. Unfortunately, this means that the
222 :     inline code for div/mod now has one more comparison than before.
223 :     Fast paths (quotient > 0 or remainder = 0) are not affected, though.
224 :     The problem was with quotient = 0, because that alone does not tell
225 :     us which way the rounding went. One then has to look at whether
226 :     remainder and divisor have the same sign... :(
227 :    
228 :     Anyway, I replaced the bootfiles with fresh ones...
229 :    
230 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
231 :     Name: Matthias Blume
232 : blume 1183 Date: 2002/03/29 14:10:00 EST
233 :     Tag: blume-20020329-inlprims
234 :     Description:
235 :    
236 :     NEW BOOTFILES!!! Version number bumped to 110.39.3.
237 :    
238 :     Primops have changed. This means that the bin/boot-file formats have
239 :     changed as well.
240 :    
241 :     To make sure that there is no confusion, I made a new version.
242 :    
243 :    
244 :     CHANGES:
245 :    
246 :     * removed REMT from mltree (remainder should never overflow).
247 :    
248 :     * added primops to deal with divisions of all flavors to the frontend
249 :    
250 :     * handled these primops all the way through so they map to their respective
251 :     MLRISC support
252 :    
253 :     * used these primops in the implementation of Int, Int32, Word, Word32
254 :    
255 :     * removed INLDIV, INLMOD, and INLREM as they are no longer necessary
256 :    
257 :     * parameterized INLMIN, INLMAX, and INLABS by a numkind
258 :    
259 :     * translate.sml now deals with all flavors of INL{MIN,MAX,ABS}, including
260 :     floating point
261 :    
262 :     * used INL{MIN,MAX,ABS} in the implementation of Int, Int32, Word, Word32,
263 :     and Real (but Real.abs maps to a separate floating-point-only primop)
264 :    
265 :    
266 :     TODO items:
267 :    
268 :     * Hacked Alpha32 instruction selection, disabling the selection of REMx
269 :     instructions because the machine instruction encoder cannot handle
270 :     them. (Hppa, PPC, and Sparc instruction selection did not handle
271 :     REM in the first place, and REM is supported by the x86 machine coder.)
272 :    
273 :     * Handle DIV and MOD with DIV_TO_NEGINF directly in the x86 instruction
274 :     selection phase. (The two can be streamlined because the hardware
275 :     delivers both quotient and remainder at the same time anyway.)
276 :    
277 :     * Think about what to do with "valOf(Int32.minInt) div ~1" and friends.
278 :     (Currently the behavior is inconsistent both across architectures and
279 :     wrt. the draft Basis spec.)
280 :    
281 :     * Word8 should eventually be handled natively, too.
282 :    
283 :     * There seems to be one serious bug in mltree-gen.sml. It appears, though,
284 :     as if there currently is no execution path that could trigger it in
285 :     SML/NJ. (The assumptions underlying functions arith and promotable do not
286 :     hold for things like multiplication and division.)
287 :    
288 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
289 :     Name: Matthias Blume
290 : blume 1181 Date: 2002/03/27 16:27:00 EST
291 :     Tag: blume-20020327-mlrisc-divisions
292 :     Description:
293 :    
294 :     Added support for all four division operations (ML's div, mod, quot,
295 :     and rem) to MLRISC. In the course of doing so, I also rationalized
296 :     the naming (no more annoying switch-around of DIV and QUOT), by
297 :     parameterizing the operation by div_rounding_mode (which can be either
298 :     DIV_TO_ZERO or DIV_TO_NEGINF).
299 :    
300 :     The generic MLTreeGen functor takes care of compiling all four
301 :     operations down to only round-to-zero div.
302 :    
303 :     Missing pieces:
304 :    
305 :     * Doing something smarter than relying on MLTreeGen on architectures
306 :     like, e.g., the x86 where hardware division delivers both quotient and
307 :     remainder at the same time. With this, the implementation of the
308 :     round-to-neginf operations could be further streamlined.
309 :    
310 :     * Remove inlining support for div/mod/rem from the frontend and replace it
311 :     with primops that get carried through to the backend. Do this for all
312 :     int and word types.
313 :    
314 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
315 :     Name: Matthias Blume
316 : blume 1180 Date: 2002/03/25 17:25:00 EST
317 :     Tag: blume-20020325-divmod
318 :     Description:
319 :    
320 :     I improved (hopefully without breaking them) the implementation of Int.div,
321 :     Int.mod, and Int.rem. For this, the code in translate.sml now takes
322 :     advantage of the following observations:
323 :    
324 :     Let q = x quot y r = x rem y
325 :     d = x div y m = x mod y
326 :    
327 :     where "quot" is the round-to-zero version of integer division that
328 :     hardware usually provides. Then we have:
329 :    
330 :     r = x - q * y where neither the * nor the - will overflow
331 :     d = if q >= 0 orelse x = q * y then q else q - 1
332 :     where neither the * nor the - will overflow
333 :     m = if q >= 0 orelse r = 0 then r else r + y
334 :     where the + will not overflow
335 :    
336 :     This results in substantial simplification of the generated code.
337 :     The following table shows the number of CFG nodes and edges generated
338 :     for
339 :     fun f (x, y) = x OPER y
340 :     (* with OPER \in div, mod, quot, rem *)
341 :    
342 :    
343 :     OPER | nodes(old) | edges(old) | nodes(new) | edges(new)
344 :     --------------------------------------------------------
345 :     div | 24 | 39 | 12 | 16
346 :     mod | 41 | 71 | 12 | 16
347 :     quot | 8 | 10 | 8 | 10
348 :     rem | 10 | 14 | 8 | 10
349 :    
350 :    
351 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
352 :     Name: Matthias Blume
353 : blume 1179 Date: 2002/03/25 22:06:00 EST
354 :     Tag: blume-20020325-cprotobug
355 :     Description:
356 :    
357 :     Fixed a bug in cproto (c prototype decoder).
358 :    
359 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
360 :     Name: Matthias Blume
361 : blume 1178 Date: 2002/03/25 16:00:00 EST
362 :     Tag: blume-20020325-raw-primops
363 :     Description:
364 :    
365 :     I did some cleanup to Allen's new primop code and
366 :     replaced yesterday's bootfiles with new ones.
367 :     (But they are stored in the same place.)
368 :    
369 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
370 :     Name: Matthias Blume
371 : blume 1175 Date: 2002/03/24 22:40:00 EST
372 :     Tag: blume-20020324-bootfiles
373 :     Description:
374 :    
375 :     Made the bootfiles that Allen asked for.
376 :    
377 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
378 : leunga 1174 Name: Allen Leung
379 :     Date: 2002/03/23 15:50:00 EST
380 :     Tag: leunga-20020323-flint-cps-rcc-primops
381 :     Description:
382 :    
383 :     1. Changes to FLINT primops:
384 :    
385 :     (* make a call to a C-function;
386 :     * The primop carries C function prototype information and specifies
387 :     * which of its (ML-) arguments are floating point. C prototype
388 :     * information is for use by the backend, ML information is for
389 :     * use by the CPS converter. *)
390 :     | RAW_CCALL of { c_proto: CTypes.c_proto,
391 :     ml_args: ccall_type list,
392 :     ml_res_opt: ccall_type option,
393 :     reentrant : bool
394 :     } option
395 :     (* Allocate uninitialized storage on the heap.
396 :     * The record is meant to hold short-lived C objects, i.e., they
397 :     * are not ML pointers. With the tag, the representation is
398 :     * the same as RECORD with tag tag_raw32 (sz=4), or tag_fblock (sz=8)
399 :     *)
400 :     | RAW_RECORD of {tag:bool,sz:int}
401 :     and ccall_type = CCALL_INT32 | CCALL_REAL64 | CCALL_ML_PTR
402 :    
403 :     2. These CPS primops are now overloaded:
404 :    
405 :     rawload of {kind:numkind}
406 :     rawstore of {kind:numkind}
407 :    
408 :     The one argument form is:
409 :    
410 :     rawload {kind} address
411 :    
412 :     The two argument form is:
413 :    
414 :     rawload {kind} [ml object, byte-offset]
415 :    
416 :     3. RAW_CCALL/RCC now takes two extra arguments:
417 :    
418 :     a. The first is whether the C call is reentrant, i.e., whether
419 :     ML state should be saved and restored.
420 :     b. The second argument is a string argument specifying the name of
421 :     library and the C function.
422 :    
423 :     These things are currently not handled in the code generator, yet.
424 :    
425 :     4. In CProto,
426 :    
427 :     An encoding type of "bool" means "ml object" and is mapped into
428 :     C prototype of PTR. Note that "bool" is different than "string",
429 :     even though "string" is also mapped into PTR, because "bool"
430 :     is assigned an CPS type of BOGt, while "string" is assigned INT32t.
431 :    
432 :     5. Pickler/unpicker
433 :    
434 :     Changed to handle RAW_RECORD and newest RAW_CCALL
435 :    
436 :     6. MLRiscGen,
437 :    
438 :     1. Changed to handle the new rawload/rawstore/rawrecord operators.
439 :     2. Code for handling C Calls has been moved to a new module CPSCCalls,
440 :     in the file CodeGen/cpscompile/cps-c-calls.sml
441 :    
442 :     7. Added the conditional move operator
443 :    
444 :     condmove of branch
445 :    
446 :     to cps. Generation of this is still buggy so it is currently
447 :     disabled.
448 :    
449 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
450 : george 1168 Name: Lal George
451 :     Date: 2002/03/22 14:18:25 EST
452 : george 1171 Tag: george-20020322-cps-branch-prob
453 : george 1168 Description:
454 :    
455 : george 1171 Implemented the Ball-Larus branch prediction-heuristics, and
456 : george 1168 incorporated graphical viewers for control flow graphs.
457 :    
458 : george 1171 Ball-Larus Heuristics:
459 : george 1168 ---------------------
460 :     See the file compiler/CodeGen/cpscompile/cpsBranchProb.sml.
461 :    
462 :     By design it uses the Dempster-Shafer theory for combining
463 :     probabilities. For example, in the function:
464 :    
465 :     fun f(n,acc) = if n = 0 then acc else f(n-1, n*acc)
466 :    
467 :     the ball-larus heuristics predicts that the n=0 is unlikely
468 :     (OH-heuristic), and the 'then' branch is unlikely because of the
469 :     RH-heuristic -- giving the 'then' branch an even lower combined
470 : george 1171 probability using the Dempster-Shafer theory.
471 : george 1168
472 :     Finally, John Reppy's loop analysis in MLRISC, further lowers the
473 :     probability of the 'then' branch because of the loop in the else
474 :     branch.
475 :    
476 :    
477 :     Graphical Viewing:
478 :     ------------------
479 :     I merely plugged in Allen's graphical viewers into the compiler. The
480 :     additional code is not much. At the top level, saying:
481 :    
482 :     Control.MLRISC.getFlag "cfg-graphical-view" := true;
483 :    
484 :     will display the graphical view of the control flow graph just before
485 :     back-patching. daVinci must be in your path for this to work. If
486 :     daVinci is not available, then the default viewer can be changed
487 :     using:
488 :    
489 :     Control.MLRISC.getString "viewer"
490 :    
491 :     which can be set to "dot" or "vcg" for the corresponding viewers. Of
492 :     course, these viewers must be in your path.
493 :    
494 :     The above will display the compilation unit at the level of clusters,
495 :     many of which are small, boring, and un-interesting. Also setting:
496 :    
497 :     Control.MLRISC.getInt "cfg-graphical-view_size"
498 :    
499 :     will display clusters that are larger than the value set by the above.
500 :    
501 :    
502 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
503 : blume 1159 Name: Matthias Blume
504 :     Date: 2002/03/21 22:20:00 EST
505 :     Tag: blume-20020321-kmp-bugfix
506 :     Description:
507 :    
508 :     Changed the interface to the KMP routine in PreString and fixed
509 :     a minor bug in one place where it was used.
510 :    
511 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
512 : leunga 1156 Name: Allen Leung
513 : leunga 1158 Date: 2002/03/21 20:30:00 EST
514 :     Tag: leunga-20020321-cfg
515 :     Description:
516 :    
517 :     Fixed a potential problem in cfg edge splitting.
518 :    
519 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
520 :     Name: Allen Leung
521 : leunga 1156 Date: 2002/03/21 17:15:00 EST
522 :     Tag: leunga-20020321-x86-fp-cfg
523 :     Description:
524 :    
525 :     1. Recoded the buggy parts of x86-fp.
526 :    
527 :     a. All the block reordering code has been removed.
528 :     We now depend on the block placement phases to do this work.
529 :    
530 :     b. Critical edge splitting code has been simplified and moved into the
531 :     CFG modules, as where they belong.
532 :    
533 :     Both of these were quite buggy and complex. The code is now much, much
534 :     simpler.
535 :    
536 :     2. X86 backend.
537 :    
538 :     a. Added instructions for 64-bit support. Instruction selection for
539 :     64-bit has not been committed, however, since that
540 :     requires changes to MLTREE which haven't been approved by
541 :     Lal and John.
542 :    
543 :     b. Added support for FUCOMI and FUCOMIP when generating code for
544 :     PentiumPro and above. We only generate these instructions in
545 :     the fast-fp mode.
546 :    
547 :     c. Added cases for JP and JNP in X86FreqProps.
548 :    
549 :     3. CFG
550 :    
551 :     CFG now has a bunch of methods for edge splitting and merging.
552 :    
553 :     4. Machine description.
554 :    
555 :     John's simplification of MLTREE_BASIS.fcond broke a few machine
556 :     description things:
557 :    
558 :     rtl-build.{sig,sml} and hppa.mdl fixed.
559 :    
560 :     NOTE: the machine description stuff in the repository is still broken.
561 :     Again, I can't put my fixes in because that involves
562 :     changes to MLTREE.
563 :    
564 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
565 : blume 1145 Name: Matthias Blume
566 : blume 1155 Date: 2002/03/20 15:55:00 EST
567 :     Tag: blume-20020320-kmp
568 :     Description:
569 :    
570 :     Implemented Knuth-Morris-Pratt string matching in PreString and used
571 :     it for String.isSubstring, Substring.isSubstring, and
572 :     Substring.position.
573 :    
574 :     (Might need some stress-testing. Simple examples worked fine.)
575 :    
576 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
577 :     Name: Matthias Blume
578 : blume 1152 Date: 2002/03/19 16:37:00 EST
579 :     Tag: blume-20020319-witnesses
580 :     Description:
581 :    
582 :     Added a structure C.W and functions convert/Ptr.convert to ml-nlffi-lib.
583 :    
584 :     This implements a generic mechanism for changing constness qualifiers
585 :     anywhere within big C types without resorting to outright "casts".
586 :     (So far, functions such as C.rw/C.ro or C.Ptr.rw/C.Ptr.ro only let you
587 :     modify the constness at the outermost level.)
588 :     The implementation of "convert" is based on the idea of "witness"
589 :     values -- values that are not used by the operation but whose types
590 :     "testify" to their applicability. On the implementation side, "convert"
591 :     is simply a projection (returning its second curried argument). With
592 :     cross-module inlining, it should not result in any machine code being
593 :     generated.
594 :    
595 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
596 :     Name: Matthias Blume
597 : blume 1148 Date: 2002/03/15 16:40:00 EST
598 :     Tag: blume-20020315-basis
599 :     Description:
600 :    
601 :     Provided (preliminary?) implementations for
602 :    
603 :     {String,Substring}.{concatWith,isSuffix,isSubstring}
604 :    
605 :     and
606 :    
607 :     Substring.full
608 :    
609 :     Those are in the Basis spec but they were missing in SML/NJ.
610 :    
611 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
612 :     Name: Matthias Blume
613 : blume 1145 Date: 2002/03/14 21:30:00 EST
614 :     Tag: blume-20020314-controls
615 :     Description:
616 :    
617 :     Controls:
618 :     ---------
619 :    
620 :     1. Factored out the recently-added Controls : CONTROLS stuff and put
621 :     it into its own library $/controls-lib.cm. The source tree for
622 :     this is under src/smlnj-lib/Controls.
623 :    
624 :     2. Changed the names of types and functions in this interface, so they
625 :     make a bit more "sense":
626 :    
627 :     module -> registry
628 :     'a registry -> 'a group
629 :    
630 :     3. The interface now deals in ref cells only. The getter/setter interface
631 :     is (mostly) gone.
632 :    
633 :     4. Added a function that lets one register an already-existing ref cell.
634 :    
635 :     5. Made the corresponding modifications to the rest of the code so that
636 :     everything compiles again.
637 :    
638 :     6. Changed the implementation of Controls.MLRISC back to something closer
639 :     to the original. In particular, this module (and therefore MLRISC)
640 :     does not depend on Controls. There now is some link-time code in
641 :     int-sys.sml that registers the MLRISC controls with the Controls
642 :     module.
643 :    
644 :     CM:
645 :     ---
646 :    
647 :     * One can now specify the lambda-split aggressiveness in init.cmi.
648 :    
649 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
650 : leunga 1142 Name: Allen Leung
651 :     Date: 2002/03/13 17:30:00 EST
652 :     Tag: leunga-20020313-x86-fp-unary
653 :     Description:
654 :    
655 :     Bug fix for:
656 :    
657 :     > leunga@weaselbane:~/Yale/tmp/sml-dist{21} bin/sml
658 :     > Standard ML of New Jersey v110.39.1 [FLINT v1.5], March 08, 2002
659 :     > - fun f(x,(y,z)) = Real.~ y;
660 :     > [autoloading]
661 :     > [autoloading done]
662 :     > fchsl (%eax), 184(%esp)
663 :     > Error: MLRisc bug: X86MCEmitter.emitInstr
664 :     >
665 :     > uncaught exception Error
666 :     > raised at: ../MLRISC/control/mlriscErrormsg.sml:16.14-16.19
667 :    
668 :     The problem was that the code generator did not generate any fp registers
669 :     in this case, and the ra didn't know that it needed to run the X86FP phase to
670 :     translate the pseudo fp instruction. This only happened with unary fp
671 :     operators in certain situations.
672 :    
673 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
674 : blume 1137 Name: Matthias Blume
675 : blume 1140 Date: 2002/03/13 14:00:00 EST
676 :     Tag: blume-20020313-overload-etc
677 :     Description:
678 :    
679 :     1. Added _overload as a synonym for overload for backward compatibility.
680 :     (Control.overloadKW must be true for either version to be accepted.)
681 :    
682 :     2. Fixed bug in install script that caused more things to be installed
683 :     than what was requested in config/targets.
684 :    
685 :     3. Made CM aware of the (_)overload construct so that autoloading
686 :     works.
687 :    
688 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
689 :     Name: Matthias Blume
690 : blume 1138 Date: 2002/03/12 22:03:00 EST
691 :     Tag: blume-20020312-url
692 :     Description:
693 :    
694 :     Forgot to update BOOT and srcarchiveurl.
695 :    
696 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
697 :     Name: Matthias Blume
698 : blume 1137 Date: 2002/03/12 17:30:00 EST
699 :     Tag: blume-20020312-version110392
700 :     Description:
701 :    
702 :     Yet another version number bump (because of small changes to the
703 :     binfile format). Version number is now 110.39.2. NEW BOOTFILES!
704 :    
705 :     Changes:
706 :    
707 :     The new pid generation scheme described a few weeks ago was overly
708 :     complicated. I implemented a new mechanism that is simpler and
709 :     provides a bit more "stability": Once CM has seen a compilation
710 :     unit, it keeps its identity constant (as long as you do not delete
711 :     those crucial CM/GUID/* files). This means that when you change
712 : blume 1145 an interface, compile, then go back to the old interface, and
713 : blume 1137 compile again, you arrive at the original pid.
714 :    
715 :     There now also is a mechanism that instructs CM to use the plain
716 :     environment hash as a module's pid (effectively making its GUID
717 :     the empty string). For this, "noguid" must be specified as an
718 :     option to the .sml file in question within its .cm file.
719 :     This is most useful for code that is being generated by tools such
720 :     as ml-nlffigen (because during development programmers tend to
721 :     erase the tool's entire output directory tree including CM's cached
722 :     GUIDs). "noguid" is somewhat dangerous (since it can be used to locally
723 :     revert to the old, broken behavior of SML/NJ, but in specific cases
724 :     where there is no danger of interface confusion, its use is ok
725 :     (I think).
726 :    
727 :     ml-nlffigen by default generates "noguid" annotations. They can be
728 :     turned off by specifying -guid in its command line.
729 :    
730 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
731 : george 1136 Name: Lal George
732 :     Date: 2002/03/12 12 14:42:36 EST
733 :     Tag: george-20020312-frequency-computation
734 :     Description:
735 :    
736 :     Integrated jump chaining and static block frequency into the
737 :     compiler. More details and numbers later.
738 : leunga 1025
739 : george 1003 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
740 : george 1133 Name: Lal George
741 :     Date: 2002/03/11 11 22:38:53 EST
742 :     Tag: george-20020311-jump-chain-elim
743 :     Description:
744 :    
745 :     Tested the jump chain elimination on all architectures (except the
746 :     hppa). This is on by default right now and is profitable for the
747 :     alpha and x86, however, it may not be profitable for the sparc and ppc
748 :     when compiling the compiler.
749 :    
750 :     The gc test will typically jump to a label at the end of the cluster,
751 :     where there is another jump to an external cluster containing the actual
752 :     code to invoke gc. This is to allow factoring of common gc invocation
753 :     sequences. That is to say, we generate:
754 :    
755 :     f:
756 :     testgc
757 :     ja L1 % jump if above to L1
758 :    
759 :     L1:
760 :     jmp L2
761 :    
762 :    
763 :     After jump chain elimination the 'ja L1' instructions is converted to
764 :     'ja L2'. On the sparc and ppc, many of the 'ja L2' instructions may end
765 :     up being implemented in their long form (if L2 is far away) using:
766 :    
767 :     jbe L3 % jump if below or equal to L3
768 :     jmp L2
769 :     L3:
770 :     ...
