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[smlnj] Annotation of /sml/trunk/HISTORY
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Annotation of /sml/trunk/HISTORY

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1 : dbm 570 This is the HISTORY file for the Yale SML/NJ CVS repository.
2 :    
3 :     An entry should be made for _every_ commit to the repository.
4 :     The entries in this file will be used when creating the README
5 :     for new versions, so keep that in mind when writing the
6 :     description.
7 :    
8 :     The form of an entry should be:
9 :    
10 :     Name:
11 : george 1003 Date: yyyy/mm/dd
12 : dbm 570 Tag: <post-commit CVS tag>
13 :     Description:
14 : leunga 1142
15 : george 1136 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
16 : blume 1229 Name: Matthias Blume
17 : blume 1238 Date: 2002/06/10 16:35:00 EDT
18 :     Tag: blume-20020610-ieeereal
19 :     Description:
20 :    
21 :     I back-ported my implementation of IEEEReal.fromString from the
22 :     idlbasis-devel branch so that we can test it.
23 :    
24 :     Another small change is that ppDec tries to give more information
25 :     than just "<sig>" in the case of functors. However, this code is
26 :     broken in some mysterious way if the functor's body's signature
27 :     has not been declared by ascription but gets inferred from the
28 :     implementation. This needs fixing...
29 :    
30 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
31 :     Name: Matthias Blume
32 : blume 1229 Date: 2002/05/31
33 :     Tag: blume-20020531-btrace-mode
34 :     Description:
35 :    
36 :     Resurrected SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode. (It accidentally fell by
37 :     the wayside when I switched over to using Controls everywhere.)
38 :    
39 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
40 : george 1222 Name: Lal George
41 :     Date: 2002/05/23 12:21:40 EDT
42 :     Tag: george-20020523-visual-labels
43 :     Description:
44 :    
45 :     Labels are now displayed in the graphical output to make
46 :     the fall-through and target blocks obvious.
47 :    
48 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
49 : blume 1204 Name: Matthias Blume
50 : blume 1220 Date: 2002/05/22 11:03:00 EDT
51 :     Tag: blume-20020522-shrink
52 :     Description:
53 :    
54 :     John tweaked yesterday's fix for 1131 to handle an out-of-memory
55 :     situation that comes up when allocating huge arrays.
56 :    
57 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
58 :     Name: Matthias Blume
59 : blume 1215 Date: 2002/05/21 16:00:00 EDT
60 :     Tag: Release_110_40
61 :     Description:
62 :    
63 :     New working release (110.40). New bootfiles.
64 :    
65 :     [Also: John Reppy fixed GC bug 1131.]
66 :    
67 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
68 :     Name: Matthias Blume
69 : blume 1212 Date: 2002/05/21 12:35:00 EDT
70 :     Tag: blume-20020521-cmdoc
71 :     Description:
72 :    
73 :     CM documentation update.
74 :    
75 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
76 :     Name: Matthias Blume
77 : blume 1211 Date: 2002/05/21 10:55:00 EDT
78 :     Tag: blume-20020521-misc
79 :     Description:
80 :    
81 :     - John tweaked runtime to be silent on heap export (except when
82 :     GC messages are on).
83 :     - I added a few more things (cross-compiling versions of CMB) to
84 :     config/preloads (as suggestions).
85 :    
86 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
87 :     Name: Matthias Blume
88 : blume 1208 Date: 2002/05/20 22:25:00 EDT
89 :     Tag: blume-20020520-controls
90 :     Description:
91 :    
92 :     - Added ControlUtil structure to control-lib.cm.
93 :     - Use it throughout.
94 :     - Used Controls facility to define MLRISC controls (as opposed to
95 :     registering MLRISC control ref cells with Controls after the fact)
96 :     - Fixed messed-up controls priorities.
97 :    
98 :     * Removed again all the stuff from config/preloads that one wouldn't
99 :     be able to preload at the time the initial heap image is built.
100 :     (Many libraries, e.g., CML, do not exist yet at this time. The
101 :     only libraries that can be preloaded via config/preloads are those
102 :     that come bundled with the bootfiles.)
103 :    
104 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
105 :     Name: Matthias Blume
106 : blume 1204 Date: 2002/05/20 10:59:00 EDT
107 :     Tag: blume-20020520-preloads
108 :     Description:
109 :    
110 :     Added a lot of commented-out suggestions for things to be included
111 :     in config/preloads.
112 :    
113 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
114 : leunga 1203 Name: Allen Leung
115 :     Date: 2002/05/18 14:20:00 EDT
116 :     Tag: leunga-20020518-mdl
117 :     Description:
118 :    
119 :     o Made the mdl tool stuff compile and run again.
120 :     o I've disabled all the stuff that depends on RTL specifications; they
121 :     are all badly broken anyway.
122 :    
123 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
124 : blume 1201 Name: Matthias Blume
125 :     Date: 2002/05/17 16:49:00 EDT
126 :     Tag: blume-20020517-controls
127 :     Description:
128 :    
129 :     0. John Reppy made several modifications to the SML/NJ library.
130 :     In particular, there is a shiny new controls-lib.cm.
131 :    
132 :     1. Pushed new controls interface through compiler so that everything
133 :     compiles again.
134 :    
135 :     2. Added FormatComb and FORMAT_COMB to the CML version of the
136 :     SML/NJ library (so that CML compiles again).
137 :    
138 :     3. Modified init scripts because XXX_DEFAULT environment variables
139 :     are no longer with us. (Boot-time initialization is now done
140 :     using the same environment variables that are also used for
141 :     startup-time initialization of controls.)
142 :    
143 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
144 : george 1192 Name: Lal George
145 :     Date: 2002/05/15 09:20:10 EDT
146 :     Tag: george-20020515-pseudo-op-decls
147 :     Description:
148 :    
149 :     All pseudo-ops emitted before the first segment declaration
150 :     such as TEXT, DATA, and BSS directives are assumed to be global
151 :     declarations and are emitted first in the assembly file. This is
152 :     useful in a number of situations where one has pseudo-ops that are not
153 :     specific to any segment, and also works around the constraint that one
154 :     cannot have client pseudo-ops in the TEXT segment.
155 :    
156 :     Because no segment is associated with these declarations it is
157 :     an error to allocate any space or objects before the first segment
158 :     directive and an exception will be raised. However, we cannot make
159 :     this check for client pseudo-ops.
160 :    
161 :     These top level declarations are a field in the CFG graph_info.
162 :     In theory you can continue to add to this field after the CFG has been
163 :     built -- provided you know what you are doing;-)
164 :    
165 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
166 : blume 1175 Name: Matthias Blume
167 : blume 1190 Date: 2002/05/13 16:40:00 EDT
168 :     Tag: blume-20020513-pp-etc
169 :     Description:
170 :    
171 :     A few minor bugfixes:
172 :    
173 :     - Stopgap measure for bug recently reported by Elsa Gunter (ppDec).
174 :     (Bogus printouts for redefined bindings still occur. Compiler
175 :     bug should no longer occur now. We need to redo the prettyprinter
176 :     from scratch.)
177 :    
178 :     - CM pathname printer now also adds escape sequences for ( and )
179 :    
180 :     - commend and docu fixes for ml-nlffi
181 :    
182 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
183 :     Name: Matthias Blume
184 : blume 1189 Date: 2002/05/10 16:40:00 EDT
185 :     Tag: blume-20020510-erg-textio
186 :     Description:
187 :    
188 :     Applied the following bugfix provided by Emden Gansner:
189 :    
190 :     Output is corrupted when outputSubstr is used rather than output.
191 :    
192 :     The problem occurs when a substring
193 :    
194 :     ss = (s, dataStart, dataLen)
195 :    
196 :     where dataStart > 0, fills a stream buffer with avail bytes left.
197 :     avail bytes of s, starting at index dataStart, are copied into the
198 :     buffer, the buffer is flushed, and then the remaining dataLen-avail
199 :     bytes of ss are copied into the beginning of the buffer. Instead of
200 :     starting this copy at index dataStart+avail in s, the current code
201 :     starts the copy at index avail.
202 :    
203 :     Fix:
204 :     In text-io-fn.sml, change line 695 from
205 :     val needsFlush = copyVec(v, avail, dataLen-avail, buf, 0)
206 :     to
207 :     val needsFlush = copyVec(v, dataStart+avail, dataLen-avail, buf, 0)
208 :    
209 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
210 :     Name: Matthias Blume
211 : blume 1186 Date: 2002/04/12 13:55:00 EDT
212 :     Tag: blume-20020412-assyntax
213 :     Description:
214 :    
215 :     1. Grabbed newer assyntax.h from the XFree86 project.
216 :     2. Fiddled with how to compile X86.prim.asm without warnings.
217 :     3. (Very) Minor cleanup in CM.
218 :    
219 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
220 :     Name: Matthias Blume
221 : blume 1185 Date: 2002/04/01 (no joke!) 17:07:00 EST
222 :     Tag: blume-20020401-x86div
223 :     Description:
224 :    
225 :     Added full support for div/mod/rem/quot on the x86, using the machine
226 :     instruction's two results (without clumsily recomputing the remainder)
227 :     directly where appropriate.
228 :    
229 :     Some more extensive power-of-two support was added to the x86 instruction
230 :     selector (avoiding expensive divs, mods, and muls where they can be
231 :     replaced with cheaper shifts and masks). However, this sort of thing
232 :     ought to be done earlier, e.g., within the CPS optimizer so that
233 :     all architectures benefit from it.
234 :    
235 :     The compiler compiles to a fixed point, but changes might be somewhat
236 :     fragile nevertheless. Please, report any strange things that you might
237 :     see wrt. div/mod/quot/rem...
238 :    
239 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
240 :     Name: Matthias Blume
241 : blume 1184 Date: 2002/03/29 17:22:00
242 :     Tag: blume-20020329-div
243 :     Description:
244 :    
245 :     Fixed my broken div/mod logic. Unfortunately, this means that the
246 :     inline code for div/mod now has one more comparison than before.
247 :     Fast paths (quotient > 0 or remainder = 0) are not affected, though.
248 :     The problem was with quotient = 0, because that alone does not tell
249 :     us which way the rounding went. One then has to look at whether
250 :     remainder and divisor have the same sign... :(
251 :    
252 :     Anyway, I replaced the bootfiles with fresh ones...
253 :    
254 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
255 :     Name: Matthias Blume
256 : blume 1183 Date: 2002/03/29 14:10:00 EST
257 :     Tag: blume-20020329-inlprims
258 :     Description:
259 :    
260 :     NEW BOOTFILES!!! Version number bumped to 110.39.3.
261 :    
262 :     Primops have changed. This means that the bin/boot-file formats have
263 :     changed as well.
264 :    
265 :     To make sure that there is no confusion, I made a new version.
266 :    
267 :    
268 :     CHANGES:
269 :    
270 :     * removed REMT from mltree (remainder should never overflow).
271 :    
272 :     * added primops to deal with divisions of all flavors to the frontend
273 :    
274 :     * handled these primops all the way through so they map to their respective
275 :     MLRISC support
276 :    
277 :     * used these primops in the implementation of Int, Int32, Word, Word32
278 :    
279 :     * removed INLDIV, INLMOD, and INLREM as they are no longer necessary
280 :    
281 :     * parameterized INLMIN, INLMAX, and INLABS by a numkind
282 :    
283 :     * translate.sml now deals with all flavors of INL{MIN,MAX,ABS}, including
284 :     floating point
285 :    
286 :     * used INL{MIN,MAX,ABS} in the implementation of Int, Int32, Word, Word32,
287 :     and Real (but Real.abs maps to a separate floating-point-only primop)
288 :    
289 :    
290 :     TODO items:
291 :    
292 :     * Hacked Alpha32 instruction selection, disabling the selection of REMx
293 :     instructions because the machine instruction encoder cannot handle
294 :     them. (Hppa, PPC, and Sparc instruction selection did not handle
295 :     REM in the first place, and REM is supported by the x86 machine coder.)
296 :    
297 :     * Handle DIV and MOD with DIV_TO_NEGINF directly in the x86 instruction
298 :     selection phase. (The two can be streamlined because the hardware
299 :     delivers both quotient and remainder at the same time anyway.)
300 :    
301 :     * Think about what to do with "valOf(Int32.minInt) div ~1" and friends.
302 :     (Currently the behavior is inconsistent both across architectures and
303 :     wrt. the draft Basis spec.)
304 :    
305 :     * Word8 should eventually be handled natively, too.
306 :    
307 :     * There seems to be one serious bug in mltree-gen.sml. It appears, though,
308 :     as if there currently is no execution path that could trigger it in
309 :     SML/NJ. (The assumptions underlying functions arith and promotable do not
310 :     hold for things like multiplication and division.)
311 :    
312 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
313 :     Name: Matthias Blume
314 : blume 1181 Date: 2002/03/27 16:27:00 EST
315 :     Tag: blume-20020327-mlrisc-divisions
316 :     Description:
317 :    
318 :     Added support for all four division operations (ML's div, mod, quot,
319 :     and rem) to MLRISC. In the course of doing so, I also rationalized
320 :     the naming (no more annoying switch-around of DIV and QUOT), by
321 :     parameterizing the operation by div_rounding_mode (which can be either
322 :     DIV_TO_ZERO or DIV_TO_NEGINF).
323 :    
324 :     The generic MLTreeGen functor takes care of compiling all four
325 :     operations down to only round-to-zero div.
326 :    
327 :     Missing pieces:
328 :    
329 :     * Doing something smarter than relying on MLTreeGen on architectures
330 :     like, e.g., the x86 where hardware division delivers both quotient and
331 :     remainder at the same time. With this, the implementation of the
332 :     round-to-neginf operations could be further streamlined.
333 :    
334 :     * Remove inlining support for div/mod/rem from the frontend and replace it
335 :     with primops that get carried through to the backend. Do this for all
336 :     int and word types.
337 :    
338 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
339 :     Name: Matthias Blume
340 : blume 1180 Date: 2002/03/25 17:25:00 EST
341 :     Tag: blume-20020325-divmod
342 :     Description:
343 :    
344 :     I improved (hopefully without breaking them) the implementation of Int.div,
345 :     Int.mod, and Int.rem. For this, the code in translate.sml now takes
346 :     advantage of the following observations:
347 :    
348 :     Let q = x quot y r = x rem y
349 :     d = x div y m = x mod y
350 :    
351 :     where "quot" is the round-to-zero version of integer division that
352 :     hardware usually provides. Then we have:
353 :    
354 :     r = x - q * y where neither the * nor the - will overflow
355 :     d = if q >= 0 orelse x = q * y then q else q - 1
356 :     where neither the * nor the - will overflow
357 :     m = if q >= 0 orelse r = 0 then r else r + y
358 :     where the + will not overflow
359 :    
360 :     This results in substantial simplification of the generated code.
361 :     The following table shows the number of CFG nodes and edges generated
362 :     for
363 :     fun f (x, y) = x OPER y
364 :     (* with OPER \in div, mod, quot, rem *)
365 :    
366 :    
367 :     OPER | nodes(old) | edges(old) | nodes(new) | edges(new)
368 :     --------------------------------------------------------
369 :     div | 24 | 39 | 12 | 16
370 :     mod | 41 | 71 | 12 | 16
371 :     quot | 8 | 10 | 8 | 10
372 :     rem | 10 | 14 | 8 | 10
373 :    
374 :    
375 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
376 :     Name: Matthias Blume
377 : blume 1179 Date: 2002/03/25 22:06:00 EST
378 :     Tag: blume-20020325-cprotobug
379 :     Description:
380 :    
381 :     Fixed a bug in cproto (c prototype decoder).
382 :    
383 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
384 :     Name: Matthias Blume
385 : blume 1178 Date: 2002/03/25 16:00:00 EST
386 :     Tag: blume-20020325-raw-primops
387 :     Description:
388 :    
389 :     I did some cleanup to Allen's new primop code and
390 :     replaced yesterday's bootfiles with new ones.
391 :     (But they are stored in the same place.)
392 :    
393 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
394 :     Name: Matthias Blume
395 : blume 1175 Date: 2002/03/24 22:40:00 EST
396 :     Tag: blume-20020324-bootfiles
397 :     Description:
398 :    
399 :     Made the bootfiles that Allen asked for.
400 :    
401 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
402 : leunga 1174 Name: Allen Leung
403 :     Date: 2002/03/23 15:50:00 EST
404 :     Tag: leunga-20020323-flint-cps-rcc-primops
405 :     Description:
406 :    
407 :     1. Changes to FLINT primops:
408 :    
409 :     (* make a call to a C-function;
410 :     * The primop carries C function prototype information and specifies
411 :     * which of its (ML-) arguments are floating point. C prototype
412 :     * information is for use by the backend, ML information is for
413 :     * use by the CPS converter. *)
414 :     | RAW_CCALL of { c_proto: CTypes.c_proto,
415 :     ml_args: ccall_type list,
416 :     ml_res_opt: ccall_type option,
417 :     reentrant : bool
418 :     } option
419 :     (* Allocate uninitialized storage on the heap.
420 :     * The record is meant to hold short-lived C objects, i.e., they
421 :     * are not ML pointers. With the tag, the representation is
422 :     * the same as RECORD with tag tag_raw32 (sz=4), or tag_fblock (sz=8)
423 :     *)
424 :     | RAW_RECORD of {tag:bool,sz:int}
425 :     and ccall_type = CCALL_INT32 | CCALL_REAL64 | CCALL_ML_PTR
426 :    
427 :     2. These CPS primops are now overloaded:
428 :    
429 :     rawload of {kind:numkind}
430 :     rawstore of {kind:numkind}
431 :    
432 :     The one argument form is:
433 :    
434 :     rawload {kind} address
435 :    
436 :     The two argument form is:
437 :    
438 :     rawload {kind} [ml object, byte-offset]
439 :    
440 :     3. RAW_CCALL/RCC now takes two extra arguments:
441 :    
442 :     a. The first is whether the C call is reentrant, i.e., whether
443 :     ML state should be saved and restored.
444 :     b. The second argument is a string argument specifying the name of
445 :     library and the C function.
446 :    
447 :     These things are currently not handled in the code generator, yet.
448 :    
449 :     4. In CProto,
450 :    
451 :     An encoding type of "bool" means "ml object" and is mapped into
452 :     C prototype of PTR. Note that "bool" is different than "string",
453 :     even though "string" is also mapped into PTR, because "bool"
454 :     is assigned an CPS type of BOGt, while "string" is assigned INT32t.
455 :    
456 :     5. Pickler/unpicker
457 :    
458 :     Changed to handle RAW_RECORD and newest RAW_CCALL
459 :    
460 :     6. MLRiscGen,
461 :    
462 :     1. Changed to handle the new rawload/rawstore/rawrecord operators.
463 :     2. Code for handling C Calls has been moved to a new module CPSCCalls,
464 :     in the file CodeGen/cpscompile/cps-c-calls.sml
465 :    
466 :     7. Added the conditional move operator
467 :    
468 :     condmove of branch
469 :    
470 :     to cps. Generation of this is still buggy so it is currently
471 :     disabled.
472 :    
473 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
474 : george 1168 Name: Lal George
475 :     Date: 2002/03/22 14:18:25 EST
476 : george 1171 Tag: george-20020322-cps-branch-prob
477 : george 1168 Description:
478 :    
479 : george 1171 Implemented the Ball-Larus branch prediction-heuristics, and
480 : george 1168 incorporated graphical viewers for control flow graphs.
481 :    
482 : george 1171 Ball-Larus Heuristics:
483 : george 1168 ---------------------
484 :     See the file compiler/CodeGen/cpscompile/cpsBranchProb.sml.
485 :    
486 :     By design it uses the Dempster-Shafer theory for combining
487 :     probabilities. For example, in the function:
488 :    
489 :     fun f(n,acc) = if n = 0 then acc else f(n-1, n*acc)
490 :    
491 :     the ball-larus heuristics predicts that the n=0 is unlikely
492 :     (OH-heuristic), and the 'then' branch is unlikely because of the
493 :     RH-heuristic -- giving the 'then' branch an even lower combined
494 : george 1171 probability using the Dempster-Shafer theory.
495 : george 1168
496 :     Finally, John Reppy's loop analysis in MLRISC, further lowers the
497 :     probability of the 'then' branch because of the loop in the else
498 :     branch.
499 :    
500 :    
501 :     Graphical Viewing:
502 :     ------------------
503 :     I merely plugged in Allen's graphical viewers into the compiler. The
504 :     additional code is not much. At the top level, saying:
505 :    
506 :     Control.MLRISC.getFlag "cfg-graphical-view" := true;
507 :    
508 :     will display the graphical view of the control flow graph just before
509 :     back-patching. daVinci must be in your path for this to work. If
510 :     daVinci is not available, then the default viewer can be changed
511 :     using:
512 :    
513 :     Control.MLRISC.getString "viewer"
514 :    
515 :     which can be set to "dot" or "vcg" for the corresponding viewers. Of
516 :     course, these viewers must be in your path.
517 :    
518 :     The above will display the compilation unit at the level of clusters,
519 :     many of which are small, boring, and un-interesting. Also setting:
520 :    
521 :     Control.MLRISC.getInt "cfg-graphical-view_size"
522 :    
523 :     will display clusters that are larger than the value set by the above.
524 :    
525 :    
526 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
527 : blume 1159 Name: Matthias Blume
528 :     Date: 2002/03/21 22:20:00 EST
529 :     Tag: blume-20020321-kmp-bugfix
530 :     Description:
531 :    
532 :     Changed the interface to the KMP routine in PreString and fixed
533 :     a minor bug in one place where it was used.
534 :    
535 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
536 : leunga 1156 Name: Allen Leung
537 : leunga 1158 Date: 2002/03/21 20:30:00 EST
538 :     Tag: leunga-20020321-cfg
539 :     Description:
540 :    
541 :     Fixed a potential problem in cfg edge splitting.
542 :    
543 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
544 :     Name: Allen Leung
545 : leunga 1156 Date: 2002/03/21 17:15:00 EST
546 :     Tag: leunga-20020321-x86-fp-cfg
547 :     Description:
548 :    
549 :     1. Recoded the buggy parts of x86-fp.
550 :    
551 :     a. All the block reordering code has been removed.
552 :     We now depend on the block placement phases to do this work.
553 :    
554 :     b. Critical edge splitting code has been simplified and moved into the
555 :     CFG modules, as where they belong.
556 :    
557 :     Both of these were quite buggy and complex. The code is now much, much
558 :     simpler.
559 :    
560 :     2. X86 backend.
