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[smlnj] View of /sml/trunk/src/MLRISC/backpatch/spanDep.sml
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View of /sml/trunk/src/MLRISC/backpatch/spanDep.sml

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Revision 1270 - (download) (annotate)
Thu Oct 10 14:48:48 2002 UTC (16 years, 9 months ago) by george
File size: 18441 byte(s)
From Allen: Added a flag to dump the cfg after back patching
            and delay slot filling.
(* 
 * This version of the span dependency resolution also fill delay slots
 * using a few simple strategies. 
 *
 * Assumption: Instructions are 32bits.
 * 
 * Allen
 *)

functor SpanDependencyResolution
    (structure Emitter   : INSTRUCTION_EMITTER
     structure CFG       : CONTROL_FLOW_GRAPH
                             where I = Emitter.I
                          and P = Emitter.S.P
     structure Jumps     : SDI_JUMPS
                             where I = CFG.I
     structure DelaySlot : DELAY_SLOT_PROPERTIES
                             where I = CFG.I
     structure Props     : INSN_PROPERTIES
                             where I = CFG.I
     structure Asm        : INSTRUCTION_EMITTER
                             where I = CFG.I
                             and   S = Emitter.S
     ) : BBSCHED = 
struct

  structure CFG = CFG
  structure E = Emitter
  structure I = CFG.I
  structure C = I.C
  structure J = Jumps
  structure P = CFG.P
  structure D = DelaySlot
  structure G = Graph
  structure A = Array

  fun error msg = MLRiscErrorMsg.error("SpanDependencyResolution",msg)

  datatype code =
      SDI of {size : int ref,                (* variable sized *)
              insn : I.instruction}
    | FIXED of {size: int,                (* size of fixed instructions *)
                insns: I.instruction list}
    | BRANCH of {insn : code list,      (* instruction with delay slot*)
                 branchSize : int,
                 fillSlot : bool ref} 
    | DELAYSLOT of {insn : code list,    (* instruction in delay slot *)
                    fillSlot : bool ref}
    | CANDIDATE of (* two alternatives *)
      { oldInsns  : code list, (* without delay slot filling *)
        newInsns  : code list, (* when delay slot is filled *)
        fillSlot  : bool ref   (* should we fill the delay slot? *)
      }
   
  datatype compressed = 
      PSEUDO of P.pseudo_op
    | LABEL  of Label.label
    | CODE of Label.label * code list
    
  datatype cluster =  CLUSTER of {comp : compressed list}

  val clusterList : cluster list ref = ref []
  val dataList : P.pseudo_op list ref = ref []
  fun cleanUp() = (clusterList := []; dataList := [])

  fun bbsched(G.GRAPH graph, blocks : CFG.node list) = let
    val blocks = map #2 blocks

    fun maxBlockId (CFG.BLOCK{id, ...}::rest, curr) = 
       if id > curr then maxBlockId(rest, id) else maxBlockId(rest, curr)
     | maxBlockId([], curr) = curr
    val N = maxBlockId(blocks, #capacity graph ())

    (* Order of blocks in code layout *)
    val blkOrder = Array.array(N, 0)

    (* Maps blknum -> label at the position of the second instruction *)
    (* This is incase the first instruction gets used to fill a delay slot *)
    val dummy = Label.anon ()
    val labelMap = A.array(N, dummy)

    (* enter labels into the labelMap *)
    fun enterLabels(blocks) = 
      List.app 
        (fn CFG.BLOCK{id, ...} => Array.update(labelMap, id, Label.anon ()))
        blocks

    (* create block order *)
    fun blockOrder(blocks) = let
      fun order(CFG.BLOCK{id, ...}, n) = (Array.update(blkOrder, id, n); n+1)
    in List.foldl order 0 blocks
    end

    fun isFallthrough(blk1, blk2) = 
      Array.sub(blkOrder, blk1) + 1 = Array.sub(blkOrder, blk2)

    fun isBackwards(blk1, blk2) = 
      Array.sub(blkOrder, blk2) <= Array.sub(blkOrder, blk1)

    (* zero length copy instruction *)
    fun isEmptyCopy instr =
      Props.instrKind(instr) = Props.IK_COPY 
         andalso J.sdiSize(instr, Label.addrOf, 0) = 0 

    (* Find the target of a block, and return the first instruction and 
     * its associated label.
     *)
    fun findTarget(blknum, [CFG.BLOCK{id=id1, insns=insns1, ...},
                            CFG.BLOCK{id=id2, insns=insns2, ...}]) = let
          fun extract(blknum, insns) = let
            (* skip over empty copies *)
            fun find [] = NONE
              | find(instrs as instr::rest) = 
                if isEmptyCopy instr then find rest else find' rest

