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[diderot] View of /trunk/src/compiler/IL/value-numbering-fn.sml
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View of /trunk/src/compiler/IL/value-numbering-fn.sml

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Revision 1232 - (download) (annotate)
Mon May 16 23:37:52 2011 UTC (8 years, 6 months ago) by jhr
File size: 10746 byte(s)
  Porting many changes from the pure-cfg branch, including value numbering
  and support for parallel execution on SMP systems.
(* value-numbering-fn.sml
 *
 * COPYRIGHT (c) 2011 The Diderot Project (http://diderot-language.cs.uchicago.edu)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This file contains an implementation of the hash-based value numbering
 * algorithm described in
 *
 *	Value Numbering
 *	by Preston Briggs, Keith Cooper, and Taylor Simpson
 *	CRPC-TR94517-S
 *	November 1994
 *)

functor ValueNumberingFn (D : DOMINANCE_TREE) : sig

    structure IL : SSA

    val transform : IL.program -> IL.program

  end = struct

    structure IL = D.IL
    structure E = ExprFn (IL)
    structure ValueMap = E.Map
    structure ST = Stats

    type expr = E.expr

  (********** Counters for statistics **********)
    val cntMeaninglessPhi	= ST.newCounter (IL.ilName ^ ":meaningless-phi")
    val cntRedundantPhi		= ST.newCounter (IL.ilName ^ ":redundant-phi")
    val cntRedundantAssign	= ST.newCounter (IL.ilName ^ ":redundant-assign")

  (* adjust a variable's use count *)
    fun incUse (IL.V{useCnt, ...}) = (useCnt := !useCnt + 1)
    fun decUse (IL.V{useCnt, ...}) = (useCnt := !useCnt - 1)

    local
    (* property for mapping variables to their value number (VN), which is represented as a
     * SSA variable.  If their VN is different from themselves, then they are redundant.
     *)
      val {getFn=getVN, setFn=setVN, clrFn=clrVN, ...} = IL.Var.newProp (fn x => x)

    (* property for mapping value numbers to hash-consed expressions. *)
      val {getFn=getExp : IL.var -> expr, setFn=setExp, clrFn=clrExp, ...} =
	    IL.Var.newProp (fn x => raise Fail(concat["getExp(", IL.Var.toString x, ")"]))

      datatype env = ENV of {
	  avail : IL.var ValueMap.map	(* map from expressions to their value numbers, which *)
					(* are represented as SSA vars.  The domain are those *)
					(* expressions that are available. *)
	}
    in
    val emptyEnv = ENV{avail = ValueMap.empty}
  (* map variables to their hash-consed definition *)
    val getVN = getVN
    val setVN = setVN
    fun varToExp x = getExp(getVN x)
    fun bindVarToExp (ENV{avail}, x, e) = (
	  setVN(x, x); setExp(x, e);
	  ENV{avail = ValueMap.insert(avail, e, x)})
    fun expToVN (ENV{avail}, e) = ValueMap.find(avail, e)
  (* rename a variable if it's value number is different than itself *)
    fun rename x = let
	  val x' = getVN x
	  in
	    if IL.Var.same(x, x')
	      then x
	      else (
(*DEBUG Log.msg(concat["** rename ", IL.Var.toString x, " to ", IL.Var.toString x', "\n"]);*)
		decUse x; incUse x';
		x')
	  end
  (* does a variable change? *)
    fun changed x = not(IL.Var.same(x, getVN x))
  (* clear the properties of a variable *)
    fun clearVar x = (clrVN x; clrExp x)
  (* clear the properties from the variables of a node *)
    fun clearNode nd = List.app clearVar (IL.Node.defs nd)
    end (* local *)