561 :    
562 :     a. Added instructions for 64-bit support. Instruction selection for
563 :     64-bit has not been committed, however, since that
564 :     requires changes to MLTREE which haven't been approved by
565 :     Lal and John.
566 :    
567 :     b. Added support for FUCOMI and FUCOMIP when generating code for
568 :     PentiumPro and above. We only generate these instructions in
569 :     the fast-fp mode.
570 :    
571 :     c. Added cases for JP and JNP in X86FreqProps.
572 :    
573 :     3. CFG
574 :    
575 :     CFG now has a bunch of methods for edge splitting and merging.
576 :    
577 :     4. Machine description.
578 :    
579 :     John's simplification of MLTREE_BASIS.fcond broke a few machine
580 :     description things:
581 :    
582 :     rtl-build.{sig,sml} and hppa.mdl fixed.
583 :    
584 :     NOTE: the machine description stuff in the repository is still broken.
585 :     Again, I can't put my fixes in because that involves
586 :     changes to MLTREE.
587 :    
588 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
589 : blume 1145 Name: Matthias Blume
590 : blume 1155 Date: 2002/03/20 15:55:00 EST
591 :     Tag: blume-20020320-kmp
592 :     Description:
593 :    
594 :     Implemented Knuth-Morris-Pratt string matching in PreString and used
595 :     it for String.isSubstring, Substring.isSubstring, and
596 :     Substring.position.
597 :    
598 :     (Might need some stress-testing. Simple examples worked fine.)
599 :    
600 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
601 :     Name: Matthias Blume
602 : blume 1152 Date: 2002/03/19 16:37:00 EST
603 :     Tag: blume-20020319-witnesses
604 :     Description:
605 :    
606 :     Added a structure C.W and functions convert/Ptr.convert to ml-nlffi-lib.
607 :    
608 :     This implements a generic mechanism for changing constness qualifiers
609 :     anywhere within big C types without resorting to outright "casts".
610 :     (So far, functions such as C.rw/C.ro or C.Ptr.rw/C.Ptr.ro only let you
611 :     modify the constness at the outermost level.)
612 :     The implementation of "convert" is based on the idea of "witness"
613 :     values -- values that are not used by the operation but whose types
614 :     "testify" to their applicability. On the implementation side, "convert"
615 :     is simply a projection (returning its second curried argument). With
616 :     cross-module inlining, it should not result in any machine code being
617 :     generated.
618 :    
619 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
620 :     Name: Matthias Blume
621 : blume 1148 Date: 2002/03/15 16:40:00 EST
622 :     Tag: blume-20020315-basis
623 :     Description:
624 :    
625 :     Provided (preliminary?) implementations for
626 :    
627 :     {String,Substring}.{concatWith,isSuffix,isSubstring}
628 :    
629 :     and
630 :    
631 :     Substring.full
632 :    
633 :     Those are in the Basis spec but they were missing in SML/NJ.
634 :    
635 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
636 :     Name: Matthias Blume
637 : blume 1145 Date: 2002/03/14 21:30:00 EST
638 :     Tag: blume-20020314-controls
639 :     Description:
640 :    
641 :     Controls:
642 :     ---------
643 :    
644 :     1. Factored out the recently-added Controls : CONTROLS stuff and put
645 :     it into its own library $/controls-lib.cm. The source tree for
646 :     this is under src/smlnj-lib/Controls.
647 :    
648 :     2. Changed the names of types and functions in this interface, so they
649 :     make a bit more "sense":
650 :    
651 :     module -> registry
652 :     'a registry -> 'a group
653 :    
654 :     3. The interface now deals in ref cells only. The getter/setter interface
655 :     is (mostly) gone.
656 :    
657 :     4. Added a function that lets one register an already-existing ref cell.
658 :    
659 :     5. Made the corresponding modifications to the rest of the code so that
660 :     everything compiles again.
661 :    
662 :     6. Changed the implementation of Controls.MLRISC back to something closer
663 :     to the original. In particular, this module (and therefore MLRISC)
664 :     does not depend on Controls. There now is some link-time code in
665 :     int-sys.sml that registers the MLRISC controls with the Controls
666 :     module.
667 :    
668 :     CM:
669 :     ---
670 :    
671 :     * One can now specify the lambda-split aggressiveness in init.cmi.
672 :    
673 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
674 : leunga 1142 Name: Allen Leung
675 :     Date: 2002/03/13 17:30:00 EST
676 :     Tag: leunga-20020313-x86-fp-unary
677 :     Description:
678 :    
679 :     Bug fix for:
680 :    
681 :     > leunga@weaselbane:~/Yale/tmp/sml-dist{21} bin/sml
682 :     > Standard ML of New Jersey v110.39.1 [FLINT v1.5], March 08, 2002
683 :     > - fun f(x,(y,z)) = Real.~ y;
684 :     > [autoloading]
685 :     > [autoloading done]
686 :     > fchsl (%eax), 184(%esp)
687 :     > Error: MLRisc bug: X86MCEmitter.emitInstr
688 :     >
689 :     > uncaught exception Error
690 :     > raised at: ../MLRISC/control/mlriscErrormsg.sml:16.14-16.19
691 :    
692 :     The problem was that the code generator did not generate any fp registers
693 :     in this case, and the ra didn't know that it needed to run the X86FP phase to
694 :     translate the pseudo fp instruction. This only happened with unary fp
695 :     operators in certain situations.
696 :    
697 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
698 : blume 1137 Name: Matthias Blume
699 : blume 1140 Date: 2002/03/13 14:00:00 EST
700 :     Tag: blume-20020313-overload-etc
701 :     Description:
702 :    
703 :     1. Added _overload as a synonym for overload for backward compatibility.
704 :     (Control.overloadKW must be true for either version to be accepted.)
705 :    
706 :     2. Fixed bug in install script that caused more things to be installed
707 :     than what was requested in config/targets.
708 :    
709 :     3. Made CM aware of the (_)overload construct so that autoloading
710 :     works.
711 :    
712 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
713 :     Name: Matthias Blume
714 : blume 1138 Date: 2002/03/12 22:03:00 EST
715 :     Tag: blume-20020312-url
716 :     Description:
717 :    
718 :     Forgot to update BOOT and srcarchiveurl.
719 :    
720 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
721 :     Name: Matthias Blume
722 : blume 1137 Date: 2002/03/12 17:30:00 EST
723 :     Tag: blume-20020312-version110392
724 :     Description:
725 :    
726 :     Yet another version number bump (because of small changes to the
727 :     binfile format). Version number is now 110.39.2. NEW BOOTFILES!
728 :    
729 :     Changes:
730 :    
731 :     The new pid generation scheme described a few weeks ago was overly
732 :     complicated. I implemented a new mechanism that is simpler and
733 :     provides a bit more "stability": Once CM has seen a compilation
734 :     unit, it keeps its identity constant (as long as you do not delete
735 :     those crucial CM/GUID/* files). This means that when you change
736 : blume 1145 an interface, compile, then go back to the old interface, and
737 : blume 1137 compile again, you arrive at the original pid.
738 :    
739 :     There now also is a mechanism that instructs CM to use the plain
740 :     environment hash as a module's pid (effectively making its GUID
741 :     the empty string). For this, "noguid" must be specified as an
742 :     option to the .sml file in question within its .cm file.
743 :     This is most useful for code that is being generated by tools such
744 :     as ml-nlffigen (because during development programmers tend to
745 :     erase the tool's entire output directory tree including CM's cached
746 :     GUIDs). "noguid" is somewhat dangerous (since it can be used to locally
747 :     revert to the old, broken behavior of SML/NJ, but in specific cases
748 :     where there is no danger of interface confusion, its use is ok
749 :     (I think).
750 :    
751 :     ml-nlffigen by default generates "noguid" annotations. They can be
752 :     turned off by specifying -guid in its command line.
753 :    
754 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
755 : george 1136 Name: Lal George
756 :     Date: 2002/03/12 12 14:42:36 EST
757 :     Tag: george-20020312-frequency-computation
758 :     Description:
759 :    
760 :     Integrated jump chaining and static block frequency into the
761 :     compiler. More details and numbers later.
762 : leunga 1025
763 : george 1003 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
764 : george 1133 Name: Lal George
765 :     Date: 2002/03/11 11 22:38:53 EST
766 :     Tag: george-20020311-jump-chain-elim
767 :     Description:
768 :    
769 :     Tested the jump chain elimination on all architectures (except the
770 :     hppa). This is on by default right now and is profitable for the
771 :     alpha and x86, however, it may not be profitable for the sparc and ppc
772 :     when compiling the compiler.
773 :    
774 :     The gc test will typically jump to a label at the end of the cluster,
775 :     where there is another jump to an external cluster containing the actual
776 :     code to invoke gc. This is to allow factoring of common gc invocation
777 :     sequences. That is to say, we generate:
778 :    
779 :     f:
780 :     testgc
781 :     ja L1 % jump if above to L1
782 :    
783 :     L1:
784 :     jmp L2
785 :    
786 :    
787 :     After jump chain elimination the 'ja L1' instructions is converted to
788 :     'ja L2'. On the sparc and ppc, many of the 'ja L2' instructions may end
789 :     up being implemented in their long form (if L2 is far away) using:
790 :    
791 :     jbe L3 % jump if below or equal to L3
792 :     jmp L2
793 :     L3:
794 :     ...
795 :    
796 :    
797 :     For large compilation units L2 may be far away.
798 :    
799 :    
800 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
801 : blume 1132 Name: Matthias Blume
802 :     Date: 2002/03/11 13:30:00 EST
803 :     Tag: blume-20020311-mltreeeval
804 :     Description:
805 :    
806 :     A functor parameter was missing.
807 :    
808 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
809 : leunga 1130 Name: Allen Leung
810 : leunga 1131 Date: 2002/03/11 10:30:00 EST
811 : leunga 1142 Tag: leunga-20020311-runtime-string0
812 : leunga 1131 Description:
813 :    
814 :     The representation of the empty string now points to a
815 :     legal null terminated C string instead of unit. It is now possible
816 :     to convert an ML string into C string with InlineT.CharVector.getData.
817 :     This compiles into one single machine instruction.
818 :    
819 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
820 :     Name: Allen Leung
821 : leunga 1130 Date: 2002/03/10 23:55:00 EST
822 :     Tag: leunga-20020310-x86-call
823 :     Description:
824 :    
825 :     Added machine generation for CALL instruction (relative displacement mode)
826 :    
827 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
828 : blume 1128 Name: Matthias Blume
829 :     Date: 2002/03/08 16:05:00
830 :     Tag: blume-20020308-entrypoints
831 :     Description:
832 :    
833 :     Version number bumped to 110.39.1. NEW BOOTFILES!
834 :    
835 :     Entrypoints: non-zero offset into a code object where execution should begin.
836 :    
837 :     - Added the notion of an entrypoint to CodeObj.
838 :     - Added reading/writing of entrypoint info to Binfile.
839 :     - Made runtime system bootloader aware of entrypoints.
840 :     - Use the address of the label of the first function given to mlriscGen
841 :     as the entrypoint. This address is currently always 0, but it will
842 :     not be 0 once we turn on block placement.
843 :     - Removed the linkage cluster code (which was The Other Way(tm) of dealing
844 :     with entry points) from mlriscGen.
845 :    
846 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
847 : leunga 1127 Name: Allen Leung
848 :     Date: 2002/03/07 20:45:00 EST
849 :     Tag: leunga-20020307-x86-cmov
850 :     Description:
851 :    
852 :     Bug fixes for CMOVcc on x86.
853 :    
854 :     1. Added machine code generation for CMOVcc
855 :     2. CMOVcc is now generated in preference over SETcc on PentiumPro or above.
856 :     3. CMOVcc cannot have an immediate operand as argument.
857 :    
858 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
859 : blume 1126 Name: Matthias Blume
860 :     Date: 2002/03/07 16:15:00 EST
861 :     Tag: blume-20020307-controls
862 :     Description:
863 :    
864 :     This is a very large but mostly boring patch which makes (almost)
865 :     every tuneable compiler knob (i.e., pretty much everything under
866 :     Control.* plus a few other things) configurable via both the command
867 :     line and environment variables in the style CM did its configuration
868 :     until now.
869 :    
870 :     Try starting sml with '-h' (or, if you are brave, '-H')
871 :    
872 :     To this end, I added a structure Controls : CONTROLS to smlnj-lib.cm which
873 :     implements the underlying generic mechanism.
874 :    
875 :     The interface to some of the existing such facilities has changed somewhat.
876 :     For example, the MLRiscControl module now provides mkFoo instead of getFoo.
877 :     (The getFoo interface is still there for backward-compatibility, but its
878 :     use is deprecated.)
879 :    
880 :     The ml-build script passes -Cxxx=yyy command-line arguments through so
881 :     that one can now twiddle the compiler settings when using this "batch"
882 :     compiler.
883 :    
884 :     TODO items:
885 :    
886 :     We should go through and throw out all controls that are no longer
887 :     connected to anything. Moreover, we should go through and provide
888 :     meaningful (and correct!) documentation strings for those controls
889 :     that still are connected.
890 :    
891 :     Currently, multiple calls to Controls.new are accepted (only the first
892 :     has any effect). Eventually we should make sure that every control
893 :     is being made (via Controls.new) exactly once. Future access can then
894 :     be done using Controls.acc.
895 :    
896 :     Finally, it would probably be a good idea to use the getter-setter
897 :     interface to controls rather than ref cells. For the time being, both
898 :     styles are provided by the Controls module, but getter-setter pairs are
899 :     better if thread-safety is of any concern because they can be wrapped.
900 :    
901 :     *****************************************
902 :    
903 :     One bug fix: The function blockPlacement in three of the MLRISC
904 :     backpatch files used to be hard-wired to one of two possibilities at
905 :     link time (according to the value of the placementFlag). But (I
906 :     think) it should rather sense the flag every time.
907 :    
908 :     *****************************************
909 :    
910 :     Other assorted changes (by other people who did not supply a HISTORY entry):
911 :    
912 :     1. the cross-module inliner now works much better (Monnier)
913 :     2. representation of weights, frequencies, and probabilities in MLRISC
914 :     changed in preparation of using those for weighted block placement
915 :     (Reppy, George)
916 :    
917 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
918 : george 1116 Name: Lal George
919 : george 1124 Date: 2002/03/07 14:44:24 EST 2002
920 :     Tag: george-20020307-weighted-block-placement
921 :    
922 :     Tested the weighted block placement optimization on all architectures
923 :     (except the hppa) using AMPL to generate the block and edge frequencies.
924 :     Changes were required in the machine properties to correctly
925 :     categorize trap instructions. There is an MLRISC flag
926 :     "weighted-block-placement" that can be used to enable weighted block
927 :     placement, but this will be ineffective without block/edge
928 :     frequencies (coming soon).
929 :    
930 :    
931 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
932 :     Name: Lal George
933 : george 1116 Date: 2002/03/05 17:24:48 EST
934 :     Tag: george-20020305-linkage-cluster
935 :    
936 : george 1124 In order to support the block placement optimization, a new cluster
937 :     is generated as the very first cluster (called the linkage cluster).
938 :     It contains a single jump to the 'real' entry point for the compilation
939 :     unit. Block placement has no effect on the linkage cluster itself, but
940 :     all the other clusters have full freedom in the manner in which they
941 :     reorder blocks or functions.
942 : george 1116
943 :     On the x86 the typical linkage code that is generated is:
944 :     ----------------------
945 :     .align 2
946 :     L0:
947 :     addl $L1-L0, 72(%esp)
948 : george 1124 jmp L1
949 : george 1116
950 :    
951 :     .align 2
952 :     L1:
953 :     ----------------------
954 :    
955 :     72(%esp) is the memory location for the stdlink register. This
956 :     must contain the address of the CPS function being called. In the
957 : george 1124 above example, it contains the address of L0; before
958 : george 1116 calling L1 (the real entry point for the compilation unit), it
959 :     must contain the address for L1, and hence
960 :    
961 :     addl $L1-L0, 72(%esp)
962 :    
963 : george 1124 I have tested this on all architectures except the hppa.The increase
964 :     in code size is of course negligible
965 : george 1116
966 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
967 : leunga 1115 Name: Allen Leung
968 :     Date: 2002/03/03 13:20:00 EST
969 :     Tag: leunga-20020303-mlrisc-tools
970 :    
971 :     Added #[ ... ] expressions to mlrisc tools
972 :    
973 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
974 : blume 1096 Name: Matthias Blume
975 : blume 1098 Date: 2002/02/27 12:29:00 EST
976 :     Tag: blume-20020227-cdebug
977 :     Description:
978 :    
979 :     - made types in structure C and C_Debug to be equal
980 :     - got rid of code duplication (c-int.sml vs. c-int-debug.sml)
981 :     - there no longer is a C_Int_Debug (C_Debug is directly derived from C)
982 :    
983 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
984 :     Name: Matthias Blume
985 : blume 1096 Date: 2002/02/26 12:00:00 EST
986 :     Tag: blume-20020226-ffi
987 :     Description:
988 :    
989 :     1. Fixed a minor bug in CM's "noweb" tool:
990 :     If numbering is turned off, then truly don't number (i.e., do not
991 :     supply the -L option to noweb). The previous behavior was to supply
992 :     -L'' -- which caused noweb to use the "default" line numbering scheme.
993 :     Thanks to Chris Richards for pointing this out (and supplying the fix).
994 :    
995 :     2. Once again, I reworked some aspects of the FFI:
996 :    
997 :     A. The incomplete/complete type business:
998 :    
999 :     - Signatures POINTER_TO_INCOMPLETE_TYPE and accompanying functors are
1000 :     gone!
1001 :     - ML types representing an incomplete type are now *equal* to
1002 :     ML types representing their corresponding complete types (just like
1003 :     in C). This is still safe because ml-nlffigen will not generate
1004 :     RTTI for incomplete types, nor will it generate functions that
1005 :     require access to such RTTI. But when ML code generated from both
1006 :     incomplete and complete versions of the C type meet, the ML types
1007 :     are trivially interoperable.
1008 :    
1009 :     NOTE: These changes restore the full generality of the translation
1010 :     (which was previously lost when I eliminated functorization)!
1011 :    
1012 :     B. Enum types:
1013 :    
1014 :     - Structure C now has a type constructor "enum" that is similar to
1015 :     how the "su" constructor works. However, "enum" is not a phantom
1016 :     type because each "T enum" has values (and is isomorphic to
1017 :     MLRep.Signed.int).
1018 :     - There are generic access operations for enum objects (using
1019 :     MLRep.Signed.int).
1020 :     - ml-nlffigen will generate a structure E_foo for each "enum foo".
1021 :     * The structure contains the definition of type "mlrep" (the ML-side
1022 :     representation type of the enum). Normally, mlrep is the same
1023 :     as "MLRep.Signed.int", but if ml-nlffigen was invoked with "-ec",
1024 :     then mlrep will be defined as a datatype -- thus facilitating
1025 :     pattern matching on mlrep values.
1026 :     ("-ec" will be suppressed if there are duplicate values in an
1027 :     enumeration.)
1028 :     * Constructors ("-ec") or values (no "-ec") e_xxx of type mlrep
1029 :     will be generated for each C enum constant xxx.
1030 :     * Conversion functions m2i and i2m convert between mlrep and
1031 :     MLRep.Signed.int. (Without "-ec", these functions are identities.)
1032 :     * Coversion functions c and ml convert between mlrep and "tag enum".
1033 :     * Access functions (get/set) fetch and store mlrep values.
1034 :     - By default (unless ml-nlffigen was invoked with "-nocollect"), unnamed
1035 :     enumerations are merged into one single enumeration represented by
1036 :     structure E_'.
1037 :    
1038 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1039 : leunga 1080 Name: Allen Leung
1040 : leunga 1094 Date: 2002/02/25 04:45:00 EST
1041 :     Tag: leunga-20020225-cps-spill
1042 :    
1043 :     This is a new implementation of the CPS spill phase.
1044 :     The new phase is in the new file compiler/CodeGen/cpscompile/spill-new.sml
1045 :     In case of problems, replace it with the old file spill.sml
1046 :    
1047 :     The current compiler runs into some serious performance problems when
1048 :     constructing a large record. This can happen when we try to compile a
1049 :     structure with many items. Even a very simple structure like the following
1050 :     makes the compiler slow down.
1051 :    
1052 :     structure Foo = struct
1053 :     val x_1 = 0w1 : Word32.int
1054 :     val x_2 = 0w2 : Word32.int
1055 :     val x_3 = 0w3 : Word32.int
1056 :     ...
1057 :     val x_N = 0wN : Word32.int
1058 :     end
1059 :    
1060 :     The following table shows the compile time, from N=1000 to N=4000,
1061 :     with the old compiler:
1062 :    
1063 :     N
1064 :     1000 CPS 100 spill 0.04u 0.00s 0.00g
1065 :     MLRISC ra 0.06u 0.00s 0.05g
1066 :     (spills = 0 reloads = 0)
1067 :     TOTAL 0.63u 0.07s 0.21g
1068 :    
1069 :     1100 CPS 100 spill 8.25u 0.32s 0.64g
1070 :     MLRISC ra 5.68u 0.59s 3.93g
1071 :     (spills = 0 reloads = 0)
1072 :     TOTAL 14.71u 0.99s 4.81g
1073 :    
1074 :     1500 CPS 100 spill 58.55u 2.34s 1.74g
1075 :     MLRISC ra 5.54u 0.65s 3.91g
1076 :     (spills = 543 reloads = 1082)
1077 :     TOTAL 65.40u 3.13s 6.00g
1078 :    
1079 :     2000 CPS 100 spill 126.69u 4.84s 3.08g
1080 :     MLRISC ra 0.80u 0.10s 0.55g
1081 :     (spills = 42 reloads = 84)
1082 :     TOTAL 129.42u 5.10s 4.13g
1083 :    
1084 :     3000 CPS 100 spill 675.59u 19.03s 11.64g
1085 :     MLRISC ra 2.69u 0.27s 1.38g
1086 :     (spills = 62 reloads = 124)
1087 :     TOTAL 682.48u 19.61s 13.99g
1088 :    
1089 :     4000 CPS 100 spill 2362.82u 56.28s 43.60g
1090 :     MLRISC ra 4.96u 0.27s 2.72g
1091 :     (spills = 85 reloads = 170)
1092 :     TOTAL 2375.26u 57.21s 48.00g
1093 :    
1094 :     As you can see the old cps spill module suffers from some serious
1095 : leunga 1115 performance problem. But since I cannot decipher the old code fully,
1096 :     instead of patching the problems up, I'm reimplementing it
1097 : leunga 1094 with a different algorithm. The new code is more modular,
1098 :     smaller when compiled, and substantially faster
1099 :     (O(n log n) time and O(n) space). Timing of the new spill module:
1100 :    
1101 :     4000 CPS 100 spill 0.02u 0.00s 0.00g
1102 :     MLRISC ra 0.25u 0.02s 0.15g
1103 :     (spills=1 reloads=3)
1104 :     TOTAL 7.74u 0.34s 1.62g
1105 :    
1106 :     Implementation details:
1107 :    
1108 :     As far as I can tell, the purpose of the CPS spill module is to make sure the
1109 :     number of live variables at any program point (the bandwidth)
1110 :     does not exceed a certain limit, which is determined by the
1111 :     size of the spill area.