            (* Okay, we are now guaranteed that the remaining 
             * instructions will not be used in the delay slot of
             * the current block.   Find the first instruction.
             *)
            and find' [first] = SOME(first, A.sub(labelMap,blknum))
              | find' [] = NONE
              | find' (_::rest) = find' rest
          in
            case insns 
             of jmp::rest => 
                 if Props.instrKind jmp = Props.IK_JUMP then find rest 
                 else find insns
              | [] => NONE (* no first instruction *)
          end
        in
          if isFallthrough(blknum, id1) then extract(id2, !insns2)
          else if isFallthrough(blknum, id2) then extract(id1, !insns1)
               else NONE
        end
      | findTarget _ = NONE



    fun compress [] = []
      | compress (CFG.BLOCK{id, align, labels, insns, ...}::rest) = let

          val succ = map (#node_info graph) (#succ graph id)

          val backward = 
            List.exists 
              (fn CFG.BLOCK{id=id1, ...} => isBackwards(id, id1))
              succ

          (* build the code list *)
          fun scan([],nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize,code) = 
                 group(nonSdiSize,nonSdiInstrs,code)
            | scan(instr::instrs,nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize,code) =
              let val {n,nOn,nOff,nop} = D.delaySlot{instr=instr,backward=backward}
              in  case (nOff,instrs) of
                      (D.D_ALWAYS,delaySlot::rest) => 
                      if D.delaySlotCandidate{jmp=instr,
                                              delaySlot=delaySlot} andalso
                         not(D.conflict{src=delaySlot,dst=instr}) 
                      then scan(rest,[],0,
                                mkCandidate1(instr,delaySlot)::
                                group(nonSdiSize,nonSdiInstrs,code))
                      else scanSdi(instr,instrs,nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize,code)
                  |  _ =>  scanSdi(instr,instrs,nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize,code)
              end
          and scanSdi(instr,instrs,nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize,code) =
              let val s = J.minSize instr
              in  if J.isSdi instr then
                       scan(instrs,[],0,SDI{size=ref s,insn=instr}::
                            group(nonSdiSize,nonSdiInstrs,code))
                  else scan(instrs,instr::nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize+s,code)
              end
          and group(0,[],code) = code
            | group(size,insns,code) = FIXED{size=size,insns=insns}::code

          and buildList instrs = scan'(instrs,[],0,[])

          and scan'([],nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize,code) = 
                 group(nonSdiSize,nonSdiInstrs,code)
            | scan'(instr::instrs,nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize,code) =
              let val s = J.minSize instr
              in  if J.isSdi instr then
                       scan'(instrs,[],0,SDI{size=ref s,insn=instr}::
                             group(nonSdiSize,nonSdiInstrs,code))
                  else scan'(instrs,instr::nonSdiInstrs,nonSdiSize+s,code)
              end

          (* 
           * Create a branch delay slot candidate sequence.
           * jmp is the normal jump instruction; jmp' is the
           * jump instruction when the delay slot is active.
           *)
          and mkCandidate1(jmp,delaySlot) = 
              let val fillSlot = ref true
                  val jmp' = D.enableDelaySlot{n=false,nop=false,instr=jmp}
              in  CANDIDATE{newInsns= 
                              [BRANCH{branchSize=J.minSize jmp',
                                      insn=buildList [jmp'],
                                      fillSlot=fillSlot},
                               DELAYSLOT{insn=buildList [delaySlot],
                                         fillSlot=fillSlot}],
                            oldInsns=buildList [jmp,delaySlot],
                            fillSlot=fillSlot}
              end 

          (* 
           * Create a branch delay slot candidate sequence.
           * jmp is the normal jump instruction; jmp' is the
           * jump instruction when the delay slot is active.
           *)
          and mkCandidate2(jmp,delaySlot,label) = 
              let val fillSlot = ref true
                  val jmp' = D.setTarget(
                              D.enableDelaySlot{n=true,nop=false,instr=jmp},
                              label)
              in  CANDIDATE{newInsns= 
                              [BRANCH{branchSize=J.minSize jmp',
                                      insn=buildList [jmp'],
                                      fillSlot=fillSlot},
                               DELAYSLOT{insn=buildList [delaySlot],
                                         fillSlot=fillSlot}],
                            oldInsns=buildList [jmp],
                            fillSlot=fillSlot}
              end 