    fun rewriteCFG cfg = let
	(* in case the exit node get rewritten, we need to reset it *)
	  val exitNd = ref(IL.CFG.exit cfg)
	(* rewrite or delete a node, if necessary.  Note that we have already rewritten the JOIN nodes *)
	  fun doNode nd = (case IL.Node.kind nd
		 of IL.COND{pred, cond, trueBranch, falseBranch} =>
		      if changed cond
			then let
			  val newNd = IL.Node.mkCOND {
				  cond = rename cond,
				  trueBranch = !trueBranch,
				  falseBranch = !falseBranch
				}
			  in
			    IL.Node.replaceInEdge {src = !pred, oldDst = nd, dst = newNd};
			    IL.Node.replaceOutEdge {oldSrc = nd, src = newNd, dst = !trueBranch};
			    IL.Node.replaceOutEdge {oldSrc = nd, src = newNd, dst = !falseBranch}
			  end
			else ()
		  | IL.ASSIGN{stm=(y, rhs), succ, ...} =>
		      if changed y
			then IL.CFG.deleteNode nd (* deleting redundant assignment *)
		      else if (List.exists changed (IL.RHS.vars rhs))
		      (* rewrite node to rename variables *)
			then IL.CFG.replaceNode(nd, IL.Node.mkASSIGN(y, IL.RHS.map rename rhs))
			else ()
		  | IL.NEW{strand, args, ...} =>
		      if List.exists changed args
			then IL.CFG.replaceNode(nd, IL.Node.mkNEW{
			    strand=strand, args=List.map rename args
			  })
			else ()
		  | IL.EXIT{kind, live, ...} =>
		      if List.exists changed live
			then let
			  val newNd = IL.Node.mkEXIT(kind, List.map rename live)
			  in
			    if IL.Node.same(nd, !exitNd)
			      then exitNd := newNd
			      else ();
			    IL.CFG.replaceNode (nd, newNd)
			  end
			else ()
		  | _ => ()
		(* end case *))
	  val _ = List.app doNode (IL.CFG.sort cfg)
	  val cfg = IL.CFG{entry = IL.CFG.entry cfg, exit = !exitNd}
	  in
	    IL.CFG.apply clearNode cfg;
	    cfg
	  end

    fun transformCFG (liveIn, renameIn, cfg) = let
	  val tbl = E.new()
	  val mkVAR = E.mkVAR tbl
	  val mkLIT = E.mkLIT tbl
	  val mkOP = E.mkOP tbl
	  val mkAPPLY = E.mkAPPLY tbl
	  val mkCONS = E.mkCONS tbl
	  val mkPHI = E.mkPHI tbl
	(* convert a list of variables to a list of expressions *)
	  fun varsToExp (env, xs) = List.map varToExp xs
	(* convert an SSA RHS into a hash-consed expression *)
	  fun mkExp (env, rhs) = (case rhs
		 of IL.VAR x => varToExp x
		  | IL.LIT l => mkLIT l
		  | IL.OP(rator, args) => mkOP(rator, varsToExp(env, args))
		  | IL.APPLY(f, args) => mkAPPLY(f, varsToExp(env, args))
		  | IL.CONS(ty, args) => mkCONS(ty, varsToExp(env, args))
		(* end case *))
	(* walk the dominator tree computing value numbers *)
	  fun vn (env, nd) = let
		val env = (case IL.Node.kind nd
		       of IL.JOIN{succ, phis, ...} => let
			    fun doPhi ((y, xs), (env, phis)) = let
				  val vn::vns = List.map getVN xs
				  in
				    if List.all (fn vn' => IL.Var.same(vn, vn')) vns
				      then ((* a meaningless phi node; map y to vn *)
(* DEBUG Log.msg(concat["** meaningless phi node: ", IL.phiToString (y, xs), "\n"]);*)
					ST.tick cntMeaninglessPhi;
					List.map decUse xs;
					setVN(y, vn);
					(env, phis))
				      else let
					val exp = mkPHI(varsToExp(env, xs))
					in
					  case expToVN(env, exp)
					   of SOME vn' => ((* a redundant phi node *)
(* DEBUG Log.msg(concat["** redundant phi node: ", IL.phiToString (y, xs), "\n"]);*)
						ST.tick cntRedundantPhi;
						List.map decUse xs;
						setVN(y, vn');
						(env, phis))
					    | NONE => let
						val xs = List.map rename xs
						in
						  (bindVarToExp(env, y, exp), (y, xs)::phis)
						end
					  (* end case *)
					end
				  end
			    val (env, remainingPhis) = List.foldl doPhi (env, []) (!phis)
			    in
			      phis := List.rev remainingPhis;
			      env
			    end
			| IL.ASSIGN{stm=(y, rhs), succ, ...} => let
			    val exp = mkExp(env, rhs)
			    in
			      case expToVN(env, exp)
			       of SOME vn => ((* y is redundant, so map it to vn *)
(* DEBUG Log.msg(concat["** redundant assignment: ", IL.assignToString (y, rhs),*)
(* DEBUG "; VN[", IL.Var.toString y, "] = ", IL.Var.toString vn, "\n"]);*)
				    ST.tick cntRedundantAssign;
				    setVN(y, vn);
				    env)
				| NONE => (
				    bindVarToExp(env, y, exp))
			      (* end case *)
			    end
			| _ => env
		      (* end case *))
		in
		  List.app (fn nd => vn (env, nd)) (D.children nd)
		end
	(* define the initial environment by mapping the liveIn variables to themselves *)
	  val env = List.foldl (fn (x, env) => bindVarToExp(env, x, mkVAR x)) emptyEnv liveIn
	(* set the VN of the incoming renamed variables accordingly *)
	  val _ = List.app setVN renameIn
	  in
	    D.computeTree cfg;
	  (* compute value numbers over the dominance tree *)
	    vn (env, IL.CFG.entry cfg);
	    D.clear cfg;
	  (* delete and rewrite nodes as necessary *)
	    rewriteCFG cfg before
	      (List.app clearVar liveIn; List.app (clearVar o #1) renameIn)
	  end