1112 :    
1113 :     When the bandwidth is too large, we decrease the register pressure by
1114 :     packing live variables into spill records. How we achieve this is
1115 :     completely different than what we did in the old code.
1116 :    
1117 :     First, there is something about the MLRiscGen code generator
1118 :     that we should be aware of:
1119 :    
1120 :     o MLRiscGen performs code motion!
1121 :    
1122 :     In particular, it will move floating point computations and
1123 :     address computations involving only the heap pointer to
1124 :     their use sites (if there is only a single use).
1125 :     What this means is that if we have a CPS record construction
1126 :     statement
1127 :    
1128 :     RECORD(k,vl,w,e)
1129 :    
1130 :     we should never count the new record address w as live if w
1131 :     has only one use (which is often the case).
1132 :    
1133 :     We should do something similar to floating point, but the transformation
1134 :     there is much more complex, so I won't deal with that.
1135 :    
1136 :     Secondly, there are now two new cps primops at our disposal:
1137 :    
1138 :     1. rawrecord of record_kind option
1139 :     This pure operator allocates some uninitialized storage from the heap.
1140 :     There are two forms:
1141 :    
1142 :     rawrecord NONE [INT n] allocates a tagless record of length n
1143 :     rawrecord (SOME rk) [INT n] allocates a tagged record of length n
1144 :     and initializes the tag.
1145 :    
1146 :     2. rawupdate of cty
1147 :     rawupdate cty (v,i,x)
1148 :     Assigns to x to the ith component of record v.
1149 :     The storelist is not updated.
1150 :    
1151 :     We use these new primops for both spilling and increment record construction.
1152 :    
1153 :     1. Spilling.
1154 :    
1155 :     This is implemented with a linear scan algorithm (but generalized
1156 :     to trees). The algorithm will create a single spill record at the
1157 :     beginning of the cps function and use rawupdate to spill to it,
1158 :     and SELECT or SELp to reload from it. So both spills and reloads
1159 :     are fine-grain operations. In contrast, in the old algorithm
1160 :     "spills" have to be bundled together in records.
1161 :    
1162 :     Ideally, we should sink the spill record construction to where
1163 :     it is needed. We can even split the spill record into multiple ones
1164 :     at the places where they are needed. But CPS is not a good
1165 :     representation for global code motion, so I'll keep it simple and
1166 :     am not attempting this.
1167 :    
1168 :     2. Incremental record construction (aka record splitting).
1169 :    
1170 :     Long records with many component values which are simulatenously live
1171 :     (recall that single use record addresses are not considered to
1172 :     be live) are constructed with rawrecord and rawupdate.
1173 :     We allocate space on the heap with rawrecord first, then gradually
1174 :     fill it in with rawupdate. This is the technique suggested to me
1175 :     by Matthias.
1176 :    
1177 :     Some restrictions on when this is applicable:
1178 :     1. It is not a VECTOR record. The code generator currently does not handle
1179 :     this case. VECTOR record uses double indirection like arrays.
1180 :     2. All the record component values are defined in the same "basic block"
1181 :     as the record constructor. This is to prevent speculative
1182 :     record construction.
1183 :    
1184 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1185 :     Name: Allen Leung
1186 : leunga 1086 Date: 2002/02/22 01:02:00 EST
1187 :     Tag: leunga-20020222-mlrisc-tools
1188 :    
1189 :     Minor bug fixes in the parser and rewriter
1190 :    
1191 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1192 :     Name: Allen Leung
1193 : leunga 1085 Date: 2002/02/21 20:20:00 EST
1194 :     Tag: leunga-20020221-peephole
1195 :    
1196 :     Regenerated the peephole files. Some contained typos in the specification
1197 :     and some didn't compile because of pretty printing bugs in the old version
1198 :     of 'nowhere'.
1199 :    
1200 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1201 :     Name: Allen Leung
1202 : leunga 1079 Date: 2002/02/19 20:20:00 EST
1203 :     Tag: leunga-20020219-mlrisc-tools
1204 :     Description:
1205 :    
1206 :     Minor bug fixes to the mlrisc-tools library:
1207 :    
1208 :     1. Fixed up parsing colon suffixed keywords
1209 :     2. Added the ability to shut the error messages up
1210 :     3. Reimplemented the pretty printer and fixed up/improved
1211 :     the pretty printing of handle and -> types.
1212 :     4. Fixed up generation of literal symbols in the nowhere tool.
1213 :     5. Added some SML keywords to to sml.sty
1214 :    
1215 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1216 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1217 : blume 1078 Date: 2002/02/19 16:20:00 EST
1218 :     Tag: blume-20020219-cmffi
1219 :     Description:
1220 :    
1221 :     A wild mix of changes, some minor, some major:
1222 :    
1223 :     * All C FFI-related libraries are now anchored under $c:
1224 :     $/c.cm --> $c/c.cm
1225 :     $/c-int.cm --> $c/internals/c-int.cm
1226 :     $/memory.cm --> $c/memory/memory.cm
1227 :    
1228 :     * "make" tool (in CM) now treats its argument pathname slightly
1229 :     differently:
1230 :     1. If the native expansion is an absolute name, then before invoking
1231 :     the "make" command on it, CM will apply OS.Path.mkRelative
1232 :     (with relativeTo = OS.FileSys.getDir()) to it.
1233 :     2. The argument will be passed through to subsequent phases of CM
1234 :     processing without "going native". In particular, if the argument
1235 :     was an anchored path, then "make" will not lose track of that anchor.
1236 :    
1237 :     * Compiler backends now "know" their respective C calling conventions
1238 :     instead of having to be told about it by ml-nlffigen. This relieves
1239 :     ml-nlffigen from one of its burdens.
1240 :    
1241 :     * The X86Backend has been split into X86CCallBackend and X86StdCallBackend.
1242 :    
1243 :     * Export C_DEBUG and C_Debug from $c/c.cm.
1244 :    
1245 :     * C type encoding in ml-nlffi-lib has been improved to model the conceptual
1246 :     subtyping relationship between incomplete pointers and their complete
1247 :     counterparts. For this, ('t, 'c) ptr has been changed to 'o ptr --
1248 :     with the convention of instantiating 'o with ('t, 'c) obj whenever
1249 :     the pointer target type is complete. In the incomplete case, 'o
1250 :     will be instantiated with some "'c iobj" -- a type obtained by
1251 :     using one of the functors PointerToIncompleteType or PointerToCompleteType.
1252 :    
1253 :     Operations that work on both incomplete and complete pointer types are
1254 :     typed as taking an 'o ptr while operations that require the target to
1255 :     be known are typed as taking some ('t, 'c) obj ptr.
1256 :    
1257 :     voidptr is now a bit "more concrete", namely "type voidptr = void ptr'"
1258 :     where void is an eqtype without any values. This makes it possible
1259 :     to work on voidptr values using functions meant to operate on light
1260 :     incomplete pointers.
1261 :    
1262 :     * As a result of the above, signature POINTER_TO_INCOMPLETE_TYPE has
1263 :     been vastly simplified.
1264 :    
1265 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1266 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1267 : blume 1076 Date: 2002/02/19 10:48:00 EST
1268 :     Tag: blume-20020219-pqfix
1269 :     Description:
1270 :    
1271 :     Applied Chris Okasaki's bug fix for priority queues.
1272 :    
1273 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1274 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1275 : blume 1073 Date: 2002/02/15 17:05:00
1276 : blume 1069 Tag: Release_110_39
1277 :     Description:
1278 :    
1279 : blume 1073 Last-minute retagging is becoming a tradition... :-(
1280 :    
1281 :     This is the working release 110.39.
1282 :    
1283 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1284 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1285 :     Date: 2002/02/15 16:00:00 EST
1286 :     Tag: Release_110_39-orig
1287 :     Description:
1288 :    
1289 : blume 1069 Working release 110.39. New bootfiles.
1290 :    
1291 : blume 1073 (Update: There was a small bug in the installer so it wouldn't work
1292 :     with all shells. So I retagged. -Matthias)
1293 :    
1294 : blume 1069 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1295 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1296 : blume 1068 Date: 2002/02/15 14:17:00 EST
1297 :     Tag: blume-20020215-showbindings
1298 :     Description:
1299 :    
1300 :     Added EnvRef.listBoundSymbols and CM.State.showBindings. Especially
1301 :     the latter can be useful for exploring what bindings are available at
1302 :     the interactive prompt. (The first function returns only the list
1303 :     of symbols that are really bound, the second prints those but also the
1304 :     ones that CM's autoloading mechanism knows about.)
1305 :    
1306 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1307 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1308 : blume 1067 Date: 2002/02/15 12:08:00 EST
1309 :     Tag: blume-20020215-iptrs
1310 :     Description:
1311 :    
1312 :     Two improvements to ml-nlffigen:
1313 :    
1314 :     1. Write files only if they do not exist or if their current contents
1315 :     do not coincide with what's being written. (That is, avoid messing
1316 :     with the time stamps unless absolutely necessary.)
1317 :    
1318 :     2. Implement a "repository" mechanism for generated files related
1319 :     to "incomplete pointer types". See the README file for details.
1320 :    
1321 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1322 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1323 : blume 1066 Date: 2002/02/14 11:50:00 EST
1324 :     Tag: blume-20020214-quote
1325 :     Description:
1326 :    
1327 :     Added a type 't t_' to tag.sml (in ml-nlffi-lib.cm). This is required
1328 :     because of the new and improved tag generation scheme. (Thanks to Allen
1329 :     Leung for pointing it out.)
1330 :    
1331 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1332 : george 1065 Name: Lal George
1333 :     Date: 2002/02/14 09:55:27 EST 2002
1334 :     Tag: george-20020214-isabelle-bug
1335 :     Description:
1336 :    
1337 :     Fixed the MLRISC bug sent by Markus Wenzel regarding the compilation
1338 :     of Isabelle on the x86.
1339 :    
1340 :     From Allen:
1341 :     -----------
1342 :     I've found the problem:
1343 :    
1344 :     in ra-core.sml, I use the counter "blocked" to keep track of the
1345 :     true number of elements in the freeze queue. When the counter goes
1346 :     to zero, I skip examining the queue. But I've messed up the
1347 :     bookkeeping in combine():
1348 :    
1349 :     else ();
1350 :     case !ucol of
1351 :     PSEUDO => (if !cntv > 0 then
1352 :     (if !cntu > 0 then blocked := !blocked - 1 else ();
1353 :     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1354 :     moveu := mergeMoveList(!movev, !moveu)
1355 :     )
1356 :     else ();
1357 :    
1358 :     combine() is called to coalesce two nodes u and v.
1359 :     I think I was thinking that if the move counts of u and v are both
1360 :     greater than zero then after they are coalesced then one node is
1361 :     removed from the freeze queue. Apparently I was thinking that
1362 :     both u and v are of low degree, but that's clearly not necessarily true.
1363 :    
1364 :    
1365 :     02/12/2002:
1366 :     Here's the patch. HOL now compiles.
1367 :    
1368 :     I don't know how this impact on performance (compile
1369 :     time or runtime). This bug caused the RA (especially on the x86)
1370 :     to go thru the potential spill phase when there are still nodes on the
1371 :     freeze queue.
1372 :    
1373 :    
1374 :    
1375 :    
1376 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1377 : blume 1058 Name: Matthias Blume
1378 : blume 1064 Date: 2002/02/13 22:40:00 EST
1379 :     Tag: blume-20020213-fptr-rtti
1380 :     Description:
1381 :    
1382 :     Fixed a bug in ml-nlffigen that was introduced with one of the previous
1383 :     updates.
1384 :    
1385 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1386 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1387 : blume 1063 Date: 2002/02/13 16:41:00 EST
1388 :     Tag: blume-20020213-cmlpq
1389 :     Description:
1390 :    
1391 :     Added new priority queue export symbols (which have just been added to
1392 :     smlnj-lib.cm) to CML's version of smlnj-lib.cm. (Otherwise CML would
1393 :     not compile and the installer would choke.)
1394 :    
1395 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1396 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1397 : blume 1062 Date: 2002/02/13 16:15:00 EST
1398 :     Tag: blume-20020213-various
1399 :     Description:
1400 :    
1401 :     1. More tweaks to ml-nlffigen:
1402 :    
1403 :     - better internal datastructures (resulting in slight speedup)
1404 :     - "-match" option requires exact match
1405 :     - "localized" gensym counters (untagged structs/unions nested within
1406 :     other structs/unions or within typedefs get a fresh counter; their
1407 :     tag will be prefixed by a concatenation of their parents' tags)
1408 :     - bug fixes (related to calculation of transitive closure of types
1409 :     to be included in the output)
1410 :    
1411 :     2. Minor Basis updates:
1412 :    
1413 :     - added implementations for List.collate and Option.app
1414 :    
1415 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1416 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1417 : blume 1060 Date: 2002/02/11 15:55:00 EST
1418 :     Tag: blume-20020211-gensym
1419 :     Description:
1420 :    
1421 :     Added a "-gensym" option to command line of ml-nlffigen. This can be
1422 :     used to specify a "stem" -- a string that is inserted in all "gensym'd"
1423 :     names (ML structure names that correspond to unnamed C structs, unions,
1424 :     and enums), so that separate runs of ml-nlffigen do not clash.
1425 :    
1426 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1427 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1428 : blume 1059 Date: 2002/02/11 12:05:00 EST
1429 :     Tag: blume-20020211-gensml
1430 :     Description:
1431 :    
1432 :     A quick fix for a problem with GenSML (in the pgraph-util library):
1433 :     Make generation of toplevel "local" optional. (Strictly speaking,
1434 :     signature definitions within "local" are not legal SML.)
1435 :    
1436 :     Other than that: updates to INSTALL and cm/TODO.
1437 :    
1438 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1439 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1440 : blume 1058 Date: 2002/02/08 15:00:00 EST
1441 :     Tag: blume-20020208-uniquepid
1442 :     Description:
1443 :    
1444 :     0. Version number has been bumped to 110.38.1. NEW BOOTFILES!!!
1445 :    
1446 :     1. The installer (config/install.sh) has gotten smarter:
1447 :    
1448 :     - Configuration options are a bit easier to specify now
1449 :     (in config/targets).
1450 :     - Bug in recognizing .tar.bz2 files fixed.
1451 :     - Installer automatically resolves dependencies between
1452 :     configuration options (e.g., if you ask for eXene, you will
1453 :     also get cml -- regardless whether you asked for it or not).
1454 :     - Installer can run in "quieter mode" by setting the environment
1455 :     variable INSTALL_QUIETLY to "true". "Quieter" does not mean
1456 :     "completely silent", though.
1457 :     - Build HashCons library as part of smlnj-lib.
1458 :    
1459 :     2. A new scheme for assigning persistent identifiers to compilation
1460 :     units (and, by extension, to types etc.) has been put into place.
1461 :     This fixes a long-standing bug where types and even dynamic values
1462 :     can get internally confused, thereby compromising type safety
1463 :     (abstraction) and dynamic correctness. See
1464 :    
1465 :     http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/blume/pid-confusion.tgz
1466 :    
1467 :     for an example of how things could go wrong until now.
1468 :    
1469 :     The downside of the new scheme is that pids are not quite as
1470 :     persistent as they used to be: CM will generate a fresh pid
1471 :     for every compilation unit that it thinks it sees for the first
1472 :     time. That means that if you compile starting from a clean, fresh
1473 :     source tree at two different times, you end up with different
1474 :     binaries.
1475 :    
1476 :     Cutoff recompilation, however, has not been compromised because
1477 :     CM keeps pid information in special caches between runs.
1478 :    
1479 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1480 : george 1053 Name: Lal George
1481 : george 1055 Date: 2002/02/07 15:34:13 EST 2002
1482 :     Tag: <none>
1483 :     Description:
1484 :    
1485 :     Compilers that generate assembly code may produce global labels
1486 :     whose value is resolved at link time. The various peephole optimization
1487 :     modules did not take this in account.
1488 :    
1489 :     TODO. The Labels.addrOf function should really return an option
1490 :     type so that clients are forced to deal with this issue, rather
1491 :     than an exception being raised.
1492 :    
1493 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1494 :     Name: Lal George
1495 : george 1053 Date: 2002/02/06 13:55:02 EST
1496 :     Tag: george-20020206-ra-breakup
1497 :     Description:
1498 :    
1499 :     1. A bug fix from Allen.
1500 :    
1501 :     A typo causes extra fstp %st(0)'s to be generated at compensation
1502 :     edges, which might cause stack underflow traps at runtime. This
1503 :     occurs in fft where there are extraneous fstps right before the 'into'
1504 :     trap instruction (in this case they are harmless since none of the
1505 :     integers overflow.)
1506 :    
1507 : george 1054 2. Pulled out various utility modules that were embedded in the modules
1508 : george 1053 of the register allocator. I need these modules for other purposes, but
1509 : george 1054 they are not complete enough to put into a library (just yet).
1510 : george 1053 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1511 : blume 1049 Name: Matthias Blume
1512 :     Date: 2002/01/31 16:05:00 EST
1513 :     Tag: blume-20020131-sparc-ccalls
1514 :     Description:
1515 :    
1516 :     1. C-calls on Sparc needlessly allocated a huge chunk (96 bytes)
1517 :     of extra stack space by mistake. Fixed.
1518 :    
1519 :     2. Bug in logic of handling of command-line options in ml-nlffigen fixed.
1520 :    
1521 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1522 : leunga 1048 Name: Allen Leung
1523 :     Date: 2002/01/30
1524 :     Tag: leunga-20020130-nowhere-bug-fix
1525 :     Description:
1526 :    
1527 :     MLRISC bug fixes:
1528 :     1. Fixed a bindings computation bug in the 'nowhere' program generator tool.
1529 :     2. MachineInt.fromString was negating its value.
1530 :    
1531 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1532 : blume 1039 Name: Matthias Blume
1533 : blume 1047 Date: 2002/01/29
1534 :     Tag: blume-20020129-INSTALL
1535 :     Description:
1536 :    
1537 :     - Added somewhat detailed installation instructions (file INSTALL).
1538 :     - Fixed curl-detection bug in config/install.sh.
1539 :     - It is now possible to select the URL getter using the URLGETTER
1540 :     environment variable:
1541 :    
1542 :     not set / "unknown" --> automatic detection (script tries wget,
1543 :     curl, and lynx)
1544 :     "wget" / "curl" / "lynx" --> use the specified program (script "knows"
1545 :     how to properly invoke them)
1546 :     other --> use $URLGETTER directly, it must take
1547 :     precisely two command-line arguments
1548 :     (source URL and destination file name)
1549 :    
1550 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1551 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1552 : blume 1044 Date: 2002/01/28
1553 : blume 1045 Tag: blume-20020128-sparc-ccalls
1554 :     Description:
1555 :    
1556 :     - Fixed problem with calculation of "used" registers in sparc-c-calls.
1557 :     - Make use of the allocParam argument in sparc-c-calls.
1558 :    
1559 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1560 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1561 :     Date: 2002/01/28
1562 : blume 1044 Tag: blume-20020128-allocParam
1563 :     Description:
1564 :    
1565 :     John Reppy: Changes c-calls API to accept client-callback for
1566 :     allocating extra stack space.
1567 :     me: Corresponding changes to mlriscGen (using a dummy argument that
1568 :     does not change the current behavior).
1569 :    
1570 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1571 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1572 : blume 1040 Date: 2002/01/28 12:00:00
1573 :     Tag: Release_110_38
1574 :     Description:
1575 :    
1576 :     This time for real!!!
1577 :    
1578 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1579 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1580 : blume 1039 Date: 2002/01/28 10:56:00 EST
1581 :     Tag: blume-20020128-retraction
1582 :     Description:
1583 :    
1584 :     0. Retracted earlier 110.38. (The Release_110_38 tag has been replaced
1585 :     with blume-Release_110_38-retracted.)
1586 :    
1587 :     1. Fixed a problem with incorrect rounding modes in real64.sml.
1588 :     (Thanks to Andrew Mccreight <andrew.mccreight@yale.edu>.)
1589 :    
1590 :     2. A bug in ml-nlffigen related to the handling of unnamed structs, unions,
1591 :     and enums fixed. The naming of corresponding ML identifiers should
1592 :     now be consistent again.
1593 :    
1594 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1595 : leunga 1038 Name: Allen Leung
1596 :     Date: 2002/01/27
1597 :     Tag: leunga-20020127-nowhere
1598 :     Description:
1599 :    
1600 :     Added a target called nowhere in the configuration scripts.
1601 :     Enabling this will build the MLRISC 'nowhere' tool (for translating
1602 :     programs with where-clauses into legal SML code) during installation.
1603 :    
1604 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1605 : blume 1036 Name: Matthias Blume
1606 : leunga 1038 Date: 2002/01/25 21:27:00 EST
1607 : blume 1039 Tag: blume-Release_110_38-retracted
1608 : blume 1037 Description:
1609 :    
1610 :     Call it a (working) release! Version is 110.38. Bootfiles are ready.
1611 :    
1612 :     README will be added later.
1613 :    
1614 : blume 1039 !!! NOTE: Re-tagged as blume-Release_110_38-retracted. Original tag
1615 :     (Release_110_38) removed. Reason: Last-minute bug fixes.
1616 :    
1617 : blume 1037 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1618 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1619 : blume 1036 Date: 2002/01/25
1620 :     Tag: blume-20020125-ffi
1621 :     Description:
1622 :    
1623 :     A large number of tweaks and improvements to ml-nlffi-lib and
1624 :     ml-nlffigen:
1625 :    
1626 :     - ML represenation types have been streamlined
1627 :     - getter and setter functions work with concrete values, not abstract
1628 :     ones where possible
1629 :     - ml-nlffigen command line more flexible (see README file there)
1630 :     - some bugs have been fixed (hopefully)
1631 :    
1632 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1633 : george 1034 Name: Lal George
1634 :     Date: 2002/01/24
1635 :     Tag: george-20020124-risc-ra-interface
1636 :     Description:
1637 :    
1638 :     There is a dramatic simplification in the interface to the
1639 :     register allocator for RISC architectures as a result of making
1640 :     parallel copy instructions explicit.