          (*
           * Try different strategies for delay slot filling
           *)
          and fitDelaySlot(jmp,body) =
             (case body of  (* remove empty copies *)
                [] => fitDelaySlot'(jmp,body)
              | prev::rest =>
                  if isEmptyCopy prev
                  then fitDelaySlot(jmp,rest)
                  else fitDelaySlot'(jmp,body)
             )

          and fitDelaySlot'(jmp,body) =
          let val {n,nOn,nOff,nop} = D.delaySlot{instr=jmp,backward=backward}
              (* 
               * Use the previous instruction to fill the delay slot 
               *)
              fun strategy1() =
                  case (nOff,body) of
                     (D.D_ALWAYS,delaySlot::body) => 
                      if not(D.delaySlotCandidate{jmp=jmp,
                                                 delaySlot=delaySlot}) orelse
                         D.conflict{src=delaySlot,dst=jmp} 
                      then strategy2()
                      else scan(body,[],0,
                                [mkCandidate1(eliminateNop jmp,delaySlot)])
                  | _ => strategy2()
              (* 
               * Use the first instruction in the target block to fill
               * the delay slot.
               * BUG FIX: note this is unsafe if this first instruction
               * is also used to fill the delay slot in the target block!  
               *)
              and strategy2() =
                  case (nOn,findTarget(id,succ)) of
                    (D.D_TAKEN,SOME(delaySlot,label)) => 
                      if not(D.delaySlotCandidate{jmp=jmp,
                                            delaySlot=delaySlot}) orelse
                        D.conflict{src=delaySlot,dst=jmp} 
                      then strategy3()
                      else scan(body,[],0,
                           [mkCandidate2(eliminateNop jmp,delaySlot,label)])
                  | _ => strategy3()

              (* 
               * If nop is on and if the delay slot is only active on
               * the fallsthru branch, then turn nullify on and eliminate
               * the delay slot
               *)
              and strategy3() = scan(eliminateNop(jmp)::body,[],0,[]) 

              and eliminateNop(jmp) = 
                  case (nop,nOn) of
                     (true,(D.D_FALLTHRU | D.D_NONE)) =>
                          D.enableDelaySlot{n=true,nop=false,instr=jmp}
                  |  _ => jmp

          in  strategy1()
          end

          and process(instrs, others) = let
            fun alignIt(chunks) = 
              (case !align of NONE => chunks | SOME p => PSEUDO(p)::chunks)
            val code =
              (case instrs
                of [] => []
                 | jmp::body => 
                    (case Props.instrKind jmp
                       of Props.IK_JUMP => fitDelaySlot(jmp, body)
                        | _ => scan(instrs, [], 0, [])
                    (*esac*))
              (*esac*))
          in
              alignIt
                (map LABEL (!labels) @
                   CODE (A.sub(labelMap, id), code) :: others)
            
          end
        in 
          process(!insns,compress rest)
        end (* compress *) 

    val CFG.INFO{data, ...} = #graph_info graph
  in
    blockOrder(blocks);
    enterLabels(blocks);
    clusterList := CLUSTER{comp=compress blocks} :: !clusterList;
    dataList := !data @ !dataList
  end (* bbsched *)




  fun finish () = let
    fun labels(PSEUDO pOp::rest, loc) = 
          (P.adjustLabels(pOp, loc); labels(rest, loc+P.sizeOf(pOp, loc)))
      | labels(LABEL lab::rest, loc) = 
          (Label.setAddr(lab, loc); labels(rest, loc))
      | labels(CODE(lab,code)::rest, loc) = let
          fun size(FIXED{size, ...}) = size
            | size(SDI{size, ...}) = !size
            | size(BRANCH{insn,...}) = sizeList(insn,0)
            | size(DELAYSLOT{insn,...}) = sizeList(insn,0)
            | size(CANDIDATE{oldInsns,newInsns,fillSlot,...}) =
                sizeList(if !fillSlot then newInsns else oldInsns,0)
          and sizeList([],n) = n
            | sizeList(code::rest,n) = sizeList(rest,size code + n)
        in  Label.setAddr(lab,loc+4);
            labels(rest, sizeList(code,loc))
        end
      | labels([], loc) = loc
  
    fun initLabels clusters = 
      List.foldl 
        (fn (CLUSTER{comp}, loc) => labels(comp, loc)) 0 clusters


    val delaySlotSize = D.delaySlotSize
    (* 
       Suppose we have:

            u
            jmp L1
            nop
        ...
        L1: i
            j
            k

        I insert a fake label L2:

        L1: i
        L2: j
            k

        L2 is the label in CODE(label,code).