    fun transformCFG' (liveIn, renameIn, cfg) = let
	  val origLiveOut = IL.CFG.liveAtExit cfg
	  val cfg = transformCFG (liveIn, renameIn, cfg)
	  val liveOut = IL.CFG.liveAtExit cfg
	(* compute a mapping from the original liveOut variables to their new names *)
	  val rename = let
		fun findDups (x, x', rename) =
		      if IL.Var.same(x, x')
			then rename
			else IL.Var.Map.insert(rename, x, x')
		in
		  ListPair.foldl findDups IL.Var.Map.empty (origLiveOut, liveOut)
		end
	(* filter out duplicate names from the liveOut list *)
	  val foundDup = ref false
	  val liveOut' = let
		fun f (x, ys) = if List.exists (fn y => IL.Var.same(x, y)) ys
			then (foundDup := true; ys)
			else x::ys
		in
		  List.foldr f [] liveOut
		end
	(* if there were any duplicates, then rewrite the exit node *)
	  val cfg = if !foundDup
		then IL.CFG.updateExit(cfg, fn _ => liveOut')
		else cfg
	  in
	    {cfg = cfg, rename = IL.Var.Map.foldli (fn (x, y, l) => (x, y)::l) renameIn rename}
	  end

    fun transform prog = let
	  val IL.Program{globalInit, initially, strands} = prog
	  val {cfg=globalInit, rename} = transformCFG' ([], [], globalInit)
	  val globals = IL.CFG.liveAtExit globalInit
	(* transform the strand initialization code *)
	  val initially = if List.null rename
		then initially
		else let
		  val IL.Initially{isArray, rangeInit, iters, create} = initially
		(* first process the range initialization code *)
		  val {cfg=rangeInit, rename} = transformCFG' (globals, rename, rangeInit)
		  val live = IL.CFG.liveAtExit rangeInit @ globals
		(* create a function for renaming variables *)
		  fun mkRenameFn rename = let
			val vMap = List.foldl IL.Var.Map.insert' IL.Var.Map.empty rename
			fun renameVar x = (case IL.Var.Map.find (vMap, x)
			       of NONE => x
				| SOME x' => x'
			      (* end case *))
			in
			  renameVar
			end
		(* rename the bounds of the iterators *)
		  val iters = let
			val renameVar = mkRenameFn rename
			in
			  List.map (fn (x, lo, hi) => (x, renameVar lo, renameVar hi)) iters
			end
		(* process the body *)
		  val (cfg, strand, args) = create
		  val {cfg, rename} = transformCFG' (live, rename, cfg)
		  val create = (cfg, strand, List.map (mkRenameFn rename) args)
		  in
		    IL.Initially{
			isArray = isArray, rangeInit = rangeInit,
			iters = iters, create= create
		      }
		  end
	(* transform a strand *)
	  fun transformStrand (IL.Strand{name, params, state, stateInit, methods}) = let
		val liveIn = params @ globals
		val stateInit = transformCFG (liveIn, rename, stateInit)
(* FIXME: what if a state variable becomes redundant? *)
		fun transformMeth (IL.Method{name, stateIn, body}) = let
		      val liveIn = stateIn @ liveIn
		      val body = transformCFG (liveIn, rename, body)
		      in
			IL.Method{name=name, stateIn=stateIn, body=body}
		      end
		in
		  IL.Strand{
		      name = name,
		      params = params,
		      state = state,
		      stateInit = stateInit,
		      methods = List.map transformMeth methods
		    }
		end
	  val strands = List.map transformStrand strands
	  in
	    IL.Program{
		globalInit = globalInit,
		initially = initially,
		strands = strands
	      }
	  end

  end

root@smlnj-gforge.cs.uchicago.edu
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