1641 :    
1642 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1643 : blume 1028 Name: Matthias Blume
1644 : blume 1032 Date: 2002/01/22
1645 :     Tag: blume-20020122-x86-ccalls
1646 :     Description:
1647 :    
1648 :     Bug fix for c-calls on x86 (having to do with how char- and
1649 :     short-arguments are being handled).
1650 :    
1651 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1652 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1653 : blume 1031 Date: 2002/01/21
1654 :     Tag: blume-20020121-ff
1655 :     Description:
1656 :    
1657 :     Another day of fiddling with the FFI...
1658 :    
1659 :     1. Bug fix/workaround: CKIT does not complain about negative array
1660 :     dimensions, so ml-nlffigen has to guard itself against this possibility.
1661 :     (Otherwise a negative dimension would send it into an infinite loop.)
1662 :    
1663 :     2. Some of the abstract types (light objects, light pointers, most "base"
1664 :     types) in structure C are now eqtypes.
1665 :    
1666 :     3. Added constructors and test functions for NULL function pointers.
1667 :    
1668 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1669 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1670 : blume 1028 Date: 2002/01/18
1671 : blume 1030 Tag: blume-20020118-ready-for-new-release
1672 :     Description:
1673 :    
1674 :     Made config/srcarchiveurl point to a new place. (Will provide boot
1675 :     files shortly.)
1676 :    
1677 :     Maybe we christen this to be 110.38?
1678 :    
1679 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1680 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1681 :     Date: 2002/01/18
1682 : blume 1029 Tag: blume-20020118-more-ffifiddle
1683 :     Description:
1684 :    
1685 :     Today's FFI fiddling:
1686 :    
1687 :     - Provided a structure CGetSet with "convenient" versions of C.Get.* and
1688 :     C.Set.* that use concrete (MLRep.*) arguments and results instead
1689 :     of abstract ones.
1690 :    
1691 :     - Provided word-style bit operations etc. for "int" representation
1692 :     types in MLRep.S<Foo>Bitops where <Foo> ranges over Char, Int, Short,
1693 :     and Long.
1694 :    
1695 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1696 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1697 :     Date: 2002/01/18
1698 : blume 1028 Tag: blume-20020118-use-x86-fp
1699 :     Description:
1700 :    
1701 :     Now that x86-fast-fp seems to be working, I turned it back on again
1702 :     by default. (Seems to work fine now, even with the FFI.)
1703 :    
1704 :     Other than that, I added some documentation about the FFI to
1705 :     src/ml-nlffigen/README and updated the FFI test examples in
1706 :     src/ml-nlffi-lib/Tests/*.
1707 :    
1708 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1709 : leunga 1025 Name: Allen Leung
1710 :     Date: 2002/01/17
1711 :     Tag: leunga-20020117-x86-fast-fp-call
1712 :     Description:
1713 :    
1714 :     1. Fixed a problem with handling return fp values when x86's fast fp
1715 :     mode is turned on.
1716 :    
1717 :     2. Minor pretty printing fix for cellset. Print %st(0) as %st(0) instead
1718 :     of %f32.
1719 :    
1720 :     3. Added a constructor INT32lit to the ast of MLRISC tools.
1721 :    
1722 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1723 : blume 1021 Name: Matthias Blume
1724 :     Date: 2002/01/16
1725 :     Tag: blume-20020116-ffifiddle
1726 :     Description:
1727 :    
1728 :     More fiddling with the FFI interface:
1729 :    
1730 :     - Make constness 'c instead of rw wherever possible. This eliminates
1731 :     the need for certain explicit coercions. (However, due to ML's
1732 :     value polymorphism, there will still be many cases where explicit
1733 :     coercions are necessary. Phantom types are not the whole answer
1734 :     to modeling a subtyping relationship in ML.)
1735 :    
1736 :     - ro/rw coersions for pointers added. (Avoids the detour through */&.)
1737 :    
1738 :     - "printf" test example added to src/ml-nlffi-lib/Tests. (Demonstrates
1739 :     clumsy workaround for varargs problem.)
1740 :    
1741 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1742 : george 1016 Name: Lal George
1743 :     Date: 2002/01/15
1744 :     Tag: <none>
1745 :     Description:
1746 :    
1747 :     1. Since COPY instructions are no longer native to the architecture,
1748 :     a generic functor can be used to implement the expandCopies function.
1749 :    
1750 :     2. Allowed EXPORT and IMPORT pseudo-op declarations to appear inside a
1751 :     TEXT segment.
1752 :    
1753 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1754 : blume 1011 Name: Matthias Blume
1755 : blume 1015 Date: 2002/01/15
1756 :     Tag: blume-20020115-ffiupdates
1757 :     Description:
1758 :    
1759 :     1. Fix for bug resulting in single-precision float values being returned
1760 :     incorrectly from FFI calls.
1761 :    
1762 :     2. Small modifications to C FFI API:
1763 :    
1764 :     - memory-allocation routines return straight objects (no options)
1765 :     and raise an exception in out-of-memory situations
1766 :     - unsafe extensions to cast between function pointers and pointers
1767 :     from/to ints
1768 :     - added structure C_Debug as an alternative to structure C where
1769 :     pointer-dereferencing (|*| and |*!) always check for null-pointers
1770 :     - added open_lib' to DynLinkage; open_lib' works like open_lib
1771 :     but also takes a (possibly empty) list of existing library handles
1772 :     that the current library depends on
1773 :    
1774 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1775 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1776 : blume 1011 Date: 2002/01/10
1777 :     Tag: blume-20020110-newffigen
1778 :     Description:
1779 :    
1780 :     1. Updates to portable graph code.
1781 :    
1782 :     2. Major update to ml-nlffigen and ml-nlffi-lib. Things are much
1783 :     more scalable now so that even huge interfaces such as the one
1784 :     for GTK compile in finite time and space. :-)
1785 :     See src/ml-nlffigen/README for details on what's new.
1786 :    
1787 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1788 : george 1003 Name: Lal George
1789 : george 1009 Date: 2001/01/09 14:31:35 EST 2002
1790 :     Tag: george-20011206-rm-native-copy
1791 :     Description:
1792 :    
1793 :     Removed the native COPY and FCOPY instructions
1794 :     from all the architectures and replaced it with the
1795 :     explicit COPY instruction from the previous commit.
1796 :    
1797 :     It is now possible to simplify many of the optimizations
1798 :     modules that manipulate copies. This has not been
1799 :     done in this change.
1800 :    
1801 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1802 :     Name: Lal George
1803 : george 1003 Date: 2001/12/06 16:50:13 EST 2001
1804 :     Tag: george-20011206-mlrisc-instruction
1805 :     Description:
1806 : george 824
1807 : george 1003 Changed the representation of instructions from being fully abstract
1808 :     to being partially concrete. That is to say:
1809 :    
1810 :     from
1811 :     type instruction
1812 :    
1813 :     to
1814 :     type instr (* machine instruction *)
1815 :    
1816 :     datatype instruction =
1817 :     LIVE of {regs: C.cellset, spilled: C.cellset}
1818 :     | KILL of {regs: C.cellset, spilled: C.cellset}
1819 :     | COPYXXX of {k: CB.cellkind, dst: CB.cell list, src: CB.cell list}
1820 :     | ANNOTATION of {i: instruction, a: Annotations.annotation}
1821 :     | INSTR of instr
1822 :    
1823 :     This makes the handling of certain special instructions that appear on
1824 :     all architectures easier and uniform.
1825 :    
1826 :     LIVE and KILL say that a list of registers are live or killed at the
1827 :     program point where they appear. No spill code is generated when an
1828 :     element of the 'regs' field is spilled, but the register is moved to
1829 :     the 'spilled' (which is present, more for debugging than anything else).
1830 :    
1831 :     LIVE replaces the (now deprecated) DEFFREG instruction on the alpha.
1832 :     We used to generate:
1833 :    
1834 :     DEFFREG f1
1835 :     f1 := f2 + f3
1836 :     trapb
1837 :    
1838 :     but now generate:
1839 :    
1840 :     f1 := f2 + f3
1841 :     trapb
1842 :     LIVE {regs=[f1,f2,f3], spilled=[]}
1843 :    
1844 :     Furthermore, the DEFFREG (hack) required that all floating point instruction
1845 :     use all registers mentioned in the instruction. Therefore f1 := f2 + f3,
1846 :     defines f1 and uses [f1,f2,f3]! This hack is no longer required resulting
1847 :     in a cleaner alpha implementation. (Hopefully, intel will not get rid of
1848 :     this architecture).
1849 :    
1850 :     COPYXXX is intended to replace the parallel COPY and FCOPY available on
1851 :     all the architectures. This will result in further simplification of the
1852 :     register allocator that must be aware of them for coalescing purposes, and
1853 :     will also simplify certain aspects of the machine description that provides
1854 :     callbacks related to parallel copies.
1855 :    
1856 :     ANNOTATION should be obvious, and now INSTR represents the honest to God
1857 :     machine instruction set!
1858 :    
1859 :     The <arch>/instructions/<arch>Instr.sml files define certain utility
1860 :     functions for making porting easier -- essentially converting upper case
1861 :     to lower case. All machine instructions (of type instr) are in upper case,
1862 :     and the lower case form generates an MLRISC instruction. For example on
1863 :     the alpha we have:
1864 :    
1865 :     datatype instr =
1866 :     LDA of {r:cell, b:cell, d:operand}
1867 :     | ...
1868 :    
1869 :     val lda : {r:cell, b:cell, d:operand} -> instruction
1870 :     ...
1871 :    
1872 :     where lda is just (INSTR o LDA), etc.
1873 :    
1874 : leunga 815 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1875 : blume 986 Name: Matthias Blume
1876 : blume 993 Date: 2001/11/22 21:40:00 EST
1877 :     Tag: Release_110_37
1878 :     Description:
1879 :    
1880 :     Release 110.37. This time for real.
1881 :    
1882 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1883 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1884 : blume 988 Date: 2001/11/21 16:35:00 EST
1885 :     Tag: blume-20011121-foot-in-mouth
1886 :     Description:
1887 :    
1888 :     Removed the "Release_110_37" tag because of a serious bug.
1889 :     This will be re-tagged once the bug is fixed.
1890 :    
1891 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1892 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1893 : blume 987 Date: 2001/11/21 16:14:00 EST
1894 :     Tag: blume-20011121-forgottenfile
1895 :     Description:
1896 :    
1897 :     Forgot to add a file. (Just a .tex-file -- part of
1898 :     the CM manual source.)
1899 :    
1900 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1901 :     Name: Matthias Blume
1902 : blume 986 Date: 2001/11/21 16:10:00 EST
1903 : blume 988 Tag: blume-20011121-invalid_110_37
1904 : blume 986 Description:
1905 :    
1906 : blume 988 Note: I removed the original tag "Release_110_37" from this commit
1907 :     because we found a serious bug in all non-x86 backends.
1908 :     - Matthias
1909 :    
1910 : blume 986 1. Modifications to the SML/NJ code generator and to the runtime system
1911 :     so that code object name strings are directly inserted into code
1912 :     objects at code generation time. The only business the runtime system
1913 :     has with this is now to read the name strings on occasions.
1914 :     (The encoding of the name string has also changed somewhat.)
1915 :    
1916 :     2. CM now implements a simple "set calculus" for specifying export lists.
1917 :     In particular, it is now possible to refer to the export lists of
1918 :     other libraries/groups/sources and form unions as well as differences.
1919 :     See the latest CM manual for details.
1920 :    
1921 :     3. An separate notion of "proxy" libraries has again be eliminated from
1922 :     CM's model. (Proxy libraries are now simply a special case of using
1923 :     the export list calculus.)
1924 :    
1925 :     4. Some of the existing libraries now take advantage of the new set
1926 :     calculus.
1927 :     (Notice that not all libraries have been converted because some
1928 :     of the existing .cm-files are supposed to be backward compatible
1929 :     with 110.0.x.)
1930 :    
1931 :     5. Some cleanup in stand-alone programs. (Don't use "exnMessage" -- use
1932 :     "General.exnMessage"! The former relies on a certain hook to be
1933 :     initialized, and that often does not happen in the stand-alone case.)
1934 :    
1935 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1936 : george 984 Name: Lal George
1937 :     Date: 2001/11/21 13:56:18 EST
1938 :     Tag: george-2001121-pseudo-ops
1939 :     Description:
1940 :    
1941 :     Implemented a complete redesign of MLRISC pseudo-ops. Now there
1942 :     ought to never be any question of incompatabilities with
1943 :     pseudo-op syntax expected by host assemblers.
1944 :    
1945 :     For now, only modules supporting GAS syntax are implemented
1946 :     but more should follow, such as MASM, and vendor assembler
1947 :     syntax, e.g. IBM as, Sun as, etc.
1948 :    
1949 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1950 : blume 977 Name: Matthias Blume
1951 :     Date: 2001/11/14 11:52:00 EST
1952 :     Tag: blume-20011114-srcname
1953 :     Description:
1954 :    
1955 :     1. Routed the name of the current source file to mlriscgen where it
1956 :     should be directly emitted into the code object. (This last part
1957 :     is yet to be done.)
1958 :    
1959 :     2. Some cleanup of the pgraph code to make it match the proposal that
1960 :     I put out the other day. (The proposal notwithstanding, things are
1961 :     still in flux here.)
1962 :    
1963 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1964 : george 976 Name: Lal George
1965 :     Date: 2001/11/14 09:44:04 EST
1966 :     Tag:
1967 :     Description:
1968 :    
1969 :     Fix for a backpatching bug reported by Allen.
1970 :    
1971 :     Because the boundary between short and long span-dependent
1972 :     instructions is +/- 128, there are an astounding number of
1973 :     span-dependent instructions whose size is over estimated.
1974 :    
1975 :     Allen came up with the idea of letting the size of span
1976 :     dependent instructions be non-monotonic, for a maxIter
1977 :     number of times, after which the size must be monotonically
1978 :     increasing.
1979 :    
1980 :     This table shows the number of span-dependent instructions
1981 :     whose size was over-estimated as a function of maxIter, for the
1982 :     file Parse/parse/ml.grm.sml:
1983 :    
1984 :     maxIter # of instructions:
1985 :     10 687
1986 :     20 438
1987 :     30 198
1988 :     40 0
1989 :    
1990 :     In compiling the compiler, there is no significant difference in
1991 :     compilation speed between maxIter=10 and maxIter=40. Actually,
1992 :     my measurements showed that maxIter=40 was a tad faster than
1993 :     maxIter=10! Also 96% of the files in the compiler reach a fix
1994 :     point within 13 iterations, so fixing maxIter at 40, while high,
1995 :     is okay.
1996 :    
1997 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1998 : blume 975 Name: Matthias Blume
1999 :     Date: 2001/10/31 15:25:00 EST
2000 :     Tag: blume-20011031-pgraph
2001 :     Description:
2002 :    
2003 :     CKIT:
2004 :     * Changed the "Function" constructor of type Ast.ctype to carry optional
2005 :     argument identifiers.
2006 :     * Changed the return type of TypeUtil.getFunction accordingly.
2007 :     * Type equality ignores the argument names.
2008 :     * TypeUtil.composite tries to preserve argument names but gives up quickly
2009 :     if there is a mismatch.
2010 :    
2011 :     installation script:
2012 :     * attempts to use "curl" if available (unless "wget" is available as well)
2013 :    
2014 :     CM:
2015 :     * has an experimental implementation of "portable graphs" which I will
2016 :     soon propose as an implementation-independent library format
2017 :     * there are also new libraries $/pgraph.cm and $/pgraph-util.cm
2018 :    
2019 :     NLFFI-LIB:
2020 :     * some cleanup (all cosmetic)
2021 :    
2022 :     NLFFIGEN:
2023 :     * temporarily disabled the mechanism that suppresses ML output for
2024 :     C definitions whose identifiers start with an underscore character
2025 :     * generate val bindings for enum constants
2026 :     * user can request that only one style (light or heavy) is being used;
2027 :     default is to use both (command-line arguments: -heavy and -light)
2028 :     * fixed bug in handling of function types involving incomplete pointers
2029 :     * generate ML entry points that take record arguments (i.e., using
2030 :     named arguments) for C functions that have a prototype with named
2031 :     arguments
2032 :     (see changes to CKIT)
2033 :    
2034 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2035 : leunga 972 Name: Allen Leung
2036 :     Date: 2001/10/27 20:34:00 EDT
2037 :     Tag: leunga-20011027-x86-fast-fp-call
2038 :     Description:
2039 :    
2040 :     Fixed the bug described in blume-20010920-slowfp.
2041 :    
2042 :     The fix involves
2043 :     1. generating FCOPYs in FSTP in ia32-svid
2044 :     2. marking a CALL with the appropriate annotation
2045 :    
2046 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2047 : blume 961 Name: Matthias Blume
2048 :     Date: 2001/10/16 11:32:00 EDT
2049 :     Tag: blume-20011016-netbsd
2050 :     Description:
2051 :    
2052 :     Underscore patch from Chris Richards (fixing problem with compiling
2053 :     runtime system under recent NetBSD).
2054 :    
2055 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2056 : george 959 Name: Allen Leung
2057 :     Date: 2001/10/12 17:18:32 EDT 2001
2058 :     Tag: leung-20011012-x86-printflowgraph
2059 :     Description:
2060 :    
2061 :     X86RA now uses a valid (instead of dummy) PrintFlowgraph module.
2062 :    
2063 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2064 : george 952 Name: Lal George
2065 : george 958 Date: 2001/10/11 23:51:34 EDT
2066 :     Tag: george-20011011-too-many-instrs
2067 :     Description:
2068 :    
2069 :     The representation of a program point never expected to see more
2070 :     than 65536 instructions in a basic block!
2071 :    
2072 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2073 :     Name: Lal George
2074 : george 952 Date: 2001/10/09 09:41:37 EDT
2075 :     Tag: george-20011008-mlrisc-labels
2076 :     Description:
2077 :    
2078 :     Changed the machine description files to support printing of
2079 :     local and global labels in assembly code, based on host assembler
2080 :     conventions.
2081 :    
2082 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2083 : blume 916 Name: Matthias Blume
2084 : blume 939 Date: 2001/09/25 15:25:00 EDT
2085 :     Tag: blume-20010925-exninfo
2086 :     Description:
2087 :    
2088 :     I provided a non-hook implementation of exnName (at the toplevel) and
2089 :     made the "dummy" implementation of exnMessage (at the toplevel) more
2090 :     useful: if nothing gets "hooked in", then at least you are going to
2091 :     see the exception name and a message indicating why you don't see more.
2092 :    
2093 :     [For the time being, programs that need exnMessage and want to use
2094 :     ml-build should either use General.exnMessage (strongly recommended) or
2095 :     refer to structure General at some other point so that CM sees a
2096 :     static dependency.]
2097 :    
2098 :     [Similar remarks go for "print" and "use": If you want to use their
2099 :     functionality in stand-alone programs generated by ml-build, then use
2100 :     TextIO.output and Backend.Interact.useFile (from $smlnj/compiler.cm).]
2101 :    
2102 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2103 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2104 : blume 938 Date: 2001/09/20 17:28:00 EDT
2105 :     Tag: blume-20010920-slowfp
2106 :     Description:
2107 :    
2108 :     Allen says that x86-fast-fp is not safe yet, so I turned it off again...
2109 :    
2110 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2111 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2112 : blume 937 Date: 2001/09/20 17:20:00 EDT
2113 :     Tag: blume-20010920-canonicalpaths
2114 :     Description:
2115 :    
2116 :     0. Updated the BOOT file (something that I forgot to do earlier).
2117 :    
2118 :     1. Small internal change to CM so that it avoids "/../" in filenames
2119 :     as much as possible (but only where it is safe).
2120 :    
2121 :     2. Changed config/_run-sml (resulting in a changed bin/.run-sml) so
2122 :     that arguments that contain delimiters are passed through correctly.
2123 :     This change also means that all "special" arguments of the form
2124 :     @SMLxxx... must come first.
2125 :    
2126 :     3. Changed install script to put relative anchor names for tool commands
2127 :     into pathconfig.
2128 :    
2129 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2130 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2131 : blume 932 Date: 2001/09/18 15:35:00 EDT
2132 :     Tag: blume-20010918-readme11036
2133 :     Description:
2134 :    
2135 :     Added README files.
2136 :    
2137 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2138 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2139 : blume 929 Date: 2001/09/18 11:45:00 EDT
2140 :     Tag: Release_110_36 (retag)
2141 :     Description:
2142 :    
2143 :     Fixed mistake in config/preloads. Retagged as 110.36.
2144 :    
2145 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2146 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2147 : blume 928 Date: 2001/09/18 09:40:00 EDT
2148 : blume 929 Tag: Release_110_36_orig (tag changed)
2149 : blume 928 Description:
2150 :    
2151 :     New version (110.36). New bootfiles.
2152 :    
2153 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2154 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2155 : blume 927 Date: 2001/09/14 16:15:00 EDT
2156 :     Tag: blume-20010914-x86fastfp
2157 :     Description:
2158 :    
2159 :     John committed some changes that Allen made, in particular a (hopefully)
2160 :     correctly working version of the x86-fp module.
2161 :    
2162 :     I changed the default setting of the Control.MLRISC.getFlag "x86-fast-fp"
2163 :     flag to "true". Everything seems to compile to a fixpoint ok, and
2164 :     "mandelbrot" speeds up by about 15%.
2165 :    
2166 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2167 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2168 : blume 923 Date: 2001/09/13 11:20:00 EDT
2169 :     Tag: blume-20010913-minimal
2170 :     Description:
2171 :    
2172 :     1. Stefan Monnier's patch to fix a miscompilation problem that
2173 :     was brought to light by John Reppy's work on Moby.
2174 :    
2175 :     2. Implemented a minimal "structure Compiler" that contains just
2176 :     "version" and "architecture". The minimal version will be
2177 :     available when the full version is not. This is for backward-
2178 :     compatibility with code that wants to test Compiler.version.
2179 :    
2180 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2181 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2182 : blume 920 Date: 2001/08/28 14:03:00 EDT
2183 :     Tag: blume-20010828-ml-lex
2184 :     Description:
2185 :    
2186 :     Fix for bug 1581, received from Neophytos Michael.
2187 :    
2188 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2189 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2190 : blume 918 Date: 2001/08/27 11:20:00 EDT
2191 :     Tag: blume-20010827-readme11035
2192 :     Description:
2193 :    
2194 :     Fleshed out the README file for 110.35.