        If instruction u cannot be put into the delay slot of jmp L1 I try
        to put i into the delay slot of L1.  This creates code like this:

             u 
             jmp L2
             i
        ...
        L1:  i
        L2:  j
             k
     -- Allen
    *)
    fun adjust(CLUSTER{comp, ...}, pos, changed) = let
      fun scan(PSEUDO pOp::rest, pos, changed) = let
            val chgd = P.adjustLabels(pOp, pos)
          in scan(rest, pos+P.sizeOf(pOp,pos), changed orelse chgd)
          end
        | scan(LABEL lab::rest, pos, changed) = 
          if Label.addrOf(lab) = pos then scan(rest, pos, changed)
          else (Label.setAddr(lab, pos); scan(rest, pos, true))
        | scan(CODE(lab,code)::rest, pos, changed) = let
              val (newPos,changed) = doCode(code,pos,changed)
            in
              if Label.addrOf(lab) = pos+4 then
                  scan(rest, newPos, changed)
              else (Label.setAddr(lab, pos+4);  scan(rest, newPos, true))
            end
        | scan([], pos, changed) = (pos, changed)

      and doCode([],pos,changed) = (pos,changed)
        | doCode(code::rest,pos,changed) =
          case code of
            FIXED{size,...} => doCode(rest,pos+size,changed)
          | SDI{size, insn} =>
            let val newSize = J.sdiSize(insn, Label.addrOf, pos)
            in  if newSize <= !size then 
                   doCode(rest,!size + pos,changed)
                else (size:=newSize; doCode(rest, newSize+pos, true))
            end
          | DELAYSLOT{insn,fillSlot,...} => 
              let val (newPos,changed) = doCode(insn,pos,changed)
              in  doCode(rest, newPos,
                         if newPos - pos <> delaySlotSize then 
                         (fillSlot := false; true) else changed)
              end
          | BRANCH{insn,branchSize,fillSlot,...} => 
              let val (newPos,changed) = doCode(insn,pos,changed)
              in  doCode(rest, newPos,
                         if newPos - pos <> branchSize then
                         (fillSlot := false; true) else changed)
              end
          | CANDIDATE{oldInsns,newInsns,fillSlot,...} =>
              doCode((if !fillSlot then newInsns else oldInsns) @ rest,
                     pos,changed)
    in  scan(comp, pos, changed)
    end

    fun adjustLabels clusters = let
      fun f (cl, (pos, chgd)) = adjust(cl, pos, chgd)
    in List.foldl f (0, false) clusters
    end

    fun fixpoint zl i = let
      val (size, changed) =  adjustLabels zl
    in if changed then fixpoint zl (i+1) else size
    end

    val debug = MLRiscControl.mkFlag ("dump-cfg-after-spandep",
                                      "whether flow graph is shown after spandep phase")

    fun emitAllClusters
         (E.S.STREAM{defineLabel, pseudoOp, emit, beginCluster, ...}) 
           size compressed =
    let 
        fun emitCluster (CLUSTER{comp},loc) = 
        let val emitInstrs = app emit 
            fun nops 0 = ()
                    | nops n = 
                if n < 0 then error "nops" else (emit(Props.nop()); nops(n-4))

            fun process(PSEUDO pOp,loc) = (pseudoOp pOp; loc+P.sizeOf(pOp,loc))
              | process(LABEL lab,loc) = 
                let val addr = Label.addrOf lab
                in  if addr = loc then (defineLabel lab; loc)
                    else if addr > loc then 
                          (nops(addr-loc); defineLabel lab; addr)
                    else error "label"
                end
              | process(CODE(lab,code),loc) = 
                let fun e(FIXED{insns, size, ...},loc) = 
                          (emitInstrs insns; loc+size)
                      | e(SDI{size, insn},loc) = 
                          (emitInstrs(J.expand(insn, !size, loc)); !size + loc)
                      | e(BRANCH{insn,...},loc) = foldl e loc insn
                      | e(DELAYSLOT{insn,...},loc) = foldl e loc insn
                      | e(CANDIDATE{newInsns,oldInsns,fillSlot,...},loc) =
                          foldl e loc (if !fillSlot then newInsns else oldInsns)
                in 
                    foldl e loc code
                end
       in  foldl process loc comp
       end
   in
       beginCluster size;
       foldl emitCluster 0 compressed
   end

    (* The dataList is in reverse order and the clusters are in reverse *)
    fun dataCluster([], acc) = CLUSTER{comp=acc}
      | dataCluster(d::dl, acc) = dataCluster(dl, PSEUDO d::acc)
    val compressed = 
      rev (dataCluster(!dataList, []) :: !clusterList) before cleanUp()
  in 
     initLabels(compressed);
     emitAllClusters (E.makeStream []) (fixpoint compressed 0) compressed;
     if !debug then
        (emitAllClusters (Asm.makeStream []) 0 compressed; ())
     else ();
     ()
  end (*finish*)
end (* spanDep.sml *)



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