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View of /sml/trunk/src/cml/cml-lib/trace-cml.sml

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Revision 2 - (download) (annotate)
Sat Oct 4 23:33:09 1997 UTC (21 years, 9 months ago) by monnier
File size: 10311 byte(s)
Initial revision
(* trace-cml.sml
 *
 * COPYRIGHT (c) 1992 AT&T Bell Laboratories
 *
 * This module provides rudimentary debugging support in the form of mechanisms
 * to control debugging output, and to monitor thread termination.  This
 * version of this module is adapted from Cliff Krumvieda's utility for tracing
 * CML programs.  It provides three facilities: trace modules, for controlling
 * debugging output; thread watching, for detecting thread termination; and
 * a mechanism for reporting uncaught exceptions on a per thread basis.
 *)

structure TraceCML : TRACE_CML =
  struct

    structure SV = SyncVar

  (* where to direct trace output to *)
    datatype trace_to
      = TraceToOut
      | TraceToErr
      | TraceToNull
      | TraceToFile of string
      | TraceToStream of TextIO.outstream

    exception NoSuchModule

  (** Trace Modules **)
    datatype trace_module = TM of {
	full_name : string,
	label : string,
	tracing : bool ref,
	children : trace_module list ref
      }

    val traceRoot = TM{
	    full_name = "/",
	    label = "",
	    tracing = ref false,
	    children = ref []
	  }

    fun forAll f = let
	  fun for (tm as TM{children, ...}) = (f tm; forChildren(!children))
	  and forChildren [] = ()
	    | forChildren (tm::r) = (for tm; forChildren r)
	  in
	    for
	  end

    structure SS = Substring

    fun findTraceModule name = let
	  fun eq ss (TM{label, ...}) = (SS.compare(SS.all label, ss) = EQUAL)
	  fun find ([], tm) = SOME tm
	    | find (arc::rest, tm as TM{label, children, ...}) = let
		val eqArc = eq arc
		fun findChild [] = NONE
		  | findChild (c::r) =
		      if (eqArc c) then find(rest, c) else findChild r
		in
		  findChild (!children)
		end
	  in
	    find (
	      SS.tokens (fn #"/" => true | _ => false) (SS.all name),
	      traceRoot)
	  end

    fun traceModule' (TM parent, name) = let
	  fun checkChildren [] = let
		val tm = TM{
		        full_name = (#full_name parent ^ name),
		        label = name,
			tracing = ref(!(#tracing parent)),
		        children = ref []
		      }
		in
		  (#children parent) := tm :: !(#children parent);
		  tm
		end
	    | checkChildren((tm as TM{label, ...})::r) =
		if (label = name) then tm else checkChildren r
	  in
	    checkChildren (! (#children parent))
	  end

  (* return the name of the module *)
    fun nameOf (TM{full_name, ...}) = full_name

  (* return the module specified by the given string *)
    fun moduleOf' name = (case findTraceModule name
           of NONE => raise NoSuchModule
            | (SOME tm) => tm
          (* end case *))

  (* turn tracing on for a module and its descendents *)
    val traceOn' = forAll (fn (TM{tracing, ...}) => tracing := true)

  (* turn tracing off for a module and its descendents *)
    val traceOff' = forAll (fn (TM{tracing, ...}) => tracing := false)

  (* turn tracing on for a module (but not for its descendents) *)
    fun traceOnly' (TM{tracing, ...}) = tracing := true

  (* return true if this module is being traced *)
    fun amTracing (TM{tracing, ...}) = !tracing

  (* return a list of the registered modules dominated by the given
   * module, and their status.
   *)
    fun status' root = let
	  fun list (tm as TM{tracing, children, ...}, l) =
		listChildren (!children, (tm, !tracing)::l)
	  and listChildren ([], l) = l
	    | listChildren (c::r, l) = listChildren(r, list(c, l))
	  in
	    rev (list (root, []))
	  end