2195 :    
2196 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2197 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2198 : blume 916 Date: 2001/08/24 17:10:00 EDT
2199 :     Tag: Release_110_35
2200 :     Description:
2201 :    
2202 :     New version number (110.35). New bootfiles.
2203 :    
2204 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2205 : george 915 Name: Lal George
2206 : george 909 Date: 2001/08/24 13:47:18 EDT 2001
2207 :     Tag: george-20010824-MLRISC-graphs
2208 :     Description:
2209 :    
2210 :     removed clusters from MLRISC completely and replaced with graphs.
2211 :    
2212 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2213 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2214 : blume 905 Date: 2001/08/23 17:50:00 EDT
2215 :     Tag: blume-20010823-toplevel
2216 :     Description:
2217 :    
2218 :     - some reorganization of the code that implements various kinds of
2219 :     environments in the compiler (static, dynamic, symbolic, combined)
2220 :     - re-implemented the EnvRef module so that evalStream works properly
2221 :     (if the stream contains references to "use", "CM.make", etc.)
2222 :     - cleaned up evalloop.sml and interact.sml (but they need more cleaning)
2223 :    
2224 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2225 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2226 : blume 904 Date: 2001/08/20 15:50 EDT
2227 :     Tag: blume20010820-slipup
2228 :     Description:
2229 :    
2230 :     I forgot to commit a few files. Here they are...
2231 :    
2232 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2233 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2234 : blume 903 Date: 2001/08/20 15:35:00 EDT
2235 :     Tag: blume-20010820-debugprof
2236 :     Description:
2237 :    
2238 :     !!!! NEW BOOTFILES !!!!
2239 :    
2240 :     This is another round of reorganizing the compiler sources. This
2241 :     time the main goal was to factor out all the "instrumentation"
2242 :     passes (for profiling and backtracing) into their own library.
2243 :     The difficulty was to do it in such a way that it does not depend
2244 :     on elaborate.cm but only on elabdata.cm.
2245 :    
2246 :     Therefore there have been further changes to both elaborate.cm and
2247 :     elabdata.cm -- more "generic" things have been moved from the former
2248 :     to the latter. As a result, I was forced to split the assignment
2249 :     of numbers indicating "primtyc"s into two portions: SML-generic and
2250 :     SML/NJ-specific. Since it would have been awkward to maintain,
2251 :     I bit the bullet and actually _changed_ the mapping between these
2252 :     numbers and primtycs. The bottom line of this is that you need
2253 :     a new set of bin- and bootfiles.
2254 :    
2255 :     I have built new bootfiles for all architectures, so doing a fresh
2256 :     checkout and config/install.sh should be all you need.
2257 :    
2258 :     The newly created library's name is
2259 :    
2260 :     $smlnj/viscomp/debugprof.cm
2261 :    
2262 :     and its sources live under
2263 :    
2264 :     src/compiler/DebugProf
2265 :    
2266 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2267 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2268 : blume 902 Date: 2001/08/15 17:15:00 EDT
2269 :     Tag: blume-20010815-compreorg
2270 :     Description:
2271 :    
2272 :     This is a first cut at reorganizing the CM libraries that make up the
2273 :     core of the compiler. The idea is to separate out pieces that could
2274 :     be used independently by tools, e.g., the parser, the typechecker, etc.
2275 :    
2276 :     The current status is a step in this direction, but it is not quite
2277 :     satisfactory yet. Expect more changes in the future.
2278 :    
2279 :     Here is the current (new) organization...
2280 :    
2281 :     What used to be $smlnj/viscomp/core.cm is now divided into
2282 :     six CM libraries:
2283 :    
2284 :     $smlnj/viscomp/basics.cm
2285 :     /parser.cm
2286 :     /elabdata.cm
2287 :     /elaborate.cm
2288 :     /execute.cm
2289 :     /core.cm
2290 :    
2291 :     The CM files for these libraries live under src/system/smlnj/viscomp.
2292 :     All these libraries are proxy libraries that contain precisely
2293 :     one CM library component. Here are the locations of the components
2294 :     (all within the src/compiler tree):
2295 :    
2296 :     Basics/basics.cm
2297 :     Parse/parser.cm
2298 :     ElabData/elabdata.cm
2299 :     Elaborator/elaborate.cm
2300 :     Execution/execute.cm
2301 :     core.cm
2302 :    
2303 :     [This organization is the same that has been used already
2304 :     for a while for the architecture-specific parts of the visible
2305 :     compiler and for the old version of core.cm.]
2306 :    
2307 :     As you will notice, many source files have been moved from their
2308 :     respective original locations to a new home in one of the above
2309 :     subtrees.
2310 :    
2311 :     The division of labor between the new libraries is the following:
2312 :    
2313 :     basics.cm:
2314 :     - Simple, basic definitions that pertain to many (or all) of
2315 :     the other libraries.
2316 :     parser.cm:
2317 :     - The SML parser, producing output of type Ast.dec.
2318 :     - The type family for Ast is also defined and exported here.
2319 :     elabdata.cm:
2320 :     - The datatypes that describe input and output of the elaborator.
2321 :     This includes types, absyn, and static environments.
2322 :     elaborator.cm:
2323 :     - The SML/NJ type checker and elaborator.
2324 :     This maps an Ast.dec (with a given static environment) to
2325 :     an Absyn.dec (with a new static environment).
2326 :     - This libraries implements certain modules that used to be
2327 :     structures as functors (to remove dependencies on FLINT).
2328 :     execute.cm:
2329 :     - Everything having to do with executing binary code objects.
2330 :     - Dynamic environments.
2331 :     core.cm:
2332 :     - SML/NJ-specific instantiations of the elaborator and MLRISC.
2333 :     - Top-level modules.
2334 :     - FLINT (this should eventually become its own library)
2335 :    
2336 :     Notes:
2337 :    
2338 :     I am not 100% happy with the way I separated the elaborator (and its
2339 :     data structures) from FLINT. Two instances of the same problem:
2340 :    
2341 :     1. Data structures contain certain fields that carry FLINT-specific
2342 :     information. I hacked around this using exn and the property list
2343 :     module from smlnj-lib. But the fact that there are middle-end
2344 :     specific fields around at all is a bit annoying.
2345 :    
2346 :     2. The elaborator calculates certain FLINT-related information. I tried
2347 :     to make this as abstract as I could using functorization, but, again,
2348 :     the fact that the elaborator has to perform calculations on behalf
2349 :     of the middle-end at all is not nice.
2350 :    
2351 :     3. Having to used exn and property lists is unfortunate because it
2352 :     weakens type checking. The other alternative (parameterizing
2353 :     nearly *everything*) is not appealing, though.
2354 :    
2355 :     I removed the "rebinding =" warning hack because due to the new organization
2356 :     it was awkward to maintain it. As a result, the compiler now issues some of
2357 :     these warnings when compiling init.cmi during bootstrap compilation. On
2358 :     the plus side, you also get a warning when you do, for example:
2359 :     val op = = Int32.+
2360 :     which was not the case up to now.
2361 :    
2362 :     I placed "assign" and "deref" into the _Core structure so that the
2363 :     code that deals with the "lazy" keyword can find them there. This
2364 :     removes the need for having access to the primitive environment
2365 :     during elaboration.
2366 :    
2367 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2368 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2369 : blume 898 Date: 2001/08/13
2370 :     Tag: blume-20010813-closures
2371 :     Description:
2372 :    
2373 :     This fix was sent to us by Zhong Shao. It is supposed to improve the
2374 :     performance of certain loops by avoiding needless closure allocation.
2375 :    
2376 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2377 : george 890 Name: Lal George
2378 : george 896 Date: 2001/07/31 10:03:23 EDT 2001
2379 :     Tag: george-20010731-x86-fmalloc
2380 :     Description: Fixed bug in x86 calls
2381 :    
2382 :     There was a bug where call instructions would mysteriously
2383 :     vanish. The call instruction had to be one that returned
2384 :     a floating point value.
2385 :    
2386 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2387 :     Name: Lal George
2388 : george 890 Date: 2001/07/19 16:36:29 EDT 2001
2389 :     Tag: george-20010719-simple-cells
2390 :     Description:
2391 :    
2392 :     I have dramatically simplified the interface for CELLS in MLRISC.
2393 :    
2394 :     In summary, the cells interface is broken up into three parts:
2395 :    
2396 :     1. CellsBasis : CELLS_BASIS
2397 :    
2398 :     CellsBasis is a top level structure and common for all
2399 :     architectures. it contains the definitions of basic datatypes
2400 :     and utility functions over these types.
2401 :    
2402 :     2. functor Cells() : CELLS
2403 :    
2404 :     Cells generates an interface for CELLS that incorporates the
2405 :     specific resources on the target architecture, such as the
2406 :     presence of special register classes, their number and size,
2407 :     and various useful substructures.
2408 :    
2409 :     3. <ARCH>CELLS
2410 :    
2411 :     e.g. SparcCells: SPARCCELLS
2412 :    
2413 :     <ARCH>CELLS usually contains additional bindings for special
2414 :     registers on the architecture, such as:
2415 :    
2416 :     val r0 : cell (* register zero *)
2417 :     val y : cell (* Y register *)
2418 :     val psr : cell (* processor status register *)
2419 :     ...
2420 :    
2421 :     The structure returned by applying the Cells functor is opened
2422 :     in this interface.
2423 :    
2424 :     The main implication of all this is that the datatypes for cells is
2425 :     split between CellsBasis and CELLS -- a fairly simple change for user
2426 :     code.
2427 :    
2428 :     In the old scheme the CELLS interface had a definitional binding of
2429 :     the form:
2430 :    
2431 :     signature CELLS = sig
2432 :    
2433 :     structure CellsBasis = CellsBasis
2434 :    
2435 :     ...
2436 :    
2437 :     end
2438 :    
2439 :     With all the sharing constraints that goes on in MLRISC, this old
2440 :     design quickly leads to errors such as:
2441 :    
2442 :     "structure definition spec inside of sharing ... "
2443 :    
2444 :    
2445 :     and appears to require an unacceptable amount of sharing and where
2446 :     constraint hackery.
2447 :    
2448 :     I think this error message (the interaction of definitional specs and
2449 :     sharing) requires more explanation on our web page.
2450 :    
2451 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2452 : blume 826 Name: Matthias Blume
2453 : blume 879 Date: 2001/07/19 15:00:00 EDT
2454 :     Tag: blume-20010719-libreorg
2455 :     Description:
2456 :    
2457 :     This update puts together a fairly extensive but straightforward change
2458 :     to the way the libraries that implement the interactive system are
2459 :     organized:
2460 :    
2461 :     The biggest change is the elimination of structure Compiler. As a
2462 :     replacement for this structure, there is now a CM library
2463 :     (known as $smlnj/compiler.cm or $smlnj/compiler/current.cm)
2464 :     that exports all the substructures of the original structure Compiler
2465 :     directly. So instead of saying Compiler.Foo.bar one now simply
2466 :     says Foo.bar. (The CM libraries actually export a collection of
2467 :     structures that is richer than the collection of substructures of
2468 :     structure Compiler.)
2469 :    
2470 :     To make the transition smooth, there is a separate library called
2471 :     $smlnj/compiler/compiler.cm which puts together and exports the
2472 :     original structure Compiler (or at least something very close to it).
2473 :    
2474 :     There are five members of the original structure Compiler
2475 :     that are not exported directly but which instead became members
2476 :     of a new structure Backend (described by signature BACKEND). These are:
2477 :     structure Profile (: PROFILE), structure Compile (: COMPILE), structure
2478 :     Interact (: INTERACT), structure Machine (: MACHINE), and val
2479 :     architecture (: string).
2480 :    
2481 :     Structure Compiler.Version has become structure CompilerVersion.
2482 :    
2483 :     Cross-compilers for alpha32, hppa, ppc, sparc, and x86 are provided
2484 :     by $smlnj/compiler/<arch>.cm where <arch> is alpha32, hppa, ppc, sparc,
2485 :     or x86, respectively.
2486 :     Each of these exports the same frontend structures that
2487 :     $smlnj/compiler.cm exports. But they do not have a structure Backend
2488 :     and instead export some structure <Arch>Backend where <Arch> is Alpha32,
2489 :     Hppa, PPC, Sparc, or X86, respectively.
2490 :    
2491 :     Library $smlnj/compiler/all.cm exports the union of the exports of
2492 :     $smlnj/compiler/<arch>.cm
2493 :    
2494 :     There are no structures <Arch>Compiler anymore, use
2495 :     $smlnj/compiler/<arch>.cm instead.
2496 :    
2497 :     Library host-compiler-0.cm is gone. Instead, the internal library
2498 :     that instantiates CM is now called cm0.cm. Selection of the host
2499 :     compiler (backend) is no longer done here but. (Responsibility for it
2500 :     now lies with $smlnj/compiler/current.cm. This seems to be more
2501 :     logical.)
2502 :    
2503 :     Many individual files have been moved or renamed. Some files have
2504 :     been split into multiple files, and some "dead" files have been deleted.
2505 :    
2506 :     Aside from these changes to library organization, there are also changes
2507 :     to the way the code itself is organized:
2508 :    
2509 :     Structure Binfile has been re-implemented in such a way that it no
2510 :     longer needs any knowledge of the compiler. It exclusively deals
2511 :     with the details of binfile layout. It no longer invokes the
2512 :     compiler (for the purpose of creating new prospective binfile
2513 :     content), and it no longer has any knowledge of how to interpret
2514 :     pickles.
2515 :    
2516 :     Structure Compile (: COMPILE) has been stripped down to the bare
2517 :     essentials of compilation. It no longer deals with linking/execution.
2518 :     The interface has been cleaned up considerably.
2519 :    
2520 :     Utility routines for dealing with linking and execution have been
2521 :     moved into their own substructures.
2522 :    
2523 :     (The ultimate goal of these changes is to provide a light-weight
2524 :     binfile loader/linker (at least for, e.g., stable libraries) that
2525 :     does not require CM or the compiler to be present.)
2526 :    
2527 :     CM documentation has been updated to reflect the changes to library
2528 :     organization.
2529 :    
2530 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2531 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2532 : blume 875 Date: 2001/07/10 17:30:00 EDT
2533 :     Tag: Release_110_34
2534 :     Description:
2535 :    
2536 : blume 876 Minor tweak to 110.34 (re-tagged):
2537 :    
2538 :     - README.html file added to CVS repository
2539 :     - runtime compiles properly under FreeBSD 3.X and 4.X
2540 :    
2541 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2542 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2543 :     Date: 2001/07/10 17:30:00 EDT
2544 :     Tag: Release_110_34
2545 :     Description:
2546 :    
2547 : blume 875 New version number (110.34). New bootfiles.
2548 :    
2549 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2550 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2551 : blume 874 Date: 2001/07/09 16:00:00 EDT
2552 :     Tag: blume-20010709-more-varargs
2553 :     Description:
2554 :    
2555 :     I changed the handling of varargs in ml-nlffigen again:
2556 :     The ellipsis ... will now simply be ignored (with an accompanying warning).
2557 :    
2558 :     The immediate effect is that you can actually call a varargs function
2559 :     from ML -- but you can't actually supply any arguments beyond the ones
2560 :     specified explicitly. (For example, you can call printf with its format
2561 :     string, but you cannot pass additional arguments.)
2562 :    
2563 :     This behavior is only marginally more useful than the one before, but
2564 :     it has the advantage that a function or, more importantly, a function
2565 :     type never gets dropped on the floor, thus avoiding follow-up problems with
2566 :     other types that refer to the offending one.
2567 :    
2568 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2569 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2570 : blume 873 Date: 2001/07/09 11:25:00 EDT
2571 :     Tag: blume-20010709-varargs
2572 :     Description:
2573 :    
2574 :     1. ckit-lib.cm now exports structure Error
2575 :     2. ml-nlffigen reports occurences of "..." (i.e., varargs function types)
2576 :     with a warning accompanied by a source location. Moreover, it
2577 :     merely skips the offending function or type and proceeds with the
2578 :     rest of its work.u As a result, one can safely feed C code containing
2579 :     "..." to ml-nlffigen.
2580 :     3. There are some internal improvements to CM, providing slightly
2581 :     more general string substitutions in the tools subsystem.
2582 :    
2583 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2584 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2585 : blume 854 Date: 2001/06/27 15:10:00 EDT
2586 :     Tag: blume-20010627-concur
2587 :     Description:
2588 :    
2589 :     Fixed a small bug in CM's handling of parallel compilation.
2590 :     (You could observe the bug by Control-C-interrupting an ordinary
2591 :     CMB.make or CM.stabilize and then attaching some compile servers.
2592 :     The result was that all of a sudden the previously interrupted
2593 :     compilation would continue on its own. This was because of
2594 :     an over-optimization: CM did not bother to clean out certain queues
2595 :     when no servers were attached "anyway", resulting in the contents
2596 :     of these queues to grab control when new servers did get attached.)
2597 :    
2598 :     There is also another minor update to the CM manual.
2599 :    
2600 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2601 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2602 : blume 853 Date: 2001/06/26 16:15:00 EDT
2603 :     Tag: blume-20010626-cmdoc
2604 :     Description:
2605 :    
2606 :     Minor typo fixed in CM manual (syntax diagram for libraries).
2607 :    
2608 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2609 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2610 : blume 852 Date: 2001/06/25 22:55:00 EDT
2611 :     Tag: blume-20010625-x86pc
2612 :     Description:
2613 :    
2614 :     Fixed a nasty bug in the X86 assembly code that caused signal
2615 :     handlers to fail (crash) randomly.
2616 :    
2617 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2618 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2619 : blume 846 Date: 2001/06/25 12:05:00 EDT
2620 :     Tag: blume-20010625-nlffigen
2621 :     Description:
2622 :    
2623 :     This update fixes a number of minor bugs in ml-nlffigen as reported by
2624 :     Nick Carter <nbc@andrew.cmu.edu>.
2625 :    
2626 :     1. Silly but ok typedefs of the form "typedef void myvoid;" are now accepted.
2627 :     2. Default names for generated files are now derived from the name of
2628 :     the C file *without its directory*. In particular, this causes generated
2629 :     files to be placed locally even if the C file is in some system directory.
2630 :     3. Default names for generated signatures and structures are also derived
2631 :     from the C file name without its directory. This avoids silly things
2632 :     like "structure GL/GL".
2633 :     (Other silly names are still possible because ml-nlffigen does not do
2634 : blume 847 a thorough check of whether generated names are legal ML identifiers.
2635 :     When in doubt, use command line arguments to force particular names.)
2636 : blume 846
2637 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2638 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2639 : blume 845 Date: 2001/06/21 12:25:00 EDT
2640 :     Tag: blume-20010621-eXene
2641 :     Description:
2642 :    
2643 :     eXene now compiles and (sort of) works again.
2644 :    
2645 :     The library name (for version > 110.33) is $/eXene.cm.
2646 :    
2647 :     I also added an new example in src/eXene/examples/nbody. See the
2648 :     README file there for details.
2649 :    
2650 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2651 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2652 : blume 844 Date: 2001/06/20 16:40:00 EDT
2653 :     Tag: blume-20010620-cml
2654 :     Description:
2655 :    
2656 :     CML now compiles and works again.
2657 :    
2658 :     Libraries (for version > 110.33):
2659 :    
2660 :     $cml/cml.cm Main CML library.
2661 :     $cml/basis.cm CML's version of $/basis.cm.
2662 :     $cml/cml-internal.cm Internal helper library.
2663 :     $cml/core-cml.cm Internal helper library.
2664 :     $cml-lib/trace-cml.cm Tracing facility.
2665 :     $cml-lib/smlnj-lib.cm CML's version of $/smlnj-lib.cm
2666 :    
2667 :     The installer (config/install.sh) has been taught how to properly
2668 :     install this stuff.
2669 :    
2670 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2671 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2672 : blume 843 Date: 2001/06/19 17:55:00 EDT
2673 :     Tag: blume-20010619-instantiate
2674 :     Description:
2675 :    
2676 :     This un-breaks the fix for bug 1432.
2677 :     (The bug was originally fixed in 110.9 but I broke it again some
2678 :     time after that.)
2679 :    
2680 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2681 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2682 : blume 842 Date: 2001/06/19 17:25:00 EDT
2683 :     Tag: blume-20010619-signals
2684 :     Description:
2685 :    
2686 :     This should (hopefully) fix the long-standing signal handling bug.
2687 :     (The runtime system was constructing a continuation record with an
2688 :     incorrect descriptor which would cause the GC to drop data on the floor...)
2689 :    
2690 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2691 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2692 : blume 840 Date: 2001/06/15 15:05:00 EDT
2693 : blume 841 Tag: blume-20010615-moresparc
2694 :     Description:
2695 :    
2696 :     Here is a short late-hour update related to Sparc c-calls:
2697 :    
2698 :     -- made handling of double-word arguments a bit smarter
2699 :    
2700 :     -- instruction selection phase tries to collapse certain clumsily
2701 :     constructed ML-Trees; typical example:
2702 :    
2703 :     ADD(ty,ADD(_,e,LI d1),LI d2) -> ADD(ty,e,LI(d1+d2))
2704 :    
2705 :     This currently has no further impact on SML/NJ since mlriscGen does
2706 :     not seem to generate such patterns in the first place, and c-calls
2707 :     (which did generate them in the beginning) has meanwhile been fixed
2708 :     so as to avoid them as well.
2709 :    
2710 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2711 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2712 :     Date: 2001/06/15 15:05:00 EDT
2713 : blume 840 Tag: blume-20010615-sparc
2714 :     Description:
2715 :    
2716 :     The purpose of this update is to provide an implementation of NLFFI
2717 :     on Sparc machines.
2718 :    
2719 :     Here are the changes in detail:
2720 :    
2721 :     * src/MLRISC/sparc/c-calls/sparc-c-calls.sml is a new file containing
2722 :     the Sparc implementation of the c-calls API.
2723 :     * The Sparc backend of SML/NJ has been modified to uniformely use %fp
2724 :     for accessing the ML frame. Thus, we have a real frame pointer and
2725 :     can freely modify %sp without need for an omit-frame-ptr phase.
2726 :     The vfp logic in src/compiler/CodeGen/* has been changed to accomodate
2727 :     this case.
2728 :     * ml-nlffigen has been taught to produce code for different architectures
2729 :     and calling conventions.
2730 :     * In a way similar to what was done in the x86 case, the Sparc
2731 :     backend uses its own specific extension to mltree. (For example,
2732 :     it needs to be able to generate UNIMP instructions which are part
2733 :     of the calling convention.)