771 :    
772 :    
773 :     For large compilation units L2 may be far away.
774 :    
775 :    
776 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
777 : blume 1132 Name: Matthias Blume
778 :     Date: 2002/03/11 13:30:00 EST
779 :     Tag: blume-20020311-mltreeeval
780 :     Description:
781 :    
782 :     A functor parameter was missing.
783 :    
784 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
785 : leunga 1130 Name: Allen Leung
786 : leunga 1131 Date: 2002/03/11 10:30:00 EST
787 : leunga 1142 Tag: leunga-20020311-runtime-string0
788 : leunga 1131 Description:
789 :    
790 :     The representation of the empty string now points to a
791 :     legal null terminated C string instead of unit. It is now possible
792 :     to convert an ML string into C string with InlineT.CharVector.getData.
793 :     This compiles into one single machine instruction.
794 :    
795 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
796 :     Name: Allen Leung
797 : leunga 1130 Date: 2002/03/10 23:55:00 EST
798 :     Tag: leunga-20020310-x86-call
799 :     Description:
800 :    
801 :     Added machine generation for CALL instruction (relative displacement mode)
802 :    
803 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
804 : blume 1128 Name: Matthias Blume
805 :     Date: 2002/03/08 16:05:00
806 :     Tag: blume-20020308-entrypoints
807 :     Description:
808 :    
809 :     Version number bumped to 110.39.1. NEW BOOTFILES!
810 :    
811 :     Entrypoints: non-zero offset into a code object where execution should begin.
812 :    
813 :     - Added the notion of an entrypoint to CodeObj.
814 :     - Added reading/writing of entrypoint info to Binfile.
815 :     - Made runtime system bootloader aware of entrypoints.
816 :     - Use the address of the label of the first function given to mlriscGen
817 :     as the entrypoint. This address is currently always 0, but it will
818 :     not be 0 once we turn on block placement.
819 :     - Removed the linkage cluster code (which was The Other Way(tm) of dealing
820 :     with entry points) from mlriscGen.
821 :    
822 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
823 : leunga 1127 Name: Allen Leung
824 :     Date: 2002/03/07 20:45:00 EST
825 :     Tag: leunga-20020307-x86-cmov
826 :     Description:
827 :    
828 :     Bug fixes for CMOVcc on x86.
829 :    
830 :     1. Added machine code generation for CMOVcc
831 :     2. CMOVcc is now generated in preference over SETcc on PentiumPro or above.
832 :     3. CMOVcc cannot have an immediate operand as argument.
833 :    
834 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
835 : blume 1126 Name: Matthias Blume
836 :     Date: 2002/03/07 16:15:00 EST
837 :     Tag: blume-20020307-controls
838 :     Description:
839 :    
840 :     This is a very large but mostly boring patch which makes (almost)
841 :     every tuneable compiler knob (i.e., pretty much everything under
842 :     Control.* plus a few other things) configurable via both the command
843 :     line and environment variables in the style CM did its configuration
844 :     until now.
845 :    
846 :     Try starting sml with '-h' (or, if you are brave, '-H')
847 :    
848 :     To this end, I added a structure Controls : CONTROLS to smlnj-lib.cm which
849 :     implements the underlying generic mechanism.
850 :    
851 :     The interface to some of the existing such facilities has changed somewhat.
852 :     For example, the MLRiscControl module now provides mkFoo instead of getFoo.
853 :     (The getFoo interface is still there for backward-compatibility, but its
854 :     use is deprecated.)
855 :    
856 :     The ml-build script passes -Cxxx=yyy command-line arguments through so
857 :     that one can now twiddle the compiler settings when using this "batch"
858 :     compiler.
859 :    
860 :     TODO items:
861 :    
862 :     We should go through and throw out all controls that are no longer
863 :     connected to anything. Moreover, we should go through and provide
864 :     meaningful (and correct!) documentation strings for those controls
865 :     that still are connected.
866 :    
867 :     Currently, multiple calls to Controls.new are accepted (only the first
868 :     has any effect). Eventually we should make sure that every control
869 :     is being made (via Controls.new) exactly once. Future access can then
870 :     be done using Controls.acc.
871 :    
872 :     Finally, it would probably be a good idea to use the getter-setter
873 :     interface to controls rather than ref cells. For the time being, both
874 :     styles are provided by the Controls module, but getter-setter pairs are
875 :     better if thread-safety is of any concern because they can be wrapped.
876 :    
877 :     *****************************************
878 :    
879 :     One bug fix: The function blockPlacement in three of the MLRISC
880 :     backpatch files used to be hard-wired to one of two possibilities at
881 :     link time (according to the value of the placementFlag). But (I
882 :     think) it should rather sense the flag every time.
883 :    
884 :     *****************************************
885 :    
886 :     Other assorted changes (by other people who did not supply a HISTORY entry):
887 :    
888 :     1. the cross-module inliner now works much better (Monnier)
889 :     2. representation of weights, frequencies, and probabilities in MLRISC
890 :     changed in preparation of using those for weighted block placement
891 :     (Reppy, George)
892 :    
893 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
894 : george 1116 Name: Lal George
895 : george 1124 Date: 2002/03/07 14:44:24 EST 2002
896 :     Tag: george-20020307-weighted-block-placement
897 :    
898 :     Tested the weighted block placement optimization on all architectures
899 :     (except the hppa) using AMPL to generate the block and edge frequencies.
900 :     Changes were required in the machine properties to correctly
901 :     categorize trap instructions. There is an MLRISC flag
902 :     "weighted-block-placement" that can be used to enable weighted block
903 :     placement, but this will be ineffective without block/edge
904 :     frequencies (coming soon).
905 :    
906 :    
907 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
908 :     Name: Lal George
909 : george 1116 Date: 2002/03/05 17:24:48 EST
910 :     Tag: george-20020305-linkage-cluster
911 :    
912 : george 1124 In order to support the block placement optimization, a new cluster
913 :     is generated as the very first cluster (called the linkage cluster).
914 :     It contains a single jump to the 'real' entry point for the compilation
915 :     unit. Block placement has no effect on the linkage cluster itself, but
916 :     all the other clusters have full freedom in the manner in which they
917 :     reorder blocks or functions.
918 : george 1116
919 :     On the x86 the typical linkage code that is generated is:
920 :     ----------------------
921 :     .align 2
922 :     L0:
923 :     addl $L1-L0, 72(%esp)
924 : george 1124 jmp L1
925 : george 1116
926 :    
927 :     .align 2
928 :     L1:
929 :     ----------------------
930 :    
931 :     72(%esp) is the memory location for the stdlink register. This
932 :     must contain the address of the CPS function being called. In the
933 : george 1124 above example, it contains the address of L0; before
934 : george 1116 calling L1 (the real entry point for the compilation unit), it
935 :     must contain the address for L1, and hence
936 :    
937 :     addl $L1-L0, 72(%esp)
938 :    
939 : george 1124 I have tested this on all architectures except the hppa.The increase
940 :     in code size is of course negligible
941 : george 1116
942 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
943 : leunga 1115 Name: Allen Leung
944 :     Date: 2002/03/03 13:20:00 EST
945 :     Tag: leunga-20020303-mlrisc-tools
946 :    
947 :     Added #[ ... ] expressions to mlrisc tools
948 :    
949 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
950 : blume 1096 Name: Matthias Blume
951 : blume 1098 Date: 2002/02/27 12:29:00 EST
952 :     Tag: blume-20020227-cdebug
953 :     Description:
954 :    
955 :     - made types in structure C and C_Debug to be equal
956 :     - got rid of code duplication (c-int.sml vs. c-int-debug.sml)
957 :     - there no longer is a C_Int_Debug (C_Debug is directly derived from C)
958 :    
959 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
960 :     Name: Matthias Blume
961 : blume 1096 Date: 2002/02/26 12:00:00 EST
962 :     Tag: blume-20020226-ffi
963 :     Description:
964 :    
965 :     1. Fixed a minor bug in CM's "noweb" tool:
966 :     If numbering is turned off, then truly don't number (i.e., do not
967 :     supply the -L option to noweb). The previous behavior was to supply
968 :     -L'' -- which caused noweb to use the "default" line numbering scheme.
969 :     Thanks to Chris Richards for pointing this out (and supplying the fix).
970 :    
971 :     2. Once again, I reworked some aspects of the FFI:
972 :    
973 :     A. The incomplete/complete type business:
974 :    
975 :     - Signatures POINTER_TO_INCOMPLETE_TYPE and accompanying functors are
976 :     gone!
977 :     - ML types representing an incomplete type are now *equal* to
978 :     ML types representing their corresponding complete types (just like
979 :     in C). This is still safe because ml-nlffigen will not generate
980 :     RTTI for incomplete types, nor will it generate functions that
981 :     require access to such RTTI. But when ML code generated from both
982 :     incomplete and complete versions of the C type meet, the ML types
983 :     are trivially interoperable.
984 :    
985 :     NOTE: These changes restore the full generality of the translation
986 :     (which was previously lost when I eliminated functorization)!
987 :    
988 :     B. Enum types:
989 :    
990 :     - Structure C now has a type constructor "enum" that is similar to
991 :     how the "su" constructor works. However, "enum" is not a phantom
992 :     type because each "T enum" has values (and is isomorphic to
993 :     MLRep.Signed.int).
994 :     - There are generic access operations for enum objects (using
995 :     MLRep.Signed.int).
996 :     - ml-nlffigen will generate a structure E_foo for each "enum foo".
997 :     * The structure contains the definition of type "mlrep" (the ML-side
998 :     representation type of the enum). Normally, mlrep is the same
999 :     as "MLRep.Signed.int", but if ml-nlffigen was invoked with "-ec",
1000 :     then mlrep will be defined as a datatype -- thus facilitating
1001 :     pattern matching on mlrep values.
1002 :     ("-ec" will be suppressed if there are duplicate values in an
1003 :     enumeration.)
1004 :     * Constructors ("-ec") or values (no "-ec") e_xxx of type mlrep
1005 :     will be generated for each C enum constant xxx.
1006 :     * Conversion functions m2i and i2m convert between mlrep and
1007 :     MLRep.Signed.int. (Without "-ec", these functions are identities.)
1008 :     * Coversion functions c and ml convert between mlrep and "tag enum".
1009 :     * Access functions (get/set) fetch and store mlrep values.
1010 :     - By default (unless ml-nlffigen was invoked with "-nocollect"), unnamed
1011 :     enumerations are merged into one single enumeration represented by
1012 :     structure E_'.
1013 :    
1014 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1015 : leunga 1080 Name: Allen Leung
1016 : leunga 1094 Date: 2002/02/25 04:45:00 EST
1017 :     Tag: leunga-20020225-cps-spill
1018 :    
1019 :     This is a new implementation of the CPS spill phase.
1020 :     The new phase is in the new file compiler/CodeGen/cpscompile/spill-new.sml
1021 :     In case of problems, replace it with the old file spill.sml
1022 :    
1023 :     The current compiler runs into some serious performance problems when
1024 :     constructing a large record. This can happen when we try to compile a
1025 :     structure with many items. Even a very simple structure like the following
1026 :     makes the compiler slow down.
1027 :    
1028 :     structure Foo = struct
1029 :     val x_1 = 0w1 : Word32.int
1030 :     val x_2 = 0w2 : Word32.int
1031 :     val x_3 = 0w3 : Word32.int
1032 :     ...
1033 :     val x_N = 0wN : Word32.int
1034 :     end
1035 :    
1036 :     The following table shows the compile time, from N=1000 to N=4000,
1037 :     with the old compiler:
1038 :    
1039 :     N
1040 :     1000 CPS 100 spill 0.04u 0.00s 0.00g
1041 :     MLRISC ra 0.06u 0.00s 0.05g
1042 :     (spills = 0 reloads = 0)
1043 :     TOTAL 0.63u 0.07s 0.21g
1044 :    
1045 :     1100 CPS 100 spill 8.25u 0.32s 0.64g
1046 :     MLRISC ra 5.68u 0.59s 3.93g
1047 :     (spills = 0 reloads = 0)
1048 :     TOTAL 14.71u 0.99s 4.81g
1049 :    
1050 :     1500 CPS 100 spill 58.55u 2.34s 1.74g
1051 :     MLRISC ra 5.54u 0.65s 3.91g
1052 :     (spills = 543 reloads = 1082)
1053 :     TOTAL 65.40u 3.13s 6.00g
1054 :    
1055 :     2000 CPS 100 spill 126.69u 4.84s 3.08g
1056 :     MLRISC ra 0.80u 0.10s 0.55g
1057 :     (spills = 42 reloads = 84)
1058 :     TOTAL 129.42u 5.10s 4.13g
1059 :    
1060 :     3000 CPS 100 spill 675.59u 19.03s 11.64g
1061 :     MLRISC ra 2.69u 0.27s 1.38g
1062 :     (spills = 62 reloads = 124)
1063 :     TOTAL 682.48u 19.61s 13.99g
1064 :    
1065 :     4000 CPS 100 spill 2362.82u 56.28s 43.60g
1066 :     MLRISC ra 4.96u 0.27s 2.72g
1067 :     (spills = 85 reloads = 170)
1068 :     TOTAL 2375.26u 57.21s 48.00g
1069 :    
1070 :     As you can see the old cps spill module suffers from some serious
1071 : leunga 1115 performance problem. But since I cannot decipher the old code fully,
1072 :     instead of patching the problems up, I'm reimplementing it
1073 : leunga 1094 with a different algorithm. The new code is more modular,
1074 :     smaller when compiled, and substantially faster
1075 :     (O(n log n) time and O(n) space). Timing of the new spill module:
1076 :    
1077 :     4000 CPS 100 spill 0.02u 0.00s 0.00g
1078 :     MLRISC ra 0.25u 0.02s 0.15g
1079 :     (spills=1 reloads=3)
1080 :     TOTAL 7.74u 0.34s 1.62g
1081 :    
1082 :     Implementation details:
1083 :    
1084 :     As far as I can tell, the purpose of the CPS spill module is to make sure the
1085 :     number of live variables at any program point (the bandwidth)
1086 :     does not exceed a certain limit, which is determined by the
1087 :     size of the spill area.
1088 :    
1089 :     When the bandwidth is too large, we decrease the register pressure by
1090 :     packing live variables into spill records. How we achieve this is
1091 :     completely different than what we did in the old code.
1092 :    
1093 :     First, there is something about the MLRiscGen code generator
1094 :     that we should be aware of:
1095 :    
1096 :     o MLRiscGen performs code motion!
1097 :    
1098 :     In particular, it will move floating point computations and
1099 :     address computations involving only the heap pointer to
1100 :     their use sites (if there is only a single use).
1101 :     What this means is that if we have a CPS record construction
1102 :     statement
1103 :    
1104 :     RECORD(k,vl,w,e)
1105 :    
1106 :     we should never count the new record address w as live if w
1107 :     has only one use (which is often the case).
1108 :    
1109 :     We should do something similar to floating point, but the transformation
1110 :     there is much more complex, so I won't deal with that.
1111 :    
1112 :     Secondly, there are now two new cps primops at our disposal:
1113 :    
1114 :     1. rawrecord of record_kind option
1115 :     This pure operator allocates some uninitialized storage from the heap.
1116 :     There are two forms:
1117 :    
1118 :     rawrecord NONE [INT n] allocates a tagless record of length n
1119 :     rawrecord (SOME rk) [INT n] allocates a tagged record of length n
1120 :     and initializes the tag.
1121 :    
1122 :     2. rawupdate of cty
1123 :     rawupdate cty (v,i,x)
1124 :     Assigns to x to the ith component of record v.
1125 :     The storelist is not updated.
1126 :    
1127 :     We use these new primops for both spilling and increment record construction.
1128 :    
1129 :     1. Spilling.
1130 :    
1131 :     This is implemented with a linear scan algorithm (but generalized
1132 :     to trees). The algorithm will create a single spill record at the
1133 :     beginning of the cps function and use rawupdate to spill to it,
1134 :     and SELECT or SELp to reload from it. So both spills and reloads
1135 :     are fine-grain operations. In contrast, in the old algorithm
1136 :     "spills" have to be bundled together in records.
1137 :    
1138 :     Ideally, we should sink the spill record construction to where
1139 :     it is needed. We can even split the spill record into multiple ones
1140 :     at the places where they are needed. But CPS is not a good
1141 :     representation for global code motion, so I'll keep it simple and
1142 :     am not attempting this.
1143 :    
1144 :     2. Incremental record construction (aka record splitting).
1145 :    
1146 :     Long records with many component values which are simulatenously live
1147 :     (recall that single use record addresses are not considered to
1148 :     be live) are constructed with rawrecord and rawupdate.
1149 :     We allocate space on the heap with rawrecord first, then gradually
1150 :     fill it in with rawupdate. This is the technique suggested to me
1151 :     by Matthias.
1152 :    
1153 :     Some restrictions on when this is applicable:
1154 :     1. It is not a VECTOR record. The code generator currently does not handle
1155 :     this case. VECTOR record uses double indirection like arrays.
1156 :     2. All the record component values are defined in the same "basic block"
1157 :     as the record constructor. This is to prevent speculative
1158 :     record construction.
1159 :    
1160 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1161 :     Name: Allen Leung
1162 : leunga 1086 Date: 2002/02/22 01:02:00 EST
1163 :     Tag: leunga-20020222-mlrisc-tools
1164 :    
1165 :     Minor bug fixes in the parser and rewriter
1166 :    
1167 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1168 :     Name: Allen Leung
1169 : leunga 1085 Date: 2002/02/21 20:20:00 EST
1170 :     Tag: leunga-20020221-peephole
1171 :    
1172 :     Regenerated the peephole files. Some contained typos in the specification
1173 :     and some didn't compile because of pretty printing bugs in the old version
1174 :     of 'nowhere'.
1175 :    
1176 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1177 :     Name: Allen Leung
1178 : leunga 1079 Date: 2002/02/19 20:20:00 EST
1179 :     Tag: leunga-20020219-mlrisc-tools
1180 :     Description:
1181 :    
1182 :     Minor bug fixes to the mlrisc-tools library:
1183 :    
1184 :     1. Fixed up parsing colon suffixed keywords
1185 :     2. Added the ability to shut the error messages up
1186 :     3. Reimplemented the pretty printer and fixed up/improved
1187 :     the pretty printing of handle and -> types.
1188 :     4. Fixed up generation of literal symbols in the nowhere tool.
1189 :     5. Added some SML keywords to to sml.sty
1190 :    
1191 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1192 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1193 : blume 1078 Date: 2002/02/19 16:20:00 EST
1194 :     Tag: blume-20020219-cmffi
1195 :     Description:
1196 :    
1197 :     A wild mix of changes, some minor, some major:
1198 :    
1199 :     * All C FFI-related libraries are now anchored under $c:
1200 :     $/c.cm --> $c/c.cm
1201 :     $/c-int.cm --> $c/internals/c-int.cm
1202 :     $/memory.cm --> $c/memory/memory.cm
1203 :    
1204 :     * "make" tool (in CM) now treats its argument pathname slightly
1205 :     differently:
1206 :     1. If the native expansion is an absolute name, then before invoking
1207 :     the "make" command on it, CM will apply OS.Path.mkRelative
1208 :     (with relativeTo = OS.FileSys.getDir()) to it.
1209 :     2. The argument will be passed through to subsequent phases of CM
1210 :     processing without "going native". In particular, if the argument
1211 :     was an anchored path, then "make" will not lose track of that anchor.
1212 :    
1213 :     * Compiler backends now "know" their respective C calling conventions
1214 :     instead of having to be told about it by ml-nlffigen. This relieves
1215 :     ml-nlffigen from one of its burdens.
1216 :    
1217 :     * The X86Backend has been split into X86CCallBackend and X86StdCallBackend.
1218 :    
1219 :     * Export C_DEBUG and C_Debug from $c/c.cm.
1220 :    
1221 :     * C type encoding in ml-nlffi-lib has been improved to model the conceptual
1222 :     subtyping relationship between incomplete pointers and their complete
1223 :     counterparts. For this, ('t, 'c) ptr has been changed to 'o ptr --
1224 :     with the convention of instantiating 'o with ('t, 'c) obj whenever
1225 :     the pointer target type is complete. In the incomplete case, 'o
1226 :     will be instantiated with some "'c iobj" -- a type obtained by
1227 :     using one of the functors PointerToIncompleteType or PointerToCompleteType.
1228 :    
1229 :     Operations that work on both incomplete and complete pointer types are
1230 :     typed as taking an 'o ptr while operations that require the target to
1231 :     be known are typed as taking some ('t, 'c) obj ptr.
1232 :    
1233 :     voidptr is now a bit "more concrete", namely "type voidptr = void ptr'"
1234 :     where void is an eqtype without any values. This makes it possible
1235 :     to work on voidptr values using functions meant to operate on light
1236 :     incomplete pointers.
1237 :    
1238 :     * As a result of the above, signature POINTER_TO_INCOMPLETE_TYPE has
1239 :     been vastly simplified.
1240 :    
1241 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1242 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1243 : blume 1076 Date: 2002/02/19 10:48:00 EST
1244 :     Tag: blume-20020219-pqfix
1245 :     Description:
1246 :    
1247 :     Applied Chris Okasaki's bug fix for priority queues.