  (** Trace printing **)
    val traceDst = ref TraceToOut
    val traceCleanup = ref (fn () => ())

    fun setTraceFile'  t = traceDst := t

(** NOTE: there are bookkeeping bugs, when changing the trace destination
 ** from TraceToStream to something else (where the original destination 
 ** was TraceToFile).
 **)
    fun tracePrint s = let
	  fun output strm = (TextIO.output(strm, s); TextIO.flushOut strm)
	  in
	    case !traceDst
	     of TraceToOut => output TextIO.stdOut
	      | TraceToErr => output TextIO.stdErr
	      | TraceToNull => ()
	      | (TraceToFile fname) => let
		  val dst = let
			val strm = TextIO.openOut fname
			in
			  traceCleanup := (fn () => TextIO.closeOut strm);
			  TraceToStream strm
			end handle _ => (
			  Debug.sayDebug(concat[
			      "TraceCML: unable to open \"", fname,
			      "\", redirecting to stdout"
			    ]);
			  TraceToOut)
		  in
		    setTraceFile' dst;
		    tracePrint s
		  end
	        | (TraceToStream strm) => output strm
	    (* end case *)
	  end

  (** Trace server **)
    val traceCh : (unit -> string list) CML.chan = CML.channel()
    val traceUpdateCh : (unit -> unit) CML.chan = CML.channel()

    fun traceServer () = let
	  val evt = [
		  CML.wrap(CML.recvEvt traceCh, fn f => tracePrint(concat(f()))),
		  CML.wrap(CML.recvEvt traceUpdateCh, fn f => f())
		]
	  fun loop () = (CML.select evt; loop())
	  in
	    loop()
	  end (* traceServer *)

    fun tracerStart () = (CML.spawn traceServer; ())
    fun tracerStop () = ((!traceCleanup)(); traceCleanup := (fn () => ()))

    val _ = (
	  RunCML.logChannel ("TraceCML:trace", traceCh);
	  RunCML.logChannel ("TraceCML:trace-update", traceUpdateCh);
	  RunCML.logServer ("TraceCML:trace-server", tracerStart, tracerStop))

    local
      fun carefully f = if RunCML.isRunning()
	    then CML.send(traceUpdateCh, f)
	    else f()
      fun carefully' f = if RunCML.isRunning()
	      then let
	        val reply = SV.iVar()
	        in
	          CML.send (traceUpdateCh, fn () => (SV.iPut(reply, f())));
		  SV.iGet reply
	        end
	      else f()
    in
    fun traceModule arg = carefully' (fn () => traceModule' arg)
    fun moduleOf name = carefully' (fn () => moduleOf' name)
    fun traceOn tm = carefully (fn () => traceOn' tm)
    fun traceOff tm = carefully (fn () => traceOff' tm)
    fun traceOnly tm = carefully (fn () => traceOnly' tm)
    fun setTraceFile f = carefully (fn () => setTraceFile' f)
    fun status root = carefully' (fn () => status' root)
    end (* local *)

    fun trace (TM{tracing, ...}, prFn) =
	  if (RunCML.isRunning() andalso (!tracing))
	    then CML.send(traceCh, prFn)
	    else ()


  (** Thread watching **)

  (* controls printing of thread watching messages *)
    val watcher = traceModule (traceRoot, "ThreadWatcher")
    val _ = traceOn watcher

    datatype watcher_msg
      = WATCH of (CML.thread_id * unit CML.chan)
      | UNWATCH of (CML.thread_id * unit SV.ivar)

    val watcherMb : watcher_msg Mailbox.mbox = Mailbox.mailbox ()

  (* stop watching the named thread *)
    fun unwatch tid = let
	  val ackV = SV.iVar()
	  in
	    Mailbox.send(watcherMb, UNWATCH(tid, ackV));
	    SV.iGet ackV
	  end