2734 :     * ml-nlffi-lib was reorganized to make it more modular (in particular,
2735 :     to make it easier to plug in new machine- and os-dependent parts).
2736 :    
2737 :     There are some other fairly unrelated bug fixes and cleanups as well:
2738 :    
2739 :     * I further hacked the .cm files for MLRISC tools (like MDLGen) so
2740 :     that they properly share their libraries with existing SML/NJ libraries.
2741 :     * I fixed a minor cosmetic bug in CM, supressing certain spurious
2742 :     follow-up error messages.
2743 :     * Updates to CM/CMB documentation.
2744 :    
2745 :     TODO items:
2746 :    
2747 :     * MLRISC should use a different register as its asmTemp on the Sparc.
2748 :     (The current %o2 is a really bad choice because it is part of the
2749 :     calling conventions, so things might interfere in unexpected ways.)
2750 :    
2751 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2752 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2753 : blume 839 Date: 2001/06/07
2754 :     Tag: blume-20010607-calls
2755 :     Description:
2756 :    
2757 :     A number of internal changes related to C calls and calling conventions:
2758 :    
2759 :     1. ML-Tree CALL statements now carry a "pops" field. It indicates the
2760 :     number of bytes popped implicitly (by the callee). In most cases
2761 :     this field is 0 but on x86/win32 it is some non-zero value. This
2762 :     is information provided for the benefit of the "omit-frameptr" pass.
2763 :     2. The CALL instruction on the x86 carries a similar "pops" field.
2764 :     The instruction selection phase copies its value from the ML-Tree
2765 :     CALL statement.
2766 :     3. On all other architectures, the instruction selection phase checks
2767 :     whether "pops=0" and complains if not.
2768 :     4. The c-calls implementation for x86 now accepts two calling conventions:
2769 :     "ccall" and "stdcall". When "ccall" is selected, the caller cleans
2770 :     up after the call and pops is set to 0. For "stdcall", the caller
2771 :     does nothing, leaving the cleanup to the callee; pops is set to
2772 :     the number of bytes that were pushed onto the stack.
2773 :     5. The cproto decoder (compiler/Semant/types/cproto.sml) now can
2774 :     distinguish between "ccall" and "stdcall".
2775 :     6. The UNIMP instruction has been added to the supported Sparc instruction
2776 :     set. (This is needed for implementing the official C calling convention
2777 :     on this architecture.)
2778 :     7. I fixed some of the .cm files under src/MLRISC/Tools to make them
2779 :     work with the latest CM.
2780 :    
2781 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2782 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2783 : blume 838 Date: 2001/06/05 15:10:00 EDT
2784 :     Tag: blume-20010605-cm-index
2785 :     Description:
2786 :    
2787 :     0. The "lambdasplit" parameter for class "sml" in CM has been documented.
2788 :    
2789 :     1. CM can now generate "index files". These are human-readable files
2790 :     that list on a per-.cm-file basis each toplevel symbol defined or
2791 :     imported. The location of the index file for
2792 :     <p>/<d>.cm is <p>/CM/INDEX/<d>.cm.
2793 :     To enable index-file generation, set CM.Control.generate_index to true
2794 :     or export an environment-symbol: export CM_GENERATE_INDEX=true.
2795 :    
2796 :     The CM manual has been updated accordingly.
2797 :    
2798 :     2. I made some slight modifications to the c-calls API in MLRISC.
2799 :    
2800 :     a) There is now a callback to support saving/restoring of
2801 :     dedicated but caller-save registers around the actual call
2802 :     instruction.
2803 :     b) One can optionally specify a comment-annotation for the
2804 :     call instruction.
2805 :    
2806 :     3. SML/NJ (mlriscGen.sml) uses this new API for the rawccall primop.
2807 :     (For example, the comment annotation shows the C prototype of
2808 :     the function being called.)
2809 :    
2810 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2811 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2812 : blume 837 Date: 2001/06/01 13:30:00 EDT
2813 :     Tag: blume-20010601-nlffi-cleanup
2814 :     Description:
2815 :    
2816 :     This is mostly a cleanup of MLFFI stuff:
2817 :    
2818 :     - some signature files have been put into a more exposed place
2819 :     - the ugly 'f type parameter is gone (simplifies types tremendously!)
2820 :     - ml-nlffigen changed accordingly
2821 :     - tutorial updated
2822 :    
2823 :     Other changes:
2824 :    
2825 :     - author's affiliation in CM manual(s) updated
2826 :     - some more recognized keywords added to Allen's sml.sty
2827 :    
2828 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2829 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2830 : blume 836 Date: 2001/05/25 15:30:00 EDT
2831 :     Tag: blume-20010525-iptr
2832 :     Description:
2833 :    
2834 :     - put the official 110.33-README (as it appears on the ftp server) under
2835 :     CVS
2836 :     - fixed a small bug related to incomplete pointer types in
2837 :     ml-nlffigen
2838 :     - small cosmetic change to the ml-nlffi-lib's "arr" type constructor
2839 :     (it does not need the 'f type parameter)
2840 :    
2841 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2842 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2843 : blume 834 Date: 2001/05/23 14:30:00 EDT
2844 :     Tag: Release_110_33
2845 :     Description:
2846 :    
2847 :     New version number (110.33). New bootfiles.
2848 :    
2849 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2850 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2851 : blume 833 Date: 2001/05/22 18:06:00 EDT
2852 :     Tag: blume-20010522-targets
2853 :     Description:
2854 :    
2855 :     Made install.sh use file config/targets.customized if it exists, falling
2856 :     back to config/targets if it doesn't. This way one can have a customized
2857 :     version of the targets file without touching the "real thing", thus
2858 :     eliminating the constant fear of accidentally checking something bogus
2859 :     back into the CVS repository... (File config/targets.customized must
2860 :     not be added to the repository!)
2861 :    
2862 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2863 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2864 : blume 832 Date: 2001/05/22 16:30:00 EDT
2865 :     Tag: blume-20010522-minitut
2866 :     Description:
2867 :    
2868 :     1. Bug fix in ml-nlffigen; now (hopefully) correctly handling
2869 :     struct returns.
2870 :     2. Added src/ml-nlffi-lib/Doc/mini-tutorial.txt. This is some very
2871 :     incomplete, preliminary documentation for NLFFI.
2872 :    
2873 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2874 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2875 : blume 829 Date: 2001/05/14 11:30:00 EDT
2876 :     Tag: blume-20010514-script
2877 :     Description:
2878 :    
2879 :     Some bugs in install script fixed.
2880 :    
2881 :     In addition to that I also made a slight change to the NLFFI API:
2882 :     Functors generated by ml-nlffigen now take the dynamic library as a
2883 :     straight functor argument, not as a suspended one. (The original
2884 :     functor code used to force the suspension right away anyway, so there
2885 :     was nothing gained by this complication of the interface.)
2886 :    
2887 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2888 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2889 : blume 828 Date: 2001/05/11 14:35:00 EDT
2890 :     Tag: blume-20010511-ml-nlffi
2891 :     Description:
2892 :    
2893 :     I finally took the plunge and added my new FFI code to the main
2894 :     repository. For x86-linux it is now ready for prime-time.
2895 :    
2896 :     There are two new subdirectories of "src":
2897 :    
2898 :     - ml-nlffi-lib:
2899 :     The utility library for programs using the FFI interface.
2900 :     Here is the implementation of $/c.cm and its associated low-level
2901 :     partners $/c-int.cm and $/memory.cm.
2902 :     - ml-nlffigen:
2903 :     A stand-alone program for generating ML glue code from C source
2904 :     code.
2905 :    
2906 :     Building ml-nlffigen requires $/ckit-lib.cm.
2907 :    
2908 :     The config/install.sh script has been updates to do the Right Thing
2909 :     (hopefully).
2910 :    
2911 :     Notice that the source tree for the C-Kit will not be put under "src"
2912 :     but directly under the installation root directory. (This is the
2913 :     structure that currently exists on the CVS server when you check out
2914 :     module "sml".) Fortunately, config/install.sh knows about this oddity.
2915 :    
2916 :     Bugs: No documentation yet.
2917 :    
2918 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2919 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2920 : blume 826 Date: 2001/05/09 16:35:00 EDT
2921 :     Tag: blume-20010509-cpscontract
2922 :     Description:
2923 :    
2924 :     Fixed a bug in the accounting code in cpsopt/contract.sml. (The
2925 :     wrapper/unwrapper elimination did not decrement usage counts and some
2926 :     dead variables got overlooked by the dead-up logic.)
2927 :    
2928 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2929 : george 824 Name: Lal George
2930 :     Date: 2001/05/08 17:26:09 EDT
2931 :     Tag: george-20010508-omit-frameptr
2932 :     Description:
2933 :    
2934 :     Changes to implement the omit-frame-pointer optimization to support
2935 :     raw C calls. For now, there is only support on the Intel x86, but
2936 :     other architectures will follow as more experience is gained with this.
2937 :    
2938 :    
2939 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2940 : blume 818 Name: Matthias Blume
2941 : blume 819 Date: 2001/05/07 14:40:00 EDT
2942 :     Tag: blume-20010507-proxies
2943 :     Description:
2944 :    
2945 :     I made into "proxy libraries" all libraries that qualify for such a
2946 :     change. (A qualifying library is a library that has another library or
2947 :     groups as its sole member and repeats that member's export list
2948 :     verbatim. A proxy library avoids this repetition by omitting its export
2949 :     list, effectively inheriting the list that its (only) member exports.
2950 :     See the CM manual for more explanation.)
2951 :     The main effect is that explicit export lists for these libraries
2952 :     do not have to be kepts in sync, making maintenance a bit easier.
2953 :    
2954 :     I also added copyright notices to many .cm-files.
2955 :    
2956 :     Last but not least, I made a new set of bootfiles.
2957 :    
2958 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
2959 :     Name: Matthias Blume
2960 : blume 818 Date: 2001/05/04 17:00:00 EDT
2961 :     Tag: blume-20010504-cm-lsplit
2962 :     Description:
2963 :    
2964 :     0. John merged pending changes to $/smlnj-lib.cm
2965 :    
2966 :     1. Allen's previous change accidentally backed out of one of Lal's
2967 :     earlier changes. I undid this mistake (re-introducing Lal's change).
2968 :    
2969 :     2. I used the new topOrder' function from graph-scc.sml (from $/smlnj-lib.cm)
2970 :     within the compiler where applicable. There is some code simplification
2971 :     because of that.
2972 :    
2973 :     3. The "split" phase (in FLINT) is now part of the default list of phases.
2974 :     Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting.* can be used to globally control the
2975 :     lambda-splitting (cross-module-inlining) engine. In addition to that,
2976 :     it can now also be controlled on a per-source basis: CM has been taught
2977 :     a new tool parameter applicable to ML source files.
2978 :    
2979 :     - To turn lambda-splitting off completely:
2980 :     local open Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting in
2981 :     val _ = set Off
2982 :     end
2983 :     - To make "no lambda-splitting" the global default (but allow per-source
2984 :     overriding); this is the initial setting:
2985 :     local open Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting in
2986 :     val _ = set (Default NONE)
2987 :     end
2988 :     - To make "lambda-splitting with aggressiveness a" the global default
2989 :     (and allow per-source overriding):
2990 :     local open Compiler.Control.LambdaSplitting in
2991 :     val _ = set (Default (SOME a))
2992 :     end
2993 :    
2994 :     - To turn lambda-splitting off for a given ML souce file (say: a.sml)
2995 :     write (in the respective .cm-file):
2996 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:off)
2997 :     - To turn lambda-splitting for a.sml on with minimal aggressiveness:
2998 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:on)
2999 :     - To turn lambda-splitting for a.sml on with aggressiveness <a> (where
3000 :     <a> is a decimal non-negative integer):
3001 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:<a>)
3002 :     - To turn lambda-splitting for a.sml on with maximal aggressiveness:
3003 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:infinity)
3004 :     - To use the global default for a.sml:
3005 :     a.sml (lambdasplitting:default)
3006 :     or simply
3007 :     a.sml
3008 :    
3009 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3010 : leunga 815 Name: Allen Leung
3011 :     Date: 2001/05/04 01:57:00 EDT
3012 :     Tag: leunga-20010504-sync
3013 :     Description:
3014 : leunga 788
3015 : leunga 815 MLRISC features.
3016 :    
3017 :     1. Fix to CMPXCHG instructions.
3018 :     2. Changed RA interface to allow annotations in callbacks.
3019 :     3. Added a new method to the stream interface to allow annotations updates.
3020 :    
3021 : george 749 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3022 : blume 812 Name: Matthias Blume
3023 : blume 814 Date: 2001/05/01 11:45:00 EDT
3024 :     Tag: blume-20010501-pcedittmp
3025 :     Description:
3026 :    
3027 :     Changed install.sh to use the current working directory instead of
3028 :     /usr/tmp for a temporary file (pcedittmp). The previous choice
3029 :     of /usr/tmp caused trouble with MacOS X because of file premission
3030 :     problems.
3031 :    
3032 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3033 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3034 : blume 812 Date: 2001/04/20 11:10:00 EDT
3035 :     Tag: blume-20010420-inMLflag
3036 :     Description:
3037 :    
3038 :     - added vp_limitPtrMask to vproc-state.h
3039 :     (for use by the raw-C-calls mechanism to implement proper interrupt
3040 :     handling)
3041 :     - made the ML compiler aware of various data-structure offsets so it
3042 :     can generate code for accessing the vp_inML flag and vp_limitPtrMask
3043 :     - tweaked mlriscGen.sml to have it emit interrupt-handling code for
3044 :     raw C-calls
3045 :    
3046 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3047 : george 810 Name: Lal George
3048 :     Date: 2001/04/20 09:15:28 EDT
3049 :     Tag: george-20010420-macosX
3050 :     Description:
3051 :    
3052 :     - Changes to port to Mac OS X; Darwin.
3053 :    
3054 :     - In the process I found that sqrt was broken on the PPC, because the
3055 :     fsqrt instruction is not implemented.
3056 :    
3057 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3058 : blume 799 Name: Matthias Blume
3059 : blume 808 Date: 2001/04/18 12:45:00 EDT
3060 :     Tag: blume-20010418-ccalls
3061 :     Description:
3062 :    
3063 :     - fixed two off-by-4 errors in the x86-specific c-calls implementation
3064 :     (this bug prevented structure arguments containing pointers from being
3065 :     passed correctly)
3066 :     - changed the raw-C-call code in mlriscGen.sml in such a way that
3067 :     structure arguments are represented as a pointer to the beginning
3068 :     of the structure (instead of having a series of synthesized arguments,
3069 :     one for each structure member)
3070 :    
3071 :     - made makeml script's verbosity level configurable via environment
3072 :     variable (MAKEML_VERBOSITY)
3073 :    
3074 : blume 813 - eliminated placeholder implementations for f32l, w16s, i16s, and f32s
3075 : blume 808 in rawmem-x86.sml; we are now using the real thing
3076 :    
3077 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3078 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3079 : blume 806 Date: 2001/03/22 16:25:00 EST
3080 :     Tag: blume-20010322-bootfiles
3081 :     Description:
3082 :    
3083 :     Created a new set of bootfiles (for your automatic installation convenience).
3084 :    
3085 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3086 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3087 : blume 805 Date: 2001/03/22 15:10:00 EST
3088 :     Tag: blume-20010322-rawmem-parcm
3089 :     Description:
3090 :    
3091 :     1. All "raw memory access" primitives for the new FFI are implemented now
3092 :     (at least on the x86).
3093 :     2. Some further cleanup of CM's parallel make mechanism.
3094 :    
3095 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3096 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3097 : blume 801 Date: 2001/03/19 17:53:00 EST
3098 :     Tag: blume-20010319-parallel
3099 :     Description:
3100 :    
3101 :     Parallel make (using compile servers) now works again.
3102 :    
3103 :     To this end, CM.stabilize and CMB.make have been modified to work in
3104 :     two passes when compile servers are attached:
3105 :     1. Compile everything, do not perform stabilization; this pass
3106 :     uses compile servers
3107 :     2. Stabilize everything; this pass does not use compile servers
3108 :     If there are no compile servers, the two passes are combined into one
3109 :     (as before). Splitting the passes increases the inherent parallelism
3110 :     in the dependency graph because the entire graph including all
3111 :     libraries is available at the same time. This, in turn, improves
3112 :     server utilization. The downside is that the master process will
3113 :     have to do some extra work after compilation is done (because for
3114 :     technical reasons it must re-read all the binfiles during stabilization).
3115 :    
3116 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3117 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3118 : blume 800 Date: 2001/03/16 12:22:00 EST
3119 :     Tag: blume-20010316-bootfiles
3120 :     Description:
3121 :    
3122 :     Created a new set of bootfiles (for your automatic installation convenience).
3123 :    
3124 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3125 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3126 : blume 799 Date: 2001/03/16 11:00:00 EST
3127 :     Tag: blume-20010316-MLTREE-fixup
3128 :     Description:
3129 :    
3130 :     This is a minor fixup for an (untagged) earlier commit by Allen.
3131 :     (A file was missing).
3132 :    
3133 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3134 : leunga 788 Name: Allen Leung
3135 : leunga 796 Date: Mon Mar 5 18:54:57 EST 2001
3136 :     Tag: leunga-20010305-cut-support
3137 :    
3138 :     1. New support for alternative control-flow in MLTREE.
3139 :     Currently we support
3140 :    
3141 :     FLOW_TO(CALL ...., [k1,...,kn])
3142 :    
3143 :     This is needed for 'cuts to' in C-- and try/handle-like constructs
3144 :     in Moby
3145 :    
3146 :     New assembler flag "asm-show-cutsto" to turn on control-flow debugging.
3147 :    
3148 :     2. Register Allocator
3149 :    
3150 :     Changes in interface [from Fermin, John]
3151 :    
3152 :     3. Alpha 8-bit SLL support [Fermin]
3153 :    
3154 :     4. All architectures
3155 :    
3156 :     A new module (ClusterExpandCopies) for expanding parallel copies.
3157 :    
3158 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3159 :     Name: Allen Leung
3160 : leunga 788 Date: 2001/02/27 23:07:00 EST
3161 :     Tag: leunga-20010227-minor-stuff
3162 :    
3163 :     1. Alpha bug fix for CMOVNE
3164 :     2. Handle mltree COND(..,FCMP ...,...)
3165 :     3. Bug fix in simplifier
3166 :    
3167 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3168 : blume 777 Name: Matthias Blume
3169 : blume 781 Date: 2001/01/30 17:50:00 EST
3170 :     Tag: blume-20010130-sync
3171 :     Description:
3172 :    
3173 :     This is just a minor update to sync my devel branch with the main brach.
3174 :     The only visible change is the addition of some README files.
3175 :    
3176 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3177 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3178 : blume 778 Date: 2001/01/12 23:30:00 JST
3179 :     Tag: blume-20010112-bootfiles
3180 :     Description:
3181 :    
3182 :     Made a new set of bootfiles that goes with the current state of the
3183 :     repository.
3184 :    
3185 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3186 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3187 : blume 777 Date: 2001/01/12 21:20:00 JST
3188 :     Tag: blume-20010112-sync
3189 :     Description:
3190 :    
3191 :     I am just flushing out some minor changes that had accumulated in
3192 :     my private branch in order to sync with the main tree. (This is
3193 :     mainly because I had CVS trouble when trying to merge _into_ my
3194 :     private branch.)
3195 :    
3196 :     Most people should be completely unaffected by this.
3197 :    
3198 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3199 : leunga 775 Name: Allen Leung
3200 :     Date: Thu Jan 11 21:03:00 EST 2001
3201 :     Tag: leunga-20010111-labexp=mltree
3202 :     Description:
3203 :    
3204 :     1. Removed the type LabelExp and replace it by MLTree.
3205 :     2. Rewritten mltree-simplify with the pattern matcher tool.
3206 :     3. There were some bugs in alpha code generator which would break
3207 :     64-bit code generation.
3208 :     4. Redo the tools to generate code with the
3209 :     5. The CM files in MLRISC (and in src/system/smlnj/MLRISC)
3210 :     are now generated by perl scripts.
3211 :    
3212 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3213 : blume 771 Name: Matthias Blume
3214 : blume 774 Date: 2001/01/10 21:55:00 JST
3215 :     Tag: blume-20010110-rcc
3216 :     Description:
3217 :    
3218 :     The RCC stuff now seems to work (but only on the x86).
3219 :     This required hacking of the c-calls interface (and -implementation) in
3220 :     MLRISC.
3221 :    
3222 :     Normal compiler users should be unaffected.
3223 :    
3224 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3225 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3226 : blume 773 Date: 2001/01/09 01:20:00 JST
3227 :     Tag: blume-20010109-rcc
3228 :     Description:
3229 :    
3230 :     This is a fairly big patch, flushing out a large number of pending
3231 :     changes that I made to my development copy over the last couple of days.
3232 :    
3233 :     Of practical relevance at this moment is a workaround for a pickling
3234 :     bug that Allen ran into the other day. The cause of the bug itself is
3235 :     still unknown and it might be hard to fix it properly, but the
3236 :     workaround has some merits of its own (namely somewhat reducing pickling
3237 :     overhead for certain libraries). Therefore, I think this solution should
3238 :     be satisfactory at this time.
3239 :    
3240 :     The rest of the changes (i.e., the vast majority) has to do with my
3241 :     ongoing efforts of providing direct support for C function calls from
3242 :     ML. At the moment there is a new primop "RAW_CCALL", typing magic
3243 :     in types/cproto.sml (invoked from FLINT/trans/translate.sml), a new
3244 :     case in the FLINT CPS datatype (RCC), changes to cps/convert.sml to
3245 :     translate uses of RAW_CCALL into RCC, and changes to mlriscGen.sml to
3246 :     handle RCC.
3247 :    
3248 :     The last part (the changes to mlriscGen.sml) are still known to be
3249 :     wrong on the x86 and not implemented on all other architectures. But
3250 :     the infrastructure is in place. I had to change a few functor
3251 :     signatures in the backend to be able to route the CCalls interface
3252 :     from MLRISC there, and I had to specialize the mltree type (on the
3253 :     x86) to include the necessary extensions. (The extensions themselves
3254 :     were already there and redy to go in MLRISC/x86).
3255 :    
3256 :     Everything should be very happy as soon as someone helps me with
3257 :     mlriscGen.sml...
3258 :    
3259 :     In any case, nothing of this should matter to anyone as long as the
3260 :     new primop is not being used (which is going to be the case unless you
3261 :     find it where I hid it :). The rest of the compiler is completely
3262 :     unaffected.