1248 :    
1249 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1250 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1251 : blume 1073 Date: 2002/02/15 17:05:00
1252 : blume 1069 Tag: Release_110_39
1253 :     Description:
1254 :    
1255 : blume 1073 Last-minute retagging is becoming a tradition... :-(
1256 :    
1257 :     This is the working release 110.39.
1258 :    
1259 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1260 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1261 :     Date: 2002/02/15 16:00:00 EST
1262 :     Tag: Release_110_39-orig
1263 :     Description:
1264 :    
1265 : blume 1069 Working release 110.39. New bootfiles.
1266 :    
1267 : blume 1073 (Update: There was a small bug in the installer so it wouldn't work
1268 :     with all shells. So I retagged. -Matthias)
1269 :    
1270 : blume 1069 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1271 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1272 : blume 1068 Date: 2002/02/15 14:17:00 EST
1273 :     Tag: blume-20020215-showbindings
1274 :     Description:
1275 :    
1276 :     Added EnvRef.listBoundSymbols and CM.State.showBindings. Especially
1277 :     the latter can be useful for exploring what bindings are available at
1278 :     the interactive prompt. (The first function returns only the list
1279 :     of symbols that are really bound, the second prints those but also the
1280 :     ones that CM's autoloading mechanism knows about.)
1281 :    
1282 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1283 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1284 : blume 1067 Date: 2002/02/15 12:08:00 EST
1285 :     Tag: blume-20020215-iptrs
1286 :     Description:
1287 :    
1288 :     Two improvements to ml-nlffigen:
1289 :    
1290 :     1. Write files only if they do not exist or if their current contents
1291 :     do not coincide with what's being written. (That is, avoid messing
1292 :     with the time stamps unless absolutely necessary.)
1293 :    
1294 :     2. Implement a "repository" mechanism for generated files related
1295 :     to "incomplete pointer types". See the README file for details.
1296 :    
1297 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1298 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1299 : blume 1066 Date: 2002/02/14 11:50:00 EST
1300 :     Tag: blume-20020214-quote
1301 :     Description:
1302 :    
1303 :     Added a type 't t_' to tag.sml (in ml-nlffi-lib.cm). This is required
1304 :     because of the new and improved tag generation scheme. (Thanks to Allen
1305 :     Leung for pointing it out.)
1306 :    
1307 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1308 : george 1065 Name: Lal George
1309 :     Date: 2002/02/14 09:55:27 EST 2002
1310 :     Tag: george-20020214-isabelle-bug
1311 :     Description:
1312 :    
1313 :     Fixed the MLRISC bug sent by Markus Wenzel regarding the compilation
1314 :     of Isabelle on the x86.
1315 :    
1316 :     From Allen:
1317 :     -----------
1318 :     I've found the problem:
1319 :    
1320 :     in ra-core.sml, I use the counter "blocked" to keep track of the
1321 :     true number of elements in the freeze queue. When the counter goes
1322 :     to zero, I skip examining the queue. But I've messed up the
1323 :     bookkeeping in combine():
1324 :    
1325 :     else ();
1326 :     case !ucol of
1327 :     PSEUDO => (if !cntv > 0 then
1328 :     (if !cntu > 0 then blocked := !blocked - 1 else ();
1329 :     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1330 :     moveu := mergeMoveList(!movev, !moveu)
1331 :     )
1332 :     else ();
1333 :    
1334 :     combine() is called to coalesce two nodes u and v.
1335 :     I think I was thinking that if the move counts of u and v are both
1336 :     greater than zero then after they are coalesced then one node is
1337 :     removed from the freeze queue. Apparently I was thinking that
1338 :     both u and v are of low degree, but that's clearly not necessarily true.
1339 :    
1340 :    
1341 :     02/12/2002:
1342 :     Here's the patch. HOL now compiles.
1343 :    
1344 :     I don't know how this impact on performance (compile
1345 :     time or runtime). This bug caused the RA (especially on the x86)
1346 :     to go thru the potential spill phase when there are still nodes on the
1347 :     freeze queue.
1348 :    
1349 :    
1350 :    
1351 :    
1352 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1353 : blume 1058 Name: Matthias Blume
1354 : blume 1064 Date: 2002/02/13 22:40:00 EST
1355 :     Tag: blume-20020213-fptr-rtti
1356 :     Description:
1357 :    
1358 :     Fixed a bug in ml-nlffigen that was introduced with one of the previous
1359 :     updates.
1360 :    
1361 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1362 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1363 : blume 1063 Date: 2002/02/13 16:41:00 EST
1364 :     Tag: blume-20020213-cmlpq
1365 :     Description:
1366 :    
1367 :     Added new priority queue export symbols (which have just been added to
1368 :     smlnj-lib.cm) to CML's version of smlnj-lib.cm. (Otherwise CML would
1369 :     not compile and the installer would choke.)
1370 :    
1371 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1372 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1373 : blume 1062 Date: 2002/02/13 16:15:00 EST
1374 :     Tag: blume-20020213-various
1375 :     Description:
1376 :    
1377 :     1. More tweaks to ml-nlffigen:
1378 :    
1379 :     - better internal datastructures (resulting in slight speedup)
1380 :     - "-match" option requires exact match
1381 :     - "localized" gensym counters (untagged structs/unions nested within
1382 :     other structs/unions or within typedefs get a fresh counter; their
1383 :     tag will be prefixed by a concatenation of their parents' tags)
1384 :     - bug fixes (related to calculation of transitive closure of types
1385 :     to be included in the output)
1386 :    
1387 :     2. Minor Basis updates:
1388 :    
1389 :     - added implementations for List.collate and Option.app
1390 :    
1391 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1392 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1393 : blume 1060 Date: 2002/02/11 15:55:00 EST
1394 :     Tag: blume-20020211-gensym
1395 :     Description:
1396 :    
1397 :     Added a "-gensym" option to command line of ml-nlffigen. This can be
1398 :     used to specify a "stem" -- a string that is inserted in all "gensym'd"
1399 :     names (ML structure names that correspond to unnamed C structs, unions,
1400 :     and enums), so that separate runs of ml-nlffigen do not clash.
1401 :    
1402 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1403 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1404 : blume 1059 Date: 2002/02/11 12:05:00 EST
1405 :     Tag: blume-20020211-gensml
1406 :     Description:
1407 :    
1408 :     A quick fix for a problem with GenSML (in the pgraph-util library):
1409 :     Make generation of toplevel "local" optional. (Strictly speaking,
1410 :     signature definitions within "local" are not legal SML.)
1411 :    
1412 :     Other than that: updates to INSTALL and cm/TODO.
1413 :    
1414 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1415 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1416 : blume 1058 Date: 2002/02/08 15:00:00 EST
1417 :     Tag: blume-20020208-uniquepid
1418 :     Description:
1419 :    
1420 :     0. Version number has been bumped to 110.38.1. NEW BOOTFILES!!!
1421 :    
1422 :     1. The installer (config/install.sh) has gotten smarter:
1423 :    
1424 :     - Configuration options are a bit easier to specify now
1425 :     (in config/targets).
1426 :     - Bug in recognizing .tar.bz2 files fixed.
1427 :     - Installer automatically resolves dependencies between
1428 :     configuration options (e.g., if you ask for eXene, you will
1429 :     also get cml -- regardless whether you asked for it or not).
1430 :     - Installer can run in "quieter mode" by setting the environment
1431 :     variable INSTALL_QUIETLY to "true". "Quieter" does not mean
1432 :     "completely silent", though.
1433 :     - Build HashCons library as part of smlnj-lib.
1434 :    
1435 :     2. A new scheme for assigning persistent identifiers to compilation
1436 :     units (and, by extension, to types etc.) has been put into place.
1437 :     This fixes a long-standing bug where types and even dynamic values
1438 :     can get internally confused, thereby compromising type safety
1439 :     (abstraction) and dynamic correctness. See
1440 :    
1441 :     http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/blume/pid-confusion.tgz
1442 :    
1443 :     for an example of how things could go wrong until now.
1444 :    
1445 :     The downside of the new scheme is that pids are not quite as
1446 :     persistent as they used to be: CM will generate a fresh pid
1447 :     for every compilation unit that it thinks it sees for the first
1448 :     time. That means that if you compile starting from a clean, fresh
1449 :     source tree at two different times, you end up with different
1450 :     binaries.
1451 :    
1452 :     Cutoff recompilation, however, has not been compromised because
1453 :     CM keeps pid information in special caches between runs.
1454 :    
1455 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1456 : george 1053 Name: Lal George
1457 : george 1055 Date: 2002/02/07 15:34:13 EST 2002
1458 :     Tag: <none>
1459 :     Description:
1460 :    
1461 :     Compilers that generate assembly code may produce global labels
1462 :     whose value is resolved at link time. The various peephole optimization
1463 :     modules did not take this in account.
1464 :    
1465 :     TODO. The Labels.addrOf function should really return an option
1466 :     type so that clients are forced to deal with this issue, rather
1467 :     than an exception being raised.
1468 :    
1469 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1470 :     Name: Lal George
1471 : george 1053 Date: 2002/02/06 13:55:02 EST
1472 :     Tag: george-20020206-ra-breakup
1473 :     Description:
1474 :    
1475 :     1. A bug fix from Allen.
1476 :    
1477 :     A typo causes extra fstp %st(0)'s to be generated at compensation
1478 :     edges, which might cause stack underflow traps at runtime. This
1479 :     occurs in fft where there are extraneous fstps right before the 'into'
1480 :     trap instruction (in this case they are harmless since none of the
1481 :     integers overflow.)
1482 :    
1483 : george 1054 2. Pulled out various utility modules that were embedded in the modules
1484 : george 1053 of the register allocator. I need these modules for other purposes, but
1485 : george 1054 they are not complete enough to put into a library (just yet).
1486 : george 1053 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1487 : blume 1049 Name: Matthias Blume
1488 :     Date: 2002/01/31 16:05:00 EST
1489 :     Tag: blume-20020131-sparc-ccalls
1490 :     Description:
1491 :    
1492 :     1. C-calls on Sparc needlessly allocated a huge chunk (96 bytes)
1493 :     of extra stack space by mistake. Fixed.
1494 :    
1495 :     2. Bug in logic of handling of command-line options in ml-nlffigen fixed.
1496 :    
1497 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1498 : leunga 1048 Name: Allen Leung
1499 :     Date: 2002/01/30
1500 :     Tag: leunga-20020130-nowhere-bug-fix
1501 :     Description:
1502 :    
1503 :     MLRISC bug fixes:
1504 :     1. Fixed a bindings computation bug in the 'nowhere' program generator tool.
1505 :     2. MachineInt.fromString was negating its value.
1506 :    
1507 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1508 : blume 1039 Name: Matthias Blume
1509 : blume 1047 Date: 2002/01/29
1510 :     Tag: blume-20020129-INSTALL
1511 :     Description:
1512 :    
1513 :     - Added somewhat detailed installation instructions (file INSTALL).
1514 :     - Fixed curl-detection bug in config/install.sh.
1515 :     - It is now possible to select the URL getter using the URLGETTER
1516 :     environment variable:
1517 :    
1518 :     not set / "unknown" --> automatic detection (script tries wget,
1519 :     curl, and lynx)
1520 :     "wget" / "curl" / "lynx" --> use the specified program (script "knows"
1521 :     how to properly invoke them)
1522 :     other --> use $URLGETTER directly, it must take
1523 :     precisely two command-line arguments
1524 :     (source URL and destination file name)
1525 :    
1526 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1527 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1528 : blume 1044 Date: 2002/01/28
1529 : blume 1045 Tag: blume-20020128-sparc-ccalls
1530 :     Description:
1531 :    
1532 :     - Fixed problem with calculation of "used" registers in sparc-c-calls.
1533 :     - Make use of the allocParam argument in sparc-c-calls.
1534 :    
1535 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1536 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1537 :     Date: 2002/01/28
1538 : blume 1044 Tag: blume-20020128-allocParam
1539 :     Description:
1540 :    
1541 :     John Reppy: Changes c-calls API to accept client-callback for
1542 :     allocating extra stack space.
1543 :     me: Corresponding changes to mlriscGen (using a dummy argument that
1544 :     does not change the current behavior).
1545 :    
1546 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1547 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1548 : blume 1040 Date: 2002/01/28 12:00:00
1549 :     Tag: Release_110_38
1550 :     Description:
1551 :    
1552 :     This time for real!!!
1553 :    
1554 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1555 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1556 : blume 1039 Date: 2002/01/28 10:56:00 EST
1557 :     Tag: blume-20020128-retraction
1558 :     Description:
1559 :    
1560 :     0. Retracted earlier 110.38. (The Release_110_38 tag has been replaced
1561 :     with blume-Release_110_38-retracted.)
1562 :    
1563 :     1. Fixed a problem with incorrect rounding modes in real64.sml.
1564 :     (Thanks to Andrew Mccreight <andrew.mccreight@yale.edu>.)
1565 :    
1566 :     2. A bug in ml-nlffigen related to the handling of unnamed structs, unions,
1567 :     and enums fixed. The naming of corresponding ML identifiers should
1568 :     now be consistent again.
1569 :    
1570 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1571 : leunga 1038 Name: Allen Leung
1572 :     Date: 2002/01/27
1573 :     Tag: leunga-20020127-nowhere
1574 :     Description:
1575 :    
1576 :     Added a target called nowhere in the configuration scripts.
1577 :     Enabling this will build the MLRISC 'nowhere' tool (for translating
1578 :     programs with where-clauses into legal SML code) during installation.
1579 :    
1580 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1581 : blume 1036 Name: Matthias Blume
1582 : leunga 1038 Date: 2002/01/25 21:27:00 EST
1583 : blume 1039 Tag: blume-Release_110_38-retracted
1584 : blume 1037 Description:
1585 :    
1586 :     Call it a (working) release! Version is 110.38. Bootfiles are ready.
1587 :    
1588 :     README will be added later.
1589 :    
1590 : blume 1039 !!! NOTE: Re-tagged as blume-Release_110_38-retracted. Original tag
1591 :     (Release_110_38) removed. Reason: Last-minute bug fixes.
1592 :    
1593 : blume 1037 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1594 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1595 : blume 1036 Date: 2002/01/25
1596 :     Tag: blume-20020125-ffi
1597 :     Description:
1598 :    
1599 :     A large number of tweaks and improvements to ml-nlffi-lib and
1600 :     ml-nlffigen:
1601 :    
1602 :     - ML represenation types have been streamlined
1603 :     - getter and setter functions work with concrete values, not abstract
1604 :     ones where possible
1605 :     - ml-nlffigen command line more flexible (see README file there)
1606 :     - some bugs have been fixed (hopefully)
1607 :    
1608 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1609 : george 1034 Name: Lal George
1610 :     Date: 2002/01/24
1611 :     Tag: george-20020124-risc-ra-interface
1612 :     Description:
1613 :    
1614 :     There is a dramatic simplification in the interface to the
1615 :     register allocator for RISC architectures as a result of making
1616 :     parallel copy instructions explicit.
1617 :    
1618 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1619 : blume 1028 Name: Matthias Blume
1620 : blume 1032 Date: 2002/01/22
1621 :     Tag: blume-20020122-x86-ccalls
1622 :     Description:
1623 :    
1624 :     Bug fix for c-calls on x86 (having to do with how char- and
1625 :     short-arguments are being handled).
1626 :    
1627 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1628 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1629 : blume 1031 Date: 2002/01/21
1630 :     Tag: blume-20020121-ff
1631 :     Description:
1632 :    
1633 :     Another day of fiddling with the FFI...
1634 :    
1635 :     1. Bug fix/workaround: CKIT does not complain about negative array
1636 :     dimensions, so ml-nlffigen has to guard itself against this possibility.
1637 :     (Otherwise a negative dimension would send it into an infinite loop.)
1638 :    
1639 :     2. Some of the abstract types (light objects, light pointers, most "base"
1640 :     types) in structure C are now eqtypes.
1641 :    
1642 :     3. Added constructors and test functions for NULL function pointers.
1643 :    
1644 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1645 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1646 : blume 1028 Date: 2002/01/18
1647 : blume 1030 Tag: blume-20020118-ready-for-new-release
1648 :     Description:
1649 :    
1650 :     Made config/srcarchiveurl point to a new place. (Will provide boot
1651 :     files shortly.)
1652 :    
1653 :     Maybe we christen this to be 110.38?
1654 :    
1655 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1656 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1657 :     Date: 2002/01/18
1658 : blume 1029 Tag: blume-20020118-more-ffifiddle
1659 :     Description:
1660 :    
1661 :     Today's FFI fiddling:
1662 :    
1663 :     - Provided a structure CGetSet with "convenient" versions of C.Get.* and
1664 :     C.Set.* that use concrete (MLRep.*) arguments and results instead
1665 :     of abstract ones.
1666 :    
1667 :     - Provided word-style bit operations etc. for "int" representation
1668 :     types in MLRep.S<Foo>Bitops where <Foo> ranges over Char, Int, Short,
1669 :     and Long.
1670 :    
1671 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1672 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1673 :     Date: 2002/01/18
1674 : blume 1028 Tag: blume-20020118-use-x86-fp
1675 :     Description:
1676 :    
1677 :     Now that x86-fast-fp seems to be working, I turned it back on again
1678 :     by default. (Seems to work fine now, even with the FFI.)
1679 :    
1680 :     Other than that, I added some documentation about the FFI to
1681 :     src/ml-nlffigen/README and updated the FFI test examples in
1682 :     src/ml-nlffi-lib/Tests/*.
1683 :    
1684 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1685 : leunga 1025 Name: Allen Leung
1686 :     Date: 2002/01/17
1687 :     Tag: leunga-20020117-x86-fast-fp-call
1688 :     Description:
1689 :    
1690 :     1. Fixed a problem with handling return fp values when x86's fast fp
1691 :     mode is turned on.
1692 :    
1693 :     2. Minor pretty printing fix for cellset. Print %st(0) as %st(0) instead
1694 :     of %f32.
1695 :    
1696 :     3. Added a constructor INT32lit to the ast of MLRISC tools.
1697 :    
1698 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1699 : blume 1021 Name: Matthias Blume
1700 :     Date: 2002/01/16
1701 :     Tag: blume-20020116-ffifiddle
1702 :     Description:
1703 :    
1704 :     More fiddling with the FFI interface:
1705 :    
1706 :     - Make constness 'c instead of rw wherever possible. This eliminates
1707 :     the need for certain explicit coercions. (However, due to ML's
1708 :     value polymorphism, there will still be many cases where explicit
1709 :     coercions are necessary. Phantom types are not the whole answer
1710 :     to modeling a subtyping relationship in ML.)
1711 :    
1712 :     - ro/rw coersions for pointers added. (Avoids the detour through */&.)
1713 :    
1714 :     - "printf" test example added to src/ml-nlffi-lib/Tests. (Demonstrates
1715 :     clumsy workaround for varargs problem.)
1716 :    
1717 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1718 : george 1016 Name: Lal George
1719 :     Date: 2002/01/15
1720 :     Tag: <none>
1721 :     Description:
1722 :    
1723 :     1. Since COPY instructions are no longer native to the architecture,
1724 :     a generic functor can be used to implement the expandCopies function.
1725 :    
1726 :     2. Allowed EXPORT and IMPORT pseudo-op declarations to appear inside a
1727 :     TEXT segment.
1728 :    
1729 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1730 : blume 1011 Name: Matthias Blume
1731 : blume 1015 Date: 2002/01/15
1732 :     Tag: blume-20020115-ffiupdates
1733 :     Description:
1734 :    
1735 :     1. Fix for bug resulting in single-precision float values being returned
1736 :     incorrectly from FFI calls.
1737 :    
1738 :     2. Small modifications to C FFI API:
1739 :    
1740 :     - memory-allocation routines return straight objects (no options)
1741 :     and raise an exception in out-of-memory situations
1742 :     - unsafe extensions to cast between function pointers and pointers
1743 :     from/to ints
1744 :     - added structure C_Debug as an alternative to structure C where
1745 :     pointer-dereferencing (|*| and |*!) always check for null-pointers
1746 :     - added open_lib' to DynLinkage; open_lib' works like open_lib
1747 :     but also takes a (possibly empty) list of existing library handles
1748 :     that the current library depends on
1749 :    
1750 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1751 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1752 : blume 1011 Date: 2002/01/10
1753 :     Tag: blume-20020110-newffigen
1754 :     Description:
1755 :    
1756 :     1. Updates to portable graph code.
1757 :    
1758 :     2. Major update to ml-nlffigen and ml-nlffi-lib. Things are much
1759 :     more scalable now so that even huge interfaces such as the one
1760 :     for GTK compile in finite time and space. :-)
1761 :     See src/ml-nlffigen/README for details on what's new.
1762 :    
1763 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1764 : george 1003 Name: Lal George
1765 : george 1009 Date: 2001/01/09 14:31:35 EST 2002
1766 :     Tag: george-20011206-rm-native-copy
1767 :     Description:
1768 :    
1769 :     Removed the native COPY and FCOPY instructions
1770 :     from all the architectures and replaced it with the
1771 :     explicit COPY instruction from the previous commit.
1772 :    
1773 :     It is now possible to simplify many of the optimizations
1774 :     modules that manipulate copies. This has not been
1775 :     done in this change.