  (* watch the given thread for unexpected termination *)
    fun watch (name, tid) = let
	  val unwatchCh = CML.channel()
	  fun handleTermination () = (
		trace (watcher, fn () => [
		    "WARNING!  Watched thread ", name, CML.tidToString tid,
		    " has died.\n"
		  ]);
		unwatch tid)
	  fun watcherThread () = (
		Mailbox.send (watcherMb, WATCH(tid, unwatchCh));
		CML.select [
		    CML.recvEvt unwatchCh,
		    CML.wrap (CML.joinEvt tid, handleTermination)
		  ])
	  in
	    CML.spawn (watcherThread); ()
	  end

    structure TidTbl = HashTableFn (
      struct
	type hash_key = CML.thread_id
	val hashVal = CML.hashTid
	val sameKey = CML.sameTid
      end)

  (* the watcher server *)
    fun startWatcher () = let
	  val tbl = TidTbl.mkTable (32, Fail "startWatcher")
	  fun loop () = (case (Mailbox.recv watcherMb)
		 of (WATCH arg) => TidTbl.insert tbl arg
		  | (UNWATCH(tid, ack)) => (
		    (* notify the watcher that the thread is no longer being
		     * watched, and then acknowledge the unwatch command.
		     *)
		      CML.send(TidTbl.remove tbl tid, ())
			handle _ => ();
		    (* acknowledge that the thread has been removed *)
		      SV.iPut(ack, ()))
		(* end case *);
		loop ())
	  in
	    CML.spawn loop; ()
	  end

    val _ = (
	  RunCML.logMailbox ("TraceCML:watcherMb", watcherMb);
	  RunCML.logServer ("TraceCML:watcher-server", startWatcher, fn () => ()))


  (** Uncaught exception handling **)

    fun defaultHandlerFn (tid, ex) =
	  Debug.sayDebug (concat [
	      CML.tidToString tid, " uncaught exception ",
	      exnName ex, " [", exnMessage ex, "]\n"
	    ])

    val defaultHandler = ref defaultHandlerFn
    val handlers = ref ([] : ((CML.thread_id * exn) -> bool) list)

  (* this sets the default uncaught exception action. *)
    fun setUncaughtFn' action = defaultHandler := action

  (* add an additional uncaught exception action.  If the action returns
   * true, then no further action is taken.  This can be used to handle
   * handle application specific exceptions.
   *)
    fun setHandleFn' action = handlers := action :: !handlers

  (* this resets the default uncaught exception action to the system default,
   * and removes any layered actions.
   *)
    fun resetUncaughtFn' () = (defaultHandler := defaultHandlerFn; handlers := [])

    val exnUpdateCh : (unit -> unit) CML.chan = CML.channel()

    fun exnServerStartup () = let
	  val errCh = Mailbox.mailbox()
	(* this function is installed as the default handler for threads;
	 * it sends the thread ID and uncaught exception to the ExnServer.
	 *)
	  fun threadHandler exn = Mailbox.send(errCh, (CML.getTid(), exn))
	(* invoke the hsndler actions on the uncaught exception *)
	  fun handleExn arg = let
		val hdlrList = !handlers and dfltHndlr = !defaultHandler
		fun loop [] = dfltHndlr arg
		  | loop (hdlr::r) = if (hdlr arg) then () else loop r
		in
		  CML.spawn (fn () => ((loop hdlrList) handle _ => (dfltHndlr arg)));
		  ()
		end
	  val event = [
		  CML.wrap (CML.recvEvt exnUpdateCh, fn f => f()),
		  CML.wrap (Mailbox.recvEvt errCh, handleExn)
		]
	  fun server () = (CML.select event; server())
	  in
	    Thread.defaultExnHandler := threadHandler;
	    CML.spawn server; ()
	  end

    val _ = (
	  RunCML.logChannel ("TraceCML:exnUpdateCh", exnUpdateCh);
	  RunCML.logServer ("TraceCML", exnServerStartup, fn () => ()))

    local
      fun carefully f = if RunCML.isRunning() then CML.send(exnUpdateCh, f) else f()
    in
    fun setUncaughtFn arg = carefully (fn () => setUncaughtFn' arg)
    fun setHandleFn arg = carefully (fn () => setHandleFn' arg)
    fun resetUncaughtFn arg = carefully (fn () => resetUncaughtFn' arg)
    end (* local *)

  end; (* TraceCML *)

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