3263 :    
3264 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3265 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3266 : blume 772 Date: 2001/01/05 00:30:00 JST
3267 :     Tag: blume-20010105-primops
3268 :     Description:
3269 :    
3270 :     Added some experimental support for work that I am doing right now.
3271 :     These changes mostly concern added primops, but there is also a new
3272 :     experimental C library in the runtime system (but currently not enabled
3273 :     anywhere except on Linux/X86).
3274 :    
3275 :     In the course of adding primops (and playing with them), I discovered that
3276 :     Zhong's INL_PRIM hack (no type info for certain primops) was, in fact, badly
3277 :     broken. (Zhong was very right he labeled this stuff as "major gross hack".)
3278 :     To recover, I made type information in INL_PRIM mandatory and changed
3279 :     prim.sml as well as built-in.sml accordingly. The InLine structure now
3280 :     has complete, correct type information (i.e., no bottom types).
3281 :    
3282 :     Since all these changes mean that we need new binfiles, I also bumped the
3283 :     version number to 110.32.1.
3284 :    
3285 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3286 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3287 : blume 771 Date: 2000/12/30 22:10:00 JST
3288 :     Tag: blume-20001230-various
3289 :     Description:
3290 :    
3291 :     Added proxy libraries for MLRISC and let MLRISC libraries refer
3292 :     to each other using path anchors. (See CM manual for explanation.)
3293 :    
3294 :     Updated CM documentation.
3295 :    
3296 :     Fixed some bugs in CM.
3297 :    
3298 :     Implemented "proxy" libraries (= syntactic sugar for CM).
3299 :    
3300 :     Added "-quiet" option to makeml and changed runtime system accordingly.
3301 :    
3302 :     Added cleanup handler for exportML to reset timers and compiler stats.
3303 :    
3304 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3305 : george 761 Name: Lal George
3306 :     Date: 2000/12/22 22:22:58 EST 2000
3307 :     Tag: Release_110_32
3308 :     Description:
3309 :    
3310 :     Infinite precision used throughout MLRISC.
3311 :     see MLRISC/mltree/machine-int.sig
3312 :    
3313 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3314 : blume 756 Name: Matthias Blume
3315 : blume 760 Date: 2000/12/22 23:16:00 JST
3316 :     Tag: blume-20001222-warn
3317 :     Description:
3318 : blume 759
3319 : blume 760 Corrected wording and formatting of some CM warning message which I
3320 :     broke in my previous patch.
3321 : blume 759
3322 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3323 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3324 : blume 763 Date: 2000/12/22 21:20:00 JST
3325 :     Tag: blume-20001222-anchorenv
3326 :     Description:
3327 :    
3328 :     Fixed CM's handling of anchor environments in connection with CMB.make.
3329 :    
3330 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3331 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3332 : blume 758 Date: 2000/12/22 13:15:00 JST
3333 :     Tag: blume-20001222-cleanup
3334 :     Description:
3335 :    
3336 :     Removed src/cm/ffi which does not (and did not) belong here.
3337 :    
3338 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3339 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3340 : blume 757 Date: 2000/12/21 23:55:00 JST
3341 :     Tag: blume-20001221-exn
3342 :     Description:
3343 :    
3344 :     Probably most important: CM no longer silently swallows all exceptions
3345 :     in the compiler.
3346 :     Plus: some other minor CM changes. For example, CM now reports some
3347 :     sizes for generated binfiles (code, data, envpickle, lambdapickle).
3348 :    
3349 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3350 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3351 : blume 756 Date: 2000/12/15 00:01:05 JST
3352 :     Tag: blume-20001215-dirtool
3353 :     Description:
3354 :    
3355 :     - "dir" tool added.
3356 :     - improvements and cleanup to Tools structure
3357 :     - documentation updates
3358 :    
3359 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3360 : leunga 752 Name: Allen Leung
3361 : leunga 755 Date: Thu Dec 14 03:45:24 EST 2000
3362 :     Description:
3363 :     Tag: leunga-20001214-int-inf
3364 :     Description:
3365 :    
3366 :     In IntInf, added these standard functions, which are missing from our
3367 :     implementation:
3368 :    
3369 :     andb : int * int -> int
3370 :     xorb : int * int -> int
3371 :     orb : int * int -> int
3372 :     notb : int -> int
3373 :     << : int * word -> int
3374 :     ~>> : int * word -> int
3375 :    
3376 :     Not tested, I hope they are correct.
3377 :    
3378 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3379 :     Name: Allen Leung
3380 : leunga 752 Date: Fri Dec 8 19:23:26 EST 2000
3381 :     Description:
3382 :     Tag: leunga-20001208-nowhere
3383 :     Description:
3384 :    
3385 :     Slight improvements to the 'nowhere' tool to handle OR-patterns,
3386 :     to generate better error messages etc. Plus a brief manual.
3387 :    
3388 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3389 : george 749 Name: Lal George
3390 :     Date: 2000/12/08 09:54:02 EST 2000
3391 :     Tag: Release_110_31
3392 :     Description:
3393 : george 705
3394 : george 749 - Version 110.31
3395 : leunga 591 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3396 : leunga 744 Name: Allen Leung
3397 :     Date: Thu Dec 7 22:01:04 EST 2000
3398 :     Tag: leunga-20001207-cell-monster-hack
3399 :     Description:
3400 :    
3401 :     Major MLRISC internal changes. Affect all clients.
3402 :     Summary:
3403 :    
3404 :     1. Type CELLS.cell = int is now replaced by a datatype.
3405 :     As a result, the old regmap is now gone. Almost all interfaces
3406 :     in MLRISC change as a consequence.
3407 :    
3408 :     2. A new brand version of machine description tool (v3.0) that generates
3409 :     modules expecting the new interface. The old version is removed.
3410 :    
3411 :     3. The RA interface has been further abstracted into two new functors.
3412 :     RISC_RA and X86RA. These functors have much simpler interfaces.
3413 :     [See also directory MLRISC/demo.]
3414 :    
3415 :     4. Some other new source->source code generation tools are available:
3416 :    
3417 :     a. MLRISC/Tools/RewriteGen -- generate rewriters from rules.
3418 :     b. MLRISC/Tools/WhereGen -- expands conditional pattern matching rules.
3419 :     I use this tool to generate the peephole optimizers---with the new
3420 :     cell type changes, peephole rules are becoming difficult to write
3421 :     without conditional pattern matching.
3422 :    
3423 :     5. More Intmap -> IntHashTable change. Previous changes by Matthias didn't
3424 :     cover the entire MLRISC source tree so many things broke.
3425 :    
3426 :     6. CM files have been moved to the subdirectory MLRISC/cm.
3427 :     They are moved because there are a lot of them and they clutter up the
3428 :     root dir.
3429 :    
3430 :     7. More detailed documentation to come...
3431 :    
3432 :     NOTE: To rebuild from 110.30 (ftp distribution), you'll have to do
3433 :     a makeml -rebuild first. This is because of other other
3434 :     changes that Matthias has made (see below).
3435 :    
3436 :    
3437 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3438 : blume 733 Name: Matthias Blume
3439 : blume 742 Date: 2000/11/30 23:12:00 JST
3440 :     Tag: blume-20001130-filereorg
3441 :     Description:
3442 :    
3443 :     Some manual updates and some file reorganizations in CM.
3444 :    
3445 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3446 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3447 : blume 737 Date: 2000/11/24 17:45:00 JST
3448 :     Tag: blume-20001124-link
3449 :     Description:
3450 :    
3451 :     Drastically improved link traversal code for the case that the dynamic
3452 :     value was already loaded at bootstrap time. As a result, CM and CMB
3453 :     now both load blazingly fast -- even on a very slow machine. Also,
3454 :     memory consumption has been further reduced by this.
3455 :    
3456 :     Warning: The format of the PIDMAP file has changed. THerefore, to
3457 :     bootstrap you have to do this:
3458 :    
3459 :     1. Run CMB.make
3460 :     2. Make a symbolic link for the boot directory:
3461 :     ln -s sml.boot.ARCH-OS xxx
3462 :     3. "Rebuild" the boot directory:
3463 :     ./makeml -boot xxx -rebuild sml ; rm xxx
3464 :     4. Boot normally:
3465 :     ./makeml
3466 :    
3467 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3468 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3469 : blume 735 Date: 2000/11/21 21:20:00 JST
3470 :     Tag: blume-20001121-tools
3471 :     Description:
3472 :    
3473 :     Continued hacking on autoloading problem -- with success this time.
3474 :     Also changed tool-plugin mechanism. See new CM manual.
3475 :    
3476 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3477 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3478 : blume 734 Date: 2000/11/19 14:30:00 JST
3479 :     Tag: blume-20001119-autoload
3480 :     Description:
3481 :    
3482 :     Some hacking to make autoloading faster. Success for CMB, no success
3483 :     so far for CM. There is a reduced structure CM' that autoloads faster.
3484 :     (This is a temporary, non-documented hack to be eliminated again when
3485 :     the general problem is solved.)
3486 :    
3487 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3488 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3489 : blume 733 Date: 2000/11/17 14:10:00 JST
3490 :     Tag: blume-20001117-pickle-lib
3491 :     Description:
3492 :    
3493 :     1. Eliminated comp-lib.cm
3494 :     2. Made pickle-lib.cm
3495 :     3. Eliminated all uses of intset.sml (from comp-lib.cm)
3496 :     4. Replaced all uses of intmap.{sig,sml} (from comp-lib.cm) with
3497 :     equivalent constructs from smlnj-lib.cm (INtHashTable).
3498 :     5. Point 4. also goes for those uses of intmap.* in MLRISC.
3499 :     Duplicated intmap modules thrown out.
3500 :     6. Hunted down all duplicated SCC code and replaced it with
3501 :     equivalent stuff (GraphSCCFn from smlnj-lib.cm).
3502 :     7. Rewrote Feedback module.
3503 :     8. Moved sortedlist.sml into viscomp-lib.cm. Eventually it
3504 :     should be thrown out and equivalent modules from smlnj-lib.cm
3505 :     should be used (IntRedBlackSet, IntListSet, ...).
3506 :    
3507 :     Confirmed that compiler compiles to fixpoint.
3508 :    
3509 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3510 : leunga 731 Name: Allen Leung
3511 :     Date: 2000/11/10 18:00:00
3512 :     Tag: leunga-20001110-new-x86-fp
3513 :    
3514 :     A new x86 floating point code generator has been added.
3515 :     By default this is turned off. To turn this on, do:
3516 :    
3517 :     CM.autoload "$smlnj/compiler.cm";
3518 :     Compiler.Control.MLRISC.getFlag "x86-fast-fp" := true;
3519 :    
3520 :     Changes:
3521 :    
3522 :     1. Changed FTAN to FPTAN so that the assembly output is correct.
3523 :     2. Changed the extension callback for FTANGENT to generate:
3524 :    
3525 :     fptan
3526 :     fstp %st(0)
3527 :     instead of
3528 :     fptan
3529 :     fstpl ftempmem
3530 :    
3531 :     3. Numerous assembly fixes for x86.
3532 :    
3533 :     5. Cleaned up the machine code output module x86/x86MC.sml and added
3534 :     support for a whole bunch of instructions and addressing modes:
3535 :    
3536 :     fadd/fsub/fsubr/fmul/fdiv/fdivr %st, %st(n)
3537 :     faddp/fsubp/fsubrp/fmulp/fdivp/fdivrp %st, %st(n)
3538 :     fadd/fsub/fsubr/fmul/fdiv/fdivr %st(n), %st
3539 :     fiadd/fisub/fisubr/fimul/fidiv/fidivr mem
3540 :     fxch %st(n)
3541 :     fld %st(n)
3542 :     fst %st(n)
3543 :     fst mem
3544 :     fstp %st(n)
3545 :     fucom %st(n)
3546 :     fucomp %st(n)
3547 :    
3548 :     All these are now generated when the fast fp mode is turned on.
3549 :    
3550 :     6. Removed the dedicated registers %st(0), ..., %st(7) from X86CpsRegs
3551 :    
3552 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3553 : blume 729 Name: Matthias Blume
3554 :     Date: 2000/11/09 11:20:00 JST
3555 :     Tag: blume-20001109-scc
3556 :     Description:
3557 :    
3558 :     Eliminated some code duplication:
3559 :    
3560 :     1. Added "where" clause to GraphSCCFn in SML/NJ Library.
3561 :     (Otherwise the functor is useless.)
3562 :     2. Used GraphSCCFn where SCCUtilFun was used previously.
3563 :     3. Got rid of SCCUtilFun (in comp-lib.cm).
3564 :    
3565 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3566 : george 721 Name: Lal George
3567 :     Date: 2000/11/06 09:02:21 EST 2000
3568 :     Tag: Release_110_30
3569 :     Description:
3570 :    
3571 :     - Version 110.30
3572 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3573 : blume 715 Name: Matthias Blume
3574 : blume 716 Date: 2000/11/04 14:45:00
3575 :     Tag: blume-20001104-mlbuild
3576 :     Description:
3577 :    
3578 :     - Made ml-build faster on startup.
3579 :     - Documentation fixes.
3580 :    
3581 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3582 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3583 : blume 715 Date: 2000/11/02 17:00:00 JST
3584 :     Tag: blume-20001102-condcomp
3585 :     Description:
3586 :    
3587 :     - Small tweaks to pickler -- new BOOTFILES!
3588 :     - Version bumped to 110.29.2.
3589 :     - Added conditional compilation facility to init.cmi (see comment there).
3590 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3591 : leunga 713 Name: Allen Leung
3592 :     Date: 2000/10/23 19:31:00
3593 :     Tag: leunga-20001023-demo-ra
3594 :    
3595 :     1. Minor RA changes that improves spilling on x86 (affects Moby and C-- only)
3596 :     2. Test programs for the graph library updated
3597 :     3. Some new MLRISC demo programs added
3598 :    
3599 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3600 : blume 710 Name: Matthias Blume
3601 : blume 711 Date: 2000/08/31 22:15:00 JST
3602 :     Tag: blume-20001017-errmsg
3603 :     Description:
3604 :    
3605 :     More error message grief: Where there used to be no messages, there
3606 :     now were some that had bogus error regions. Fixed.
3607 :    
3608 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3609 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3610 : blume 710 Date: 2000/08/31 17:30:00 JST
3611 :     Tag: blume-20001017-v110p29p1
3612 :     Description:
3613 :    
3614 :     I made a version 110.29.1 with new bootfiles.
3615 :    
3616 :     Changes: Modified pickler/unpickler for faster and leaner unpickling.
3617 :     CM documentation changes and a small bugfix in CM's error reporting.
3618 :    
3619 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3620 : george 705 Name: Lal George
3621 :     Date: 2000/09/27 14:42:35 EDT
3622 :     Tag: george-20000927-nodestatus
3623 :     Description:
3624 :    
3625 :     Changed the type of the nodestatus, so that:
3626 :    
3627 :     SPILLED(~1) is now SPILLED
3628 :     SPILLED(m) where m>=0 is now MEMREG(m)
3629 :     SPILLED(s) where s<~1 is now SPILL_LOC(~s)
3630 :    
3631 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3632 : blume 697 Name: Matthias Blume
3633 : blume 703 Date: 2000/09/07 14:45:00 JST
3634 :     Tag: blume-20000907-cmerrmsg
3635 :     Description:
3636 :    
3637 :     Small tweak to CM to avoid getting ML syntax error messages twice.
3638 :    
3639 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3640 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3641 : blume 701 Date: 2000/08/31 18:00:00 JST
3642 :     Tag: blume-20000831-cvsbootfiles
3643 :     Description:
3644 :    
3645 :     New URL for boot files (because the 110.29 files on the BL server do
3646 :     now work correctly with my updated install scripts for yacc and lex).
3647 :    
3648 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3649 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3650 : blume 697 Date: 2000/08/08 12:33:00 JST
3651 :     Tag: blume-20000808-manual
3652 :     Description:
3653 :    
3654 :     Tiny update to CM manual.
3655 :    
3656 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3657 : leunga 695 Name: Allen Leung
3658 :     Date: 2000/08/7 19:31:00
3659 :     Tag: leunga-20000807-a-whole-bunch-of-stuff
3660 :    
3661 :     Moby, C--, SSA, x86, machine descriptions etc. Should only affect C--
3662 :     and Mobdy.
3663 :    
3664 :     1. x86
3665 :    
3666 :     a. Fixes to peephole module by John and Dan.
3667 :     b. Assembly fix to SETcc by Allen.
3668 :     c. Fix to c-call by John.
3669 :     d. Fix to spilling by John. (This one deals with the missing FSTPT case)
3670 :     e. Instruction selection optimization to SETcc as suggested by John.
3671 :    
3672 :     For example,
3673 :    
3674 :     MV(32, x, COND(32, CMP(32, LT, a, b), LI 1, LI 0))
3675 :    
3676 :     should generate:
3677 :    
3678 :     MOVL a, x
3679 :     SUBL b, x
3680 :     SHRL 31, x
3681 :    
3682 :     2. IR stuff
3683 :    
3684 :     A bunch of new DJ-graph related algorithms added. These
3685 :     speed up SSA construction.
3686 :    
3687 :     3. SSA + Scheduling
3688 :    
3689 :     Added code for SSA and scheduling to the repository
3690 :    
3691 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3692 : george 694 Name: Lal George
3693 :     Date: 2000/07/27 11:53:14 EDT
3694 :    
3695 :     Tag: lal-20000727-linux-ppc
3696 :     Description:
3697 :    
3698 :     Made changes to support Linux PPC.
3699 :     p.s. I have confirmation that the 110.29 boot files work fine.
3700 :    
3701 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3702 : blume 684 Name: Matthias Blume
3703 : blume 692 Date: 2000/07/27 17:40:00 JST
3704 :     Tag: blume-20000727-scripts
3705 :     Description:
3706 :    
3707 :     !!!! WARNING !!!!
3708 :     You must recompile the runtime system!
3709 :     !!!! WARNING !!!!
3710 :    
3711 :     This is basically another round of script-enhancements:
3712 :    
3713 :     1. sml, ml-build, and ml-makedepend accept options -D and -U to define
3714 :     and undefine CM preprocessor symbols.
3715 :    
3716 :     2. ml-build avoids generating a new heap image if it finds that the
3717 :     existing one is still ok. (The condition is that no ML file had to
3718 :     be recompiled and all ML files are found to be older that the heap
3719 :     file.)
3720 :    
3721 :     To make this work smoothly, I also hacked the runtime system as
3722 :     well as SMLofNJ.SysInfo to get access to the heap image suffix
3723 :     (.sparc-solaris, ...) that is currently being used.
3724 :    
3725 :     Moreover, the signature of CM.mk_standalone has changed. See the
3726 :     CM manual.
3727 :    
3728 :     3. ml-makedepend accepts additional options -n, -a, and -o. (See the
3729 :     CM manual for details.)
3730 :    
3731 :     4. More CM manual updates:
3732 :     - all of the above has been documented.
3733 :     - there is now a section describing the (CM-related) command line
3734 :     arguments that are accepted by the "sml" command
3735 :    
3736 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3737 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3738 : blume 691 Date: 2000/07/25 16:20:00 JST
3739 :     Tag: blume-20000725-makedepend
3740 :     Description:
3741 :    
3742 :     Added a script called ml-makedepend. This can be used in makefiles
3743 :     for Unix' make in a way very similar to the "makedepend" command for
3744 :     C.
3745 :    
3746 :     The script internally uses function CM.sources.
3747 :    
3748 :     Synopsis:
3749 :    
3750 :     ml-makedepend [-f makefile] cmfile targetname
3751 :    
3752 :     The default for the makefile is "makefile" (or "Makefile" should
3753 :     "makefile" not exist).
3754 :    
3755 :     ml-makedepend adds a cmfile/targetname-specific section to this
3756 :     makefile (after removing the previous version of this section). The
3757 :     section contains a single dependency specification with targetname on
3758 :     the LHS (targetname is an arbitrary name), and a list of files derived
3759 :     from the cmfile on the RHS. Some of the files on the RHS are
3760 :     ARCH/OPSYS-specific. Therefore, ml-makedepend inserts references to
3761 :     "make" variables $(ARCH) and $(OPSYS) in place of the corresponding
3762 :     path names. The makefile writer is responsible for making sure that
3763 :     these variables have correct at the time "make" is invoked.
3764 :    
3765 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3766 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3767 : blume 690 Date: 2000/07/22 23:30:00 JST
3768 :     Tag: blume-20000722-urlupdate
3769 :     Description:
3770 :    
3771 :     Changed BOOT and config/srcarchiveurl to point to BL server:
3772 :    
3773 :     ftp://ftp.research.bell-labs.com/dist/smlnj/working/110.29/
3774 :    
3775 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3776 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3777 : blume 686 Date: 2000/07/18 18:00:00 JST
3778 :     Tag: blume-20000718-Version_110_29
3779 :     Description:
3780 :    
3781 :     1. Updated src/compiler/TopLevel/main/version.sml to version 110.29
3782 :    
3783 :     2. Updated config/version to 110.29
3784 :    
3785 :     3. Updated config/srcarchiveurl
3786 :    
3787 :     3. New boot files!
3788 :     ftp://ftp.cs.princeton.edu/pub/people/blume/sml/110.29-autofetch
3789 :    
3790 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3791 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3792 : blume 684 Date: 2000/07/11 13:58:00 JST
3793 :     Tag: blume-20000711-doctypo
3794 :     Description:
3795 :    
3796 :     Fixed a few typos in CM manual.
3797 :    
3798 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3799 : leunga 683 Name: Allen Leung
3800 :     Date: 2000/06/15 00:38:00
3801 :     Tag: leunga-20000704-sparc-x86
3802 :    
3803 :     1. x86 peephole improvement sp += k; sp -= k => nop [from John]
3804 :     2. fix to x86 RET bug [found by Dan Grossman]
3805 :     3. sparc assembly bug fix for ticc instructions [found by Fermin]
3806 :    
3807 :     Affects c-- and moby only
3808 :    
3809 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3810 : blume 680 Name: Matthias Blume
3811 : blume 682 Date: 2000/07/04 15:26:00
3812 :     Tag: blume-20000704-trigger
3813 :     Description:
3814 :    
3815 :     1. Improvements to CM manual.
3816 :     2. SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.trigger reinstated as an alternative way
3817 :     of getting a back-trace. The function, when called, raises an
3818 :     internal exception which explicitly carries the full back-trace history,
3819 :     so it is unaffected by any intervening handle-raise pairs ("trivial"
3820 :     or not). The interactive loop will print that history once it arrives
3821 :     at top level.