1776 :    
1777 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1778 :     Name: Lal George
1779 : george 1003 Date: 2001/12/06 16:50:13 EST 2001
1780 :     Tag: george-20011206-mlrisc-instruction
1781 :     Description:
1782 : george 824
1783 : george 1003 Changed the representation of instructions from being fully abstract
1784 :     to being partially concrete. That is to say:
1785 :    
1786 :     from
1787 :     type instruction
1788 :    
1789 :     to
1790 :     type instr (* machine instruction *)
1791 :    
1792 :     datatype instruction =
1793 :     LIVE of {regs: C.cellset, spilled: C.cellset}
1794 :     | KILL of {regs: C.cellset, spilled: C.cellset}
1795 :     | COPYXXX of {k: CB.cellkind, dst: CB.cell list, src: CB.cell list}
1796 :     | ANNOTATION of {i: instruction, a: Annotations.annotation}
1797 :     | INSTR of instr
1798 :    
1799 :     This makes the handling of certain special instructions that appear on
1800 :     all architectures easier and uniform.
1801 :    
1802 :     LIVE and KILL say that a list of registers are live or killed at the
1803 :     program point where they appear. No spill code is generated when an
1804 :     element of the 'regs' field is spilled, but the register is moved to
1805 :     the 'spilled' (which is present, more for debugging than anything else).
1806 :    
1807 :     LIVE replaces the (now deprecated) DEFFREG instruction on the alpha.
1808 :     We used to generate:
1809 :    
1810 :     DEFFREG f1
1811 :     f1 := f2 + f3
1812 :     trapb
1813 :    
1814 :     but now generate:
1815 :    
1816 :     f1 := f2 + f3
1817 :     trapb
1818 :     LIVE {regs=[f1,f2,f3], spilled=[]}
1819 :    
1820 :     Furthermore, the DEFFREG (hack) required that all floating point instruction
1821 :     use all registers mentioned in the instruction. Therefore f1 := f2 + f3,
1822 :     defines f1 and uses [f1,f2,f3]! This hack is no longer required resulting
1823 :     in a cleaner alpha implementation. (Hopefully, intel will not get rid of
1824 :     this architecture).
1825 :    
1826 :     COPYXXX is intended to replace the parallel COPY and FCOPY available on
1827 :     all the architectures. This will result in further simplification of the
1828 :     register allocator that must be aware of them for coalescing purposes, and
1829 :     will also simplify certain aspects of the machine description that provides
1830 :     callbacks related to parallel copies.
1831 :    
1832 :     ANNOTATION should be obvious, and now INSTR represents the honest to God
1833 :     machine instruction set!
1834 :    
1835 :     The <arch>/instructions/<arch>Instr.sml files define certain utility
1836 :     functions for making porting easier -- essentially converting upper case
1837 :     to lower case. All machine instructions (of type instr) are in upper case,
1838 :     and the lower case form generates an MLRISC instruction. For example on
1839 :     the alpha we have:
1840 :    
1841 :     datatype instr =
1842 :     LDA of {r:cell, b:cell, d:operand}
1843 :     | ...
1844 :    
1845 :     val lda : {r:cell, b:cell, d:operand} -> instruction
1846 :     ...
1847 :    
1848 :     where lda is just (INSTR o LDA), etc.
1849 :    
1850 : leunga 815 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1851 : blume 986 Name: Matthias Blume
1852 : blume 993 Date: 2001/11/22 21:40:00 EST
1853 :     Tag: Release_110_37
1854 :     Description:
1855 :    
1856 :     Release 110.37. This time for real.
1857 :    
1858 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1859 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1860 : blume 988 Date: 2001/11/21 16:35:00 EST
1861 :     Tag: blume-20011121-foot-in-mouth
1862 :     Description:
1863 :    
1864 :     Removed the "Release_110_37" tag because of a serious bug.
1865 :     This will be re-tagged once the bug is fixed.
1866 :    
1867 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1868 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1869 : blume 987 Date: 2001/11/21 16:14:00 EST
1870 :     Tag: blume-20011121-forgottenfile
1871 :     Description:
1872 :    
1873 :     Forgot to add a file. (Just a .tex-file -- part of
1874 :     the CM manual source.)
1875 :    
1876 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1877 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1878 : blume 986 Date: 2001/11/21 16:10:00 EST
1879 : blume 988 Tag: blume-20011121-invalid_110_37
1880 : blume 986 Description:
1881 :    
1882 : blume 988 Note: I removed the original tag "Release_110_37" from this commit
1883 :     because we found a serious bug in all non-x86 backends.
1884 :     - Matthias
1885 :    
1886 : blume 986 1. Modifications to the SML/NJ code generator and to the runtime system
1887 :     so that code object name strings are directly inserted into code
1888 :     objects at code generation time. The only business the runtime system
1889 :     has with this is now to read the name strings on occasions.
1890 :     (The encoding of the name string has also changed somewhat.)
1891 :    
1892 :     2. CM now implements a simple "set calculus" for specifying export lists.
1893 :     In particular, it is now possible to refer to the export lists of
1894 :     other libraries/groups/sources and form unions as well as differences.
1895 :     See the latest CM manual for details.
1896 :    
1897 :     3. An separate notion of "proxy" libraries has again be eliminated from
1898 :     CM's model. (Proxy libraries are now simply a special case of using
1899 :     the export list calculus.)
1900 :    
1901 :     4. Some of the existing libraries now take advantage of the new set
1902 :     calculus.
1903 :     (Notice that not all libraries have been converted because some
1904 :     of the existing .cm-files are supposed to be backward compatible
1905 :     with 110.0.x.)
1906 :    
1907 :     5. Some cleanup in stand-alone programs. (Don't use "exnMessage" -- use
1908 :     "General.exnMessage"! The former relies on a certain hook to be
1909 :     initialized, and that often does not happen in the stand-alone case.)
1910 :    
1911 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1912 : george 984 Name: Lal George
1913 :     Date: 2001/11/21 13:56:18 EST
1914 :     Tag: george-2001121-pseudo-ops
1915 :     Description:
1916 :    
1917 :     Implemented a complete redesign of MLRISC pseudo-ops. Now there
1918 :     ought to never be any question of incompatabilities with
1919 :     pseudo-op syntax expected by host assemblers.
1920 :    
1921 :     For now, only modules supporting GAS syntax are implemented
1922 :     but more should follow, such as MASM, and vendor assembler
1923 :     syntax, e.g. IBM as, Sun as, etc.
1924 :    
1925 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1926 : blume 977 Name: Matthias Blume
1927 :     Date: 2001/11/14 11:52:00 EST
1928 :     Tag: blume-20011114-srcname
1929 :     Description:
1930 :    
1931 :     1. Routed the name of the current source file to mlriscgen where it
1932 :     should be directly emitted into the code object. (This last part
1933 :     is yet to be done.)
1934 :    
1935 :     2. Some cleanup of the pgraph code to make it match the proposal that
1936 :     I put out the other day. (The proposal notwithstanding, things are
1937 :     still in flux here.)
1938 :    
1939 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1940 : george 976 Name: Lal George
1941 :     Date: 2001/11/14 09:44:04 EST
1942 :     Tag:
1943 :     Description:
1944 :    
1945 :     Fix for a backpatching bug reported by Allen.
1946 :    
1947 :     Because the boundary between short and long span-dependent
1948 :     instructions is +/- 128, there are an astounding number of
1949 :     span-dependent instructions whose size is over estimated.
1950 :    
1951 :     Allen came up with the idea of letting the size of span
1952 :     dependent instructions be non-monotonic, for a maxIter
1953 :     number of times, after which the size must be monotonically
1954 :     increasing.
1955 :    
1956 :     This table shows the number of span-dependent instructions
1957 :     whose size was over-estimated as a function of maxIter, for the
1958 :     file Parse/parse/ml.grm.sml:
1959 :    
1960 :     maxIter # of instructions:
1961 :     10 687
1962 :     20 438
1963 :     30 198
1964 :     40 0
1965 :    
1966 :     In compiling the compiler, there is no significant difference in
1967 :     compilation speed between maxIter=10 and maxIter=40. Actually,
1968 :     my measurements showed that maxIter=40 was a tad faster than
1969 :     maxIter=10! Also 96% of the files in the compiler reach a fix
1970 :     point within 13 iterations, so fixing maxIter at 40, while high,
1971 :     is okay.
1972 :    
1973 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1974 : blume 975 Name: Matthias Blume
1975 :     Date: 2001/10/31 15:25:00 EST
1976 :     Tag: blume-20011031-pgraph
1977 :     Description:
1978 :    
1979 :     CKIT:
1980 :     * Changed the "Function" constructor of type Ast.ctype to carry optional
1981 :     argument identifiers.
1982 :     * Changed the return type of TypeUtil.getFunction accordingly.
1983 :     * Type equality ignores the argument names.
1984 :     * TypeUtil.composite tries to preserve argument names but gives up quickly
1985 :     if there is a mismatch.
1986 :    
1987 :     installation script:
1988 :     * attempts to use "curl" if available (unless "wget" is available as well)
1989 :    
1990 :     CM:
1991 :     * has an experimental implementation of "portable graphs" which I will
1992 :     soon propose as an implementation-independent library format
1993 :     * there are also new libraries $/pgraph.cm and $/pgraph-util.cm
1994 :    
1995 :     NLFFI-LIB:
1996 :     * some cleanup (all cosmetic)
1997 :    
1998 :     NLFFIGEN:
1999 :     * temporarily disabled the mechanism that suppresses ML output for
2000 :     C definitions whose identifiers start with an underscore character
2001 :     * generate val bindings for enum constants
2002 :     * user can request that only one style (light or heavy) is being used;
2003 :     default is to use both (command-line arguments: -heavy and -light)
2004 :     * fixed bug in handling of function types involving incomplete pointers
2005 :     * generate ML entry points that take record arguments (i.e., using
2006 :     named arguments) for C functions that have a prototype with named
2007 :     arguments
2008 :     (see changes to CKIT)
2009 :    
2010 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2011 : leunga 972 Name: Allen Leung
2012 :     Date: 2001/10/27 20:34:00 EDT
2013 :     Tag: leunga-20011027-x86-fast-fp-call
2014 :     Description:
2015 :    
2016 :     Fixed the bug described in blume-20010920-slowfp.
2017 :    
2018 :     The fix involves
2019 :     1. generating FCOPYs in FSTP in ia32-svid
2020 :     2. marking a CALL with the appropriate annotation
2021 :    
2022 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2023 : blume 961 Name: Matthias Blume
2024 :     Date: 2001/10/16 11:32:00 EDT
2025 :     Tag: blume-20011016-netbsd
2026 :     Description:
2027 :    
2028 :     Underscore patch from Chris Richards (fixing problem with compiling
2029 :     runtime system under recent NetBSD).
2030 :    
2031 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2032 : george 959 Name: Allen Leung
2033 :     Date: 2001/10/12 17:18:32 EDT 2001
2034 :     Tag: leung-20011012-x86-printflowgraph
2035 :     Description:
2036 :    
2037 :     X86RA now uses a valid (instead of dummy) PrintFlowgraph module.
2038 :    
2039 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2040 : george 952 Name: Lal George
2041 : george 958 Date: 2001/10/11 23:51:34 EDT
2042 :     Tag: george-20011011-too-many-instrs
2043 :     Description:
2044 :    
2045 :     The representation of a program point never expected to see more
2046 :     than 65536 instructions in a basic block!
2047 :    
2048 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2049 :     Name: Lal George
2050 : george 952 Date: 2001/10/09 09:41:37 EDT
2051 :     Tag: george-20011008-mlrisc-labels
2052 :     Description:
2053 :    
2054 :     Changed the machine description files to support printing of
2055 :     local and global labels in assembly code, based on host assembler
2056 :     conventions.
2057 :    
2058 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2059 : blume 916 Name: Matthias Blume
2060 : blume 939 Date: 2001/09/25 15:25:00 EDT
2061 :     Tag: blume-20010925-exninfo
2062 :     Description:
2063 :    
2064 :     I provided a non-hook implementation of exnName (at the toplevel) and
2065 :     made the "dummy" implementation of exnMessage (at the toplevel) more
2066 :     useful: if nothing gets "hooked in", then at least you are going to
2067 :     see the exception name and a message indicating why you don't see more.
2068 :    
2069 :     [For the time being, programs that need exnMessage and want to use
2070 :     ml-build should either use General.exnMessage (strongly recommended) or
2071 :     refer to structure General at some other point so that CM sees a
2072 :     static dependency.]
2073 :    
2074 :     [Similar remarks go for "print" and "use": If you want to use their
2075 :     functionality in stand-alone programs generated by ml-build, then use
2076 :     TextIO.output and Backend.Interact.useFile (from $smlnj/compiler.cm).]
2077 :    
2078 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2079 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2080 : blume 938 Date: 2001/09/20 17:28:00 EDT
2081 :     Tag: blume-20010920-slowfp
2082 :     Description:
2083 :    
2084 :     Allen says that x86-fast-fp is not safe yet, so I turned it off again...
2085 :    
2086 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2087 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2088 : blume 937 Date: 2001/09/20 17:20:00 EDT
2089 :     Tag: blume-20010920-canonicalpaths
2090 :     Description:
2091 :    
2092 :     0. Updated the BOOT file (something that I forgot to do earlier).
2093 :    
2094 :     1. Small internal change to CM so that it avoids "/../" in filenames
2095 :     as much as possible (but only where it is safe).
2096 :    
2097 :     2. Changed config/_run-sml (resulting in a changed bin/.run-sml) so
2098 :     that arguments that contain delimiters are passed through correctly.
2099 :     This change also means that all "special" arguments of the form
2100 :     @SMLxxx... must come first.
2101 :    
2102 :     3. Changed install script to put relative anchor names for tool commands
2103 :     into pathconfig.
2104 :    
2105 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2106 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2107 : blume 932 Date: 2001/09/18 15:35:00 EDT
2108 :     Tag: blume-20010918-readme11036
2109 :     Description:
2110 :    
2111 :     Added README files.
2112 :    
2113 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2114 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2115 : blume 929 Date: 2001/09/18 11:45:00 EDT
2116 :     Tag: Release_110_36 (retag)
2117 :     Description:
2118 :    
2119 :     Fixed mistake in config/preloads. Retagged as 110.36.
2120 :    
2121 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2122 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2123 : blume 928 Date: 2001/09/18 09:40:00 EDT
2124 : blume 929 Tag: Release_110_36_orig (tag changed)
2125 : blume 928 Description:
2126 :    
2127 :     New version (110.36). New bootfiles.
2128 :    
2129 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2130 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2131 : blume 927 Date: 2001/09/14 16:15:00 EDT
2132 :     Tag: blume-20010914-x86fastfp
2133 :     Description:
2134 :    
2135 :     John committed some changes that Allen made, in particular a (hopefully)
2136 :     correctly working version of the x86-fp module.
2137 :    
2138 :     I changed the default setting of the Control.MLRISC.getFlag "x86-fast-fp"
2139 :     flag to "true". Everything seems to compile to a fixpoint ok, and
2140 :     "mandelbrot" speeds up by about 15%.
2141 :    
2142 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2143 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2144 : blume 923 Date: 2001/09/13 11:20:00 EDT
2145 :     Tag: blume-20010913-minimal
2146 :     Description:
2147 :    
2148 :     1. Stefan Monnier's patch to fix a miscompilation problem that
2149 :     was brought to light by John Reppy's work on Moby.
2150 :    
2151 :     2. Implemented a minimal "structure Compiler" that contains just
2152 :     "version" and "architecture". The minimal version will be
2153 :     available when the full version is not. This is for backward-
2154 :     compatibility with code that wants to test Compiler.version.
2155 :    
2156 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2157 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2158 : blume 920 Date: 2001/08/28 14:03:00 EDT
2159 :     Tag: blume-20010828-ml-lex
2160 :     Description:
2161 :    
2162 :     Fix for bug 1581, received from Neophytos Michael.
2163 :    
2164 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2165 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2166 : blume 918 Date: 2001/08/27 11:20:00 EDT
2167 :     Tag: blume-20010827-readme11035
2168 :     Description:
2169 :    
2170 :     Fleshed out the README file for 110.35.
2171 :    
2172 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2173 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2174 : blume 916 Date: 2001/08/24 17:10:00 EDT
2175 :     Tag: Release_110_35
2176 :     Description:
2177 :    
2178 :     New version number (110.35). New bootfiles.
2179 :    
2180 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2181 : george 915 Name: Lal George
2182 : george 909 Date: 2001/08/24 13:47:18 EDT 2001
2183 :     Tag: george-20010824-MLRISC-graphs
2184 :     Description:
2185 :    
2186 :     removed clusters from MLRISC completely and replaced with graphs.
2187 :    
2188 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2189 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2190 : blume 905 Date: 2001/08/23 17:50:00 EDT
2191 :     Tag: blume-20010823-toplevel
2192 :     Description:
2193 :    
2194 :     - some reorganization of the code that implements various kinds of
2195 :     environments in the compiler (static, dynamic, symbolic, combined)
2196 :     - re-implemented the EnvRef module so that evalStream works properly
2197 :     (if the stream contains references to "use", "CM.make", etc.)
2198 :     - cleaned up evalloop.sml and interact.sml (but they need more cleaning)
2199 :    
2200 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2201 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2202 : blume 904 Date: 2001/08/20 15:50 EDT
2203 :     Tag: blume20010820-slipup
2204 :     Description:
2205 :    
2206 :     I forgot to commit a few files. Here they are...
2207 :    
2208 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2209 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2210 : blume 903 Date: 2001/08/20 15:35:00 EDT
2211 :     Tag: blume-20010820-debugprof
2212 :     Description:
2213 :    
2214 :     !!!! NEW BOOTFILES !!!!
2215 :    
2216 :     This is another round of reorganizing the compiler sources. This
2217 :     time the main goal was to factor out all the "instrumentation"
2218 :     passes (for profiling and backtracing) into their own library.
2219 :     The difficulty was to do it in such a way that it does not depend
2220 :     on elaborate.cm but only on elabdata.cm.
2221 :    
2222 :     Therefore there have been further changes to both elaborate.cm and
2223 :     elabdata.cm -- more "generic" things have been moved from the former
2224 :     to the latter. As a result, I was forced to split the assignment
2225 :     of numbers indicating "primtyc"s into two portions: SML-generic and
2226 :     SML/NJ-specific. Since it would have been awkward to maintain,
2227 :     I bit the bullet and actually _changed_ the mapping between these
2228 :     numbers and primtycs. The bottom line of this is that you need
2229 :     a new set of bin- and bootfiles.
2230 :    
2231 :     I have built new bootfiles for all architectures, so doing a fresh
2232 :     checkout and config/install.sh should be all you need.
2233 :    
2234 :     The newly created library's name is
2235 :    
2236 :     $smlnj/viscomp/debugprof.cm
2237 :    
2238 :     and its sources live under
2239 :    
2240 :     src/compiler/DebugProf
2241 :    
2242 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2243 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2244 : blume 902 Date: 2001/08/15 17:15:00 EDT
2245 :     Tag: blume-20010815-compreorg
2246 :     Description:
2247 :    
2248 :     This is a first cut at reorganizing the CM libraries that make up the
2249 :     core of the compiler. The idea is to separate out pieces that could
2250 :     be used independently by tools, e.g., the parser, the typechecker, etc.
2251 :    
2252 :     The current status is a step in this direction, but it is not quite
2253 :     satisfactory yet. Expect more changes in the future.
2254 :    
2255 :     Here is the current (new) organization...
2256 :    
2257 :     What used to be $smlnj/viscomp/core.cm is now divided into
2258 :     six CM libraries:
2259 :    
2260 :     $smlnj/viscomp/basics.cm
2261 :     /parser.cm
2262 :     /elabdata.cm
2263 :     /elaborate.cm
2264 :     /execute.cm
2265 :     /core.cm
2266 :    
2267 :     The CM files for these libraries live under src/system/smlnj/viscomp.
2268 :     All these libraries are proxy libraries that contain precisely
2269 :     one CM library component. Here are the locations of the components
2270 :     (all within the src/compiler tree):
2271 :    
2272 :     Basics/basics.cm
2273 :     Parse/parser.cm
2274 :     ElabData/elabdata.cm
2275 :     Elaborator/elaborate.cm
2276 :     Execution/execute.cm
2277 :     core.cm
2278 :    
2279 :     [This organization is the same that has been used already
2280 :     for a while for the architecture-specific parts of the visible
2281 :     compiler and for the old version of core.cm.]
2282 :    
2283 :     As you will notice, many source files have been moved from their
2284 :     respective original locations to a new home in one of the above
2285 :     subtrees.
2286 :    
2287 :     The division of labor between the new libraries is the following:
2288 :    
2289 :     basics.cm:
2290 :     - Simple, basic definitions that pertain to many (or all) of
2291 :     the other libraries.
2292 :     parser.cm:
2293 :     - The SML parser, producing output of type Ast.dec.
2294 :     - The type family for Ast is also defined and exported here.
2295 :     elabdata.cm:
2296 :     - The datatypes that describe input and output of the elaborator.
2297 :     This includes types, absyn, and static environments.
2298 :     elaborator.cm:
2299 :     - The SML/NJ type checker and elaborator.
2300 :     This maps an Ast.dec (with a given static environment) to
2301 :     an Absyn.dec (with a new static environment).
2302 :     - This libraries implements certain modules that used to be
2303 :     structures as functors (to remove dependencies on FLINT).
2304 :     execute.cm:
2305 :     - Everything having to do with executing binary code objects.
2306 :     - Dynamic environments.
2307 :     core.cm:
2308 :     - SML/NJ-specific instantiations of the elaborator and MLRISC.
2309 :     - Top-level modules.
2310 :     - FLINT (this should eventually become its own library)
2311 :    
2312 :     Notes:
2313 :    
2314 :     I am not 100% happy with the way I separated the elaborator (and its
2315 :     data structures) from FLINT. Two instances of the same problem:
2316 :    
2317 :     1. Data structures contain certain fields that carry FLINT-specific
2318 :     information. I hacked around this using exn and the property list
2319 :     module from smlnj-lib. But the fact that there are middle-end
2320 :     specific fields around at all is a bit annoying.
2321 :    
2322 :     2. The elaborator calculates certain FLINT-related information. I tried
2323 :     to make this as abstract as I could using functorization, but, again,
2324 :     the fact that the elaborator has to perform calculations on behalf
2325 :     of the middle-end at all is not nice.
2326 :    
2327 :     3. Having to used exn and property lists is unfortunate because it
2328 :     weakens type checking. The other alternative (parameterizing
2329 :     nearly *everything*) is not appealing, though.
2330 :    
2331 :     I removed the "rebinding =" warning hack because due to the new organization
2332 :     it was awkward to maintain it. As a result, the compiler now issues some of
2333 :     these warnings when compiling init.cmi during bootstrap compilation. On
2334 :     the plus side, you also get a warning when you do, for example:
2335 :     val op = = Int32.+
2336 :     which was not the case up to now.
2337 :    
2338 :     I placed "assign" and "deref" into the _Core structure so that the
2339 :     code that deals with the "lazy" keyword can find them there. This
2340 :     removes the need for having access to the primitive environment
2341 :     during elaboration.
2342 :    
2343 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2344 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2345 : blume 898 Date: 2001/08/13
2346 :     Tag: blume-20010813-closures
2347 :     Description:
2348 :    
2349 :     This fix was sent to us by Zhong Shao. It is supposed to improve the
2350 :     performance of certain loops by avoiding needless closure allocation.
2351 :    
2352 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2353 : george 890 Name: Lal George
2354 : george 896 Date: 2001/07/31 10:03:23 EDT 2001
2355 :     Tag: george-20010731-x86-fmalloc
2356 :     Description: Fixed bug in x86 calls
2357 :    
2358 :     There was a bug where call instructions would mysteriously
2359 :     vanish. The call instruction had to be one that returned
2360 :     a floating point value.
2361 :    
2362 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2363 :     Name: Lal George
2364 : george 890 Date: 2001/07/19 16:36:29 EDT 2001
2365 :     Tag: george-20010719-simple-cells
2366 :     Description:
2367 :    
2368 :     I have dramatically simplified the interface for CELLS in MLRISC.
2369 :    
2370 :     In summary, the cells interface is broken up into three parts:
2371 :    
2372 :     1. CellsBasis : CELLS_BASIS
2373 :    
2374 :     CellsBasis is a top level structure and common for all
2375 :     architectures. it contains the definitions of basic datatypes
2376 :     and utility functions over these types.
2377 :    
2378 :     2. functor Cells() : CELLS
2379 :    
2380 :     Cells generates an interface for CELLS that incorporates the
2381 :     specific resources on the target architecture, such as the
2382 :     presence of special register classes, their number and size,
2383 :     and various useful substructures.
2384 :    
2385 :     3. <ARCH>CELLS
2386 :    
2387 :     e.g. SparcCells: SPARCCELLS
2388 :    
2389 :     <ARCH>CELLS usually contains additional bindings for special
2390 :     registers on the architecture, such as:
2391 :    
2392 :     val r0 : cell (* register zero *)
2393 :     val y : cell (* Y register *)
2394 :     val psr : cell (* processor status register *)
2395 :     ...
2396 :    
2397 :     The structure returned by applying the Cells functor is opened
2398 :     in this interface.
2399 :    
2400 :     The main implication of all this is that the datatypes for cells is
2401 :     split between CellsBasis and CELLS -- a fairly simple change for user
2402 :     code.
2403 :    
2404 :     In the old scheme the CELLS interface had a definitional binding of
2405 :     the form:
2406 :    
2407 :     signature CELLS = sig
2408 :    
2409 :     structure CellsBasis = CellsBasis
2410 :    
2411 :     ...
2412 :    
2413 :     end
2414 :    
2415 :     With all the sharing constraints that goes on in MLRISC, this old
2416 :     design quickly leads to errors such as:
2417 :    
2418 :     "structure definition spec inside of sharing ... "
2419 :    
2420 :    
2421 :     and appears to require an unacceptable amount of sharing and where
2422 :     constraint hackery.
2423 :    
2424 :     I think this error message (the interaction of definitional specs and
2425 :     sharing) requires more explanation on our web page.
2426 :    
2427 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2428 : blume 826 Name: Matthias Blume
2429 : blume 879 Date: 2001/07/19 15:00:00 EDT
2430 :     Tag: blume-20010719-libreorg
2431 :     Description:
2432 :    
2433 :     This update puts together a fairly extensive but straightforward change
2434 :     to the way the libraries that implement the interactive system are
2435 :     organized:
2436 :    
2437 :     The biggest change is the elimination of structure Compiler. As a
2438 :     replacement for this structure, there is now a CM library
2439 :     (known as $smlnj/compiler.cm or $smlnj/compiler/current.cm)
2440 :     that exports all the substructures of the original structure Compiler
2441 :     directly. So instead of saying Compiler.Foo.bar one now simply
2442 :     says Foo.bar. (The CM libraries actually export a collection of
2443 :     structures that is richer than the collection of substructures of
2444 :     structure Compiler.)
2445 :    
2446 :     To make the transition smooth, there is a separate library called
2447 :     $smlnj/compiler/compiler.cm which puts together and exports the
2448 :     original structure Compiler (or at least something very close to it).
2449 :    
2450 :     There are five members of the original structure Compiler
2451 :     that are not exported directly but which instead became members
2452 :     of a new structure Backend (described by signature BACKEND). These are:
2453 :     structure Profile (: PROFILE), structure Compile (: COMPILE), structure
2454 :     Interact (: INTERACT), structure Machine (: MACHINE), and val
2455 :     architecture (: string).
2456 :    
2457 :     Structure Compiler.Version has become structure CompilerVersion.
2458 :    
2459 :     Cross-compilers for alpha32, hppa, ppc, sparc, and x86 are provided
2460 :     by $smlnj/compiler/<arch>.cm where <arch> is alpha32, hppa, ppc, sparc,
2461 :     or x86, respectively.
2462 :     Each of these exports the same frontend structures that
2463 :     $smlnj/compiler.cm exports. But they do not have a structure Backend
2464 :     and instead export some structure <Arch>Backend where <Arch> is Alpha32,
2465 :     Hppa, PPC, Sparc, or X86, respectively.
2466 :    
2467 :     Library $smlnj/compiler/all.cm exports the union of the exports of
2468 :     $smlnj/compiler/<arch>.cm
2469 :    
2470 :     There are no structures <Arch>Compiler anymore, use
2471 :     $smlnj/compiler/<arch>.cm instead.
2472 :    
2473 :     Library host-compiler-0.cm is gone. Instead, the internal library
2474 :     that instantiates CM is now called cm0.cm. Selection of the host
2475 :     compiler (backend) is no longer done here but. (Responsibility for it
2476 :     now lies with $smlnj/compiler/current.cm. This seems to be more
2477 :     logical.)
2478 :    
2479 :     Many individual files have been moved or renamed. Some files have
2480 :     been split into multiple files, and some "dead" files have been deleted.
2481 :    
2482 :     Aside from these changes to library organization, there are also changes
2483 :     to the way the code itself is organized:
2484 :    
2485 :     Structure Binfile has been re-implemented in such a way that it no
2486 :     longer needs any knowledge of the compiler. It exclusively deals
2487 :     with the details of binfile layout. It no longer invokes the
2488 :     compiler (for the purpose of creating new prospective binfile
2489 :     content), and it no longer has any knowledge of how to interpret
2490 :     pickles.
2491 :    
2492 :     Structure Compile (: COMPILE) has been stripped down to the bare
2493 :     essentials of compilation. It no longer deals with linking/execution.
2494 :     The interface has been cleaned up considerably.
2495 :    
2496 :     Utility routines for dealing with linking and execution have been
2497 :     moved into their own substructures.
2498 :    
2499 :     (The ultimate goal of these changes is to provide a light-weight
2500 :     binfile loader/linker (at least for, e.g., stable libraries) that
2501 :     does not require CM or the compiler to be present.)
2502 :    
2503 :     CM documentation has been updated to reflect the changes to library
2504 :     organization.
2505 :    
2506 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2507 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2508 : blume 875 Date: 2001/07/10 17:30:00 EDT
2509 :     Tag: Release_110_34
2510 :     Description:
2511 :    
2512 : blume 876 Minor tweak to 110.34 (re-tagged):
2513 :    
2514 :     - README.html file added to CVS repository
2515 :     - runtime compiles properly under FreeBSD 3.X and 4.X
2516 :    
2517 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2518 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2519 :     Date: 2001/07/10 17:30:00 EDT
2520 :     Tag: Release_110_34
2521 :     Description:
2522 :    
2523 : blume 875 New version number (110.34). New bootfiles.
2524 :    
2525 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2526 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2527 : blume 874 Date: 2001/07/09 16:00:00 EDT
2528 :     Tag: blume-20010709-more-varargs
2529 :     Description:
2530 :    
2531 :     I changed the handling of varargs in ml-nlffigen again:
2532 :     The ellipsis ... will now simply be ignored (with an accompanying warning).
2533 :    
2534 :     The immediate effect is that you can actually call a varargs function
2535 :     from ML -- but you can't actually supply any arguments beyond the ones
2536 :     specified explicitly. (For example, you can call printf with its format
2537 :     string, but you cannot pass additional arguments.)
2538 :    
2539 :     This behavior is only marginally more useful than the one before, but
2540 :     it has the advantage that a function or, more importantly, a function
2541 :     type never gets dropped on the floor, thus avoiding follow-up problems with
2542 :     other types that refer to the offending one.
2543 :    
2544 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2545 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2546 : blume 873 Date: 2001/07/09 11:25:00 EDT
2547 :     Tag: blume-20010709-varargs
2548 :     Description:
2549 :    
2550 :     1. ckit-lib.cm now exports structure Error
2551 :     2. ml-nlffigen reports occurences of "..." (i.e., varargs function types)
2552 :     with a warning accompanied by a source location. Moreover, it
2553 :     merely skips the offending function or type and proceeds with the
2554 :     rest of its work.u As a result, one can safely feed C code containing
2555 :     "..." to ml-nlffigen.
2556 :     3. There are some internal improvements to CM, providing slightly
2557 :     more general string substitutions in the tools subsystem.
2558 :    
2559 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2560 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2561 : blume 854 Date: 2001/06/27 15:10:00 EDT
2562 :     Tag: blume-20010627-concur
2563 :     Description:
2564 :    
2565 :     Fixed a small bug in CM's handling of parallel compilation.
2566 :     (You could observe the bug by Control-C-interrupting an ordinary
2567 :     CMB.make or CM.stabilize and then attaching some compile servers.
2568 :     The result was that all of a sudden the previously interrupted
2569 :     compilation would continue on its own. This was because of
2570 :     an over-optimization: CM did not bother to clean out certain queues
2571 :     when no servers were attached "anyway", resulting in the contents
2572 :     of these queues to grab control when new servers did get attached.)
2573 :    
2574 :     There is also another minor update to the CM manual.
2575 :    
2576 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2577 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2578 : blume 853 Date: 2001/06/26 16:15:00 EDT
2579 :     Tag: blume-20010626-cmdoc
2580 :     Description:
2581 :    
2582 :     Minor typo fixed in CM manual (syntax diagram for libraries).
2583 :    
2584 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2585 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2586 : blume 852 Date: 2001/06/25 22:55:00 EDT
2587 :     Tag: blume-20010625-x86pc
2588 :     Description:
2589 :    
2590 :     Fixed a nasty bug in the X86 assembly code that caused signal
2591 :     handlers to fail (crash) randomly.
2592 :    
2593 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2594 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2595 : blume 846 Date: 2001/06/25 12:05:00 EDT
2596 :     Tag: blume-20010625-nlffigen
2597 :     Description:
2598 :    
2599 :     This update fixes a number of minor bugs in ml-nlffigen as reported by
2600 :     Nick Carter <nbc@andrew.cmu.edu>.
2601 :    
2602 :     1. Silly but ok typedefs of the form "typedef void myvoid;" are now accepted.
2603 :     2. Default names for generated files are now derived from the name of
2604 :     the C file *without its directory*. In particular, this causes generated
2605 :     files to be placed locally even if the C file is in some system directory.
2606 :     3. Default names for generated signatures and structures are also derived
2607 :     from the C file name without its directory. This avoids silly things
2608 :     like "structure GL/GL".
2609 :     (Other silly names are still possible because ml-nlffigen does not do
2610 : blume 847 a thorough check of whether generated names are legal ML identifiers.
2611 :     When in doubt, use command line arguments to force particular names.)
2612 : blume 846
2613 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2614 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2615 : blume 845 Date: 2001/06/21 12:25:00 EDT
2616 :     Tag: blume-20010621-eXene
2617 :     Description:
2618 :    
2619 :     eXene now compiles and (sort of) works again.
2620 :    
2621 :     The library name (for version > 110.33) is $/eXene.cm.
2622 :    
2623 :     I also added an new example in src/eXene/examples/nbody. See the
2624 :     README file there for details.
2625 :    
2626 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2627 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2628 : blume 844 Date: 2001/06/20 16:40:00 EDT
2629 :     Tag: blume-20010620-cml
2630 :     Description:
2631 :    
2632 :     CML now compiles and works again.
2633 :    
2634 :     Libraries (for version > 110.33):
2635 :    
2636 :     $cml/cml.cm Main CML library.
2637 :     $cml/basis.cm CML's version of $/basis.cm.
2638 :     $cml/cml-internal.cm Internal helper library.
2639 :     $cml/core-cml.cm Internal helper library.
2640 :     $cml-lib/trace-cml.cm Tracing facility.
2641 :     $cml-lib/smlnj-lib.cm CML's version of $/smlnj-lib.cm
2642 :    
2643 :     The installer (config/install.sh) has been taught how to properly
2644 :     install this stuff.
2645 :    
2646 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2647 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2648 : blume 843 Date: 2001/06/19 17:55:00 EDT
2649 :     Tag: blume-20010619-instantiate
2650 :     Description:
2651 :    
2652 :     This un-breaks the fix for bug 1432.
2653 :     (The bug was originally fixed in 110.9 but I broke it again some
2654 :     time after that.)
2655 :    
2656 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2657 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2658 : blume 842 Date: 2001/06/19 17:25:00 EDT
2659 :     Tag: blume-20010619-signals
2660 :     Description:
2661 :    
2662 :     This should (hopefully) fix the long-standing signal handling bug.
2663 :     (The runtime system was constructing a continuation record with an
2664 :     incorrect descriptor which would cause the GC to drop data on the floor...)
2665 :    
2666 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2667 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2668 : blume 840 Date: 2001/06/15 15:05:00 EDT
2669 : blume 841 Tag: blume-20010615-moresparc
2670 :     Description:
2671 :    
2672 :     Here is a short late-hour update related to Sparc c-calls:
2673 :    
2674 :     -- made handling of double-word arguments a bit smarter
2675 :    
2676 :     -- instruction selection phase tries to collapse certain clumsily
2677 :     constructed ML-Trees; typical example:
2678 :    
2679 :     ADD(ty,ADD(_,e,LI d1),LI d2) -> ADD(ty,e,LI(d1+d2))
2680 :    
2681 :     This currently has no further impact on SML/NJ since mlriscGen does
2682 :     not seem to generate such patterns in the first place, and c-calls
2683 :     (which did generate them in the beginning) has meanwhile been fixed
2684 :     so as to avoid them as well.
2685 :    
2686 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2687 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2688 :     Date: 2001/06/15 15:05:00 EDT
2689 : blume 840 Tag: blume-20010615-sparc
2690 :     Description:
2691 :    
2692 :     The purpose of this update is to provide an implementation of NLFFI
2693 :     on Sparc machines.
2694 :    
2695 :     Here are the changes in detail:
2696 :    
2697 :     * src/MLRISC/sparc/c-calls/sparc-c-calls.sml is a new file containing
2698 :     the Sparc implementation of the c-calls API.
2699 :     * The Sparc backend of SML/NJ has been modified to uniformely use %fp
2700 :     for accessing the ML frame. Thus, we have a real frame pointer and
2701 :     can freely modify %sp without need for an omit-frame-ptr phase.
2702 :     The vfp logic in src/compiler/CodeGen/* has been changed to accomodate
2703 :     this case.
2704 :     * ml-nlffigen has been taught to produce code for different architectures
2705 :     and calling conventions.
2706 :     * In a way similar to what was done in the x86 case, the Sparc
2707 :     backend uses its own specific extension to mltree. (For example,
2708 :     it needs to be able to generate UNIMP instructions which are part
2709 :     of the calling convention.)
2710 :     * ml-nlffi-lib was reorganized to make it more modular (in particular,
2711 :     to make it easier to plug in new machine- and os-dependent parts).
2712 :    
2713 :     There are some other fairly unrelated bug fixes and cleanups as well:
2714 :    
2715 :     * I further hacked the .cm files for MLRISC tools (like MDLGen) so
2716 :     that they properly share their libraries with existing SML/NJ libraries.
2717 :     * I fixed a minor cosmetic bug in CM, supressing certain spurious
2718 :     follow-up error messages.
2719 :     * Updates to CM/CMB documentation.
2720 :    
2721 :     TODO items:
2722 :    
2723 :     * MLRISC should use a different register as its asmTemp on the Sparc.
2724 :     (The current %o2 is a really bad choice because it is part of the
2725 :     calling conventions, so things might interfere in unexpected ways.)
2726 :    
2727 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2728 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2729 : blume 839 Date: 2001/06/07
2730 :     Tag: blume-20010607-calls
2731 :     Description:
2732 :    
2733 :     A number of internal changes related to C calls and calling conventions:
2734 :    
2735 :     1. ML-Tree CALL statements now carry a "pops" field. It indicates the
2736 :     number of bytes popped implicitly (by the callee). In most cases
2737 :     this field is 0 but on x86/win32 it is some non-zero value. This
2738 :     is information provided for the benefit of the "omit-frameptr" pass.
2739 :     2. The CALL instruction on the x86 carries a similar "pops" field.
2740 :     The instruction selection phase copies its value from the ML-Tree
2741 :     CALL statement.
2742 :     3. On all other architectures, the instruction selection phase checks
2743 :     whether "pops=0" and complains if not.
2744 :     4. The c-calls implementation for x86 now accepts two calling conventions:
2745 :     "ccall" and "stdcall". When "ccall" is selected, the caller cleans
2746 :     up after the call and pops is set to 0. For "stdcall", the caller
2747 :     does nothing, leaving the cleanup to the callee; pops is set to
2748 :     the number of bytes that were pushed onto the stack.
2749 :     5. The cproto decoder (compiler/Semant/types/cproto.sml) now can
2750 :     distinguish between "ccall" and "stdcall".
2751 :     6. The UNIMP instruction has been added to the supported Sparc instruction
2752 :     set. (This is needed for implementing the official C calling convention
2753 :     on this architecture.)
2754 :     7. I fixed some of the .cm files under src/MLRISC/Tools to make them
2755 :     work with the latest CM.
2756 :    
2757 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2758 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2759 : blume 838 Date: 2001/06/05 15:10:00 EDT
2760 :     Tag: blume-20010605-cm-index
2761 :     Description:
2762 :    
2763 :     0. The "lambdasplit" parameter for class "sml" in CM has been documented.
2764 :    
2765 :     1. CM can now generate "index files". These are human-readable files
2766 :     that list on a per-.cm-file basis each toplevel symbol defined or
2767 :     imported. The location of the index file for
2768 :     <p>/<d>.cm is <p>/CM/INDEX/<d>.cm.
2769 :     To enable index-file generation, set CM.Control.generate_index to true
2770 :     or export an environment-symbol: export CM_GENERATE_INDEX=true.
2771 :    
2772 :     The CM manual has been updated accordingly.
2773 :    
2774 :     2. I made some slight modifications to the c-calls API in MLRISC.
2775 :    
2776 :     a) There is now a callback to support saving/restoring of
2777 :     dedicated but caller-save registers around the actual call
2778 :     instruction.
2779 :     b) One can optionally specify a comment-annotation for the
2780 :     call instruction.
2781 :    
2782 :     3. SML/NJ (mlriscGen.sml) uses this new API for the rawccall primop.
2783 :     (For example, the comment annotation shows the C prototype of
2784 :     the function being called.)
2785 :    
2786 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2787 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2788 : blume 837 Date: 2001/06/01 13:30:00 EDT
2789 :     Tag: blume-20010601-nlffi-cleanup
2790 :     Description:
2791 :    
2792 :     This is mostly a cleanup of MLFFI stuff:
2793 :    
2794 :     - some signature files have been put into a more exposed place
2795 :     - the ugly 'f type parameter is gone (simplifies types tremendously!)
2796 :     - ml-nlffigen changed accordingly
2797 :     - tutorial updated
2798 :    
2799 :     Other changes:
2800 :    
2801 :     - author's affiliation in CM manual(s) updated
2802 :     - some more recognized keywords added to Allen's sml.sty
2803 :    
2804 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2805 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2806 : blume 836 Date: 2001/05/25 15:30:00 EDT
2807 :     Tag: blume-20010525-iptr
2808 :     Description:
2809 :    
2810 :     - put the official 110.33-README (as it appears on the ftp server) under
2811 :     CVS
2812 :     - fixed a small bug related to incomplete pointer types in
2813 :     ml-nlffigen
2814 :     - small cosmetic change to the ml-nlffi-lib's "arr" type constructor
2815 :     (it does not need the 'f type parameter)
2816 :    
2817 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2818 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2819 : blume 834 Date: 2001/05/23 14:30:00 EDT
2820 :     Tag: Release_110_33
2821 :     Description:
2822 :    
2823 :     New version number (110.33). New bootfiles.