3822 :     Short of having all exceptions implicitly carry the full history, the
3823 :     recommended way of using this facility is:
3824 :     - compile your program with instrumentation "on"
3825 :     - run it, when it raises an exception, look at the history
3826 :     - if the history is "cut off" because of some handler, go and modify
3827 :     your program so that it explicitly calls BTrace.trigger
3828 :     - recompile (still instrumented), and rerun; look at the full history
3829 :    
3830 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3831 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3832 :     Date: 2000/07/03 15:36:00 JST
3833 : blume 680 Tag: blume-20000702-manual
3834 :     Description:
3835 :    
3836 :     Small corrections and updates to CM manual.
3837 :    
3838 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3839 : blume 682 Name: Matthias Blume
3840 : blume 679 Date: 2000/06/29 16:04:00 JST
3841 :     Tag: blume-20000629-yacctool
3842 :     Description:
3843 :    
3844 :     Changes:
3845 :    
3846 :     1. Class "mlyacc" now takes separate arguments to pass options to
3847 :     generated .sml- and .sig-files independently.
3848 :     2. Corresponding CM manual updates.
3849 :     3. BTrace module now also reports call sites. (However, for loop clusters
3850 :     it only shows from where the cluster was entered.) There are associated
3851 :     modifications to core.sml, internals.{sig,sml}, btrace.sml, and btimp.sml.
3852 :    
3853 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3854 : blume 675 Name: Matthias Blume
3855 : blume 678 Date: 2000/06/27 16:51:00 JST
3856 :     Tag: blume-20000627-noweb
3857 :     Description:
3858 :    
3859 :     Changes:
3860 :    
3861 :     1. Implemented "subdir" and "witness" options for noweb tool.
3862 :     This caused some slight internal changes in CM's tool implementation.
3863 :     2. Fixed bug in "tool plugin" mechanism. This is essentially cleaning
3864 :     some remaining issues from earlier path anchor changes.
3865 :     3. Updated CM manual accordingly.
3866 :    
3867 :     4. Changed implementation of back-tracing so that I now consider it
3868 :     ready for prime-time.
3869 :    
3870 :     In particular, you don't have to explicitly trigger the back-trace
3871 :     anymore. Instead, if you are running BTrace-instrumented code and
3872 :     there is an uncaught exception (regardless of whether or not it was
3873 :     raised in instrumented code), the top-level evalloop will print
3874 :     the back-trace.
3875 :    
3876 :     Features:
3877 :    
3878 :     - Instrumented and uninstrumented code work together seemlessly.
3879 :     (Of course, uninstrumented code is never mentioned in actual
3880 :     back-traces.)
3881 :    
3882 :     - Asymptotic time- and space-complexity of instrumented code is
3883 :     equal to that of uninstrumented code. (This means that
3884 :     tail-recursion is preserved by the instrumentation phase.)
3885 :    
3886 :     - Modules whose code has been instrumented in different sessions
3887 :     work together without problem.
3888 :    
3889 :     - There is no penalty whatsoever on uninstrumented code.
3890 :    
3891 :     - There is no penalty on "raise" expressions, even in
3892 :     instrumented code.
3893 :    
3894 :     A potential bug (or perhaps it is a feature, too):
3895 :    
3896 :     A back-trace reaches no further than the outermost instrumented
3897 :     non-trivial "raise". Here, a "trivial" raise is one that is the
3898 :     sole RHS of a "handle" rule. Thus, back-traces reach trough
3899 :    
3900 :     <exp> handle e => raise e
3901 :    
3902 :     and even
3903 :    
3904 :     <exp> handle Foo => raise Bar
3905 :    
3906 :     and, of course, through
3907 :    
3908 :     <exp> handle Foo => ...
3909 :    
3910 :     if the exception was not Foo.
3911 :    
3912 :     Back-traces always reach right through any un-instrumented code
3913 :     including any of its "handle" expressions, trivial or not.
3914 :    
3915 :     To try this out, do the following:
3916 :    
3917 :     - Erase all existing binfiles for your program.
3918 :     (You may keep binfiles for those modules where you think you
3919 :     definitely don't need back-tracing.)
3920 :     - Turn on back-trace instrumentation:
3921 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
3922 :     - Recompile your program. (I.e., run "CM.make" or "use".)
3923 :     - You may now turn instrumentation off again (if you want):
3924 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME false);
3925 :     - Run your program as usual. If it raises an exception that
3926 :     reaches the interactive toplevel, then a back-trace will
3927 :     automatically be printed. After that, the toplevel loop
3928 :     will print the exception history as usual.
3929 :    
3930 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3931 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3932 : blume 677 Date: 2000/06/26 09:56:46 JST
3933 :     Tag: blume-20000626-setup
3934 :     Description:
3935 :    
3936 :     CM: - setup-parameter to "sml" added; this can be used to run arbitrary
3937 :     ML code before and after compiling a file (e.g., to set compiler
3938 :     flags)
3939 :    
3940 :     Compiler: - improved btrace API (in core.sml, internals.{sig,sml})
3941 :     - associated changes to btrace.sml (BTrace instrumentation pass)
3942 :     - cleaner implementation of btimp.sml (BTrace tracing and report
3943 :     module)
3944 :    
3945 :     CM manual: * new path encoding documented
3946 :     * description of setup-parameter to "sml" added
3947 :    
3948 :     The biggest user-visible change to back-tracing is that it is no
3949 :     longer necessary to compile all traced modules within the same
3950 :     session. (This was a real limitation.)
3951 :    
3952 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3953 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3954 : blume 676 Date: 2000/06/24 12:40:00 JST
3955 :     Tag: blume-20000624-startup
3956 :     Description:
3957 :    
3958 :     Fixes startup slowdown problem. (I was calling SrcPath.sync a _tad_
3959 :     bit too often -- to put it mildly. :)
3960 :    
3961 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
3962 :     Name: Matthias Blume
3963 : blume 675 Date: 2000/06/23 18:20:00 JST
3964 :     Tag: blume-20000623-btrace
3965 :     Description:
3966 :    
3967 :     This updates adds a backtrace facility to aid programmers in debugging
3968 :     their programs. This involves the following changes:
3969 :    
3970 :     1. Module system/smlnj/init/core.sml (structure _Core) now has hooks for
3971 :     keeping track of the current call stack. When programs are compiled
3972 :     in a special mode, the compiler will insert calls to these hooks
3973 :     into the user program.
3974 :     "Hook" means that it is possible for different implementations of
3975 :     back-tracing to register themselves (at different times).
3976 :    
3977 :     2. compiler/MiscUtil/profile/btrace.sml implements the annotation phase
3978 :     as an Absyn.dec->Absyn.dec rewrite. Normally this phase is turned off.
3979 :     It can be turned on using this call:
3980 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
3981 :     Turning it off again:
3982 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME false);
3983 :     Querying the current status:
3984 :     SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode NONE;
3985 :     Annotated programs are about twice as big as normal ones, and they
3986 :     run a factor of 2 to 4 slower with a dummy back-trace plugin (one
3987 :     where all hooks do nothing). The slowdown with a plugin that is
3988 :     actually useful (such as the one supplied by default) is even greater,
3989 :     but in the case of the default plugin it is still only an constant
3990 :     factor (amortized).
3991 :    
3992 :     3. system/Basis/Implementation/NJ/internals.{sig,sml} have been augmented
3993 :     with a sub-structure BTrace for controlling back-tracing. In particular,
3994 :     the above-mentioned function "mode" controls whether the annotation
3995 :     phase is invoked by the compiler. Another important function is
3996 :     "trigger": when called it aborts the current execution and causes
3997 :     the top-level loop to print a full back-trace.
3998 :    
3999 :     4. compiler/MiscUtil/profile/btimp.sml is the current default plugin
4000 :     for back-tracing. It keeps track of the dynamic call stack and in
4001 :     addition to that it keeps a partial history at each "level" of that
4002 :     stack. For example, if a tail-calls b, b tail-calls c, and c tail-calls
4003 :     d and b (at separate times, dynamically), then the report will show:
4004 :    
4005 :     GOTO d
4006 :     /c
4007 :     GOTO \b
4008 :     CALL a
4009 :    
4010 :     This shows that there was an initial non-tail call of a, then a
4011 :     tail-call to b or c, looping behavior in a cluster of functions that
4012 :     consist of b and c, and then a goto from that cluster (i.e., either from
4013 :     b or from c) to d.
4014 :    
4015 :     Note that (depending on the user program) the amount of information
4016 :     that the back-trace module has to keep track of at each level is bounded
4017 :     by a constant. Thus, the whole implementation has the same asymptotical
4018 :     complexity as the original program (both in space and in time).
4019 :    
4020 :     5. compiler/TopLevel/interact/evalloop.sml has been modified to
4021 :     handle the special exception SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.BTrace
4022 :     which is raised by the "trigger" function mentioned above.
4023 :    
4024 :     Notes on usage:
4025 :    
4026 :     - Annotated code works well together with unannotated code:
4027 :     Unannotated calls simply do not show up at all in the backtrace.
4028 :    
4029 :     - It is not a good idea to let modules that were annotated during
4030 :     different sessions run at the same time. This is because the compiler
4031 :     chooses small integers to identify individual functions, and there
4032 :     will be clashes if different modules were compiled in separate sessions.
4033 :     (Nothing will crash, and you will even be told about the clashes, but
4034 :     back-trace information will in general not be useful.)
4035 :    
4036 :     - Back-tracing can be confused by callcc and capture.
4037 :    
4038 :     - The only way of getting a back-trace right now is to explicitly
4039 :     invoke the "trigger" function from your user program. Eventually, we
4040 :     should make every exception carry back-trace information (if
4041 :     available). But since this creates more overhead at "raise"-time
4042 :     (similar to the current exnHistory overhead), I have not yet
4043 :     implemented this. (The implementation will be rather easy.) With
4044 :     exceptions carrying back-trace information, this facility will be even
4045 :     more useful because users don't need to modify their programs...
4046 :    
4047 :     - While it is possible to compile the compiler with back-trace
4048 :     annotations turned on (I did it to get some confidence in
4049 :     correctness), you must make absolutely sure that core.sml and
4050 :     btimp.sml are compiled WITHOUT annotation! (core.sml cannot actually
4051 :     be compiled with annotation because there is no core access yet, but
4052 :     if you compile btimp.sml with annotation, then the system will go into
4053 :     an infinite recursion and crash.)
4054 :     Since CM currently does not know about BTrace, the only way to turn
4055 :     annotations on and off for different modules of the compiler is to
4056 :     interrupt CMB.make, change the settings, and re-invoke it. Of course,
4057 :     this is awkward and clumsy.
4058 :    
4059 :     Sample sessions:
4060 :    
4061 :     Standard ML of New Jersey v110.28.1 [FLINT v1.5], June 5, 2000
4062 :     - SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
4063 :     [autoloading]
4064 :     [autoloading done]
4065 :     val it = false : bool
4066 :     - structure X = struct
4067 :     - fun main n = let
4068 :     - fun a (x, 0) = d x
4069 :     - | a (x, n) = b (x, n - 1)
4070 :     - and b (x, n) = c (x, n)
4071 :     - and c (x, n) = a (x, n)
4072 :     - and d x = e (x, 3)
4073 :     - and e (x, 0) = f x
4074 :     - | e (x, n) = e (x, n - 1)
4075 :     - and f 0 = SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.trigger ()
4076 :     - | f n = n * g (n - 1)
4077 :     - and g n = a (n, 3)
4078 :     - in
4079 :     - f n
4080 :     - end
4081 :     - end;
4082 :     structure X : sig val main : int -> int end
4083 :     - X.main 3;
4084 :     *** BACK-TRACE ***
4085 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4086 :     GOTO-( stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].e
4087 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].d
4088 :     / stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].a
4089 :     | stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].b
4090 :     GOTO-\ stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].c
4091 :     CALL stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].g
4092 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4093 :     GOTO-( stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].e
4094 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].d
4095 :     / stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].a
4096 :     | stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].b
4097 :     GOTO-\ stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].c
4098 :     CALL stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].g
4099 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4100 :     GOTO-( stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].e
4101 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].d
4102 :     / stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].a
4103 :     | stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].b
4104 :     GOTO-\ stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].c
4105 :     CALL stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].g
4106 :     GOTO stdIn:4.2-13.20: X.main[2].f
4107 :     CALL stdIn:2.15-17.4: X.main[2]
4108 :     -
4109 :    
4110 :     (Note that because of a FLINt bug the above code currently does not
4111 :     compile without BTrace turned on.)
4112 :    
4113 :     Here is another example, using my modified Tiger compiler:
4114 :    
4115 :     Standard ML of New Jersey v110.28.1 [FLINT v1.5], June 5, 2000
4116 :     - SMLofNJ.Internals.BTrace.mode (SOME true);
4117 :     [autoloading]
4118 :     [autoloading done]
4119 :     val it = false : bool
4120 :     - CM.make "sources.cm";
4121 :     [autoloading]
4122 :     ...
4123 :     [autoloading done]
4124 :     [scanning sources.cm]
4125 :     [parsing (sources.cm):parse.sml]
4126 :     [creating directory CM/SKEL ...]
4127 :     [parsing (sources.cm):tiger.lex.sml]
4128 :     ...
4129 :     [wrote CM/sparc-unix/semant.sml]
4130 :     [compiling (sources.cm):main.sml]
4131 :     [wrote CM/sparc-unix/main.sml]
4132 :     [New bindings added.]
4133 :     val it = true : bool
4134 :     - Main.compile ("../testcases/merge.tig", "foo.out");
4135 :     *** BACK-TRACE ***
4136 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trvar
4137 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4138 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:289.3-295.22: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp.check[2]
4139 :     GOTO lib/semant.sml:289.3-295.22: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp.check[2]
4140 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4141 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4142 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:488.3-505.6: SemantFun[2].transDec.trdec[2].transBody[2]
4143 :     / lib/semant.sml:411.65-543.8: SemantFun[2].transDec
4144 :     CALL-\ lib/semant.sml:413.2-540.9: SemantFun[2].transDec.trdec[2]
4145 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:99.2-396.21: SemantFun[2].transExp.trexp
4146 :     CALL lib/semant.sml:8.52-558.4: SemantFun[2].transProg[2]
4147 :     CALL main.sml:1.18-118.4: Main.compile[2]
4148 :     -
4149 :    
4150 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4151 : blume 673 Name: Matthias Blumen
4152 :     Date: 2000/06/21 18:00:00 JST
4153 :     Tag: blume-20000621-manual
4154 :     Description:
4155 :    
4156 :     CM manual update: Path environments documented.
4157 :    
4158 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4159 : blume 666 Name: Matthias Blume
4160 : blume 672 Date: 2000/06/19 13:40:00
4161 :     Tag: blume-20000619-manual
4162 :     Description:
4163 :    
4164 :     CM manual and system/README update. This only covers the fact that
4165 :     there are no more implicit anchors. (Path environments and the "bind"
4166 :     option to "cm" have yet to be documented.)
4167 :    
4168 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4169 :     Name: Matthias Blume
4170 : blume 671 Date: 2000/06/19 11:05:00 JST
4171 :     Tag: blume-20000619-chdir-bugfix
4172 :     Description:
4173 :    
4174 :     Fixed a bug in new SrcPath module that sometimes led to a bad chDir call.
4175 :    
4176 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4177 :     Name: Matthias Blume
4178 : blume 670 Date: 2000/06/18 22:00:10 JST
4179 :     Tag: blume-20000618-implicit-anchors-really-gone
4180 :     Description:
4181 :    
4182 :     I updates the previous HISTORY entry where I forgot to mention that
4183 :     implicit anchors are no longer with us.
4184 :    
4185 :     The current update also gets rid of the (now useless) controller
4186 :     CM.Control.implicit_anchors.
4187 :    
4188 :     ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4189 :     Name: Matthias Blume
4190 : blume 666 Date: 2000/06/16 17:30:00 JST
4191 :     Tag: blume-20000616-anchorenv
4192 :     Description:
4193 :    
4194 :     This patch implements the long anticipated (just kidding :) "anchor
4195 :     environment" mechanism. In the course of doing this, I also
4196 :     re-implemented CM's internal "SrcPath" module from scratch. The new
4197 :     one should be more robust in certain boundary cases. In any case, it
4198 :     is a lot cleaner than its predecessor (IMHO).
4199 :    
4200 :     This time, although there is yet another boot file format change, I
4201 :     kept the unpickler backward-compatible. As a result, no new bootfiles
4202 :     are necessary and bootstrapping is straightforward. (You cannot read
4203 :     new bootfiles into an old system, but the other way around is no
4204 :     problem.)
4205 :    
4206 :     Visible changes:
4207 :    
4208 : blume 670 ** 0. Implicit path anchors (without the leading $-symbol) are no
4209 :     longer recognized at all. This means that such path names are not
4210 :     illegal either. For example, the name basis.cm simply refers to a
4211 :     local file called "basis.cm" (i.e, the name is an ordinary path
4212 :     relative to .cm-files directory). Or, to put it differently, only
4213 :     names that start with $ are anchored paths.
4214 : blume 666
4215 : blume 670 ** 1. The $<singlearc> abbreviation for $/<singlearc> has finally
4216 :     vanished.
4217 :    
4218 :     John (Reppy) had critizised this as soon as I originally proposed and
4219 : blume 666 implemented it, but at that time I did not really deeply believe
4220 :     him. :) Now I came full-circle because I need the $<singlearc> syntax
4221 :     in another place where it cannot be seen as an abbreviation for
4222 :     $/<singlearc>. To avoid the confusion, $<singlearc> now means what it
4223 :     seems to mean (i.e., it "expands" into the corresponding anchor
4224 :     value).
4225 :    
4226 :     However, when paths are used as members in CM description files, it
4227 :     continues to be true that there must be at least another arc after the
4228 :     anchor. This is now enforced separately during semantic analysis
4229 : blume 670 (i.e., from a lexical/syntactical point of view, the notation is ok.)
4230 : blume 666
4231 :     ** 2. The "cm" class now accepts an option "bind". The option's value
4232 :     is a sub-option list of precisely two items -- one labeled "anchor"
4233 :     and the other one labeled "value". As you might expect, "anchor" is
4234 :     used to specify an anchor name to be bound, and "value" specifies what
4235 :     the anchor is being bound to.
4236 :    
4237 :     The value must be a directory name and can be given in either standard
4238 :     syntax (including the possibility that it is itself an anchored path)
4239 :     or native syntax.
4240 :    
4241 :     Examples:
4242 :    
4243 :     foo.cm (bind:(anchor:bar value:$mystuff/bar))
4244 :     lib.cm (bind:(anchor:a value:"H:\\x\\y\\z")) (* only works under windows *)
4245 :    
4246 :     and so on.
4247 :    
4248 :     The meaning of this is that the .cm-file will be processed with an
4249 :     augmented anchor environment where the given anchor(s) is/are bound to
4250 :     the given values(s).
4251 :    
4252 :     The rationale for having this feature is this: Suppose you are trying
4253 :     to use two different (already stable) libraries a.cm and b.cm (that
4254 :     you perhaps didn't write yourself). Further, suppose each of these
4255 :     two libraries internally uses its own auxiliary library $aux/lib.cm.
4256 :     Normally you would now have a problem because the anchor "lib" can not
4257 :     be bound to more than one value globally. Therefore, the project that
4258 :     uses both a.cm and b.cm must locally redirect the anchor to some other
4259 :     place:
4260 :    
4261 :     a.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:/usr/lib/smlnj/a-stuff))
4262 :     b.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:/usr/lib/smlnj/b-stuff))
4263 :    
4264 :     This hard-wires $lib/aux.cm to /usr/lib/smlnj/a-stuff/aux.cm or
4265 :     /usr/lib/smlnj/b-stuff/aux.cm, respectively.
4266 :    
4267 :     Hard-wiring path names is a bit inflexible (and CM will verbosely warn
4268 :     you when you do so at the time of CM.stabilize). Therefore, you can
4269 :     also use an anchored path as the value:
4270 :    
4271 :     a.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$a-lib))
4272 :     b.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$b-lib))
4273 :    
4274 :     Now you can globally configure (using the usual CM.Anchor.anchor or
4275 :     pathconfig machinery) bindings for "a-lib" and "b-lib". Since "lib"
4276 :     itself is always locally bound, setting it globally is no longer
4277 :     meaningful or necessary (but it does not hurt either). In fact, "lib"
4278 :     can still be used as a global anchor for separate purposes. As a
4279 :     matter of fact, one can locally define "lib" in terms of a global
4280 :     "lib":
4281 :    
4282 :     a.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$lib/a))
4283 :     b.cm (bind:(anchor:lib value:$lib/b))
4284 :    
4285 :     ** 3: The encoding of path names has changed. This affects the way
4286 :     path names are shown in CM's progress report and also the internal
4287 :     protocol encoding used for parallel make.
4288 :    
4289 :     The encoding now uses one or more ':'-separated segments. Each
4290 :     segments corresponds to a file that has been specified relative to the
4291 :     file given by its preceding segment. The first segment is either
4292 :     relative to the CWD, absolute, or anchored. Each segment itself is
4293 :     basically a Unix pathname; all segments but the first are relative.
4294 :    
4295 :     Example:
4296 :    
4297 :     $foo/bar/baz.cm:a/b/c.sml
4298 :    
4299 :     This path denotes the file bar/a/b/c.sml relative to the directory
4300 :     denoted by anchor "foo". Notice that the encoding also includes
4301 :     baz.cm which is the .cm-file that listed a/b/c.sml. As usual, such
4302 :     paths are resolved relative to the .cm-files directory, so baz.cm must
4303 :     be ignored to get the "real" pathname.
4304 :    
4305 :     To make this fact more obvious, CM puts the names of such "virtual
4306 :     arcs" into parentheses when they appear in progress reports. (No
4307 :     parentheses will appear in the internal protocol encoding.) Thus,
4308 :     what you really see is:
4309 :    
4310 :     $foo/bar/(baz.cm):a/b/c.sml
4311 :    
4312 :     I find this notation to be much more informative than before.
4313 :    
4314 :     Another new feature of the encoding is that special characters
4315 :     including parentheses, colons, (back)slashes, and white space are
4316 :     written as \ddd (where ddd is the decimal encoding of the character).
4317 :    
4318 : blume 670 *** The CM manual still needs to be updated.
4319 :    
4320 : blume 666 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
4321 : leunga 660 Name: Allen Leung
4322 :     Date: 2000/06/15 00:38:00
4323 :     Tag: leunga-20000615-x86-peephole
4324 :    
4325 :     x86 Peephole fix by Fermin. Affects c-- and moby only.