2824 :    
2825 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2826 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2827 : blume 833 Date: 2001/05/22 18:06:00 EDT
2828 :     Tag: blume-20010522-targets
2829 :     Description:
2830 :    
2831 :     Made install.sh use file config/targets.customized if it exists, falling
2832 :     back to config/targets if it doesn't. This way one can have a customized
2833 :     version of the targets file without touching the "real thing", thus
2834 :     eliminating the constant fear of accidentally checking something bogus
2835 :     back into the CVS repository... (File config/targets.customized must
2836 :     not be added to the repository!)
2837 :    
2838 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2839 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2840 : blume 832 Date: 2001/05/22 16:30:00 EDT
2841 :     Tag: blume-20010522-minitut
2842 :     Description:
2843 :    
2844 :     1. Bug fix in ml-nlffigen; now (hopefully) correctly handling
2845 :     struct returns.
2846 :     2. Added src/ml-nlffi-lib/Doc/mini-tutorial.txt. This is some very
2847 :     incomplete, preliminary documentation for NLFFI.
2848 :    
2849 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2850 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2851 : blume 829 Date: 2001/05/14 11:30:00 EDT
2852 :     Tag: blume-20010514-script
2853 :     Description:
2854 :    
2855 :     Some bugs in install script fixed.
2856 :    
2857 :     In addition to that I also made a slight change to the NLFFI API:
2858 :     Functors generated by ml-nlffigen now take the dynamic library as a
2859 :     straight functor argument, not as a suspended one. (The original
2860 :     functor code used to force the suspension right away anyway, so there
2861 :     was nothing gained by this complication of the interface.)
2862 :    
2863 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2864 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2865 : blume 828 Date: 2001/05/11 14:35:00 EDT
2866 :     Tag: blume-20010511-ml-nlffi
2867 :     Description:
2868 :    
2869 :     I finally took the plunge and added my new FFI code to the main
2870 :     repository. For x86-linux it is now ready for prime-time.
2871 :    
2872 :     There are two new subdirectories of "src":
2873 :    
2874 :     - ml-nlffi-lib:
2875 :     The utility library for programs using the FFI interface.
2876 :     Here is the implementation of $/c.cm and its associated low-level
2877 :     partners $/c-int.cm and $/memory.cm.
2878 :     - ml-nlffigen:
2879 :     A stand-alone program for generating ML glue code from C source
2880 :     code.
2881 :    
2882 :     Building ml-nlffigen requires $/ckit-lib.cm.
2883 :    
2884 :     The config/install.sh script has been updates to do the Right Thing
2885 :     (hopefully).
2886 :    
2887 :     Notice that the source tree for the C-Kit will not be put under "src"
2888 :     but directly under the installation root directory. (This is the
2889 :     structure that currently exists on the CVS server when you check out
2890 :     module "sml".) Fortunately, config/install.sh knows about this oddity.
2891 :    
2892 :     Bugs: No documentation yet.
2893 :    
2894 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2895 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2896 : blume 826 Date: 2001/05/09 16:35:00 EDT
2897 :     Tag: blume-20010509-cpscontract
2898 :     Description:
2899 :    
2900 :     Fixed a bug in the accounting code in cpsopt/contract.sml. (The
2901 :     wrapper/unwrapper elimination did not decrement usage counts and some
2902 :     dead variables got overlooked by the dead-up logic.)
2903 :    
2904 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2905 : george 824 Name: Lal George
2906 :     Date: 2001/05/08 17:26:09 EDT
2907 :     Tag: george-20010508-omit-frameptr
2908 :     Description:
2909 :    
2910 :     Changes to implement the omit-frame-pointer optimization to support
2911 :     raw C calls. For now, there is only support on the Intel x86, but
2912 :     other architectures will follow as more experience is gained with this.
2913 :    
2914 :    
2915 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2916 : blume 818 Name: Matthias Blume
2917 : blume 819 Date: 2001/05/07 14:40:00 EDT
2918 :     Tag: blume-20010507-proxies
2919 :     Description:
2920 :    
2921 :     I made into "proxy libraries" all libraries that qualify for such a
2922 :     change. (A qualifying library is a library that has another library or
2923 :     groups as its sole member and repeats that member's export list
2924 :     verbatim. A proxy library avoids this repetition by omitting its export
2925 :     list, effectively inheriting the list that its (only) member exports.
2926 :     See the CM manual for more explanation.)
2927 :     The main effect is that explicit export lists for these libraries
2928 :     do not have to be kepts in sync, making maintenance a bit easier.
2929 :    
2930 :     I also added copyright notices to many .cm-files.
2931 :    
2932 :     Last but not least, I made a new set of bootfiles.
2933 :    
2934 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2935 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2936 : blume 818 Date: 2001/05/04 17:00:00 EDT
2937 :     Tag: blume-20010504-cm-lsplit
2938 :     Description:
2939 :    
2940 :     0. John merged pending changes to $/smlnj-lib.cm
2941 :    
2942 :     1. Allen's previous change accidentally backed out of one of Lal's
2943 :     earlier changes. I undid this mistake (re-introducing Lal's change).
2944 :    
2945 :     2. I used the new topOrder' function from graph-scc.sml (from $/smlnj-lib.cm)
2946 :     within the compiler where applicable. There is some code simplification
2947 :     because of that.
2948 :    
2949 :     3. The "split" phase (in FLINT) is now part of the default list of phases.
2950 :     Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting.* can be used to globally control the
2951 :     lambda-splitting (cross-module-inlining) engine. In addition to that,
2952 :     it can now also be controlled on a per-source basis: CM has been taught
2953 :     a new tool parameter applicable to ML source files.
2954 :    
2955 :     - To turn lambda-splitting off completely:
2956 :     local open Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting in
2957 :     val _ = set Off
2958 :     end
2959 :     - To make "no lambda-splitting" the global default (but allow per-source
2960 :     overriding); this is the initial setting:
2961 :     local open Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting in
2962 :     val _ = set (Default NONE)
2963 :     end
2964 :     - To make "lambda-splitting with aggressiveness a" the global default
2965 :     (and allow per-source overriding):
2966 :     local open Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting in
2967 :     val _ = set (Default (SOME a))
2968 :     end
2969 :    
2970 :     - To turn lambda-splitting off for a given ML souce file (say: a.sml)
2971 :     write (in the respective .cm-file):
2972 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:off)
2973 :     - To turn lambda-splitting for a.sml on with minimal aggressiveness:
2974 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:on)
2975 :     - To turn lambda-splitting for a.sml on with aggressiveness <a> (where
2976 :     <a> is a decimal non-negative integer):
2977 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:<a>)
2978 :     - To turn lambda-splitting for a.sml on with maximal aggressiveness:
2979 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:infinity)
2980 :     - To use the global default for a.sml:
2981 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:default)
2982 :     or simply
2983 :     a.sml
2984 :    
2985 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2986 : leunga 815 Name: Allen Leung
2987 :     Date: 2001/05/04 01:57:00 EDT
2988 :     Tag: leunga-20010504-sync
2989 :     Description:
2990 : leunga 788
2991 : leunga 815 MLRISC features.
2992 :    
2993 :     1. Fix to CMPXCHG instructions.
2994 :     2. Changed RA interface to allow annotations in callbacks.
2995 :     3. Added a new method to the stream interface to allow annotations updates.
2996 :    
2997 : george 749 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2998 : blume 812 Name: Matthias Blume
2999 : blume 814 Date: 2001/05/01 11:45:00 EDT
3000 :     Tag: blume-20010501-pcedittmp
3001 :     Description:
3002 :    
3003 :     Changed install.sh to use the current working directory instead of
3004 :     /usr/tmp for a temporary file (pcedittmp). The previous choice
3005 :     of /usr/tmp caused trouble with MacOS X because of file premission
3006 :     problems.
3007 :    
3008 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3009 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3010 : blume 812 Date: 2001/04/20 11:10:00 EDT
3011 :     Tag: blume-20010420-inMLflag
3012 :     Description:
3013 :    
3014 :     - added vp_limitPtrMask to vproc-state.h
3015 :     (for use by the raw-C-calls mechanism to implement proper interrupt
3016 :     handling)
3017 :     - made the ML compiler aware of various data-structure offsets so it
3018 :     can generate code for accessing the vp_inML flag and vp_limitPtrMask
3019 :     - tweaked mlriscGen.sml to have it emit interrupt-handling code for
3020 :     raw C-calls
3021 :    
3022 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3023 : george 810 Name: Lal George
3024 :     Date: 2001/04/20 09:15:28 EDT
3025 :     Tag: george-20010420-macosX
3026 :     Description:
3027 :    
3028 :     - Changes to port to Mac OS X; Darwin.
3029 :    
3030 :     - In the process I found that sqrt was broken on the PPC, because the
3031 :     fsqrt instruction is not implemented.
3032 :    
3033 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3034 : blume 799 Name: Matthias Blume
3035 : blume 808 Date: 2001/04/18 12:45:00 EDT
3036 :     Tag: blume-20010418-ccalls
3037 :     Description:
3038 :    
3039 :     - fixed two off-by-4 errors in the x86-specific c-calls implementation
3040 :     (this bug prevented structure arguments containing pointers from being
3041 :     passed correctly)
3042 :     - changed the raw-C-call code in mlriscGen.sml in such a way that
3043 :     structure arguments are represented as a pointer to the beginning
3044 :     of the structure (instead of having a series of synthesized arguments,
3045 :     one for each structure member)
3046 :    
3047 :     - made makeml script's verbosity level configurable via environment
3048 :     variable (MAKEML_VERBOSITY)
3049 :    
3050 : blume 813 - eliminated placeholder implementations for f32l, w16s, i16s, and f32s
3051 : blume 808 in rawmem-x86.sml; we are now using the real thing
3052 :    
3053 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3054 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3055 : blume 806 Date: 2001/03/22 16:25:00 EST
3056 :     Tag: blume-20010322-bootfiles
3057 :     Description:
3058 :    
3059 :     Created a new set of bootfiles (for your automatic installation convenience).
3060 :    
3061 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3062 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3063 : blume 805 Date: 2001/03/22 15:10:00 EST
3064 :     Tag: blume-20010322-rawmem-parcm
3065 :     Description:
3066 :    
3067 :     1. All "raw memory access" primitives for the new FFI are implemented now
3068 :     (at least on the x86).
3069 :     2. Some further cleanup of CM's parallel make mechanism.
3070 :    
3071 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3072 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3073 : blume 801 Date: 2001/03/19 17:53:00 EST
3074 :     Tag: blume-20010319-parallel
3075 :     Description:
3076 :    
3077 :     Parallel make (using compile servers) now works again.
3078 :    
3079 :     To this end, CM.stabilize and CMB.make have been modified to work in
3080 :     two passes when compile servers are attached:
3081 :     1. Compile everything, do not perform stabilization; this pass
3082 :     uses compile servers
3083 :     2. Stabilize everything; this pass does not use compile servers
3084 :     If there are no compile servers, the two passes are combined into one
3085 :     (as before). Splitting the passes increases the inherent parallelism
3086 :     in the dependency graph because the entire graph including all
3087 :     libraries is available at the same time. This, in turn, improves
3088 :     server utilization. The downside is that the master process will
3089 :     have to do some extra work after compilation is done (because for
3090 :     technical reasons it must re-read all the binfiles during stabilization).
3091 :    
3092 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3093 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3094 : blume 800 Date: 2001/03/16 12:22:00 EST
3095 :     Tag: blume-20010316-bootfiles
3096 :     Description:
3097 :    
3098 :     Created a new set of bootfiles (for your automatic installation convenience).
3099 :    
3100 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3101 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3102 : blume 799 Date: 2001/03/16 11:00:00 EST
3103 :     Tag: blume-20010316-MLTREE-fixup
3104 :     Description:
3105 :    
3106 :     This is a minor fixup for an (untagged) earlier commit by Allen.
3107 :     (A file was missing).
3108 :    
3109 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3110 : leunga 788 Name: Allen Leung
3111 : leunga 796 Date: Mon Mar 5 18:54:57 EST 2001
3112 :     Tag: leunga-20010305-cut-support
3113 :    
3114 :     1. New support for alternative control-flow in MLTREE.
3115 :     Currently we support
3116 :    
3117 :     FLOW_TO(CALL ...., [k1,...,kn])
3118 :    
3119 :     This is needed for 'cuts to' in C-- and try/handle-like constructs
3120 :     in Moby
3121 :    
3122 :     New assembler flag "asm-show-cutsto" to turn on control-flow debugging.
3123 :    
3124 :     2. Register Allocator
3125 :    
3126 :     Changes in interface [from Fermin, John]
3127 :    
3128 :     3. Alpha 8-bit SLL support [Fermin]
3129 :    
3130 :     4. All architectures
3131 :    
3132 :     A new module (ClusterExpandCopies) for expanding parallel copies.
3133 :    
3134 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3135 :     Name: Allen Leung
3136 : leunga 788 Date: 2001/02/27 23:07:00 EST
3137 :     Tag: leunga-20010227-minor-stuff
3138 :    
3139 :     1. Alpha bug fix for CMOVNE
3140 :     2. Handle mltree COND(..,FCMP ...,...)
3141 :     3. Bug fix in simplifier
3142 :    
3143 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3144 : blume 777 Name: Matthias Blume
3145 : blume 781 Date: 2001/01/30 17:50:00 EST
3146 :     Tag: blume-20010130-sync
3147 :     Description:
3148 :    
3149 :     This is just a minor update to sync my devel branch with the main brach.
3150 :     The only visible change is the addition of some README files.
3151 :    
3152 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3153 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3154 : blume 778 Date: 2001/01/12 23:30:00 JST
3155 :     Tag: blume-20010112-bootfiles
3156 :     Description:
3157 :    
3158 :     Made a new set of bootfiles that goes with the current state of the
3159 :     repository.
3160 :    
3161 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3162 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3163 : blume 777 Date: 2001/01/12 21:20:00 JST
3164 :     Tag: blume-20010112-sync
3165 :     Description:
3166 :    
3167 :     I am just flushing out some minor changes that had accumulated in
3168 :     my private branch in order to sync with the main tree. (This is
3169 :     mainly because I had CVS trouble when trying to merge _into_ my
3170 :     private branch.)
3171 :    
3172 :     Most people should be completely unaffected by this.
3173 :    
3174 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3175 : leunga 775 Name: Allen Leung
3176 :     Date: Thu Jan 11 21:03:00 EST 2001
3177 :     Tag: leunga-20010111-labexp=mltree
3178 :     Description:
3179 :    
3180 :     1. Removed the type LabelExp and replace it by MLTree.
3181 :     2. Rewritten mltree-simplify with the pattern matcher tool.
3182 :     3. There were some bugs in alpha code generator which would break
3183 :     64-bit code generation.
3184 :     4. Redo the tools to generate code with the
3185 :     5. The CM files in MLRISC (and in src/system/smlnj/MLRISC)
3186 :     are now generated by perl scripts.
3187 :    
3188 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3189 : blume 771 Name: Matthias Blume
3190 : blume 774 Date: 2001/01/10 21:55:00 JST
3191 :     Tag: blume-20010110-rcc
3192 :     Description:
3193 :    
3194 :     The RCC stuff now seems to work (but only on the x86).
3195 :     This required hacking of the c-calls interface (and -implementation) in
3196 :     MLRISC.
3197 :    
3198 :     Normal compiler users should be unaffected.
3199 :    
3200 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3201 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3202 : blume 773 Date: 2001/01/09 01:20:00 JST
3203 :     Tag: blume-20010109-rcc
3204 :     Description:
3205 :    
3206 :     This is a fairly big patch, flushing out a large number of pending
3207 :     changes that I made to my development copy over the last couple of days.
3208 :    
3209 :     Of practical relevance at this moment is a workaround for a pickling
3210 :     bug that Allen ran into the other day. The cause of the bug itself is
3211 :     still unknown and it might be hard to fix it properly, but the
3212 :     workaround has some merits of its own (namely somewhat reducing pickling
3213 :     overhead for certain libraries). Therefore, I think this solution should
3214 :     be satisfactory at this time.
3215 :    
3216 :     The rest of the changes (i.e., the vast majority) has to do with my
3217 :     ongoing efforts of providing direct support for C function calls from
3218 :     ML. At the moment there is a new primop "RAW_CCALL", typing magic
3219 :     in types/cproto.sml (invoked from FLINT/trans/translate.sml), a new
3220 :     case in the FLINT CPS datatype (RCC), changes to cps/convert.sml to
3221 :     translate uses of RAW_CCALL into RCC, and changes to mlriscGen.sml to
3222 :     handle RCC.
3223 :    
3224 :     The last part (the changes to mlriscGen.sml) are still known to be
3225 :     wrong on the x86 and not implemented on all other architectures. But
3226 :     the infrastructure is in place. I had to change a few functor
3227 :     signatures in the backend to be able to route the CCalls interface
3228 :     from MLRISC there, and I had to specialize the mltree type (on the
3229 :     x86) to include the necessary extensions. (The extensions themselves
3230 :     were already there and redy to go in MLRISC/x86).
3231 :    
3232 :     Everything should be very happy as soon as someone helps me with
3233 :     mlriscGen.sml...
3234 :    
3235 :     In any case, nothing of this should matter to anyone as long as the
3236 :     new primop is not being used (which is going to be the case unless you
3237 :     find it where I hid it :). The rest of the compiler is completely
3238 :     unaffected.
3239 :    
3240 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3241 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3242 : blume 772 Date: 2001/01/05 00:30:00 JST
3243 :     Tag: blume-20010105-primops
3244 :     Description:
3245 :    
3246 :     Added some experimental support for work that I am doing right now.
3247 :     These changes mostly concern added primops, but there is also a new
3248 :     experimental C library in the runtime system (but currently not enabled
3249 :     anywhere except on Linux/X86).
3250 :    
3251 :     In the course of adding primops (and playing with them), I discovered that
3252 :     Zhong's INL_PRIM hack (no type info for certain primops) was, in fact, badly
3253 :     broken. (Zhong was very right he labeled this stuff as "major gross hack".)
3254 :     To recover, I made type information in INL_PRIM mandatory and changed
3255 :     prim.sml as well as built-in.sml accordingly. The InLine structure now
3256 :     has complete, correct type information (i.e., no bottom types).
3257 :    
3258 :     Since all these changes mean that we need new binfiles, I also bumped the
3259 :     version number to 110.32.1.
3260 :    
3261 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3262 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3263 : blume 771 Date: 2000/12/30 22:10:00 JST
3264 :     Tag: blume-20001230-various
3265 :     Description:
3266 :    
3267 :     Added proxy libraries for MLRISC and let MLRISC libraries refer
3268 :     to each other using path anchors. (See CM manual for explanation.)
3269 :    
3270 :     Updated CM documentation.
3271 :    
3272 :     Fixed some bugs in CM.
3273 :    
3274 :     Implemented "proxy" libraries (= syntactic sugar for CM).
3275 :    
3276 :     Added "-quiet" option to makeml and changed runtime system accordingly.
3277 :    
3278 :     Added cleanup handler for exportML to reset timers and compiler stats.
3279 :    
3280 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3281 : george 761 Name: Lal George
3282 :     Date: 2000/12/22 22:22:58 EST 2000
3283 :     Tag: Release_110_32
3284 :     Description:
3285 :    
3286 :     Infinite precision used throughout MLRISC.
3287 :     see MLRISC/mltree/machine-int.sig
3288 :    
3289 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3290 : blume 756 Name: Matthias Blume
3291 : blume 760 Date: 2000/12/22 23:16:00 JST
3292 :     Tag: blume-20001222-warn
3293 :     Description:
3294 : blume 759
3295 : blume 760 Corrected wording and formatting of some CM warning message which I
3296 :     broke in my previous patch.
3297 : blume 759
3298 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3299 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3300 : blume 763 Date: 2000/12/22 21:20:00 JST
3301 :     Tag: blume-20001222-anchorenv
3302 :     Description:
3303 :    
3304 :     Fixed CM's handling of anchor environments in connection with CMB.make.
3305 :    
3306 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3307 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3308 : blume 758 Date: 2000/12/22 13:15:00 JST
3309 :     Tag: blume-20001222-cleanup
3310 :     Description:
3311 :    
3312 :     Removed src/cm/ffi which does not (and did not) belong here.
3313 :    
3314 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3315 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3316 : blume 757 Date: 2000/12/21 23:55:00 JST
3317 :     Tag: blume-20001221-exn
3318 :     Description:
3319 :    
3320 :     Probably most important: CM no longer silently swallows all exceptions
3321 :     in the compiler.
3322 :     Plus: some other minor CM changes. For example, CM now reports some
3323 :     sizes for generated binfiles (code, data, envpickle, lambdapickle).
3324 :    
3325 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3326 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3327 : blume 756 Date: 2000/12/15 00:01:05 JST
3328 :     Tag: blume-20001215-dirtool
3329 :     Description:
3330 :    
3331 :     - "dir" tool added.
3332 :     - improvements and cleanup to Tools structure
3333 :     - documentation updates
3334 :    
3335 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3336 : leunga 752 Name: Allen Leung
3337 : leunga 755 Date: Thu Dec 14 03:45:24 EST 2000
3338 :     Description:
3339 :     Tag: leunga-20001214-int-inf
3340 :     Description:
3341 :    
3342 :     In IntInf, added these standard functions, which are missing from our
3343 :     implementation:
3344 :    
3345 :     andb : int * int -> int
3346 :     xorb : int * int -> int
3347 :     orb : int * int -> int
3348 :     notb : int -> int
3349 :     << : int * word -> int
3350 :     ~>> : int * word -> int
3351 :    
3352 :     Not tested, I hope they are correct.
3353 :    
3354 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3355 :     Name: Allen Leung
3356 : leunga 752 Date: Fri Dec 8 19:23:26 EST 2000
3357 :     Description:
3358 :     Tag: leunga-20001208-nowhere
3359 :     Description:
3360 :    
3361 :     Slight improvements to the 'nowhere' tool to handle OR-patterns,
3362 :     to generate better error messages etc. Plus a brief manual.
3363 :    
3364 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3365 : george 749 Name: Lal George
3366 :     Date: 2000/12/08 09:54:02 EST 2000
3367 :     Tag: Release_110_31
3368 :     Description:
3369 : george 705
3370 : george 749 - Version 110.31
3371 : leunga 591 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3372 : leunga 744 Name: Allen Leung
3373 :     Date: Thu Dec 7 22:01:04 EST 2000
3374 :     Tag: leunga-20001207-cell-monster-hack
3375 :     Description:
3376 :    
3377 :     Major MLRISC internal changes. Affect all clients.
3378 :     Summary:
3379 :    
3380 :     1. Type CELLS.cell = int is now replaced by a datatype.
3381 :     As a result, the old regmap is now gone. Almost all interfaces
3382 :     in MLRISC change as a consequence.
3383 :    
3384 :     2. A new brand version of machine description tool (v3.0) that generates
3385 :     modules expecting the new interface. The old version is removed.
3386 :    
3387 :     3. The RA interface has been further abstracted into two new functors.
3388 :     RISC_RA and X86RA. These functors have much simpler interfaces.
3389 :     [See also directory MLRISC/demo.]
3390 :    
3391 :     4. Some other new source->source code generation tools are available:
3392 :    
3393 :     a. MLRISC/Tools/RewriteGen -- generate rewriters from rules.
3394 :     b. MLRISC/Tools/WhereGen -- expands conditional pattern matching rules.
3395 :     I use this tool to generate the peephole optimizers---with the new
3396 :     cell type changes, peephole rules are becoming difficult to write
3397 :     without conditional pattern matching.
3398 :    
3399 :     5. More Intmap -> IntHashTable change. Previous changes by Matthias didn't
3400 :     cover the entire MLRISC source tree so many things broke.
3401 :    
3402 :     6. CM files have been moved to the subdirectory MLRISC/cm.
3403 :     They are moved because there are a lot of them and they clutter up the
3404 :     root dir.
3405 :    
3406 :     7. More detailed documentation to come...
3407 :    
3408 :     NOTE: To rebuild from 110.30 (ftp distribution), you'll have to do
3409 :     a makeml -rebuild first. This is because of other other
3410 :     changes that Matthias has made (see below).
3411 :    
3412 :    
3413 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3414 : blume 733 Name: Matthias Blume
3415 : blume 742 Date: 2000/11/30 23:12:00 JST
3416 :     Tag: blume-20001130-filereorg
3417 :     Description:
3418 :    
3419 :     Some manual updates and some file reorganizations in CM.
3420 :    
3421 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3422 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3423 : blume 737 Date: 2000/11/24 17:45:00 JST
3424 :     Tag: blume-20001124-link
3425 :     Description:
3426 :    
3427 :     Drastically improved link traversal code for the case that the dynamic
3428 :     value was already loaded at bootstrap time. As a result, CM and CMB
3429 :     now both load blazingly fast -- even on a very slow machine. Also,
3430 :     memory consumption has been further reduced by this.
3431 :    
3432 :     Warning: The format of the PIDMAP file has changed. THerefore, to
3433 :     bootstrap you have to do this:
3434 :    
3435 :     1. Run CMB.make
3436 :     2. Make a symbolic link for the boot directory:
3437 :     ln -s sml.boot.ARCH-OS xxx
3438 :     3. "Rebuild" the boot directory:
3439 :     ./makeml -boot xxx -rebuild sml ; rm xxx
3440 :     4. Boot normally:
3441 :     ./makeml
3442 :    
3443 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3444 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3445 : blume 735 Date: 2000/11/21 21:20:00 JST
3446 :     Tag: blume-20001121-tools
3447 :     Description:
3448 :    
3449 :     Continued hacking on autoloading problem -- with success this time.
3450 :     Also changed tool-plugin mechanism. See new CM manual.
3451 :    
3452 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3453 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3454 : blume 734 Date: 2000/11/19 14:30:00 JST
3455 :     Tag: blume-20001119-autoload
3456 :     Description:
3457 :    
3458 :     Some hacking to make autoloading faster. Success for CMB, no success
3459 :     so far for CM. There is a reduced structure CM' that autoloads faster.
3460 :     (This is a temporary, non-documented hack to be eliminated again when
3461 :     the general problem is solved.)
3462 :    
3463 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3464 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3465 : blume 733 Date: 2000/11/17 14:10:00 JST
3466 :     Tag: blume-20001117-pickle-lib
3467 :     Description:
3468 :    
3469 :     1. Eliminated comp-lib.cm
3470 :     2. Made pickle-lib.cm
3471 :     3. Eliminated all uses of intset.sml (from comp-lib.cm)
3472 :     4. Replaced all uses of intmap.{sig,sml} (from comp-lib.cm) with
3473 :     equivalent constructs from smlnj-lib.cm (INtHashTable).
3474 :     5. Point 4. also goes for those uses of intmap.* in MLRISC.
3475 :     Duplicated intmap modules thrown out.
3476 :     6. Hunted down all duplicated SCC code and replaced it with
3477 :     equivalent stuff (GraphSCCFn from smlnj-lib.cm).
3478 :     7. Rewrote Feedback module.
3479 :     8. Moved sortedlist.sml into viscomp-lib.cm. Eventually it
3480 :     should be thrown out and equivalent modules from smlnj-lib.cm
3481 :     should be used (IntRedBlackSet, IntListSet, ...).
3482 :    
3483 :     Confirmed that compiler compiles to fixpoint.
3484 :    
3485 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3486 : leunga 731 Name: Allen Leung
3487 :     Date: 2000/11/10 18:00:00
3488 :     Tag: leunga-20001110-new-x86-fp
3489 :    
3490 :     A new x86 floating point code generator has been added.
3491 :     By default this is turned off. To turn this on, do:
3492 :    
3493 :     CM.autoload "$smlnj/compiler.cm";
3494 :     Compiler.Control.MLRISC.getFlag "x86-fast-fp" := true;
3495 :    
3496 :     Changes:
3497 :    
3498 :     1. Changed FTAN to FPTAN so that the assembly output is correct.
3499 :     2. Changed the extension callback for FTANGENT to generate:
3500 :    
3501 :     fptan
3502 :     fstp %st(0)
3503 :     instead of
3504 :     fptan
3505 :     fstpl ftempmem
3506 :    
3507 :     3. Numerous assembly fixes for x86.
3508 :    
3509 :     5. Cleaned up the machine code output module x86/x86MC.sml and added
3510 :     support for a whole bunch of instructions and addressing modes:
3511 :    
3512 :     fadd/fsub/fsubr/fmul/fdiv/fdivr %st, %st(n)
3513 :     faddp/fsubp/fsubrp/fmulp/fdivp/fdivrp %st, %st(n)
3514 :     fadd/fsub/fsubr/fmul/fdiv/fdivr %st(n), %st
3515 :     fiadd/fisub/fisubr/fimul/fidiv/fidivr mem
3516 :     fxch %st(n)
3517 :     fld %st(n)
3518 :     fst %st(n)
3519 :     fst mem
3520 :     fstp %st(n)
3521 :     fucom %st(n)
3522 :     fucomp %st(n)
3523 :    
3524 :     All these are now generated when the fast fp mode is turned on.
3525 :    
3526 :     6. Removed the dedicated registers %st(0), ..., %st(7) from X86CpsRegs
3527 :    
3528 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3529 : blume 729 Name: Matthias Blume
3530 :     Date: 2000/11/09 11:20:00 JST
3531 :     Tag: blume-20001109-scc
3532 :     Description:
3533 :    
3534 :     Eliminated some code duplication:
3535 :    
3536 :     1. Added "where" clause to GraphSCCFn in SML/NJ Library.
3537 :     (Otherwise the functor is useless.)
3538 :     2. Used GraphSCCFn where SCCUtilFun was used previously.
3539 :     3. Got rid of SCCUtilFun (in comp-lib.cm).
3540 :    
3541 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3542 : george 721 Name: Lal George
3543 :     Date: 2000/11/06 09:02:21 EST 2000
3544 :     Tag: Release_110_30
3545 :     Description:
3546 :    
3547 :     - Version 110.30
3548 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3549 : blume 715 Name: Matthias Blume
3550 : blume 716 Date: 2000/11/04 14:45:00
3551 :     Tag: blume-20001104-mlbuild
3552 :     Description:
3553 :    
3554 :     - Made ml-build faster on startup.
3555 :     - Documentation fixes.
3556 :    
3557 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3558 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3559 : blume 715 Date: 2000/11/02 17:00:00 JST
3560 :     Tag: blume-20001102-condcomp
3561 :     Description:
3562 :    
3563 :     - Small tweaks to pickler -- new BOOTFILES!
3564 :     - Version bumped to 110.29.2.
3565 :     - Added conditional compilation facility to init.cmi (see comment there).
3566 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3567 : leunga 713 Name: Allen Leung
3568 :     Date: 2000/10/23 19:31:00
3569 :     Tag: leunga-20001023-demo-ra
3570 :    
3571 :     1. Minor RA changes that improves spilling on x86 (affects Moby and C-- only)
3572 :     2. Test programs for the graph library updated
3573 :     3. Some new MLRISC demo programs added
3574 :    
3575 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3576 : blume 710 Name: Matthias Blume
3577 : blume 711 Date: 2000/08/31 22:15:00 JST
3578 :     Tag: blume-20001017-errmsg
3579 :     Description:
3580 :    
3581 :     More error message grief: Where there used to be no messages, there
3582 :     now were some that had bogus error regions. Fixed.
3583 :    
3584 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3585 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3586 : blume 710 Date: 2000/08/31 17:30:00 JST
3587 :     Tag: blume-20001017-v110p29p1
3588 :     Description:
3589 :    
3590 :     I made a version 110.29.1 with new bootfiles.
3591 :    
3592 :     Changes: Modified pickler/unpickler for faster and leaner unpickling.
3593 :     CM documentation changes and a small bugfix in CM's error reporting.
3594 :    
3595 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3596 : george 705 Name: Lal George
3597 :     Date: 2000/09/27 14:42:35 EDT
3598 :     Tag: george-20000927-nodestatus
3599 :     Description:
3600 :    
3601 :     Changed the type of the nodestatus, so that:
3602 :    
3603 :     SPILLED(~1) is now SPILLED
3604 :     SPILLED(m) where m>=0 is now MEMREG(m)
3605 :     SPILLED(s) where s<~1 is now SPILL_LOC(~s)
3606 :    
3607 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3608 : blume 697 Name: Matthias Blume
3609 : blume 703 Date: 2000/09/07 14:45:00 JST
3610 :     Tag: blume-20000907-cmerrmsg
3611 :     Description:
3612 :    
3613 :     Small tweak to CM to avoid getting ML syntax error messages twice.
3614 :    
3615 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3616 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3617 : blume 701 Date: 2000/08/31 18:00:00 JST
3618 :     Tag: blume-20000831-cvsbootfiles
3619 :     Description:
3620 :    
3621 :     New URL for boot files (because the 110.29 files on the BL server do
3622 :     now work correctly with my updated install scripts for yacc and lex).
3623 :    
3624 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3625 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3626 : blume 697 Date: 2000/08/08 12:33:00 JST
3627 :     Tag: blume-20000808-manual
3628 :     Description:
3629 :    
3630 :     Tiny update to CM manual.
3631 :    
3632 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3633 : leunga 695 Name: Allen Leung
3634 :     Date: 2000/08/7 19:31:00
3635 :     Tag: leunga-20000807-a-whole-bunch-of-stuff
3636 :    
3637 :     Moby, C--, SSA, x86, machine descriptions etc. Should only affect C--
3638 :     and Mobdy.
3639 :    
3640 :     1. x86
3641 :    
3642 :     a. Fixes to peephole module by John and Dan.
3643 :     b. Assembly fix to SETcc by Allen.
3644 :     c. Fix to c-call by John.
3645 :     d. Fix to spilling by John. (This one deals with the missing FSTPT case)
3646 :     e. Instruction selection optimization to SETcc as suggested by John.
3647 :    
3648 :     For example,
3649 :    
3650 :     MV(32, x, COND(32, CMP(32, LT, a, b), LI 1, LI 0))
3651 :    
3652 :     should generate:
3653 :    
3654 :     MOVL a, x
3655 :     SUBL b, x
3656 :     SHRL 31, x
3657 :    
3658 :     2. IR stuff
3659 :    
3660 :     A bunch of new DJ-graph related algorithms added. These
3661 :     speed up SSA construction.
3662 :    
3663 :     3. SSA + Scheduling
3664 :    
3665 :     Added code for SSA and scheduling to the repository
3666 :    
3667 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3668 : george 694 Name: Lal George
3669 :     Date: 2000/07/27 11:53:14 EDT
3670 :    
3671 :     Tag: lal-20000727-linux-ppc
3672 :     Description:
3673 :    
3674 :     Made changes to support Linux PPC.
3675 :     p.s. I have confirmation that the 110.29 boot files work fine.
3676 :    
3677 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3678 : blume 684 Name: Matthias Blume
3679 : blume 692 Date: 2000/07/27 17:40:00 JST
3680 :     Tag: blume-20000727-scripts
3681 :     Description:
3682 :    
3683 :     !!!! WARNING !!!!
3684 :     You must recompile the runtime system!
3685 :     !!!! WARNING !!!!
3686 :    
3687 :     This is basically another round of script-enhancements:
3688 :    
3689 :     1. sml, ml-build, and ml-makedepend accept options -D and -U to define
3690 :     and undefine CM preprocessor symbols.
3691 :    
3692 :     2. ml-build avoids generating a new heap image if it finds that the
3693 :     existing one is still ok. (The condition is that no ML file had to
3694 :     be recompiled and all ML files are found to be older that the heap
3695 :     file.)
3696 :    
3697 :     To make this work smoothly, I also hacked the runtime system as
3698 :     well as SMLofNJ.SysInfo to get access to the heap image suffix
3699 :     (.sparc-solaris, ...) that is currently being used.
3700 :    
3701 :     Moreover, the signature of CM.mk_standalone has changed. See the
3702 :     CM manual.
3703 :    
3704 :     3. ml-makedepend accepts additional options -n, -a, and -o. (See the
3705 :     CM manual for details.)
3706 :    
3707 :     4. More CM manual updates:
3708 :     - all of the above has been documented.
3709 :     - there is now a section describing the (CM-related) command line
3710 :     arguments that are accepted by the "sml" command
3711 :    
3712 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3713 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3714 : blume 691 Date: 2000/07/25 16:20:00 JST
3715 :     Tag: blume-20000725-makedepend
3716 :     Description:
3717 :    
3718 :     Added a script called ml-makedepend. This can be used in makefiles
3719 :     for Unix' make in a way very similar to the "makedepend" command for
3720 :     C.
3721 :    
3722 :     The script internally uses function CM.sources.
3723 :    
3724 :     Synopsis:
3725 :    
3726 :     ml-makedepend [-f makefile] cmfile targetname
3727 :    
3728 :     The default for the makefile is "makefile" (or "Makefile" should
3729 :     "makefile" not exist).
3730 :    
3731 :     ml-makedepend adds a cmfile/targetname-specific section to this
3732 :     makefile (after removing the previous version of this section). The
3733 :     section contains a single dependency specification with targetname on
3734 :     the LHS (targetname is an arbitrary name), and a list of files derived
3735 :     from the cmfile on the RHS. Some of the files on the RHS are
3736 :     ARCH/OPSYS-specific. Therefore, ml-makedepend inserts references to
3737 :     "make" variables $(ARCH) and $(OPSYS) in place of the corresponding
3738 :     path names. The makefile writer is responsible for making sure that
3739 :     these variables have correct at the time "make" is invoked.
3740 :    
3741 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3742 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3743 : blume 690 Date: 2000/07/22 23:30:00 JST
3744 :     Tag: blume-20000722-urlupdate
3745 :     Description:
3746 :    
3747 :     Changed BOOT and config/srcarchiveurl to point to BL server:
3748 :    
3749 :     ftp://ftp.research.bell-labs.com/dist/smlnj/working/110.29/
3750 :    
3751 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3752 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3753 : blume 686 Date: 2000/07/18 18:00:00 JST
3754 :     Tag: blume-20000718-Version_110_29
3755 :     Description:
3756 :    
3757 :     1. Updated src/compiler/TopLevel/main/version.sml to version 110.29
3758 :    
3759 :     2. Updated config/version to 110.29
3760 :    
3761 :     3. Updated config/srcarchiveurl
3762 :    
3763 :     3. New boot files!
3764 :     ftp://ftp.cs.princeton.edu/pub/people/blume/sml/110.29-autofetch
3765 :    
3766 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3767 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3768 : blume 684 Date: 2000/07/11 13:58:00 JST
3769 :     Tag: blume-20000711-doctypo
3770 :     Description:
3771 :    
3772 :     Fixed a few typos in CM manual.
3773 :    
3774 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3775 : leunga 683 Name: Allen Leung
3776 :     Date: 2000/06/15 00:38:00
3777 :     Tag: leunga-20000704-sparc-x86
3778 :    
3779 :     1. x86 peephole improvement sp += k; sp -= k => nop [from John]
3780 :     2. fix to x86 RET bug [found by Dan Grossman]
3781 :     3. sparc assembly bug fix for ticc instructions [found by Fermin]
3782 :    
3783 :     Affects c-- and moby only
3784 :    
3785 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3786 : blume 680 Name: Matthias Blume
3787 : blume 682 Date: 2000/07/04 15:26:00
3788 :     Tag: blume-20000704-trigger
3789 :     Description:
3790 :    
3791 :     1. Improvements to CM manual.
3792 :     2. SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.trigger reinstated as an alternative way
3793 :     of getting a back-trace. The function, when called, raises an
3794 :     internal exception which explicitly carries the full back-trace history,
3795 :     so it is unaffected by any intervening handle-raise pairs ("trivial"
3796 :     or not). The interactive loop will print that history once it arrives
3797 :     at top level.
3798 :     Short of having all exceptions implicitly carry the full history, the
3799 :     recommended way of using this facility is:
3800 :     - compile your program with instrumentation "on"
3801 :     - run it, when it raises an exception, look at the history
3802 :     - if the history is "cut off" because of some handler, go and modify
3803 :     your program so that it explicitly calls BTrace.trigger
3804 :     - recompile (still instrumented), and rerun; look at the full history
3805 :    
3806 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3807 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3808 :     Date: 2000/07/03 15:36:00 JST
3809 : blume 680 Tag: blume-20000702-manual
3810 :     Description:
3811 :    
3812 :     Small corrections and updates to CM manual.
3813 :    
3814 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3815 : blume 682 Name: Matthias Blume
3816 : blume 679 Date: 2000/06/29 16:04:00 JST
3817 :     Tag: blume-20000629-yacctool
3818 :     Description:
3819 :    
3820 :     Changes:
3821 :    
3822 :     1. Class "mlyacc" now takes separate arguments to pass options to
3823 :     generated .sml- and .sig-files independently.
3824 :     2. Corresponding CM manual updates.
3825 :     3. BTrace module now also reports call sites. (However, for loop clusters
3826 :     it only shows from where the cluster was entered.) There are associated
3827 :     modifications to core.sml, internals.{sig,sml}, btrace.sml, and btimp.sml.
3828 :    
3829 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3830 : blume 675 Name: Matthias Blume
3831 : blume 678 Date: 2000/06/27 16:51:00 JST
3832 :     Tag: blume-20000627-noweb
3833 :     Description:
3834 :    
3835 :     Changes:
3836 :    
3837 :     1. Implemented "subdir" and "witness" options for noweb tool.
3838 :     This caused some slight internal changes in CM's tool implementation.
3839 :     2. Fixed bug in "tool plugin" mechanism. This is essentially cleaning
3840 :     some remaining issues from earlier path anchor changes.
3841 :     3. Updated CM manual accordingly.
3842 :    
3843 :     4. Changed implementation of back-tracing so that I now consider it
3844 :     ready for prime-time.
3845 :    
3846 :     In particular, you don't have to explicitly trigger the back-trace
3847 :     anymore. Instead, if you are running BTrace-instrumented code and
3848 :     there is an uncaught exception (regardless of whether or not it was
3849 :     raised in instrumented code), the top-level evalloop will print
3850 :     the back-trace.
3851 :    
3852 :     Features:
3853 :    
3854 :     - Instrumented and uninstrumented code work together seemlessly.
3855 :     (Of course, uninstrumented code is never mentioned in actual
3856 :     back-traces.)
3857 :    
3858 :     - Asymptotic time- and space-complexity of instrumented code is
3859 :     equal to that of uninstrumented code. (This means that
3860 :     tail-recursion is preserved by the instrumentation phase.)
3861 :    
3862 :     - Modules whose code has been instrumented in different sessions
3863 :     work together without problem.
3864 :    
3865 :     - There is no penalty whatsoever on uninstrumented code.
3866 :    
3867 :     - There is no penalty on "raise" expressions, even in
3868 :     instrumented code.
3869 :    
3870 :     A potential bug (or perhaps it is a feature, too):
3871 :    
3872 :     A back-trace reaches no further than the outermost instrumented
3873 :     non-trivial "raise". Here, a "trivial" raise is one that is the
3874 :     sole RHS of a "handle" rule. Thus, back-traces reach trough
3875 :    
3876 :     <exp> handle e => raise e
3877 :    
3878 :     and even
3879 :    
3880 :     <exp> handle Foo => raise Bar
3881 :    
3882 :     and, of course, through
3883 :    
3884 :     <exp> handle Foo => ...
3885 :    
3886 :     if the exception was not Foo.
3887 :    
3888 :     Back-traces always reach right through any un-instrumented code
3889 :     including any of its "handle" expressions, trivial or not.
3890 :    
3891 :     To try this out, do the following:
3892 :    
3893 :     - Erase all existing binfiles for your program.
3894 :     (You may keep binfiles for those modules where you think you
3895 :     definitely don't need back-tracing.)
3896 :     - Turn on back-trace instrumentation:
3897 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
3898 :     - Recompile your program. (I.e., run "CM.make" or "use".)
3899 :     - You may now turn instrumentation off again (if you want):
3900 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME false);
3901 :     - Run your program as usual. If it raises an exception that
3902 :     reaches the interactive toplevel, then a back-trace will
3903 :     automatically be printed. After that, the toplevel loop
3904 :     will print the exception history as usual.
3905 :    
3906 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3907 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3908 : blume 677 Date: 2000/06/26 09:56:46 JST
3909 :     Tag: blume-20000626-setup
3910 :     Description:
3911 :    
3912 :     CM: - setup-parameter to "sml" added; this can be used to run arbitrary
3913 :     ML code before and after compiling a file (e.g., to set compiler
3914 :     flags)
3915 :    
3916 :     Compiler: - improved btrace API (in core.sml, internals.{sig,sml})
3917 :     - associated changes to btrace.sml (BTrace instrumentation pass)
3918 :     - cleaner implementation of btimp.sml (BTrace tracing and report
3919 :     module)
3920 :    
3921 :     CM manual: * new path encoding documented
3922 :     * description of setup-parameter to "sml" added
3923 :    
3924 :     The biggest user-visible change to back-tracing is that it is no
3925 :     longer necessary to compile all traced modules within the same
3926 :     session. (This was a real limitation.)
3927 :    
3928 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3929 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3930 : blume 676 Date: 2000/06/24 12:40:00 JST
3931 :     Tag: blume-20000624-startup
3932 :     Description:
3933 :    
3934 :     Fixes startup slowdown problem. (I was calling SrcPath.sync a _tad_
3935 :     bit too often -- to put it mildly. :)
3936 :    
3937 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3938 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3939 : blume 675 Date: 2000/06/23 18:20:00 JST
3940 :     Tag: blume-20000623-btrace
3941 :     Description:
3942 :    
3943 :     This updates adds a backtrace facility to aid programmers in debugging
3944 :     their programs. This involves the following changes:
3945 :    
3946 :     1. Module system/smlnj/init/core.sml (structure _Core) now has hooks for
3947 :     keeping track of the current call stack. When programs are compiled
3948 :     in a special mode, the compiler will insert calls to these hooks
3949 :     into the user program.
3950 :     "Hook" means that it is possible for different implementations of
3951 :     back-tracing to register themselves (at different times).
3952 :    
3953 :     2. compiler/MiscUtil/profile/btrace.sml implements the annotation phase
3954 :     as an Absyn.dec->Absyn.dec rewrite. Normally this phase is turned off.
3955 :     It can be turned on using this call:
3956 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
3957 :     Turning it off again:
3958 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME false);
3959 :     Querying the current status:
3960 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode NONE;
3961 :     Annotated programs are about twice as big as normal ones, and they
3962 :     run a factor of 2 to 4 slower with a dummy back-trace plugin (one
3963 :     where all hooks do nothing). The slowdown with a plugin that is
3964 :     actually useful (such as the one supplied by default) is even greater,
3965 :     but in the case of the default plugin it is still only an constant
3966 :     factor (amortized).
3967 :    
3968 :     3. system/Basis/Implementation/NJ/internals.{sig,sml} have been augmented
3969 :     with a sub-structure BTrace for controlling back-tracing. In particular,
3970 :     the above-mentioned function "mode" controls whether the annotation
3971 :     phase is invoked by the compiler. Another important function is
3972 :     "trigger": when called it aborts the current execution and causes
3973 :     the top-level loop to print a full back-trace.
3974 :    
3975 :     4. compiler/MiscUtil/profile/btimp.sml is the current default plugin
3976 :     for back-tracing. It keeps track of the dynamic call stack and in
3977 :     addition to that it keeps a partial history at each "level" of that
3978 :     stack. For example, if a tail-calls b, b tail-calls c, and c tail-calls
3979 :     d and b (at separate times, dynamically), then the report will show:
3980 :    
3981 :     GOTO d
3982 :     /c
3983 :     GOTO \b
3984 :     CALL a
3985 :    
3986 :     This shows that there was an initial non-tail call of a, then a
3987 :     tail-call to b or c, looping behavior in a cluster of functions that
3988 :     consist of b and c, and then a goto from that cluster (i.e., either from
3989 :     b or from c) to d.
3990 :    
3991 :     Note that (depending on the user program) the amount of information
3992 :     that the back-trace module has to keep track of at each level is bounded
3993 :     by a constant. Thus, the whole implementation has the same asymptotical
3994 :     complexity as the original program (both in space and in time).
3995 :    
3996 :     5. compiler/TopLevel/interact/evalloop.sml has been modified to
3997 :     handle the special exception SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.BTrace
3998 :     which is raised by the "trigger" function mentioned above.
3999 :    
4000 :     Notes on usage:
4001 :    
4002 :     - Annotated code works well together with unannotated code:
4003 :     Unannotated calls simply do not show up at all in the backtrace.
4004 :    
4005 :     - It is not a good idea to let modules that were annotated during
4006 :     different sessions run at the same time. This is because the compiler
4007 :     chooses small integers to identify individual functions, and there
4008 :     will be clashes if different modules were compiled in separate sessions.
4009 :     (Nothing will crash, and you will even be told about the clashes, but
4010 :     back-trace information will in general not be useful.)
4011 :    
4012 :     - Back-tracing can be confused by callcc and capture.
4013 :    
4014 :     - The only way of getting a back-trace right now is to explicitly
4015 :     invoke the "trigger" function from your user program. Eventually, we
4016 :     should make every exception carry back-trace information (if
4017 :     available). But since this creates more overhead at "raise"-time
4018 :     (similar to the current exnHistory overhead), I have not yet
4019 :     implemented this. (The implementation will be rather easy.) With
4020 :     exceptions carrying back-trace information, this facility will be even
4021 :     more useful because users don't need to modify their programs...
4022 :    
4023 :     - While it is possible to compile the compiler with back-trace
4024 :     annotations turned on (I did it to get some confidence in
4025 :     correctness), you must make absolutely sure that core.sml and
4026 :     btimp.sml are compiled WITHOUT annotation! (core.sml cannot actually
4027 :     be compiled with annotation because there is no core access yet, but
4028 :     if you compile btimp.sml with annotation, then the system will go into
4029 :     an infinite recursion and crash.)
4030 :     Since CM currently does not know about BTrace, the only way to turn
4031 :     annotations on and off for different modules of the compiler is to
4032 :     interrupt CMB.make, change the settings, and re-invoke it. Of course,
4033 :     this is awkward and clumsy.
4034 :    
4035 :     Sample sessions:
4036 :    
4037 :     Standard ML of New Jersey v110.28.1 [FLINT v1.5], June 5, 2000
4038 :     - SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
4039 :     [autoloading]
4040 :     [autoloading done]
4041 :     val it = false : bool
4042 :     - structure X = struct
4043 :     - fun main n = let
4044 :     - fun a (x, 0) = d x
4045 :     - | a (x, n) = b (x, n - 1)
4046 :     - and b (x, n) = c (x, n)
4047 :     - and c (x, n) = a (x, n)
4048 :     - and d x = e (x, 3)
4049 :     - and e (x, 0) = f x
4050 :     - | e (x, n) = e (x, n - 1)
4051 :     - and f 0 = SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.trigger ()
4052 :     - | f n = n * g (n - 1)
4053 :     - and g n = a (n, 3)
4054 :     - in
4055 :     - f n
4056 :     - end
4057 :     - end;
4058 :     structure X : sig val main : int -> int end
4059 :     - X.main 3;
4060 :     *** BACK-TRACE ***
4061 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4062 :     GOTO-( stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].e
4063 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].d
4064 :     / stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].a
4065 :     | stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].b
4066 :     GOTO-\ stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].c
4067 :     CALL stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].g
4068 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4069 :     GOTO-( stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].e
4070 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].d
4071 :     / stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].a
4072 :     | stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].b
4073 :     GOTO-\ stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].c
4074 :     CALL stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].g
4075 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4076 :     GOTO-( stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].e
4077 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].d
4078 :     / stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].a
4079 :     | stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].b
4080 :     GOTO-\ stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].c
4081 :     CALL stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].g
4082 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4083 :     CALL stdIn:2.15-17.4: X.main[2]
4084 :     -
4085 :    
4086 :     (Note that because of a FLINt bug the above code currently does not
4087 :     compile without BTrace turned on.)
4088 :    
4089 :     Here is another example, using my modified Tiger compiler:
4090 :    
4091 :     Standard ML of New Jersey v110.28.1 [FLINT v1.5], June 5, 2000
4092 :     - SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
4093 :     [autoloading]
4094 :     [autoloading done]
4095 :     val it = false : bool
4096 :     - CM.make "sources.cm";
4097 :     [autoloading]
4098 :     ...
4099 :     [autoloading done]
4100 :     [scanning sources.cm]
4101 :     [parsing (sources.cm):parse.sml]
4102 :     [creating directory CM/SKEL ...]
4103 :     [parsing (sources.cm):tiger.lex.sml]
4104 :     ...
4105 :     [wrote CM/sparc-unix/semant.sml]
4106 :     [compiling (sources.cm):main.sml]
4107 :     [wrote CM/sparc-unix/main.sml]
4108 :     [New bindings added.]
4109 :     val it = true : bool
4110 :     - Main.compile ("../testcases/merge.tig", "foo.out");
4111 :     *** BACK-TRACE ***
4112 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trvar
4113 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4114 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:289.3-295.22: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp.check[2]
4115 :     GOTO lib/semant.sml:289.3-295.22: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp.check[2]
4116 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4117 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4118 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:488.3-505.6: SemantFun[2].transDec.trdec[2].transBody[2]
4119 :     / lib/semant.sml:411.65-543.8: SemantFun[2].transDec
4120 :     CALL-\ lib/semant.sml:413.2-540.9: SemantFun[2].transDec.trdec[2]
4121 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4122 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:8.52-558.4: SemantFun[2].transProg[2]
4123 :     CALL main.sml:1.18-118.4: Main.compile[2]
4124 :     -
4125 :    
4126 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4127 : blume 673 Name: Matthias Blumen
4128 :     Date: 2000/06/21 18:00:00 JST
4129 :     Tag: blume-20000621-manual
4130 :     Description:
4131 :    
4132 :     CM manual update: Path environments documented.
4133 :    
4134 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4135 : blume 666 Name: Matthias Blume
4136 : blume 672 Date: 2000/06/19 13:40:00
4137 :     Tag: blume-20000619-manual
4138 :     Description:
4139 :    
4140 :     CM manual and system/README update. This only covers the fact that
4141 :     there are no more implicit anchors. (Path environments and the "bind"
4142 :     option to "cm" have yet to be documented.)
4143 :    
4144 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4145 :     Name: Matthias Blume
4146 : blume 671 Date: 2000/06/19 11:05:00 JST
4147 :     Tag: blume-20000619-chdir-bugfix
4148 :     Description:
4149 :    
4150 :     Fixed a bug in new SrcPath module that sometimes led to a bad chDir call.
4151 :    
4152 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4153 :     Name: Matthias Blume
4154 : blume 670 Date: 2000/06/18 22:00:10 JST
4155 :     Tag: blume-20000618-implicit-anchors-really-gone
4156 :     Description:
4157 :    
4158 :     I updates the previous HISTORY entry where I forgot to mention that
4159 :     implicit anchors are no longer with us.
4160 :    
4161 :     The current update also gets rid of the (now useless) controller
4162 :     CM.Control.implicit_anchors.
4163 :    
4164 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4165 :     Name: Matthias Blume
4166 : blume 666 Date: 2000/06/16 17:30:00 JST
4167 :     Tag: blume-20000616-anchorenv
4168 :     Description:
4169 :    
4170 :     This patch implements the long anticipated (just kidding :) "anchor
4171 :     environment" mechanism. In the course of doing this, I also
4172 :     re-implemented CM's internal "SrcPath" module from scratch. The new
4173 :     one should be more robust in certain boundary cases. In any case, it
4174 :     is a lot cleaner than its predecessor (IMHO).
4175 :    
4176 :     This time, although there is yet another boot file format change, I
4177 :     kept the unpickler backward-compatible. As a result, no new bootfiles
4178 :     are necessary and bootstrapping is straightforward. (You cannot read
4179 :     new bootfiles into an old system, but the other way around is no
4180 :     problem.)
4181 :    
4182 :     Visible changes:
4183 :    
4184 : blume 670 ** 0. Implicit path anchors (without the leading $-symbol) are no
4185 :     longer recognized at all. This means that such path names are not
4186 :     illegal either. For example, the name basis.cm simply refers to a
4187 :     local file called "basis.cm" (i.e, the name is an ordinary path
4188 :     relative to .cm-files directory). Or, to put it differently, only
4189 :     names that start with $ are anchored paths.
4190 : blume 666
4191 : blume 670 ** 1. The $<singlearc> abbreviation for $/<singlearc> has finally
4192 :     vanished.
4193 :    
4194 :     John (Reppy) had critizised this as soon as I originally proposed and
4195 : blume 666 implemented it, but at that time I did not really deeply believe
4196 :     him. :) Now I came full-circle because I need the $<singlearc> syntax
4197 :     in another place where it cannot be seen as an abbreviation for
4198 :     $/<singlearc>. To avoid the confusion, $<singlearc> now means what it
4199 :     seems to mean (i.e., it "expands" into the corresponding anchor
4200 :     value).
4201 :    
4202 :     However, when paths are used as members in CM description files, it
4203 :     continues to be true that there must be at least another arc after the
4204 :     anchor. This is now enforced separately during semantic analysis
4205 : blume 670 (i.e., from a lexical/syntactical point of view, the notation is ok.)
4206 : blume 666
4207 :     ** 2. The "cm" class now accepts an option "bind". The option's value
4208 :     is a sub-option list of precisely two items -- one labeled "anchor"
4209 :     and the other one labeled "value". As you might expect, "anchor" is
4210 :     used to specify an anchor name to be bound, and "value" specifies what
4211 :     the anchor is being bound to.
4212 :    
4213 :     The value must be a directory name and can be given in either standard
4214 :     syntax (including the possibility that it is itself an anchored path)
4215 :     or native syntax.
4216 :    
4217 :     Examples:
4218 :    
4219 :     foo.cm (bind:(anchor:bar value:$mystuff/bar))
4220 :     lib.cm (bind:(anchor:a value:"H:\\x\\y\\z")) (* only works under windows *)
4221 :    
4222 :     and so on.
4223 :    
4224 :     The meaning of this is that the .cm-file will be processed with an
4225 :     augmented anchor environment where the given anchor(s) is/are bound to
4226 :     the given values(s).
4227 :    
4228 :     The rationale for having this feature is this: Suppose you are trying
4229 :     to use two different (already stable) libraries a.cm and b.cm (that
4230 :     you perhaps didn't write yourself). Further, suppose each of these
4231 :     two libraries internally uses its own auxiliary library $aux/lib.cm.
4232 :     Normally you would now have a problem because the anchor "lib" can not
4233 :     be bound to more than one value globally. Therefore, the project that
4234 :     uses both a.cm and b.cm must locally redirect the anchor to some other
4235 :     place:
4236 :    
4237 :     a.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:/usr/lib/smlnj/a-stuff))
4238 :     b.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:/usr/lib/smlnj/b-stuff))
4239 :    
4240 :     This hard-wires $lib/aux.cm to /usr/lib/smlnj/a-stuff/aux.cm or
4241 :     /usr/lib/smlnj/b-stuff/aux.cm, respectively.
4242 :    
4243 :     Hard-wiring path names is a bit inflexible (and CM will verbosely warn
4244 :     you when you do so at the time of CM.stabilize). Therefore, you can
4245 :     also use an anchored path as the value:
4246 :    
4247 :     a.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$a-lib))
4248 :     b.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$b-lib))
4249 :    
4250 :     Now you can globally configure (using the usual CM.Anchor.anchor or
4251 :     pathconfig machinery) bindings for "a-lib" and "b-lib". Since "lib"
4252 :     itself is always locally bound, setting it globally is no longer
4253 :     meaningful or necessary (but it does not hurt either). In fact, "lib"
4254 :     can still be used as a global anchor for separate purposes. As a
4255 :     matter of fact, one can locally define "lib" in terms of a global
4256 :     "lib":
4257 :    
4258 :     a.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$lib/a))
4259 :     b.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$lib/b))
4260 :    
4261 :     ** 3: The encoding of path names has changed. This affects the way
4262 :     path names are shown in CM's progress report and also the internal
4263 :     protocol encoding used for parallel make.
4264 :    
4265 :     The encoding now uses one or more ':'-separated segments. Each
4266 :     segments corresponds to a file that has been specified relative to the
4267 :     file given by its preceding segment. The first segment is either
4268 :     relative to the CWD, absolute, or anchored. Each segment itself is
4269 :     basically a Unix pathname; all segments but the first are relative.
4270 :    
4271 :     Example:
4272 :    
4273 :     $foo/bar/baz.cm:a/b/c.sml
4274 :    
4275 :     This path denotes the file bar/a/b/c.sml relative to the directory
4276 :     denoted by anchor "foo". Notice that the encoding also includes
4277 :     baz.cm which is the .cm-file that listed a/b/c.sml. As usual, such
4278 :     paths are resolved relative to the .cm-files directory, so baz.cm must
4279 :     be ignored to get the "real" pathname.
4280 :    
4281 :     To make this fact more obvious, CM puts the names of such "virtual
4282 :     arcs" into parentheses when they appear in progress reports. (No
4283 :     parentheses will appear in the internal protocol encoding.) Thus,
4284 :     what you really see is:
4285 :    
4286 :     $foo/bar/(baz.cm):a/b/c.sml
4287 :    
4288 :     I find this notation to be much more informative than before.
4289 :    
4290 :     Another new feature of the encoding is that special characters
4291 :     including parentheses, colons, (back)slashes, and white space are
4292 :     written as \ddd (where ddd is the decimal encoding of the character).
4293 :    
4294 : blume 670 *** The CM manual still needs to be updated.
4295 :    
4296 : blume 666 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4297 : leunga 660 Name: Allen Leung
4298 :     Date: 2000/06/15 00:38:00
4299 :     Tag: leunga-20000615-x86-peephole
4300 :    
4301 :     x86 Peephole fix by Fermin. Affects c-- and moby only.
4302 :    
4303 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4304 : blume 658 Name: Matthias Blume
4305 :     Date: 2000/06/12 11:40:00
4306 :     Tag: blume-20000612-parmakefix
4307 :     Description:
4308 :    
4309 :     More cleanup after changing the file naming scheme: This time I
4310 :     repaired the parallel make mechanism for CMB.make which I broke earlier.
4311 :    
4312 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4313 : leunga 657 Name: Allen Leung
4314 :     Date: 2000/06/09 01:25:00
4315 :     Tag: leunga-20000609-various
4316 :    
4317 :     None of these things should affect normal SML/NJ operations
4318 :    
4319 :     1. Peephole improvements provided by Fermin (c--)
4320 :     2. New annotation DEFUSE for adding extra dependence (moby)
4321 :     3. New X86 LOCK instructions (moby)
4322 :     4. New machine description language for reservation tables (scheduling)
4323 :     5. Fixes to various optimization/analysis modules (branch chaining, dominator
4324 :     trees etc.)
4325 :     6. I've changed the CM files so that they can work with versions
4326 :     110.0.6, 110.25 and 110.28
4327 :    
4328 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4329 : blume 652 Name: Matthias Blume
4330 : blume 656 Date: 2000/06/09 12:40:00
4331 :     Tag: blume-20000609-log
4332 :     Description:
4333 :    
4334 :     - Removed all(?) remaining RCS Log entries from sources.
4335 :    
4336 :     - Fixed bug in ml-yacc and ml-lex sources (use explicit anchors for
4337 :     anchored paths).
4338 :    
4339 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4340 :     Name: Matthias Blume
4341 : blume 653 Date: 2000/06/07 17:00:00 JST
4342 :     Tag: blume-20000607-no-implicit-anchors
4343 :     Description:
4344 :    
4345 :     1. This update changes the default setting for
4346 :     CM.Control.implicit_anchors from true to false. This means that
4347 :     implicit anchors are no longer permitted by default. I also tried to
4348 :     make sure that nothing else still relies on implicit anchors.
4349 :     (This is the next step on the schedule towards a CM that does not even
4350 :     have the notion of implicit anchors anymore.)
4351 :    
4352 :